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Segmentation of Pulmonary Vascular Trees from Thoracic 3D CT Images

Hidenori Shikata, Geoffrey McLennan, Eric A. Hoffman, Milan Sonka
2009 International Journal of Biomedical Imaging  
This paper describes an algorithm for extracting pulmonary vascular trees (arteries plus veins) from three-dimensional (3D) thoracic computed tomographic (CT) images.  ...  Our hybrid segmentation algorithm provides a highly reliable method of segmenting the combined pulmonary venous and arterial trees which in turn will serve as a critical starting point for further quantitative  ...  Conclusion We have developed an algorithm to extract the pulmonary vascular trees from thoracic 3D CT images.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2009/636240 pmid:20052391 pmcid:PMC2801012 fatcat:x2muppxydjb6dogidg5pinp4tm

Three Dimensional Computed Tomography Lung Modeling is Useful in Simulation and Navigation of Lung Cancer Surgery

Norihiko Ikeda, Akinobu Yoshimura, Masaru Hagiwara, Soichi Akata, Hisashi Saji
2013 Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery  
The development of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) has promoted three dimensional (3D) images of lung structures.  ...  It is possible to see the vascular and bronchial structures from the view of the operator; therefore, it is employed for preoperative simulation as well as navigation during operation.  ...  Acknowledgement Supported by grant from the ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (5050). We are indebted to Associate Professor Edward F. Barroga and Professor J.  ... 
doi:10.5761/atcs.ra.12.02174 pmid:23364234 fatcat:6xpz6mozrjcqlkzecmbqd4ytny

Quantification of Tortuosity and Fractal Dimension of the Lung Vessels in Pulmonary Hypertension Patients

Michael Helmberger, Michael Pienn, Martin Urschler, Peter Kullnig, Rudolf Stollberger, Gabor Kovacs, Andrea Olschewski, Horst Olschewski, Zoltán Bálint, Giacomo Frati
2014 PLoS ONE  
From these, the vascular trees were generated. For each vessel segment the tortuosity was calculated using distance metric. Fractal dimension was computed using 3D box counting.  ...  In this study we examined whether automatic extraction of lung vessels from contrast-enhanced thoracic computed tomography (CT) scans and calculation of tortuosity as well as 3D fractal dimension of the  ...  Daniela Kleinschek for her help with retrieval of the patients' clinical data, Dr. Alexander Avian for his assistance with the statistical analysis and Dr. Vasile Foris for fruitful discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0087515 pmid:24498123 pmcid:PMC3909124 fatcat:zhjguau4tfgflaunzjzd7xftey

Virtual segmentectomy based on high-quality three-dimensional lung modelling from computed tomography images

Hisashi Saji, Tatsuya Inoue, Yasufumi Kato, Yoshihisa Shimada, Masaru Hagiwara, Yujin Kudo, Soichi Akata, Norihiko Ikeda
2013 Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery  
, based on lung modelling from CT images.  ...  RESULTS: We have attempted this novel technique for 3 cases of pulmonary metastases and 1 case of multiple lung cancer.  ...  This particular process consisted of the following steps: (i) transfer of CT images to the 3D imaging system; (ii) 3D reconstruction of the tumour, pulmonary vessels, tracheo-bronchial tree and lung parenchyma  ... 
doi:10.1093/icvts/ivt120 pmid:23624984 pmcid:PMC3715161 fatcat:db6xohunlvbavnt3kepxnwlo2e

Port-Access Thoracoscopic Anatomical Segmentectomy for Pediatric Intralobar Pulmonary Sequestration

Hiroyuki Oizumi, Megumi Nakamura, Mitsuaki Sadahiro, Takashi Inoue
2014 The Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports  
Computed tomography revealed a multilocular lung abscess and an anomalous artery arising from the left gastric artery supplying the affected segment.  ...  This report describes successful port-access thoracoscopic anatomical left lateral and posterior basal (S9 + 10) lung segmentectomy performed for intralobar pulmonary sequestration (ILPS) in a 5-year-old  ...  Three-dimensional CT (3D-CT) revealed the presence of an anomalous artery arising from the left gastric artery, supplying the sequestration lung segment through the pulmonary ligament (B).  ... 
doi:10.1055/s-0034-1377065 pmid:25798360 pmcid:PMC4360677 fatcat:z5j2fktw25eqpiycnfyxfjpkmi

