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Self-referential processing in our brain—A meta-analysis of imaging studies on the self

Georg Northoff, Alexander Heinzel, Moritz de Greck, Felix Bermpohl, Henrik Dobrowolny, Jaak Panksepp
2006 NeuroImage  
All studies revealed activation in the medial regions of our brains' cortex during self-related stimuli.  ...  We conclude that self-referential processing in CMS constitutes the core of our self and is critical for elaborating experiential feelings of self, uniting several distinct concepts evident in current  ...  Acknowledgments The work was made possible by grants from the German Exchange Service (Postdoc-Programme) to F.B.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.12.002 pmid:16466680 fatcat:6hna66j2pjefzaqfsznox2ifvq

Sharing self-related information is associated with intrinsic functional connectivity of cortical midline brain regions

Dar Meshi, Loreen Mamerow, Evgeniya Kirilina, Carmen Morawetz, Daniel S. Margulies, Hauke R. Heekeren
2016 Scientific Reports  
We conducted seed-based correlation analyses in cortical midline regions previously shown in meta-analyses to be involved in self-referential cognition: the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), central precuneus  ...  If a target is available, the self-disclosing person enters into a process where various positive and negative aspects of sharing the information with the target are weighed.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Fenne grosse Deters, Katharina Voigt and Yulia Oganian for assistance during data collection and analysis, as well as preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep22491 pmid:26948055 pmcid:PMC4780087 fatcat:riu7qjtzfjhlhad3frw6e6bmx4

Resting-State Brain Activity in Schizophrenia and Major Depression: A Quantitative Meta-Analysis

S. Kuhn, J. Gallinat
2011 Schizophrenia Bulletin  
However, a quantitative meta-analysis targeting the resting-state brain activity in both disorders is lacking.  ...  Here, we predict primarily abnormal restingstate activity in brain regions related to self-referential processing.  ...  A recent meta-analysis on studies addressing self-reflection in healthy subjects implicated the importance of vmPFC in the process of tagging information as relevant for the self. 5 The autors assume  ... 
doi:10.1093/schbul/sbr151 pmid:22080493 pmcid:PMC3576173 fatcat:ubmcqdxl35ehnn6xdgze66muli

Brain networks for engaging oneself in positive-social emotion regulation

Yury Koush, Swann Pichon, Simon B. Eickhoff, Dimitri Van De Ville, Patrik Vuilleumier, Frank Scharnowski
2019 NeuroImage  
Increased top-down connectivity from the superior frontal gyrus (SFG) controls affective valuation in the ventromedial and dorsomedial PFC, self-referential processes in the TPJ, and modulate emotional  ...  analysis of effective brain connectivity, and personality questionnaires to identify the brain networks mediating the cognitive up-regulation of positive-social emotions.  ...  Acknowledgements This study was supported by the Center for Neuroscience of the University of Geneva, the Ernest Boninchi Foundation, the Swiss National Science Foundation (YK: P300PB_161083; FS: PZ00P3  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.12.049 pmid:30594682 fatcat:6tvf2fwoozgdhke4g3icm4rala

Brain Activation Associated with Pride and Shame

Lilian Roth, Tina Kaffenberger, Uwe Herwig, Annette B. Brühl
2014 Neuropsychobiology  
Prior studies have rather focused on comparing self-referential and other-referential processes of one valence, triggered mostly by external stimuli.  ...  In addition to emotional aspects, social and self-referential processes play a role in self-referential emotions.  ...  Acknowledgements This study was supported by a grant from the Swiss National Science Foundation (No. 320030-133009).  ... 
doi:10.1159/000358090 pmid:24577108 fatcat:spgnpvautbawtdej3syqcnwqle

Mapping the brain correlates of borderline personality disorder: A functional neuroimaging meta-analysis of resting state studies

Eleonora Visintin, Chiara De Panfilis, Mario Amore, Matteo Balestrieri, Robert Christian Wolf, Fabio Sambataro
2016 Journal of Affective Disorders  
To investigate the neural activity at rest in BPD, we conducted a set of meta-analyses of brain imaging studies performed at rest.  ...  A total of seven functional imaging studies (152 patients with BPD and 147 control subjects) were combined using whole-brain Signed Differential Mapping meta-analyses.  ...  Giacomo Rizzolatti for his helpful suggestions on a previous version of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jad.2016.07.025 pmid:27552444 fatcat:l3hi7okqpjbhlifjgwovl7dcou

Dysconnectivity of Multiple Brain Networks in Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis of Resting-State Functional Connectivity

Siyi Li, Na Hu, Wenjing Zhang, Bo Tao, Jing Dai, Yao Gong, Youguo Tan, Duanfang Cai, Su Lui
2019 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
Our meta-analysis is consistent with diffuse hypoconnectivities as a dysregulated brain network model of schizophrenia.  ...  Conclusions: Decreased rsFC within the self-referential network and default mode network might play fundamental roles in the malfunction of information processing, while the core network might act as a  ...  To our knowledge, no meta-analysis of large-scale rsFC studies in schizophrenia patients has been based on brain network maps using ICA.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00482 pmid:31354545 pmcid:PMC6639431 fatcat:5xmtzwbvsnfarkmf4utkvmqo3e

Why People Are Always Thinking about Themselves: Medial Prefrontal Cortex Activity during Rest Primes Self-referential Processing

