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Semantic interpretation of pragmatic clues

Michael Gerlach, Michael Sprenger
1988 Proceedings of the 12th conference on Computational linguistics -   unpublished
Our investigations involve problems which are not currently well understood, for example how to infer the speaker's intentions by using interpretation of connectives and modal verbs.  ...  In this paper, however, we will present methods for a primary pragmatic analysis of single utterances.  ...  The transformation of indirect speech acts works on the semantic level by applying rules which specify formal transformations of semantic representations of sentences.  ... 
doi:10.3115/991635.991674 fatcat:fscy7sb3zjbm3bjgbq465a4bpu

The syntax–semantics interface in systemic functional grammar: Halliday's interpretation of the Hjelmslevian model of stratification

Miriam Taverniers
2011 Journal of Pragmatics  
reference patterns) and NEGOTIATION (which is an elaboration of the 'standard' system of speech acts).  ...  , MOOD and THEME: this purpose is the creation of 'discourse' (discourse semantics -with as a subcomponent, the expression of a speech act as a turn in a discourse (SPEECH FUNCTION)), the expression of  ...  'semantics' as constructional formal meaning, and as distinct from ontological meaning.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2010.09.003 fatcat:6juuut5jlfdhhljyeiv4d3txzq

Conversation Electrified: ERP Correlates of Speech Act Recognition in Underspecified Utterances

Rosa S. Gisladottir, Dorothee J. Chwilla, Stephen C. Levinson, Ruth Filik
2015 PLoS ONE  
The targets were identical across conditions, but differed in the type of speech act performed and how it fit into the larger action sequence.  ...  The goal of this study was to investigate the time-course of auditory speech act recognition in action-underspecified utterances and explore how sequential context (the prior action) impacts this process  ...  Mathieu Koppen at Donders Centre of Cognition, Radboud University for helpful assistance. We are also grateful for the comments of three anonymous reviewers, which improved our manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0120068 pmid:25793289 pmcid:PMC4368040 fatcat:ge4eqdll2bfkrp4yn64oaez4ua

How directive constructions emerge: Grammaticalization, constructionalization, cooptation

Caterina Mauri, Andrea Sansò
2011 Journal of Pragmatics  
Three basic processes are discussed: (i) the grammaticalization of lexical material into markers of orders and commands; (ii) the cooptation of non-directive forms (used in indirect speech acts) as directive  ...  Other diachronic processes, on the contrary, are shown to be connected to the widespread tendency to express orders in an indirect way, i.e. by putting the face-threatening component of directive speech  ...  and the discussion of data.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2011.08.001 fatcat:aho77etbezhifkt3ab5wm43gii

Mitigation via exemplification in present-day Italian: A corpus-based study

Maria Cristina Lo Baido
2018 Estudios de Lingüística. Universidad de Alicante (ELUA)  
Indeed, they may be conceived as procedural tools to conceptualise pragmatic acts with different illocutionary force as examples of a wider set in order not to impose or to weaken the burden of speaker's  ...  The paper addresses the pragmatic functions of exemplification in Italian by focusing on a set of exemplifying constructions such as non so (Eng. 'I don't know') and tipo (Eng. 'like').  ...  the pragmatic functions of mitigation; more specifi-cally, we will present different examples connected to the explicitness of the speech act; the syntactic level of example (phrase or sentence); and  ... 
doi:10.14198/elua2018.anexo4.02 fatcat:wponv67ibfb73fqaef3bl6kynu

DEVELOPING THE PRAGMATIC COMPETENCE OF FOREIGN LEARNERS: GUIDELINES TO USING CONSTATIVES IN MODERN ENGLISH DISCOURSE

Viktoriia Berezenko
2019 Novìtnâ Osvìta  
The experimental teaching session proves that the special research methods (descriptive, pragmatic, performative analyses) and divergent forms of learning the modal perspective of constatives in discourse  ...  competence of students and helping them acquire their proficiency in achieving certain goals in communication.  ...  This pragmatic element may become explicit when students convert direct speech into indirect: He states that it is hot outside.  ... 
doi:10.20535/2410-8286.156658 fatcat:nq5pdxdevretblejxm4cf4dbfi

Reported speech forms a dedicated syntactic domain

Stef Spronck, Tatiana Nikitina
2019 Linguistic Typology  
The article concludes with a proposal for a cross-linguistic characterisation that aims at capturing this broadly conceived domain of reported speech with a single semantic definition.  ...  , and constructions with sentence-level adverbs.  ...  (Note that the verb root glossed as 'say' may also act as an auxiliary/light verb in a so-called 'coverb', or 'preverb' construction and does not act as matrix verb in a reported speech construction in  ... 
doi:10.1515/lingty-2019-0005 fatcat:vlyuzmocrrfpvku6g7wisshw6y

Negative Politeness in Korean Questions: Interaction between Epistemic Uncertainty and Conventional Indirectness

