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A Framework for Vulnerability Detection in European Train Control Railway Communications

Irene Arsuaga, Nerea Toledo, Igor Lopez, Marina Aguado
2018 Security and Communication Networks  
Railway systems have evolved considerably in the last years with the adoption of new communication technologies.  ...  In this article we introduce a framework that attempts to challenge ERTMS security by evaluating the exploitability of these vulnerabilities.  ...  Acknowledgments This research work was supported by the Spanish Government through the SAREMSIG TEC2013-47012-C2-1-R project, Proyectos de I+D+I Retos Investigación 2013, and by the Cyber Security on Rails  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/5634181 fatcat:ywll7odyrvebliylhlfiadjuku

Integration Approach for Communications-based Train Control Applications in a High Assurance Security Architecture

Thorsten Schulz, Frank Golatowski, Dirk Timmermann
2019 Zenodo  
Remote connections are secured using the WireGuard secure network channel.  ...  The goal of this open demonstrator is to show how these essential technologies can be composed to a secure safety-critical system.  ...  The interlocking GUI application controls the physical switches of the demonstrator model and communicates the current track segments to all train instances.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3243853 fatcat:6lnc6pafond2lkllg33xnkbp2m

Integration Approach for Communications-based Train Control Applications in a High Assurance Security Architecture

Thorsten Schulz, Frank Golatowski, Dirk Timmermann
2019 Zenodo  
Use of emerging On-Board Train Communication Network standard. However, ▪ not used elsewhere, ie.  ...  Signalling (-> RASTA) ▪ at best usable for SIL 2 communication ▪ Other protocols from IIoT available: OPC-UA, MQTT, CoAP, … Yet, ▪ TSN support (upcoming IEEE standard for COTS real-time Ethernet) ▪ Different  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3475329 fatcat:xjejrirxwbfy3khfrudll6d5uy

Cyber-Physical Security Risk Assessment for Train Control and Monitoring Systems

Mouna Rekik, Christophe Gransart, Marion Berbineau
2018 2018 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS)  
However, this dependence of automation, control and communication technologies makes railway systems becoming increasingly vulnerable to cyber-attacks and security threats which affects the overall performance  ...  For space limitation, we choose to present the impact, likelihood and risk analysis for one functionality of the system, namely External Door control (EDC).  ...  Train Control and Monitoring System (TCMS) The TCMS of a train is mainly responsible for providing basic train control functions, such as inaugurating the train Start of the security risk assessment Step  ... 
doi:10.1109/cns.2018.8433201 dblp:conf/cns/RekikGB18 fatcat:wpghuplqnnawhjoqkfjmgrhhwq

Analysis of the Covid-19 Control and Prevention Management for the Community in Mpunda Subdistrict, Bima, West Nusa Tenggara

Mardian Andriani, College of Teacher Training and Education Taman Siswa, Bima, West Nusa Tenggara, Abdul Gafar Hidayat, Muhammad Fachrurrazi, College of Teacher Training and Education Taman Siswa, Bima, West Nusa Tenggara, Community Health Center Mpunda, Bima, West Nusa Tenggara
2021 Developing a Global Pandemic Exit Strategy and Framework for Global Health Security   unpublished
This study aimed to describe the management of COVID-19 control and prevention in the community of Mpunda subdistrict,  ...  if there were people who came to the puskesmas for treatment or when they made home visits in order to give medicine to the community. patients who have been exposed to COVID-19.  ...  and has certain interests, resources are also something that the actor can control (Ritzer and Goodman, 2012).  ... 
doi:10.26911/icphmanagement.fp.08.2021.10 fatcat:3uf2nqrf3zhy3gnhuf7iilr6ge

Ethernet - based Mass Volume Train Security Detection Network

D. Q. He, X. F. Zhong, C. H. Ren, L. F. Xu
2013 Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review  
The research results will improve control and network function of train.  ...  As the existing train communication network transmission rate is low, large capacity status and fault diagnosis data, the event log data, passenger information which are stored in different vehicles equipments  ...  Japan Railway union is studying based on Ethernet INTEROS (INtegrated Train communication/control networks for Evolvable Railway Operation System) train communication network.  ... 
doi:10.25103/jestr.062.19 fatcat:kz3iuhe6tjgnphpjxaekequnmy

How Industrial Control System Security Training is Falling Short [chapter]

Jonathan Butts, Michael Glover
2015 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
Acknowledgement This research was partially supported by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.  ...  Training programs are primarily focused on information and communications security rather than industrial control system security.  ...  The topics include reviews of industrial control system security, comparative analysis of information and communications system and industrial control system architectures, security vulnerabilities and  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-26567-4_9 fatcat:qysace64bfh4pa4bn6tx32yqpa