Merged image reconstruction for anomalous systemic arterial supply to a normal lung

Bin Hu, Yunping Lan, Qiang Li, Xiaozun Yang, Bo Tian, Haomiao Qing, Peng Zhou, Ting Wang, Xiaojun Yang
2020 Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences  
Contrast CT and merged three-dimensional (3D) image reconstruction showed that the anomalous systemic artery originated from the descending aorta and substituted the basilar segmental pulmonary artery  ...  We use the merged image reconstruction of 3D CT angiography and bronchography (3D-CTAB) to depict the precise location and stereoscopic shape of this vascular malformation.  ...  the involved segments on those twodimensional images of DSA and CT  ... 
doi:10.1002/jmrs.383 pmid:32118356 fatcat:nqz4kt6sc5asrkf4m2w7jstp2i

Three-dimensional (3D) bronchial tree model for bronchial resection with pulmonary segmentectomy

Keitaro Matsumoto, Naoya Yamasaki, Tomoshi Tsuchiya, Takuro Miyazaki, Ryotaro Kamohara, Go Hatachi, Naoto Matsuo, Takeshi Nagayasu
2018 Journal of Thoracic Disease  
We investigated using a 3D-printed model of the bronchi to prepare for bronchus resection during pulmonary segmentectomy.  ...  There has been an increase in pulmonary segmentectomy procedures because of increased numbers of individuals with small lung cancer.  ...  However, the vascular structure tends to be very similar to the images of enhanced 3D CT scans because the lung before transection of pulmonary arteries and veins is stable and relatively fixed at the  ... 
doi:10.21037/jtd.2018.02.04 pmid:29707368 pmcid:PMC5906262 fatcat:jpahcq5bdzc6pa4hlbx6mhubqq

MRI of thoracic vascular lesions with emphasis on two-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography

S F Ko, Y L Wan, S H Ng, T Y Lee, Y F Cheng, H F Wong, M J Hsieh
1999 British Journal of Radiology  
Cine MRI allows dynamic evaluation of vascular £ow, whereas MR angiography is particularly useful in the two-dimensional (2D) or three-dimensional (3D) display of vascular anatomy.  ...  MRI is a valuable method for evaluating thoracic vascular lesions by virtue of its noninvasiveness and multiplanar capability.  ...  Helical CT enables noninvasive detection of a clot down to the segmental pulmonary level but requires the injection of iodinated contrast medium [6] .  ... 
doi:10.1259/bjr.72.858.10560347 pmid:10560347 fatcat:c3t65g6kfraexniub4nnpyoady

Automatic multiscale enhancement and segmentation of pulmonary vessels in CT pulmonary angiography images for CAD applications

Chuan Zhou, Heang-Ping Chan, Berkman Sahiner, Lubomir M. Hadjiiski, Aamer Chughtai, Smita Patel, Jun Wei, Jun Ge, Philip N. Cascade, Ella A. Kazerooni
2007 Medical Physics (Lancaster)  
Because PE only occurs inside pulmonary arteries, an automatic and accurate segmentation of the pulmonary vessels in 3D CTPA images is an essential step for the PE CAD system.  ...  The authors developed a 3D multiscale filtering technique to enhance the pulmonary vascular structures based on the analysis of eigenvalues of the Hessian matrix at multiple scales.  ...  in the entire pulmonary vascular tree.  ... 
doi:10.1118/1.2804558 pmid:18196782 pmcid:PMC2742232 fatcat:qpgcaxw4nfbzvjw3qbl72sczli

Computer-Assisted Visualization of Central Lung Tumours Based on 3-Dimensional Reconstruction [chapter]

