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TexTrolls: Identifying Russian Trolls on Twitter from a Textual Perspective [article]

Bilal Ghanem, Davide Buscaldi, Paolo Rosso
<span title="2019-10-03">2019</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Therefore, in this paper, we propose a text-based approach to detect the online trolls such as those that were discovered during the US 2016 presidential elections.  ...  The online new emerging suspicious users, that usually are called trolls, are one of the main sources of hate, fake, and deceptive online messages.  ...  Related Work on IRA Trolls After the 2016 US elections, Twitter has detected a suspicious attempt by a large set of accounts to influence the results of the elections.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.01340v1">arXiv:1910.01340v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qyhlgofpuzfcdmt6bb64kajwqm">fatcat:qyhlgofpuzfcdmt6bb64kajwqm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200830232638/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1910.01340v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/00/e9/00e91a6c8abc40ca3b28e61086ff7988203f52e1.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.01340v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Characterizing the 2016 Russian IRA Influence Campaign [article]

Adam Badawy, Aseel Addawood, Kristina Lerman, Emilio Ferrara
<span title="2018-12-04">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We collected a dataset of 13 million election-related posts shared on Twitter in the year of 2016 by over a million distinct users.  ...  Congress investigation of Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. election campaign, with Russia accused of, among other things, using trolls (malicious accounts created for the purpose of manipulation)  ...  The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either expressed or implied, of AFOSR  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1812.01997v1">arXiv:1812.01997v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4cvg4utmiffkveqkvqln7nhxxu">fatcat:4cvg4utmiffkveqkvqln7nhxxu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200829192432/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1812.01997v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d7/37/d73777af16df99b7c8e8fe4afc7748d66aeb9346.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1812.01997v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Partisanship, Propaganda and Post-Truth Politics: Quantifying Impact in Online Debate [article]

Genevieve Gorrell, Mehmet E. Bakir, Ian Roberts, Mark A. Greenwood, Benedetta Iavarone, Kalina Bontcheva
<span title="2020-02-17">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
and in 10.2 times more tweets than the 3,200 Brexit-related tweets by the Russian troll accounts.  ...  In particular, we present quantitative research on the presence and impact of these three 'Ps' in online Twitter debates in two contexts: (i) the run up to the UK EU membership referendum ('Brexit'); and  ...  Allcott and Gentzkow (2017) , during the run-up to the 2016 US presidential election, found 115 pro-Trump fake news stories, which were shared a total of 30 million times.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1902.01752v3">arXiv:1902.01752v3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wjufwxf6jze5zkczqvp7oa6ese">fatcat:wjufwxf6jze5zkczqvp7oa6ese</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200321210012/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1902.01752v3.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1902.01752v3" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Tracking the Digital Traces of Russian Trolls: Distinguishing the Roles and Strategy of Trolls On Twitter [article]

Dongwoo Kim, Timothy Graham, Zimin Wan, Marian-Andrei Rizoiu
<span title="2019-01-16">2019</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
a distinct shift of trolling strategy from before to after the 2016 US election.  ...  In this work, we analyse the role and behaviour of Russian trolls on Twitter through the lens of the social theory inspired by Tarde's ancient theory of monadology and its further development in Actor-Network  ...  Importantly, it also provides the opportunity to reevaluate the roles that Russian trolls occupied on Twitter during and after the 2016 U.S.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1901.05228v1">arXiv:1901.05228v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zt3yffacrrcofc73e4rev5aala">fatcat:zt3yffacrrcofc73e4rev5aala</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200826045917/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1901.05228v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0b/37/0b376289970d558e6d1eadddc9c40aa6dcd977af.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1901.05228v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Fake news, disinformation and the democratic state

Julian Richards
<span title="2021-01-01">2021</span> <i title="Asociacion Cientifica ICONO14"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/pghpclrbkjhrhmfcwngs6al45e" style="color: black;">La Revista Icono 14</a> </i> &nbsp;
From the 2014 referendum in the UK on Scottish independence, a number of political leaders in the West have accused the Russian government of industrial-scale organised disinformation, designed to undermine  ...  In this analysis, the case study of the UK is taken in the period 2014-20.  ...  IRA and was previously used for disinformation during the 2016 US presidential elections.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7195/ri14.v19i1.1611">doi:10.7195/ri14.v19i1.1611</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/oh4bwxfeqff3levuzgmab46t6u">fatcat:oh4bwxfeqff3levuzgmab46t6u</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210224170940/https://icono14.net/ojs/index.php/icono14/article/download/1611/1807" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/69/7b/697b0c80d4305fd04dd573baff84196decf649d9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7195/ri14.v19i1.1611"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Content-based features predict social media influence operations

