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МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЙ ПОДХОД К ПРОБЛЕМЕ РАЗРЕШЕНИЯ СМЫСЛОВОЙ НЕОДНОЗНАЧНОСТИ В СУДЕБНОЙ ЛИНГВИСТИЧЕСКОЙ ЭКСПЕРТИЗЕ METHODICAL APPROACHES TO THE PROBLEM OF SEMANTIC INTERPRETATION AND THE RESOLUTION OF AMBIGUITY IN FORENSIC LINGUISTICS

N Belskaya, Barnaul
unpublished
Abstract: Article is devoted to the modern methodical approaches to a problem of semantic interpretation and the resolution of ambiguity in forensic linguistics.  ...  It is important for investigations of crimes and civil disputes resolution. Here we analyze some modern methods of forensic linguistics.  ... 
fatcat:cm3bb5dqrrg3rkcez4xyaqu3k4

Effects of syntactic category assignment on lexical ambiguity resolution in reading: An eye movement analysis

Jocelyn R. Folk, Robin K. Morris
2003 Memory & Cognition  
of a biased ambiguous word (Experiment 1) and when prior context was semantically neutral as to the intended interpretation of a balanced ambiguous word (Experiment 2).  ...  These data indicate that, in the absence of syntactic ambiguity, syntactic-category information mediates the semantic-resolution process.  ...  In Experiment 1, the context was semantically and syntactically consistent with the subordinate interpretation of the biased ambiguous word, and the standard lexical-semantic ambiguity effect was eliminated  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03196085 pmid:12699146 fatcat:3i4evmf4cja4njcypjmm7veawy

Semantic-head based resolution of scopal ambiguities

Björn Gambäck, Johan Bos
1998 Proceedings of the 36th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
The algorithm has been implemented and tested in a large-scale system and fared quite well: 28% of the utterances were ambiguous, 80% of these were correctly interpreted, leaving errors in only 5.7% of  ...  We introduce an algorithm for scope resolution in underspecified semantic representations. Scope preferences are suggested on the basis of semantic argument structure.  ...  The key idea is to have a common representation for all the possible interpretations of an ambiguous expression, as in Alshawi et al. (1991) .  ... 
doi:10.3115/980845.980919 dblp:conf/acl/GambackB98 fatcat:tdlapyxg3bbytg7qyvmkwklmbu

Anaphora Resolution in English Ambiguous Sentences by ESL Learners

Shujat Ali
2021 PAKISTAN LANGUAGES AND HUMANITIES REVIEW  
They will aware the ESL learners and the instructors to include anaphora resolution strategies in teaching English ambiguous sentences.  ...  The present study investigated the anaphora resolution in English ambiguous sentences.  ...  Discourse ambiguity resolution demands the processing of the needs of a shared knowledge or a shared world and its interpretation is carried out according to the context (Tang, 2016) .  ... 
doi:10.47205/plhr.2021(5-ii)1.13 fatcat:xzc4kc3wqfa73p2uj7jljnrrou

Practice makes perfect: Training the interpretation of emotional ambiguity

Jessica L. Clifton, Sophie Hedley, Emily Mountier, Boglarka Tiszai, Gina M. Grimshaw
2015 Cognition & Emotion  
In three experiments, we systematically manipulated the nature of the training in order to discriminate between emotional priming and ambiguity resolution accounts of training effects.  ...  In a subsequent semantic priming task they demonstrated an interpretation bias, in that they were faster to identify relatedness of targets that were associated with the training-congruent meaning of an  ...  The overarching aim of our experiments was to distinguish between emotional priming and ambiguity resolution accounts of CBM-I, by determining the role of ambiguity resolution in changing the online interpretation  ... 
doi:10.1080/02699931.2015.1020768 pmid:25807872 fatcat:ecsjd5po6vgyvgjqavbcyu4rgq

Exactly two things to learn from modeling scope ambiguity resolution: Developmental continuity and numeral semantics

K.J. Savinelli, Greg Scontras, Lisa Pearl
2018 Proceedings of the 8th Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics (CMCL 2018)  
Behavioral data suggest that both children and adults struggle to access the inverse interpretation of scopally-ambiguous utterances in certain contexts.  ...  To determine whether the causes of both child and adult difficulty are similar, we extend an existing computational model of children's scope ambiguity resolution in context.  ...  We model ambiguity resolution as pragmatic inference over an underspecified utterance semantics (i.e., the interpretation variable i).  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w18-0108 dblp:conf/acl-cmcl/SavinelliSP18 fatcat:gu5ly6giana2bg6pdzx5ia5f3i

The functional organisation of the fronto-temporal language system: Evidence from syntactic and semantic ambiguity

Jennifer M. Rodd, Olivia A. Longe, Billi Randall, Lorraine K. Tyler
2010 Neuropsychologia  
Acknowledgements This research was supported by an MRC programme grant and Newton Trust grant to LKT and fellowships from Peterhouse, Cambridge and the Leverhulme Trust to JMR.  ...  We thank the radiographers at the Wolfson Brain Imaging Unit for their help with the study.  ...  As with previous studies of syntactic and semantic ambiguity, the results highlight the role of the LIFG in ambiguity resolution.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.12.035 pmid:20038434 fatcat:ewux26duijemjl7vwmqtvqpeia