S. Limmer, C. Stocker, V. Dicken, S. Kra, H. Wolken, P. Kujath
2011 CT Scanning - Techniques and Applications  
From a higher number of such projection images a 3D-SPECT perfusion image can be reconstructed.  ...  Vascular system The segmentation of pulmonary arteries and veins plays an important role in pre-operative image analysis, in addition to segmentation and the functional units of the lung.  ... 
doi:10.5772/19471 fatcat:utrq3jdxujbizmvqedinke54me

Automatic Pulmonary Artery-Vein Separation in CT Images using Twin-Pipe Network and Topology Reconstruction [article]

Lin Pan, Yaoyong Zheng, Liqin Huang, Liuqing Chen, Zhen Zhang, Rongda Fu, Bin Zheng, Shaohua Zheng
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a novel method for automatic separation of pulmonary arteries and veins from chest CT images. The method consists of three parts.  ...  However, distinguishing arterial from venous irrigation in chest CT images remains a challenge due to the similarity and complex structure of the arteries and veins.  ...  optimizer refined classification pul- In the vascular tree topology extraction module, the vessels and the vessels near the hilum of the lung are segmented from thoracic CT images respectively, and a  ... 
arXiv:2103.11736v2 fatcat:6y2stzxlfreznp2pzgbkrwv2u4

Preoperative planning of thoracic surgery with use of three-dimensional reconstruction, rapid prototyping, simulation and virtual navigation

Samuel Heuts, Peyman Sardari Nia, Jos G. Maessen
2016 Journal of Visualized Surgery  
However, three-dimensional (3D) image reconstructions, virtual simulation and rapid prototyping (RP) are still in development phase.  ...  Figure 13 Rapid prototype of the pulmonary vessels and bronchi (A,B) compared to the real-time intra-operative view (C,D) [(Reprinted with permission) (23)].  ...  Footnote Conflicts of Interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.  ... 
doi:10.21037/jovs.2016.03.10 pmid:29078505 pmcid:PMC5638025 fatcat:bll3xhx57vaovkdsvfwn2jeeia

Huge traumatic pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm

Dmitriy Shnayderman, Scott G. Baginski, William B. Lea, Scott J. Erickson
2017 Radiology Case Reports  
Trauma Stab wound a b s t r a c t Pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm is a very rare complication of penetrating thoracic trauma.  ...  We present a case of a 27-year-old woman who developed a 6.5-cm traumatic pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm after suffering multiple stab wounds to the chest and the abdomen.  ...  Fig. 6 e 6 Chest CT angiography (CTA) volume rendered 3D reconstruction of the left pulmonary arteries, large left lower lobe pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm, heart and proximal thoracic aorta.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.radcr.2017.04.020 pmid:28828103 pmcid:PMC5552006 fatcat:tjuadeb43ndc3pyyhlo2w2dep4

Thoracic Complications in Behçet's Disease: Imaging Findings

Kemal Ödev, Recep Tunç, Salih Varol, Harun Aydemir, Pınar Didem Yılmaz, Celalettin Korkmaz
2020 Canadian Respiratory Journal  
With the advancement of helical or multislice computed tomography (CT) technologies, such noninvasive imaging techniques have been employed for the diagnosis of vascular lesions, vascular complications  ...  three-dimensional (3D) gradient-echo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with the subtraction of arterial phase images.  ...  (f ) Coronal maximum-intensity (MIP) projection image from gadolinium-enhanced 3D MR angiography shows occlusion of the thoracic veins and SVC and dilated azygos vein (AV) and collateral veins at thoracic  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/4649081 pmid:32566055 pmcid:PMC7275231 fatcat:dgugiiylcjagzntkgmppj37rmq

Micro-Computed Tomography of the Lungs and Pulmonary-Vascular System

E. L. Ritman
2005 Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society online  
Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) provides the necessary spatial resolution of 3D images of the intact thoracic contents.  ...  Fusion of the micro-CT image data with other image data, such as micro-SPECT or histology, can enhance the information content beyond the mainly structural information provided by micro-CT.  ...  Middle panel: Display of the segmented pulmonary arteries and veins after the surrounding ribs have been selectively removed from the 3D image.  ... 
doi:10.1513/pats.200508-080ds pmid:16352751 pmcid:PMC2713335 fatcat:kcp2abekdnb5nj5v3k6ixajb7a
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