Meysam Alizadeh, Jacob N. Shapiro, Cody Buntain, Joshua A. Tucker
<span title="2020-07-22">2020</span> <i title="American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/rcuo52vymzdnhaszizbal7vbki" style="color: black;">Science Advances</a> </i> &nbsp;
We test this method on publicly available Twitter data on Chinese, Russian, and Venezuelan troll activity targeting the United States, as well as the Reddit dataset of Russian influence efforts.  ...  Our method uses public activity to detect content that is part of coordinated influence operations based on human-interpretable features derived solely from content.  ...  During election months in 2016, the way IRA trolls were retweeting, replying to others, and mentioning users became more distinctive, as we see in the second row of Fig. 2 .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abb5824">doi:10.1126/sciadv.abb5824</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32832674">pmid:32832674</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC7439640/">pmcid:PMC7439640</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7qe2k42wqjgrnhi5fchzafa5oa">fatcat:7qe2k42wqjgrnhi5fchzafa5oa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200728201438/https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/advances/6/30/eabb5824.full.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abb5824"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> sciencemag.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7439640" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Facebook Ad Engagement in the Russian Active Measures Campaign of 2016 [article]

Mirela Silva, Luiz Giovanini, Juliana Fernandes, Daniela Oliveira, Catia S. Silva
<span title="2020-12-23">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Finally, we corroborate the findings of related works that the IRA specifically targeted Americans on divisive ad topics (e.g., LGBT rights, African American reparations).  ...  Additionally, positive sentiment ads were more engaging than negative ads, and sociolinguistic features (e.g., use of religion-relevant words) were identified as highly important in the makeup of an engaging  ...  in our dataset during key moments of the 2016 presidential election (e.g., during President Trump's office takeover).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.11690v2">arXiv:2012.11690v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mt5htshjwjdptcfm6rj6nfcpam">fatcat:mt5htshjwjdptcfm6rj6nfcpam</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201227123456/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2012.11690v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download [not primary version]" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <span style="color: #f43e3e;">&#10033;</span> <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9a/0c/9a0c07d7cd6b471cf23056d206bbb071e3914122.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.11690v2" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Predicting Engagement with the Internet Research Agency's Facebook and Instagram Campaigns around the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election [article]

Dimitra Liotsiou and Bharath Ganesh and Philip N. Howard
<span title="2020-10-28">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
The Russian Internet Research Agency's (IRA) online interference campaign in the 2016 U.S. presidential election represents a turning point in the trajectory of democratic elections in the digital age.  ...  We provide the first in-depth analysis of the relationships between IRA content characteristics and user engagement on Facebook and Instagram around the 2016 election.  ...  In this context, the Russian Internet Research Agency's (IRA) interference campaign in the 2016 U.S. presidential election has been viewed as a key turning point.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.14950v1">arXiv:2010.14950v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/fjlobh3cmjdmhbeghaytg4mzwi">fatcat:fjlobh3cmjdmhbeghaytg4mzwi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201031215307/https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/2010/2010.14950.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d0/50/d0506cebbd6d90e0710b500970de04c4015dc3f8.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.14950v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Characterizing the Use of Images in State-Sponsored Information Warfare Operations by Russian Trolls on Twitter

Savvas Zannettou, Tristan Caulfield, Barry Bradlyn, Emiliano De Cristofaro, Gianluca Stringhini, Jeremy Blackburn
<span title="2019-01-17">2019</span> <i title="Zenodo"> Zenodo </i> &nbsp;
Then, using Hawkes Processes, we quantify their influence on popu- lar Web communities like Twitter, Reddit, 4chan's Politically Incorrect board (/pol/), and Gab, with respect to the dissemina- tion of  ...  We find that the extensive image posting activ- ity of Russian trolls coincides with real-world events (e.g., the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville), and shed light on their targets as well as the  ...  This work reflects only the authors' views and the Commission are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3553582">doi:10.5281/zenodo.3553582</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/yh3kijeix5adzosttu3quzznkm">fatcat:yh3kijeix5adzosttu3quzznkm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200209015615/https://zenodo.org/record/3553582/files/Characterizing%20the%20Use%20of%20Images%20in%20State-Sponsored%20Information%20Warfare%20Operations%20by%20Russian%20Trolls%20on%20Twitter.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/79/95/7995d4d88449823dd21fe4ef445a69ba7e29f835.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3553582"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> zenodo.org </button> </a>

Political communication in post-truth society

Nina Gorenc
<span title="2020-06-23">2020</span> <i title="University of Ljubljana"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/v4yj2uhvp5f33narjsqcpfi55i" style="color: black;">Ars &amp; Humanitas</a> </i> &nbsp;
The research behind this paper is set in the context of the 2016 US presidential election that has come to symbolize the post-truth era.  ...  We conducted a literature review on the 2016 election, with the aim to better understand the impact of computational propaganda on the election outcome and on the behaviour of voters.  ...  One of the most important political events that stands witness to this fact is the 2016 US presidential election.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4312/ars.14.1.73-87">doi:10.4312/ars.14.1.73-87</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4x3qgrnjifghxouxwk6ozt6kd4">fatcat:4x3qgrnjifghxouxwk6ozt6kd4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200701224040/https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/arshumanitas/article/download/9361/8988" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f3/a6/f3a60f97ee51980fc024c5bd1e38de237fe73b19.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4312/ars.14.1.73-87"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Information disorder, the Triumvirate, and COVID-19: How media outlets, foreign state intrusion, and the far-right diaspora drive the COVID-19 anti-vaccination movement

