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Massively-parallel marker-passing in semantic networks

James A. Hendler
1992 Computers and Mathematics with Applications  
One approach to ilalng the information available in a semantic network is the use of marker-passing algorithms, which propagate information through the network to determine relationships between objects  ...  Thus, the decision was made to test the algorithm with random semantic networks.  ...  See [II] or [12] for a discussion of these, and [2, 6] for discussion comparing marker-pam~ and connectionist approaches to semantic inferenclng. 4 Clyde is an elephant. ing system could make use  ... 
doi:10.1016/0898-1221(92)90144-7 fatcat:d5lvhx7nsnbbff6tivdmczzdqi

Representation of Knowledge [chapter]

1981 The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence  
A number of serious problems must be solved before the conjectured benefits of frames will be realized.  ...  or beliefs, what are the rules about inheritance of properties in networks, etc.?  ...  Reasoning with Semantic Networks In semantic network representations, there is no formal semantics, no agreed up notion of what a given representational structure "means," as there is in logic, for instance  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-86576-089-9.50008-9 fatcat:t7ic6jkgazc4vemg2j24gcgo6u

Passing Markers: A Theory of Contextual Influence in Language Comprehension*

Eugene Charniak
1983 Cognitive Science  
Fahlman's scheme is "marker passing" since one can think of it as passing markers along a semantic network.  ...  They will deal with: l The determination of "context" in story comprehension, e.g., "Jack picked up a menu" has a "restaurant" context.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog0703_1 fatcat:b2neaapypzf7pjgs4wgycuq75a

Passing markers: A theory of contextual influence in language comprehension

1983 Cognitive Science  
Fahlman's scheme is "marker passing" since one can think of it as passing markers along a semantic network.  ...  They will deal with: l The determination of "context" in story comprehension, e.g., "Jack picked up a menu" has a "restaurant" context.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0364-0213(83)80010-x fatcat:h5nbx25percbtaiaejqluu3pyi

Distributed Symbol Discovery through Symbol Recirculation: Toward Natural Language Processing in Distributed Connectionist Networks [chapter]

2016 Connectionist Approaches to Natural Language Processing  
No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in  ...  Trademark notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation without intent to infringe.  ...  There are a number of problems with this representational approach, such as redundancy, fixed length, and absence of semantic similarity among identical elements in different roles.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315636863-15 fatcat:gndg4g4x2zhu3kl63hvxc6gxfa

Analysis of Intertextuality in English News Headlines

Qin Xie
2018 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
Nowadays, English news plays an increasingly important role in cultural communication between Chinese and the western as a media.  ...  As a kind of ideographic symbol system that is restricted by a variety of conventions, the collocation and arrangement of the words and semantic expression and understanding are not only restricted by  ...  In face of network news with huge amounts of information and newspapers with more and more layouts, people often search and position headlines that he or she is interested in by scanning, then decide how  ... 
doi:10.17507/tpls.0808.13 fatcat:g5qlprip2vdtxjwllwfrddjaey

Tensor product variable binding and the representation of symbolic structures in connectionist systems

Paul Smolensky
1990 Artificial Intelligence  
(The "features" of semantic roles used in the model are of the local type mentioned in Section they are in one-to-one correspondence with the semantic roles.  ...  In many connectionist networks the processor's values are restricted in some way; such restrictions are important for consideration of the dynamics of the network but are not central to the representational  ... 
doi:10.1016/0004-3702(90)90007-m fatcat:ve3mlvvbfngi3cl3s2zsbaeq7y

Quantitative Analysis of Upper Paleolithic Stone Tools

2009 American Anthropologist  
of similar semantic fields such as kin- ship, color, form, and number (though with widely differing structures within these fields).?  ...  The first encounter with supportive people or animals therefore typically happens in the fourth part of the stories.  ... 
doi:10.1525/aa.1966.68.2.02a001060 fatcat:u6rkfuk64rae5iln4ydml2usni

Listening for a life: a dialogic ethnography of Bessie Eldreth through her songs and stories