Meghan L. Meyer, Matthew D. Lieberman
2018 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
One clue may come from the observation that the same part of the brain that supports self-reflection-the medial pFC (MPFC/Brodmann's area 10 [BA 10])-also spontaneously engages by default whenever the  ...  Greater default engagement in MPFC/ BA 10 during momentary breaks preferentially facilitated task performance on subsequent self-reflection trials on a moment-to-moment basis.  ...  The Self ROI consisted of the voxels within the medial aspect of BA 10 that were also significant in a Neurosynth reverse inference analysis of the term "self."  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01232 pmid:29308983 fatcat:lzuwtjseszhffnnnbqnjaoxjku

Self-referential processing influences functional activation during cognitive control: an fMRI study

Gerd Wagner, Kathrin Koch, Claudia Schachtzabel, Gregor Peikert, Carl Christoph Schultz, Jürgen R. Reichenbach, Heinrich Sauer, Ralf G. Schlösser
2012 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
This hyperactivation in rACC may be related to a deficient inhibitory control of negative self-referential processes, which in turn may interfere with cognitive control task execution and the underlying  ...  This result provides strong support for the notion that enhanced rACC interacts with brain regions involved in cognitive control processes and substantiates our previous interpretation of increased rACC  ...  The authors included 20 PET or fMRI studies on SRP into a meta-analysis and observed that the rACC was a key structure in processing self-related in contrast to other-related stimuli.  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nss074 pmid:22798398 pmcid:PMC3791071 fatcat:cls6mg6o4bh27arciiqsvrbf3i

Neural correlates of integrated self and social processing

Laura Finlayson-Short, Christopher G Davey, Ben J Harrison
2020 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
Self-referential and social processing are often engaged concurrently in naturalistic judgements and elicit activity in overlapping brain regions.  ...  Self-other referential processing elicited activity in the default mode network and social cognition system; most notably in the 'core self' regions of the medial prefrontal cortex and posterior cingulate  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank other members of the Depression and Anxiety Neuroscience team for their contributions to data collection, as well as staff from the Sunshine Hospital Medical Imaging  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nsaa121 pmid:32901818 pmcid:PMC7647375 fatcat:byhfshb4ovavdd2hkinjyvipwm

Response Inhibition in Adolescents is Moderated by Brain Connectivity and Social Network Structure

Steven H Tompson, Emily B Falk, Matthew Brook O'Donnell, Christopher N Cascio, Joseph B Bayer, Jean M Vettel, Danielle S Bassett
2020 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
Collectively, our results indicate a critical role for self-referential brain systems during the developmental trajectory of self-control throughout adolescence.  ...  Here, we employed a network neuroscience approach to investigate the role of social context and social brain systems in facilitating self-control in adolescents.  ...  Acknowledgements: The authors gratefully acknowledge the University of Michigan Transportation Research The authors declare no competing financial interests.  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nsaa109 pmid:32761131 pmcid:PMC7543938 fatcat:6jpj5tfvizahvpj4cqe6qhec3i

Cultural differences in human brain activity: A quantitative meta-analysis

Shihui Han, Yina Ma
2014 NeuroImage  
We conducted a quantitative meta-analysis of 35 functional MRI studies to examine cultural differences in brain activity engaged in social and non-social processes.  ...  enhanced neural activity in the brain areas related to self-relevance encoding and emotional responses during social cognitive/affective processes.  ...  2010CB833903), and the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China (Project 20130001110049).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.05.062 pmid:24882220 fatcat:qz5obuitbrcjpntb4zw5ut6dlu

Brain imaging of the self – Conceptual, anatomical and methodological issues

Georg Northoff, Pengmin Qin, Todd E. Feinberg
2011 Consciousness and Cognition  
a novel view on the anatomy of an integrated subcortical-cortical midline system.  ...  We distinguish content-and processed-based concepts of the self that entail different experimental strategies, and anatomically, we investigate the concept of midline structures in further detail and present  ...  Acknowledgments The work on this paper was supported by grants from the CRC, the CIHR, and the CIHR-EJLB to GN.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.concog.2010.09.011 pmid:20932778 fatcat:45j7vtxgdjczfnnycpwwxnoxrm

Neural correlates of the self-reference effect: evidence from evaluation and recognition processes

Ken Yaoi, Mariko Osaka, Naoyuki Osaka
2015 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Recently, a number of neuroimaging studies using self-referential and other-referential tasks have reported that self-and other-referential judgments basically show greater activation in common brain regions  ...  Here, we used an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) that measured brain activity during processing of references to the self and another, and for recognition of self and other referenced  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Grant #22220003 to NO, #21653077 to MO and #26730075 to KY.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00383 pmid:26167149 pmcid:PMC4481146 fatcat:3q6um2mgsfeq7inoam3it3msxe

Minds at rest? Social cognition as the default mode of cognizing and its putative relationship to the "default system" of the brain

Leo Schilbach, Simon B. Eickhoff, Anna Rotarska-Jagiela, Gereon R. Fink, Kai Vogeley
2008 Consciousness and Cognition  
To investigate the reliability of task-related deactivations, we performed a meta-analysis across 12 fMRI studies.  ...  This demonstrates a remarkable overlap between the brain regions typically involved in social cognitive processes and the "default system".  ...  , Simone Vossel and Ralph Weidner for providing data from their respective studies for our meta-analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.concog.2008.03.013 pmid:18434197 fatcat:xb6fun2htzg3lpmccib2d2xbzy
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