104,578 Hits in 8.0 sec

Self-Organizing Subsets: From Each According to His Abilities, to Each According to His Needs [chapter]

Amin Vahdat, Jeff Chase, Rebecca Braynard, Dejan Kostić, Patrick Reynolds, Adolfo Rodriguez
2002 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
functionality should the need arise  ...  In many cases, only a subset of participating hosts should take on server roles.  ...  Our approach adapts Marxist ideology-"from each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs"-to peer-to-peer systems.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-45748-8_7 fatcat:kkj5ur3swjgefl7edmqukdolt4

P2P Directories for Distributed Web Search: From Each According to His Ability, to Each According to His Needs

M. Bender, S. Michel, G. Weikum
2006 22nd International Conference on Data Engineering Workshops (ICDEW'06)  
A compelling application of peer-to-peer (P2P) system technology would be distributed Web search, where each peer autonomously runs a search engine on a personalized local corpus (e.g., built from a thematically  ...  Moreover, each peer should ideally tailor its postings to the directory to reflect its particular strengths, such as rich information about specialized topics that no or only few other peers would also  ...  Problem Statement: P2P Postings According to Abilities and Needs In order to build a scalable system that supports an apriori unlimited number of peers, it is crucial to limit the amount of metadata posted  ... 
doi:10.1109/icdew.2006.110 dblp:conf/icde/BenderMW06 fatcat:6u5vrr5f4jeynlsikpfdqbo6oa

Organ-specific autoimmune diseases induced in mice by elimination of T cell subset. I. Evidence for the active participation of T cells in natural self-tolerance; deficit of a T cell subset as a possible cause of autoimmune disease

S. Sakaguchi
1985 Journal of Experimental Medicine  
Takahashi for his encouragement during this work, Drs. F.-W. Shen, K. Okumura, and E. Nakayama for their kind gift of Lyt antisera, and Drs. N. R. Rose and R. C.  ...  Further investigation of Lyt-1 cells and their mode of action in actively regulating self-reactive clones is needed, especially to determine whether they are specific for each organ-antigen, and, if so  ...  FIGURE 3 . 3 Autoantibodies specific for corresponding organs. Normal organs from nu/+ mice are stained by the sera from nu/nu mice bearing each disease.  ... 
doi:10.1084/jem.161.1.72 pmid:3871469 pmcid:PMC2187548 fatcat:qrmunbqywnfitiwpzlpmapvpcq

Self-Adaptive Systems in Organic Computing: Strategies for Self-Improvement [article]

Andreas Niederquell
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Additionally, the systems' ability to improve themselves during run-time is described from the perspective of Organic Computing.  ...  It describes the ability of a system not only to adapt to a changing environment according to a predefined model, but also the capability to adapt the adaptation logic of the whole system.  ...  logic, because, according to Krupitzer and his colleagues, "a system can only self-improve if the adaptation logic itself is changed" [6] .  ... 
arXiv:1808.03519v1 fatcat:mmnqpz2qqvcdtarzmdnphcb2wa

Self-organizing logistics systems

John J. Bartholdi, Donald D. Eisenstein, Yun Fong Lim
2010 Annual Reviews in Control  
The social insects, such as ants or bees, provide models of self-organizing logistics systems that may be profitably emulated.  ...  When a logistics system is "self-organizing" it can function without significant intervention by managers, engineers, or software control.  ...  Note that workers are not restricted to any subset of stations; rather each one carries his work as far toward completion as possible and then walks back to get more.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.arcontrol.2010.02.006 fatcat:54yvqek7rnh5xgvszhtgl6oa2y

Self-Organizing Systems [chapter]

Wolfgang Banzhaf
2003 Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology  
Self-organized Criticality The ability of a system to evolve in such a way as to approach a critical point and then maintain itself at that point.  ...  It refers to the ability of a class of systems (self-organizing systems (SOS)) to change their internal structure and/or their function in response to external circumstances.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b0-12-227410-5/00681-5 fatcat:c4cdgyk6wjbizbc7ivbqah75am

Self-Organization and Stigmergy [chapter]

Bertrand Collignon, Claire Detrain
2019 Encyclopedia of Social Insects  
In the case of social animals, the patterns of foraging trails, the architecture of nests, or the social organization of work can arise from multiple interactions among group-mates, even though each individual  ...  Self-organization refers to processes of pattern formation based on local interactions among the individuals without explicit reference to the collective behavior of the whole society or to external control  ...  Each insect has his own rhythm, but the perception of his neighbors' lights brings that rhythm into synchrony with those around it.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-90306-4_179-1 fatcat:hvvlicjddbgjtk6ivyinubaq54

Associative Self-Organizing Map [chapter]

