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Evolution of V2X Communication and Integration of Blockchain for Security Enhancements

Rakesh Shrestha, Seung Yeob Nam, Rojeena Bajracharya, Shiho Kim
2020 Electronics  
Blockchain can be integrated as a strong security mechanism for securing and managing 5G V2X along with MEC.  ...  In addition, blockchain has evolved as an effective technology enabler to solve several security, privacy, and networking issues faced by the current 5G-based MEC systems in vehicular networks.  ...  Blockchain is used on RSUs for providing security and privacy to the critical information shared between vehicles because V2X are operated in trustless environment.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics9091338 fatcat:ryf6h57q45et5mvv65k5xdhpqu

Distributed Edge Computing with Blockchain Technology to Enable Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency V2X Communications

Andrei Vladyko, Vasiliy Elagin, Anastasia Spirkina, Ammar Muthanna, Abdelhamied A. Ateya
2022 Electronics  
of road users, using blockchain technology and mobile edge computing (MEC).  ...  This promising technology faces many challenges related to reliability, availability and security of the exchanged data.  ...  Application of Blockchain Technology between Road Users and RSUs In the case of V2X, promising blockchain technology can be used to manage information trustworthiness, as event information would be stored  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics11020173 fatcat:n7usa77ptzfozlc7u2w3y3ykba

Security of communication 5G-V2X: A proposed approach based on securing 5G-V2X based on Blockchain

Boughanja Manale, Tomader Mazri, S. Krit
2022 ITM Web of Conferences  
The main objective of this study was to develop an approach to secure 5G-V2X. The proposed methodology is based on Blockchain to ensure the 5G-V2X architecture levels.  ...  V2X has evolved by integrating 5G cellular access technology and New Radio (NR) into V2X communications (i.e., 5G NR V2X).  ...  Security event messages are used here, where Blockchain is the trusted medium for event messages in 5G-V2X.  ... 
doi:10.1051/itmconf/20224301025 fatcat:bvepp7pxznaxnnixnjwzmxi7mi

A security scheme based on blockchain and a hybrid cryptosystem to reduce packet loss in IoV

Won Jin Chung, Tae Ho Cho
2021 International Journal of Advanced Technology and Engineering Exploration  
Autonomous vehicles recognize the road environment with sensing techniques such as cameras, radars, and riders, and identify road topography using High-definition (HD) maps [2] and the Global Navigation  ...  V2X communication that can collect information is a necessary technology for autonomous driving, and the stability of the network must be ensured while the vehicle is communicating.  ...  International Journal of Advanced Technology and Engineering Exploration, Vol 8(81)  ... 
doi:10.19101/ijatee.2021.874294 fatcat:zxb23ykw25hhxn55kx6jyxuv7m

Towards 6G-enabled Internet of Vehicles: Security and Privacy

D. P. Moya Osorio, I. Ahmad, J. D. Vega Sanchez, A. Gurtov, J. Scholliers, M. Kutila, P. Porambage
2022 IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society  
In this paper, we provide a timely deliberation of the role that promissory 6G enabling technologies such as artificial intelligence, network softwarisation, network slicing, blockchain, edge computing  ...  The conceptualisation of the sixth generation of mobile wireless networks (6G) has already started with some potential disruptive technologies resonating as enablers for driving the emergence of a number  ...  The role of blockchain Blockchain is a distributed ledger technology (DLT) that allows a platform to perform trusted tasks and transactions in an untrusted environment by dispensing a trusted entity [  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojcoms.2022.3143098 fatcat:vfuwuncr3vaotly7yw7yx25xyu

Blockchain for V2X: Applications and Architectures

James Meijers, Panagiotis Michalopoulos, Shashank Motepalli, Gengrui Zhang, Shiquan Zhang, Andreas Veneris, Hans-Arno Jacobsen
2022 IEEE Open Journal of Vehicular Technology  
This new technology may be capable of securing V2X data, as well as enabling other useful V2X services such as payments.  ...  This paper gives an overview of V2X and blockchain technology, explores potential applications of blockchain within the V2X domain, and justifies its importance.  ...  In this work, we argue for the inclusion of blockchain technology in the V2X technology stack by describing compelling applications of V2X communications that can be enabled or improved using blockchain  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojvt.2022.3172709 fatcat:khk7dfus5bfhbdtyjgoxqenszu

Blockchain-Based Dangerous Driving Map Data Cognitive Model in 5G-V2X for Smart City Security

Kai Chen, Cheng Xu, Hongzhe Liu, Pengfei Wang, Ziyi Chen, Muhammad Arif
2022 Security and Communication Networks  
In this model, the key map data and personal privacy information are encrypted and uploaded to form a blockchain, and the smart contract technology is used for automatic script processing.  ...  The development of 5G network communication has brought technological innovation to smart city communication, making the realization of V2X (vehicle to everything) technology possible.  ...  V2X with Blockchain. Recently, a lot of work has been performed on the integration of V2X and blockchain technologies.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/8922289 fatcat:nqusu27ddrb2zhck6srsohj3xa

Akıllı Ulaşımda İletişimin Geliştirilmesi için Blockchain Teknolojisinin Benimsenmesi

