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On the relations among temporal integration for loudness, loudness discrimination, and the form of the loudness function

So/ren Buus, Mary Florentine, Torben Poulsen
1996 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
In this talk, both approaches are examined, and their predictions are compared for forms of vegetation such as wheat, corn, cotton, and soybeans.  ...  Calculated results from existing theoretical models for porous media by M. A. Biot, were compared to the experimenlal results.  ...  For most electrode geometries, the arc phase is more accurately modeled using a cylindrical geometry compared to the usual and simpler to implement spherical model.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.415616 fatcat:o3peikxywvgrtccqqlvwx55j3y

Journey towards best practices in acting on early warning signs in complex projects within a Russian context

Gulnara Sharaborova, Derek H.T. Walker, Guinevere Gilbert
2015 International Journal of Managing Projects in Business  
If there is no experience to solve similar problems and lack of expertise to sort the "wheat from the chaff", innovators are challenged to work in uncharted territories outside the so-called "routine"  ...  Competency model for this thesis.  ... 
doi:10.1108/ijmpb-03-2015-0027 fatcat:76465ubbdfe7haljva427jzffa

On the Opportunities and Risks of Foundation Models [article]

Rishi Bommasani, Drew A. Hudson, Ehsan Adeli, Russ Altman, Simran Arora, Sydney von Arx, Michael S. Bernstein, Jeannette Bohg, Antoine Bosselut, Emma Brunskill, Erik Brynjolfsson, Shyamal Buch (+102 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This report provides a thorough account of the opportunities and risks of foundation models, ranging from their capabilities (e.g., language, vision, robotics, reasoning, human interaction) and technical  ...  Homogenization provides powerful leverage but demands caution, as the defects of the foundation model are inherited by all the adapted models downstream.  ...  Acknowledgments References ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank the following people for their valuable feedback: Mohit Bansal, Boaz Barak, Yoshua Bengio, Sam Bowman, Collin Burns, Nicholas Carlini  ... 
arXiv:2108.07258v2 fatcat:yktkv4diyrgzzfzqlpvaiabc2m

Abstracts from the Proceedings of the 33rd Biennial Conference of the Australian Association of Animal Sciences

2021 Animal Production Science  
The value of lambs from ewe lambs is less than from adult ewes indicating that mating ewe lambs is for those implementing best practice management for adult ewes who want further options to increase reproduction  ...  This is, in part, due to low breeder efficiency (65% weaning rate) as well as the relatively higher value of steer compared to female beef.  ...  lack of industry transparency.  ... 
doi:10.1071/anv61n3abs fatcat:ghnqfmek2fednffmll75ijxlqq

Folk biology and the anthropology of science: cognitive universals and cultural particulars

S Atran
1998 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
These findings cannot be explained by domain-general models of similarity because such models cannot account for why both cultures prefer species-like groups, although Americans have relatively little  ...  The example is folk biology, whose cultural recurrence issues from the very same domain-specific cognitive universals that provide the historical backbone of systematic biology.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I thank Doug Medin for commenting on this response, and Peter Stevens, Dan Sperber, Adam Morton, Remo Job, and Luca Surian for clarifying their commentaries for me.  ... 
pmid:10097021 fatcat:he37svzxa5f7hhod5xdwm5ze3q

Natural-Born Cyborgs: Minds, Technologies, and the Future of Human Intelligence (review)

Mark Erickson
2004 Canadian journal of sociology  
In the wired (and soon to be wireless) world, where anyone can publish thoughts and insinuate e-mails into thousands upon thousands of inboxes, how are we to separate the wheat from the chaff?  ...  What O'Donnell proposes instead is the separation of the idea of validation from the idea of prepackaging.  ... 
doi:10.1353/cjs.2004.0038 fatcat:w4y2rzpakbcgbivjhpsbizvmzu

Poster Abstracts

2009 Integrative and Comparative Biology  
of a suitable settlement cue.  ...  Hence, the black goby provides a good model for investigating the neurogenetic basis for different mating phenotypes.  ...  Using a trichromatic color space model, we compared the conspicuousness of male and female colors in nine species from the perspective of their own visual systems.  ... 
doi:10.1093/icb/icp003 fatcat:ogzq66svibfcjnht5szojhqk3q