Arum Kang
2018 Lanaguage Research  
Since Korean speakers tend to consider speech act of question as an illocutionary act of requesting with a big favor, they use nka in order to minimize the threat and avoid the risk of losing face.  ...  Contrary to the previous view, however, I claim that nka should NOT be treated as a factual question marker; rather, it is an attenuative modal marker used as a pragmatic device for conventional indirectness  ...  Thus far, I examined the notions of indirectness and politeness in the speech act of question by showing that there is a close corelation between conventional indirectness and politeness in Korean.  ... 
doi:10.30961/lr.2018.54.2.229 fatcat:3ip3brdw7jflja2jj6rsxokw4m

Short-circuited interpretations of modal verb constructions

Bert Cappelle, Ilse Depraetere
2016 Constructions and Frames  
In this paper we aim to show how distinct semantic and pragmatic layers of modal interpretation can be fruitfully integrated within a constructionist approach.  ...  aspects of interpretation of such a modal verb construction.  ...  Comprehension is demon- strably a mixture of pragmatic and semantic matters, and introspection supplies us no simple clue to what's semantic and what's pragmatic in a given case.  ... 
doi:10.1075/cf.8.1.02cap fatcat:yfuy43p52raajkcprww4rull3e

Difficulties in Teaching English Modal Auxiliaries to Turkish Students: A Cognitive Pragmatic Approach

Ismail Erton
2018 Arab World English Journal  
It is also asserted that only teaching the lexical properties of modal auxiliaries in isolation from their socio-pragmatic and semiotic contexts alone cannot help learners to become successful communicators  ...  For him, a communicative act takes place in a communicative discourse which represents the nature of the linguistic actiondetermined by economic and social rules, political ideas, ideas and perspectives  ...  The semantic interpretation of the speech acts or translation activities are not enough for students to comprehend the intention behind the usage of modal auxiliaries.  ... 
doi:10.24093/awej/vol9no4.4 fatcat:m3b2okmmyvcrth6mfzzljhfm7u

Pragmatics and philosophy: In search of a paradigm

Kasia M. Jaszczolt
2018 Intercultural Pragmatics  
There is no doubt that pragmatic theory and philosophy of language are mutually relevant and intrinsically connected.  ...  In the introductory part I attempt to bring some order into the diversity of use of such labels as philosophical logic, philosophical semantics, philosophical pragmatics, linguistic philosophy, or philosophy  ...  For more examples and a discussion in terms of categories of speech acts seeJaszczolt and Witek, in press.  ... 
doi:10.1515/ip-2018-0002 fatcat:jkfhtfwa3vbb3d6m2hkv6m5nnu

Lexical and Grammatical Means of Distancing Strategy Performed in American Political Discourse

Vera Karnyushina, Alina Makhina
2017 Journal of Language and Education  
The research method was the discourse analysis and the statistics data analysis and its interpretation.  ...  As a result, the most common and effective lexical and grammatical language means expressing the communicative intention of request were singled out and their choice explained.  ...  The syntactic functions (subject, indirect object, etc.) are closely connected with the semantic features and the distribution of participants in a pragmatic situation.  ... 
doi:10.17323/2411-7390-2017-3-1-85-101 fatcat:ccjjppr7cnbfxds5aae43iiuha

EXPLORING BROWN AND LEVINSON'S POLITENESS THEORY AND THE FORM-FUNCTION FIT IN REQUESTS IN JANE AUSTEN'S PRIDE AND PREJUDICE FROM A RELEVANCE-THEORETIC, CONSTRUCTIONIST, AND CONTRASTIVE PERSPECTIVE

Elena del Carmen Martínez López
2021 ODISEA Revista de estudios ingleses  
Specifically, the connection between language and literature is explored with specific reference to one of the germinal works of English literature, Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice in the light of the  ...  The aim of this work is to demonstrate and illustrate the pervasive existence of points of convergence between literature and language in general and form and meaning in particular.  ...  Speech is an act: speech acts" (Nolan-Grant 2009: 863) .  ... 
doi:10.25115/odisea.v0i22.5513 fatcat:dipcjyccdzd7dlsvygrp6uzwkq

Hedges as Modality and Point of View in Narratives in Terms of Simpson's Model

2019 University of Thi-Qar journal  
The study offers a framework for analyzing the linguistic resources of intersubjectivity and dialogism which perhaps is considered one of the most fascinating subjects in a linguistic study.  ...  Language is employed for not only conveying factual information but also expressing one's attitudes and opinions about the truth of the proposition contained in an utterance .  ...  (speech act hedging) .  ... 
doi:10.32792/utq/utj/vol11/1/6 fatcat:sn4thch6yfg3zap2dvnbn6zey4

An Approach To Pragma-Crafting Theory: A Linguistic Review of President Alsisi Selected Speech and Interview

Tamer Hamed Mohamed
2020 International Journal of Linguistics  
Moreover, it reflects some essential rules:1- Gives the importance of an action2- Gives the essence of an experience3- Believes in change4- No permanent values.5- Stresses on experimentation6- Enhances  ...  Simply, it reflects the philosophy of a practical experience such as the typical American philosophy practice in approach.  ...  Strengths of Pragma-Crafting Theory 1-OL is the actual knowledge to establish pragmatic acts. 2-PCT includes speech acts theory with their potency. 3-The connection between sentence-meaning and speaker-meaning  ... 
doi:10.5296/ijl.v12i1.16244 fatcat:gvxtt7eyf5gbzjprqcume5g5xi
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