2021 European Journal of Science and Technology  
This study aims to explore the potential of Blockchain technology in smart transportation.  ...  technology.  ...  developments on smart contracts, scalability and availability improvements for real-time transaction handling, and lightweight consensus design solutions for high QoS and low network latency for advancement of Blockchain  ... 
doi:10.31590/ejosat.823102 fatcat:hwj6d6hrbbg2lk47rfipm54zre

Autonomous Vehicles in 5G and Beyond: A Survey [article]

Saqib Hakak, Thippa Reddy Gadekallu, Swarna Priya Ramu, Parimala M, Praveen Kumar Reddy Maddikunta, Chamitha de Alwis, Madhusanka Liyanage
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Then, we focus on the emerging techniques required for integrating 5G technology with AVs, impact of 5G and B5G technologies on AVs along with security concerns in AVs.  ...  With the advent of 5G technology and rise of autonomous vehicles (AVs), road safety is going to get more secure with less human errors.  ...  Based on all the communication technologies discussed above, irrespective of which technology will be used to achieve the V2X communication, the security concerns will remain there.  ... 
arXiv:2207.10510v1 fatcat:myzpimlcazgjbkcr5n4e6zefsi

6G for Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) Communications: Enabling Technologies, Challenges, and Opportunities [article]

Md. Noor-A-Rahim, Zilong Liu, Haeyoung Lee, M. Omar Khyam, Jianhua He, Dirk Pesch, Klaus Moessner, Walid Saad, H. Vincent Poor
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We are on the cusp of a new era of connected autonomous vehicles with unprecedented user experiences, tremendously improved road safety and air quality, highly diverse transportation environments and use  ...  It is anticipated that the sixth-generation (6G) communication systems will fulfill these requirements of the next-generation V2X.  ...  Emerging quantum computing technology will endow 6G-V2X systems with superior computational capabilities, while we will also see significantly enhanced security along with the use of blockchain technologies  ... 
arXiv:2012.07753v2 fatcat:u5edqsewbzgthlkgc3nooqmdo4

6G for Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) Communications: Enabling Technologies, Challenges, and Opportunities

Md. Noor-A-Rahim, Zilong Liu, Haeyoung Lee, Mohammad Omar Khyam, Jianhua He, Dirk Pesch, Klaus Moessner, Walid Saad, H. Vincent Poor
2022 Proceedings of the IEEE  
This article provides a comprehensive overview of the scientific and technological advances that have the capability to shape future 6G vehicle-to-everything (6G-V2X) communications.  ...  Emerging quantum computing technology will endow 6G-V2X systems with superior computational capabilities, while we will also see significantly enhanced security along with the use of blockchain technologies  ...  Compared to traditional security and privacy techniques, the use of blockchain can provide a wide range of enhanced security and privacy services without requiring any third parties [51] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2022.3173031 fatcat:vo37ywop6babtmnl7nnq3kmgqa

Design of Blockchain Application Model to Automobile Industry
자동차 산업 분야에 블록체인 적용을 위한 모델 설계

Beumjin Cho, Jong Kim
2019 Journal of Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers  
All data gathered from active car sensors and V2X communications will be stored on AMO Blockchain to gather information about the car's external environment.  ...  Using blockchain technology, Penta CryptoWallet™ and AMO Data Collector™ have already been developed.  ... 
doi:10.7232/jkiie.2019.45.6.529 fatcat:sfsxrdtr2zfbnmmqoln34l2mdm

MOTIVE: Micropayments for trusted vehicular services [article]

Gowri Sankar Ramachandran, Xiang Ji, Pavas Navaney, Licheng Zheng, Martin Martinez, Bhaskar Krishnamachari
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The framework utilizes distributed ledger technologies including smart contracts to enable autonomous operation and trusted interactions between vehicles and nearby entities.  ...  These works illustrate the benefits of using blockchain and distributed ledger technologies to V2X applications.  ...  V2X environment.  ... 
arXiv:1904.01630v1 fatcat:45zfnvc3k5fgrpdma7nts7vkyu

Blockchain for Transparent Data Management Toward 6G

Xuemin Sherman Shen, Dongxiao Liu, Cheng Huang, Liang Xue, Han Yin, Weihua Zhuang, Rob Sun, Bidi Ying
2021 Engineering  
First, we explore the consensus protocols and scalability mechanisms in blockchains and discuss the roles of DM stakeholders in blockchain architectures.  ...  In this paper, we investigate blockchain solutions to address the challenge.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by research grants from Huawei Technologies Canada and from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.10.002 fatcat:azcky5qo3faadokpplre52ovwq

Eve, You Shall Not Get Access! A Cyber-Physical Blockchain Architecture for Electronic Toll Collection Security

Ahmed Didouh, Anthony Bahadir Lopez, Yassin El Hillali, Atika Rivenq, Mohammad Abdullah Al Faruque
2020 2020 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)  
We demonstrate our solution in experiments using ITS-G5 Cohda Wireless technology (a Road Side Unit and two On-Board Units programmed with the ITS Vanetza stack) with functionalities specified by the European  ...  With a use case of electronic toll collection (ETC), our architecture implements techniques based on Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) measurements in conjunction with blockchain authentication  ...  , and cyber-physical characteristics of the V2X environment.  ... 
doi:10.1109/itsc45102.2020.9294334 fatcat:dzdmydrle5b5pevk3tq5sfud3u
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