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Convolutional neural networks in medical image understanding: a survey

D. R. Sarvamangala, Raghavendra V. Kulkarni
2021 Evolutionary Intelligence  
The major medical image understanding tasks, namely image classification, segmentation, localization and detection have been introduced.  ...  Applications of CNN in medical image understanding of the ailments of brain, breast, lung and other organs have been surveyed critically and comprehensively.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge with gratitude the support received from REVA University, Bengaluru, and M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bengaluru, India.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12065-020-00540-3 pmid:33425040 pmcid:PMC7778711 fatcat:ykdwhdv3pzfqpnueyieinxofie

Viable tumor volume: Volume of interest within segmented metastatic lesions, a pilot study of proposed computed tomography response criteria for urothelial cancer

Les Roger Folio, Evrim B. Turkbey, Seth M. Steinberg, Andrea B. Apolo
2015 European Journal of Radiology  
Results-We assessed 141 lesions in 55 CT scans from 17 patients with urothelial metastasis, comparing VTV, RECIST, MASS, and Choi criteria, and volumetric measurements, for response assessment.  ...  Objectives-To evaluate the ability of new computed tomography (CT) response criteria for solid tumors such as urothelial cancer (VTV; viable tumor volume) to predict overall survival (OS) in patients with  ...  The purpose of the study reported here was to develop new CT imaging criteria for predicting overall survival (OS) in patients with advanced urothelial cancer treated with cabozantinib.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ejrad.2015.05.026 pmid:26149529 pmcid:PMC4545379 fatcat:5e76ni75obbwhp4bhwaw67ckcm

Use of Helical CT Is Associated with an Increased Incidence of Postoperative Pulmonary Emboli in Cancer Patients with No Change in the Number of Fatal Pulmonary Emboli

Rebecca C. Auer, Allison R. Schulman, Scott Tuorto, Mithat Gönen, Jaime Gonsalves, Larry Schwartz, Michelle S. Ginsberg, Yuman Fong
2009 Journal of the American College of Surgeons  
Chest CT scans are being performed more frequently on postoperative cancer patients and have resulted in an increased diagnosis of peripheral PE.  ...  A prospective postoperative morbidity and mortality database from a single institution was used to identify all cancer patients who experienced a PE within 30 days of thoracic, abdominal, or pelvic operations  ...  vasculature in the middle and peripheral lung zones, facilitating routine detection of the segmental and subsegmental arteries. 3,4 When compared with the gold standard imaging modality, pulmonary angiography  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2008.12.030 pmid:19476851 pmcid:PMC6351075 fatcat:6wf7pbektrfctk5gshyp3iabvy

Comparison of surgical outcomes and prognosis between wedge resection and simple Segmentectomy for GGO diameter between 2 cm and 3 cm in non-small cell lung cancer: a multicenter and propensity score matching analysis

Yaodong Zhou, Tao Yu, Yixin Zhang, Liqiang Qian, Qing Xia
2022 BMC Cancer  
Background As segmentectomy had become commonly used for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) treatment, which had the advantages of radical operation, however, it remains controversial owing to procedural  ...  Conclusion Wedge resection may have comparable efficacy as simple segmentectomy for GGO diameter between 2 cm and 3 cm NSCLC, but lead to less complications, less surgical procedure and faster recovery  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Haiquan Chen MD, for his help in editing this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12885-021-09129-0 pmid:35034626 pmcid:PMC8761309 fatcat:4v63z55dcndydis4s5kqrjnvjy

Predictors of Pulmonary Zygomycosis versus Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis in Patients with Cancer

G. Chamilos, E. M. Marom, R. E. Lewis, M. S. Lionakis, D. P. Kontoyiannis
2005 Clinical Infectious Diseases  
We retrospectively reviewed the clinical characteristics and computed tomography (CT) findings for 16 patients with cancer and PZ and for 29 contemporaneous patients with cancer and IPA at the time of  ...  PZ in immunocompromised patients with cancer could potentially be distinguished from IPA on the basis of clinical and radiological parameters; prospective validation is needed.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Nathaniel D Albert, Kristy Reece, and Dobbie Walton for technical assistance.  ... 
doi:10.1086/430710 pmid:15937764 fatcat:xorbwt6ksjd4rphos7ww7otmri

EANM dosimetry committee series on standard operational procedures: a unified methodology for 99mTc-MAA pre- and 90Y peri-therapy dosimetry in liver radioembolization with 90Y microspheres

Carlo Chiesa, Katarina Sjogreen-Gleisner, Stephan Walrand, Lidia Strigari, Glenn Flux, Jonathan Gear, Caroline Stokke, Pablo Minguez Gabina, Peter Bernhardt, Mark Konijnenberg
2021 EJNMMI Physics  
Distinct evaluation between target tumours and non-tumoural tissue, including lungs in cases of lung shunt, are vital for proper optimization of therapy.  ...  The large observed discrepancies in some patients between 99mTc-MAA predictions and actual 90Y microsphere distributions for lesions is discussed.  ...  The comments and suggestions from the Physics, Inflammation & Infection, Translational Molecular Imaging & Therapy, Thyroid, Oncology & Theranostic Committees and from the German, Portuguese and Spanish  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40658-021-00394-3 pmid:34767102 pmcid:PMC8589932 fatcat:cus3naantrc3lae6xzn5nofrgm