Magnus Johnsson, Max Martinsson, David Gil, Germund Hesslow
2011 Self Organizing Maps - Applications and Novel Algorithm Design  
This set was constructed by randomly generating 10 points from a subset of R 2 according to a uniform distribution.  ...  Self Organizing Maps -Applications and Novel Algorithm Design Associative Self-Organizing Map Associative Self-Organizing Map Self Organizing Maps -Applications  ...  Associative Self-Organizing Map, Self Organizing Maps -Applications and Novel Algorithm Design, Dr Josphat Igadwa Mwasiagi (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-546-4, InTech, Available from:  ... 
doi:10.5772/13168 fatcat:at2a4hxq3vehfih3isj7diyqfq

[Phd Thesis] Self-Organization Versus Hierarchical Organization

Evo Busseniers, Francis Heylighen
2017 Zenodo  
And how can we shift from hierarchical control to a more free social organization?  ...  Self-organization can lead to the development of a controller. Working together to reach your goals can lead to a higher-level system.  ...  First, he gets the same fitness as his parents, he gets his mother's milk or is fed by his parents, thus he don't need to fulfill his own needs yet.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1120274 fatcat:fwpuqxsc3zdljj3hetrhfs5l7a

An Organic Computing Approach to Self-Organizing Robot Ensembles

Sebastian von Mammen, Sven Tomforde, Jörg Hähner
2016 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
Similar to the Autonomous Computing initiative, which has mainly been advancing techniques for self-optimization focusing on computing systems and infrastructures, Organic Computing (OC) has been driving  ...  Such an OC system typically consists of a potentially large set of autonomous and self-managed entities, where each entity acts with a local decision horizon.  ...  The control of robotic ensembles lends itself well to elucidate this challenge: ideally, the user would communicate his goals to the ensemble as a whole, without the need of micromanaging each of the individuals  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2016.00067 fatcat:phanw5tjgnfcpnuswdo4g7kih4

The self-organizing consciousness

Pierre Perruchet, Annie Vinter
2002 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
that emerges thanks to elementary associative processes that take our conscious representations themselves as the stuff on which they operate, a thesis that we summarize in the concept of Self-Organizing  ...  We propose that the isomorphism generally observed between the representations composing our momentary phenomenal experience and the structure of the world is the end-product of a progressive organization  ...  I am most grateful to Rachel Murray for her help in preparing this manuscript as a plain text HTML file, and to Christina Bandomir, Geert-Jan Boudewijnse, Sylvie Herbért, Andrea Kilgour, Kyunghwa Kwak,  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x02000067 fatcat:xwzlrlhvnfd3bozxoriqtiyeq4


2013 Nanodesign  
These traditional methods of achieving citizen participation present obvious problems for communities that are geographically distributed or that need to act quickly.  ...  Background to the Method The collective intelligence methods used here arise from several different traditions concerning the facilitation of citizen participation, the study of social groups, the use  ...  Jenny Cocq has been engaged in the progress from the beginning, Pierre Dotson has given concrete ideas to improve the feedback fraction, and Norman Packard has suggested ways to make a simple natural language  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789814520355_0005 fatcat:ciag57ozcjd65fiptnrwj5htoy

Self-organizing Particle Systems

Maximilian Drees, Martina Hullmann, Andreas Koutsopoulos, Christian Scheideler
2012 2012 IEEE 26th International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium  
To the best of our knowledge this is the first work that considers arrangement problems for these types of robots.  ...  Nanoparticles are getting more and more in the focus of the scientific community since the potential for the development of very small particles interacting with each other and completing medical and other  ...  In this paper we study self-organizing nanorobots which have the ability to organize themselves into various geometric shapes in a distributed local fashion.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ipdps.2012.116 dblp:conf/ipps/DreesHKS12 fatcat:p4o6josshjdzfbf27syul67uhm

Self-organizing mixture models

J.J. Verbeek, N. Vlassis, B.J.A. Kröse
2005 Neurocomputing  
self-organization.  ...  Compared to other mixture model approaches to self-organizing maps (SOMs), the function our algorithm maximizes has a clear interpretation: it sums data log-likelihood and a penalty term that enforces  ...  We like to thank the organizers of ESANN 2003 for inviting us to submit this extended version of our paper [27] to Neurocomputing.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neucom.2004.04.008 fatcat:7tq6ypduqfcpfod5uo5u6r36de

Feedback, Self-Esteem and Performance in Organizations

Camelia M. Kuhnen, Agnieszka Tymula
2010 Social Science Research Network  
Our findings suggest that organizations can improve employee productivity by changing the likelihood of feedback, the reference group used to calculate relative performance, and the informativeness of  ...  W e examine whether private feedback about relative performance can mitigate moral hazard in competitive environments by modifying the agents' self-esteem.  ...  From Propositions 2 and 3 we learn that an agent will change his future output when the feedback he receives about his own and/or his opponent's ability is not in accordance with his current beliefs.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1333795 fatcat:tgfl4ajwlffjlpdkpybv4mrnfm
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 104,578 results