Aman Bajwa
<span title="2021-11-23">2021</span> <i title="Simon Fraser University Library"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/xr46lngspnhavmn3qvkflqelxe" style="color: black;">The Journal of Intelligence Conflict and Warfare</a> </i> &nbsp;
Information disorder has become an increasing concern in the wake of the 2016 US presidential election.  ...  Furthermore, in countering this phenomenon, this article recommends a collaborative framework involving emphasis on critical media literacy skills, citizen participation, and development of counter-offensive  ...  All three drew considerable support from the far-right during the presidential election of 2016.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.21810/jicw.v4i2.3067">doi:10.21810/jicw.v4i2.3067</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7b7eijzf2bdurnh5fj2ltlq4vm">fatcat:7b7eijzf2bdurnh5fj2ltlq4vm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220422020205/https://journals.lib.sfu.ca/index.php/jicw/article/download/3067/3009" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/67/d2/67d242ad38ce3ffc5f013aba263de6d1deccbe63.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.21810/jicw.v4i2.3067"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Acting the Part

Ahmer Arif, Leo Graiden Stewart, Kate Starbird
<span title="2018-11-01">2018</span> <i title="Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/4tqsh2rwtnd4jbrmw5dfcr2b5i" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction</a> </i> &nbsp;
Later, when Twitter released a list of RU-IRA affiliated accounts during formal hearings with the U.S.  ...  We study the interactions of these accounts within the online crowd using interpretative analysis of a network graph based on retweet flows in combination with a qualitative content analysis.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research is a collaboration between the emCOMP lab and DataLab at the University of Washington and was supported by Office of Naval Research Grants N000141712980 and N000141812012  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/3274289">doi:10.1145/3274289</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/vyqeiz5jtzbgdn7hm6dhprk6ne">fatcat:vyqeiz5jtzbgdn7hm6dhprk6ne</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20181207141320/http://ahmerarif.com/papers/BLM-IRA.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/53/4e/534e74dc35bb9abc585cd1856d4c46431c45d369.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/3274289"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Information Operations in Turkey: Manufacturing Resilience with Free Twitter Accounts [article]

Maya Merhi, Sarah Rajtmajer, Dongwon Lee
<span title="2021-10-18">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Following the 2016 US elections, for instance, Twitter opened their Information Operations hub where they disclose accounts participating in state-linked information operations.  ...  In June 2020, Twitter released a set of accounts linked to Turkey's ruling political party.  ...  The most widely studied IO is the Russian Internet Research Agency's (IRA) campaign aimed at influencing the outcome of the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2110.08976v1">arXiv:2110.08976v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2y6mgip3wndvfeuesfzpqt6hmu">fatcat:2y6mgip3wndvfeuesfzpqt6hmu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211020173338/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2110.08976v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e9/b4/e9b405eaca9f0463a4785096c60fbb7f5d8c771b.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2110.08976v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

It's a Thin Line Between Love and Hate: Using the Echo in Modeling Dynamics of Racist Online Communities [article]

Eyal Arviv, Simo Hanouna, Oren Tsur
<span title="2020-11-16">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Finally, we analyze the role IRA trolls assumed in this network as part of the Russian interference campaign.  ...  The (((echo))) symbol -- triple parenthesis surrounding a name, made it to mainstream social networks in early 2016, with the intensification of the U.S. Presidential race.  ...  In the ten-week period preceding the 2016 election these accounts posted 175,993 Tweets, approximately 8.4% of which were election-related (Twitter 2018).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.01133v1">arXiv:2012.01133v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/nhjgessfcbgb3cjlxp2ys2mgsi">fatcat:nhjgessfcbgb3cjlxp2ys2mgsi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201205193626/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2012.01133v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/dd/26/dd266e066dad36e120d45220c2bdef898505c6b4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.01133v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

"Trump Shit Goes into Overdrive": Tracing Trump on 4chan/pol/

Sal Hagen
<span title="2020-07-07">2020</span> <i title="Queensland University of Technology"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/tho7jvr65jdv5hmsioqwjsjbou" style="color: black;">M/C Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
The frequencies spike to a staggering 8% of all comments during the build-up to Trump's win of the Republican nomination in early 2016 and presidential election in November 2016.  ...  During the 2016 U.S. election and its aftermath, multiple journalistic accounts reported on "alt-right trolls" emanating from anonymous online spaces like the imageboard 4chan (e.g. Abramson; Ellis).  ...  In their analysis of mainstream media coverage and Twitter linking patterns during the 2016 US presidential election, Faris, Roberts, and Etling (et al.) , in collaboration with the Media Cloud, Berkman  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5204/mcj.1657">doi:10.5204/mcj.1657</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ob6rwdsymre6ng5emayktoxsei">fatcat:ob6rwdsymre6ng5emayktoxsei</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210405111204/https://datasociety.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/1_PART_1_Oxygen_of_Amplification_DS.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b6/52/b65211e2d0fb38e6b57b12bc3766e42fa6022267.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5204/mcj.1657"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>
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