ECR 2011 Book of Abstracts - B - Scientific Sessions

2011 Insights into Imaging  
CT and, after 7-21 days, by MR imaging were retrospectively analysed.  ...  Purpose: To compare the HCC nodule conspicuity during the arterial phase between contrast-enhanced 64-row multidetector CT with bolus tracking and MR imaging with bolus chase.  ...  We assessed the ability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) and carbon-11-acetate PET/CT to image localised prostate cancer and detect its aggressiveness  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13244-011-0077-4 pmid:23100071 pmcid:PMC3533624 fatcat:lytbu2vohbhhnorjqlpogl77iu

Segmentation of PET Images for Computer-Aided Functional Quantification of Tuberculosis in Small Animal Models

Brent Foster, Ulas Bagci, Ziyue Xu, Bappaditya Dey, Brian Luna, William Bishai, Sanjay Jain, Daniel J. Mollura
2014 IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering  
The overall dice similarity coefficient between the segmentation from the proposed method and two expert segmentations was found to be 91.25 ± 8.01% with a sensitivity of 88.80 ± 12.59% and a specificity  ...  High accuracy and heightened efficiency of our proposed method, as compared to other PET image segmentation methods, were reported with various quantification metrics.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by the Center for Infectious Disease Imaging, in part by the intramural research program of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID  ... 
doi:10.1109/tbme.2013.2288258 pmid:24235292 pmcid:PMC4196700 fatcat:5jah6gz7jrcuniurgqz26za4we

Urinary Exosomal miRNAs as biomarkers of bladder Cancer and experimental verification of mechanism of miR-93-5p in bladder Cancer

Hao Lin, Xiaojun Shi, Haoran Li, Jialiang Hui, Ruiyu Liu, Zihao Chen, Yuwen Lu, Wanlong Tan
2021 BMC Cancer  
Combined with miRNA expression profile of BC tissue from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), miRNAs biomarkers for BC were determined.  ...  Urinary exosomes (UEs)-derived miRNAs might be a promising biomarker for BC detection.  ...  Yanna Liu (Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China.) for her assistance in revising the article.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12885-021-08926-x pmid:34861847 pmcid:PMC8641206 fatcat:zvhyuxpwnncx3gldtyjnrsa3xq

Imaging and Photodynamic Therapy: Mechanisms, Monitoring, and Optimization

Jonathan P. Celli, Bryan Q. Spring, Imran Rizvi, Conor L. Evans, Kimberley S. Samkoe, Sarika Verma, Brian W. Pogue, Tayyaba Hasan
2010 Chemical Reviews  
Free Electron Laser Program and Wellman Center for Photomedicine core funds.  ...  Deutsch for first introducing one of us (T.H.) to the tremendous potential of imaging in PDT, almost 2 decades ago.  ...  fluorescence detection was evaluated for several clinical applications including the detection of cervical cancer, 34, 35 lung cancer by fluorescence bronchoscopy, [36] [37] [38] [39] head and neck  ... 
doi:10.1021/cr900300p pmid:20353192 pmcid:PMC2896821 fatcat:7d4qtwdr5nhwdkmblh626a4joa


2006 HPB  
Lung RFA was performed percutaneously under local anesthesia and conscious sedation, with fluoro-CT guided imaging, using the RITA 1500 generator.  ...  A total of 85 patients were found to have undergone hepatic resection, of which 36 patients were identified who underwent concomitant PET and CT imaging to detect recurrence.  ...  Given the high cost of autologous blood donation for elective surgery, it would be desiderable to predict which patients are most likely to benefits from the procedure.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13651820500534892 fatcat:wmfaig6s3fcatij43wcyaoybgi

Jahrestagung der Deutschen, Österreichischen und Schweizerischen Gesellschaften für Hämatologie und Onkologie. Basel, 30.09.–04.10. 2011, pp 90-184

2011 Onkologie (Basel)  
For these novel antigens more than 10 HLA-A2-binding peptides were predicted and tested in 20 healthy volunteers and 15 lung cancer patients.  ...  target for the treatment of lung cancer.  ...  CT-scans of the abdomen and thorax showed a local tumor recurrence, as well as left sided lungmetastasis (segement 2, 3, and 6) .  ... 
doi:10.1159/000333301 fatcat:rebrjglsybb7xn4lq53ouyjuci


2006 HPB  
Complications were graded for severity; cancer-specific survival was compared for patients with (COMP) and without (NO COMP) non-fatal complications. Results.  ...  The importance of post-operative complications in determining cancer-specific survival is controversial and ill-defined. Aim.  ...  Lesion-by-lesion sensitivity for detection of LM was 54%, 66%, 82% and 89% for PET, PET/CT, SPIO-MRI and CT respectively.  ... 
doi:10.1080/16515320600855338 fatcat:f2p2373oanccdn53wpkb34sggq


2009 HPB  
AUROC for the prediction of liver failure and mortality by the LiMAx test was both 0.99.  ...  The utility of existing professional image-processing software is often limited by costs, lack of flexibility and specific hardware requirements such as coupling to a CT-scanner.  ...  PET/CT is highly sensitive and specific for the detection of distant metastases.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1477-2574.2009.00100.x pmid:20514172 pmcid:PMC2775353 fatcat:ply7uulabzb65cgbnyyrsita4q

Automatic Measurement of Human Subcutaneous Fat with Ultrasound

J. Ng, R. Rohling, P.D. Lawrence
2009 IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control  
We proposed to use the spectrum properties extracted from the raw radio frequency (RF) signals of ultrasound for the purpose of fat boundary detection.  ...  Measuring human subcutaneous fat is useful for assessing health risks due to obesity and for monitoring athletes' health status, body shapes and weight for various sports competitions such as gymnastics  ...  cancers.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tuffc.2009.1229 pmid:19686980 fatcat:kicovqwbkffevk4mnmjja35ney
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