2005 ChoiceReviews  
The Mean Horse (Eldreth must have been in her early twenties, since her third child, a son Clyde, named after her sister Clyde, was about two years old. 2 This is another of the stories Eldreth told  ...  Conclusions Eldreth tells two kinds of stories about the years before she got married that sit uneasily with one another.  ...  This may be another explanation for Eldreth's lack of interest in stories of my own novel doings, even though she professes to care very much about me. Notes to Chapter 2 1.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.42-5351 fatcat:jm226ekm65b47nxnfbbno4wimi

Creative decision making within the contemporary Hollywood studios

Alexander G Ross
2011 Journal of Screenwriting  
This article seeks to contribute to the current debate about the decision-making process within the Hollywood studios and the marketing-driven quest to micromanage the creative process in order to manufacture  ...  There are compelling questions about whether the current business model hinders relevant, definitive cultural narratives and how this affects both the quality and profitability of contemporary films.  ...  One could conclude that it is not about rights or wrongs and that what it really is about concerns an industry system that is, at present, fundamentally at odds with itself.  ... 
doi:10.1386/josc.2.1.99_1 fatcat:uu2ko7bgj5g3pafig5ixantq6e

Full Issue PDF

2014 SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal  
sites by dragging a story from a queue/running order in one location to another.  ...  selecting a story at another site Highlight and copy the text of the story to the computer’ clipboard (3) Open the NRCS and login with a different username and password (4) Browse and select a queue/running  ... 
doi:10.5594/j18476 fatcat:yq2uu5zu35b4bjmy3vjotkijma

Reasons and Causes in Psychiatry: Ideas from Donald Davidson's Work [chapter]

Elisabetta Lalumera
2018 Eva Picardi on Language, Analysis and History  
Neither the publisher nor the authors or the editors give a warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein or for any errors or omissions that may have been made.  ...  The publisher remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.  ...  Acknowledgements I thank Paolo Santorio and Rob Stainton for conversations about this material, as well as Annalisa Coliva, Paolo Leonardi and Sebastiano Moruzzi for editing this volume and inviting me  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-95777-7_13 fatcat:q3yi2l5wpbbhlmwtsgbnhxjrca

Free Choice in Deontic Inquisitive Semantics (DIS) [chapter]

Martin Aher
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Free Choice in Deontic Inquisitive Semantics (DIS) Martin Aher Definition 3. Maximality restriction.  ...  Given any χ ⊆ P ow(W ), χ MAX is defined as all the ⊆-maximal elements of χ, ie. σ ∈ χ MAX means that, for any τ ∈ χ with σ ⊆ τ , σ = τ .  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported in part by VR project 2009-1569, Semantic analysis of interaction and coordination in dialogue (SAICD).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-31482-7_3 fatcat:vqnczv27vrbh5bekucsnhlocxm

The Meanings of "Multicultural" in Canada's 1991 Broadcasting Act

Kyle Conway
2017 Canadian Journal of Communication  
minorities on Canadian television screens, in part because the idea of multiculturalism has long been contested.Analysis This article describes the term's competing meanings by examining the debates about  ...  Finally, in 1991, Parliament passed a revised Broadcasting Act, which incorporated a number of clauses about the role of broadcasters, including the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), in reflecting  ...  "depicting") and the role of genre (where their discussion was in line with the one between Conservatives and Liberals about news, drama, and national unity).  ... 
doi:10.22230/cjc.2017v4n5a3167 fatcat:hiopaj7g2bevvk4l56zzlk6roa

Attitudes, Advocacy and Polarization: The New Iron Triangle of American Public Policy

Roger L. Conner, Patricia J. Jordan
2009 Social Science Research Network  
, superficially diverse networks of people and groups with similar world views and policy beliefs.  ...  argument to the current literature on polarization-the tendency of public policy conflicts to escalate until competing groups talk past each other, unwilling to concede that "They" might have a point or  ...  Activation of one part of a neural network will activate other "nodes" or "pixels" of the network. 5) An attitude may be relatively isolated or it may be connected with others.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1487663 fatcat:bmrmeoqlgvfshkpqaqbcognoxq
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