Certification Cycles of Train Cyber Gateway

Jan Prochazka, Petr Novobilsky, Dana Prochazkova, Tomas Kertis
2020 Zenodo  
More and more telemetry and remote control through communication systems are used on the track because of the technological development.  ...  The article deals with the requirements for the cyber gateway at the train transportation management system.  ...  New technologies used in trains, tracks or control centers lead to development of interdependencies with the communication and control systems.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4271310 fatcat:6uesk6ylnffxnkxaz5dk66wsxm

Cybersecurity of Railway Network Management and Partitioning

Jan Procházka, Petr Novobilsky, Dana Procházkova
2020 Problemy Kolejnictwa  
The article discusses the possibilities of using the MILS platform in the data communication system and the control system of the railway.  ...  The MILS is a high-assurance security architecture based on the concepts of separation and controlled information flow.  ...  Th e train communication gateway in Figure 7 contains 2 Wi-Fi transmitters, the fi rst for communication with stationary communication units along the line (connection to the ground control center) and  ... 
doi:10.36137/1896e fatcat:4tiuedhmu5gydgs64gvbuxkg7y

Survey of Wireless Communications Applications in the Railway Industry

G.M. Shafiullah, A. Gyasi-Agyei, P. Wolfs
2007 The 2nd International Conference on Wireless Broadband and Ultra Wideband Communications (AusWireless 2007)  
This paper surveys existing wireless techniques used in the railway industry for both communications and signalling purposes.  ...  Advances in information and communications technology have enabled the adoption of wireless communication techniques in all sectors for the transmission of information in all forms between any two points  ...  Fig. 1 . 1 Major Communication and signalling systems for train control gies currently used for train control includes: GSM-R [the GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) version for the rail industry  ... 
doi:10.1109/auswireless.2007.74 fatcat:kctk6tpdwrcuhkdgyzzczztvxi

Joint Security and QoS Provisioning in Train-centric CBTC Systems Under Sybil Attacks

Xiaoxuan Wang, Lingjia Liu, Li Zhu, Tao Tang
2019 IEEE Access  
The security and Quality-of-Service (QoS) provisioning are two critical themes in urban rail communication-based train control (CBTC) data communication systems, which can directly affect the train's safe  ...  In this paper, we design the novel train-centric CBTC systems using trainto-train (T2T) wireless communication with the innovative security check scheme.  ...  With the development of communication and computer techniques, train control systems have radically improved, which have gradually developed from Track-Based Train Control (TBTC) systems to CBTC systems  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2927048 fatcat:7tnfwszfvngbraxyobihcfmjci

A Framework to Evaluate 5G Networks for Smart and Fail-Safe Communications in ERTMS/ETCS [chapter]

Roberto Canonico, Stefano Marrone, Roberto Nardone, Valeria Vittorini
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Context: evolution of wireless communication technologies and need to upgrade existing communication infrastructures for railways • General goal: investigate opportunities and challenges deriving from  ...  integrates formal modeling and analysis tools and techniques into a network emulator, to evaluate the impact on safety and security deriving from the adoption of an SDN centralized control plane in a  ...  train communication between a centralized control centre (RBC) and a single train • A DSTM state models a specific network configuration at a specific time • A DSTM transition models the occurrence  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-68499-4_3 fatcat:edskyq7ptbfphgc5ioj5ofu5wy

The possibility of increasing air transport security via simulator training

2017 Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology. Series Transport  
The possibility of increasing air transport security via simulator training. Scientific Summary.  ...  of communication skills needed at the required level.  ...  It is very important for communications training to be ongoing.  ... 
doi:10.20858/sjsutst.2017.95.21 fatcat:7ok5uzrlw5ex3imd5d4umnocqi

Trends and Topics of Research and Development Related to the Sophistication of Signalling and Telecommunication Systems

2020 Quarterly Report of RTRI  
, such as for automatic driving systems for road vehicles and train control systems.  ...  Following recent developments in information and communication technology (ICT), various research and development projects are ongoing around the world to propose new train control technology for safer  ...  Information networks must be made secure enough against cyberattacks. This is especially true for control systems that directly affect safety.  ... 
doi:10.2219/rtriqr.61.2_82 fatcat:ribplcezifdt7ovdpguekh7ihe

Cyber-physical Threats and Vulnerabilities Analysis for Train Control and Monitoring Systems

Mouna Rekik, Christophe Gransart, Marion Berbineau
2018 2018 International Symposium on Networks, Computers and Communications (ISNCC)  
Cyber-physical security is a major concern for the new generation of trains.  ...  This paper deals with cyber-physical security aspects of Train Control and Monitoring Systems (TCMSs).  ...  The driver can not control the propulsion system. For safety reasons, the train performs a controlled emergency break.  ... 
doi:10.1109/isncc.2018.8531005 dblp:conf/isncc/0002GB18 fatcat:ez6nnme7xrfpjkph2ihwmiv5qe
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