Learning by imitation: a hierarchical approach

R W Byrne, A E Russon
1998 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Program level imitation is a high-level, constructive mechanism, adapted for the efficient learning of complex skills and thus not evident in the simple manipulations used to test for imitation in the  ...  There is evidence that great apes suffer from a stricter capacity limit than humans in the hierarchical depth of planning.  ...  This approach, of sorting out wheat from chaff, derives from scholars working in the tradition of comparative psychology, especially animal learning theory, who originally took on the task of assessing  ... 
pmid:10097023 fatcat:qieb6t76vfcj7fyvynrafi3zai

When actions are carved at the joints

Merideth Gattis, Harold Bekkering, Andreas Wohlschläger
1998 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
This approach, of sorting out wheat from chaff, derives from scholars working in the tradition of comparative psychology, especially animal learning theory, who originally took on the task of assessing  ...  Again, in the absence of empirical data, we cannot sort the imitative wheat from the nonimitative chaff.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x98301740 fatcat:2nf7e6h645bcvgdwzbcgrklkri

Experimental practices in economics: a methodological challenge for psychologists?

R Hertwig, A Ortmann
2001 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
We conclude with a call for more research on the consequences of methodological preferences, such as the use on monetary payments, and propose a "do-it-both-ways" rule regarding the enactment of scripts  ...  The experimental standards in psychology, by contrast, are comparatively laissez-faire.  ...  After all, more people today appreciate spinach and calisthenics (although they typically have fancier names for the latter).  ... 
pmid:11682798 fatcat:d2fme3jkj5hm7acwa6cy3qnv5a

Money, lies, and replicability: On the need for empirically grounded experimental practices and interdisciplinary discourse

Ralph Hertwig, Andreas Ortmann
2001 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
This response reinforces the major themes of our target article. The impact of key methodological variables should not be taken for granted.  ...  After all, more people today appreciate spinach and calisthenics (although they typically have fancier names for the latter).  ...  We can say for ourselves -one being a psychologist, the other being an economist -that we found the conversation across disciplinary borders a rewarding (albeit not always easy) exercise.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x01564146 fatcat:ceucb37kbvc3vgky6jc5dbobcm

Phonology in the Twentieth Century: Second edition, revised and expanded [article]

Stephen R. Anderson
2021 Zenodo  
The original edition of this work attempted to cover the main lines of development of phonological theory from the end of the 19th century through the early 1980s.  ...  This version has a smaller file size and has clickable links as compared to the (otherwise identical) former 2021 version  ...  These elements consist of a vast range of properties, nondistinctive as well as distinctive, and the phonological analysis must go further to separate the functional wheat from the phonetic chaff if the  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5577931 fatcat:33az2s7mpbfc7eccb3ddsp23oe

JSE 26:1 Spring 2012 WHOLE ISSUE

Stephen Braude
2012 Journal of Scientific Exploration  
I would like to thank the reviewers and the editors of the Journal of Scientifi c Exploration for their constructive advice on ways to clarify any scientifi c ambiguities for acceptance of this paper during  ...  end result, and to absolve them of any responsibility for weaknesses in the fi nal product.  ...  Along the way he became an insightful writer who is able to penetrate to the core of his subject, separate the wheat from the chaff, and distill the essence of what is important.  ... 
doaj:3805408e554848a49b405898fcbb33b4 fatcat:ikghsg76m5c6lcztp2r3ynbnri

Phonology in the Twentieth Century: Second edition, revised and expanded [article]

Stephen R. Anderson
2021 Zenodo  
The original edition of this work attempted to cover the main lines of development of phonological theory from the end of the 19th century through the early 1980s.  ...  This has involved an overall editing of the text, in the process correcting some errors of fact and interpretation, as well as the addition of some new material and a number of new references.  ...  These elements consist of a vast range of properties, nondistinctive as well as distinctive, and the phonological analysis must go further to separate the functional wheat from the phonetic chaff if the  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5509618 fatcat:xmcy32sjd5ecxgxcvjdsyttj24

IEEE Reliability Society Technical Operations Annual Technology Report for 2008

2009 IEEE Transactions on Reliability  
The 2008 Annual Technology  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The author would like to thank his mentor Dr. Henning Leidecker, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, for his guidance, contributions, and technical support.  ...  How are we to separate the wheat from the chaff?  ... 
doi:10.1109/tr.2009.2020845 fatcat:mt4ppqhpyrcbbkofg5bbjinrie
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