Wave-ering: An ERP study of syntactic and semantic context effects on ambiguity resolution for noun/verb homographs

Chia-lin Lee, Kara D. Federmeier
2009 Journal of Memory and Language  
Overall, the findings suggest that ambiguity resolution in context involves the interplay between multiple neural networks, some involving more automatic semantic processing mechanisms and others involving  ...  comment on the lack of difference between the waveforms elicited by sentence final ambiguous and unambiguous words in their probe study.  ...  The authors wish to thank Gary Dell, Susan Garnsey, Cynthia Fisher, Duane Watson, Sarah Brown-Schmidt and Joshua Goh for constructive discussions and insightful comments on earlier versions of this manuscript  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2009.08.003 pmid:20161361 pmcid:PMC2777696 fatcat:zvoeolrzqrftvam5462vnbhvji

The Neurocognition of Referential Ambiguity in Language Comprehension

Mante S. Nieuwland, Jos J. A. Van Berkum
2008 Language and Linguistics Compass  
The results of our experiments converge to show that referential ambiguity resolution involves making an inference to evaluate the referential candidates.  ...  show an inverse coupling with the neural systems associated with semantic processing, possibly reflecting the relative contributions of semantic and episodic processing to re-establish semantic and referential  ...  Van Berkum as reviewed in this article was conducted at the University of Amsterdam Psychology Department, and supported by an NWO Innovation Impulse VIDI grant to Jos J. A. Van Berkum. Mante S.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1749-818x.2008.00070.x fatcat:spqsypcudbfelcdfuohyh5e3sq

Context-dependent lexical ambiguity resolution: MEG evidence for the time-course of activity in left inferior frontal gyrus and posterior middle temporal gyrus

Giovanna Mollo, Elizabeth Jefferies, Piers Cornelissen, Silvia P. Gennari
2018 Brain and Language  
A B S T R A C T An MEG study investigated the role of context in semantic interpretation by examining the comprehension of ambiguous words in contexts leading to different interpretations.  ...  Whole brain beamforming revealed the engagement of left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) and posterior middle temporal gyrus (LPMTG).  ...  Acknowledgements The research was supported by BBSRC grant BB/J006963/1. Jefferies was supported by a grant from the European Research Council (SEMBIND -283530).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2018.01.001 pmid:29421269 pmcid:PMC5840520 fatcat:4sj4h6swcvgmvksh73m66bwxd4

Practice makes perfect: Training the interpretation of emotional ambiguity

Clifton Jessica, Grimshaw Gina
2015 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
One contemporary model of semantic ambiguity resolution is the The selection process.  ...  However, a change in interpretive bias is dependent on ambiguity resolution in the training phase, only appears at a later selection stage of meaning resolution and is dependent on semantic evaluation  ...  Appendix A Training Scenarios for Experiment 1a, 1b, 2 and Experiment 5. Ambiguous Scenario Negative Word Fragment Completed Fragment You need to take some time off for the ceremony.  ... 
doi:10.3389/conf.fnhum.2015.217.00127 fatcat:l7b7p3vkrfc6tewl2wfusudjcu

A Cognitive Approach to English Vague ambiguous Sentences from the Perspective of Semantic Activation

Yanhua Liang, Haoxia Liu
2020 DEStech Transactions on Engineering and Technology Research  
into the cognitive interpretation of vague ambiguous sentences.  ...  The view of semantic activation provides a fair cognitive basis for English vague ambiguous sentences.  ...  Acknowledgement This research was financially supported by the National Higher Education Institutions Teaching and Research Project (2018GX0027A).  ... 
doi:10.12783/dtetr/mcaee2020/35089 fatcat:cf3ravdddnarndy3kmlfm5c5qq

Semantic Interpretation Based on the Multi-World Model

Katashi Nagao
1989 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
This paper proposes the Multi-World Model as a new logical framework for semantic interpretation of natural language.  ...  This paper defines the Multi-World Model and presents its application to semantic interpretation with concrete examples.  ...  Watson Research Center, and the reviewers for their valuable comments on a draft of this paper, and Michael McDonald for his helpful advice on the wording. Nagao 1473  ... 
dblp:conf/ijcai/Nagao89 fatcat:cvlrwdvldjc3zl25bcwr7cd6tq

Page 146 of Computational Linguistics Vol. 26, Issue 2 [page]

2000 Computational Linguistics  
expressions and the semantic scope of operators.  ...  It is likely that the resolution of this latter kind of ambiguity is also influenced by pragmatic factors concerning the purpose of the task, the interpreta- tion domain, and the attentional state of the  ... 

Resolving Semantic Ambiguities in Sentences: Cognitive Processes and Brain Mechanisms

Sylvia Vitello, Jennifer M. Rodd
2015 Language and Linguistics Compass  
fMRI studies of how the brain processes sentences containing semantically ambiguous words have consistently implicated (i) the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) and (ii) posterior regions of the left  ...  , but it is currently unclear whether these control processes should best be characterised in terms of specific processes such as conflict resolution and controlled retrieval that are required for high-ambiguity  ...  The Neural Network underlying Semantic Ambiguity Resolution The first fMRI study to investigate semantic ambiguity resolution within sentence contexts was conducted by Rodd et al. (2005) .  ... 
doi:10.1111/lnc3.12160 fatcat:il53plinvnbbvlpwfxcni3edxy
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