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Second Language Tutoring Using Social Robots: A Large-Scale Study

Paul Vogt, Rianne van den Berghe, Mirjam de Haas, Laura Hoffman, Junko Kanero, Ezgi Mamus, Jean-Marc Montanier, Cansu Oranc, Ora Oudgenoeg-Paz, Daniel Hernandez Garcia, Fotios Papadopoulos, Thorsten Schodde (+11 others)
2019 2019 14th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)  
We present a large-scale study of a series of seven lessons designed to help young children learn English vocabulary as a foreign language using a social robot.  ...  robot's iconic gestures on word learning and retention, and 3) the effect of learning from a robot tutor accompanied by a tablet versus learning from a tablet application alone.  ...  A special thanks to Chrissy Cook for lending us her lovely voice for the audio recordings.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hri.2019.8673077 dblp:conf/hri/VogtBHHKMMOOGPS19a fatcat:3qrfzyt2gbgnha6eqhi6obu3zm

When Preschoolers Interact with an Educational Robot, Does Robot Feedback Influence Engagement?

Mirjam de Haas, Paul Vogt, Emiel Krahmer
2021 Multimodal Technologies and Interaction  
In this paper, we examine to what degree children of 3–4 years old engage with a task and with a social robot during a second-language tutoring lesson.  ...  Fifty-eight Dutch children participated in an English counting task with a social robot and physical blocks.  ...  The aim of this article is to investigate children's engagement during a second-language tutoring lesson with a social robot. Engagement plays an important role in learning.  ... 
doi:10.3390/mti5120077 fatcat:nfvlragiebhdxhqynjd33uw5xq

Research Trends in Social Robots for Learning

Wafa Johal
2020 Current Robotics Reports  
Recent Findings The literature demonstrates that as the field grows, setup, methodology, and demographics targeted by social robotics applications seem to settle and standardize-a tutoring Nao robot with  ...  a tablet in front of a child seems the stereotypical social educational robotics setup.  ...  [23] report one of the pioneer works evaluating the influence of personalized tutoring by a robot tutor compared with not personalized with a large cohort.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s43154-020-00008-3 fatcat:ydoinppcwrh27ejewwyas42vhq

Tutoring Robots [chapter]

Samer Al Moubayed, Jonas Beskow, Bajibabu Bollepalli, Ahmed Hussen-Abdelaziz, Martin Johansson, Maria Koutsombogera, José David Lopes, Jekaterina Novikova, Catharine Oertel, Gabriel Skantze, Kalin Stefanov, Gül Varol
2014 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
A setup is developed and a corpus is collected that targets the development of a dialogue system platform to explore verbal and nonverbal tutoring strategies in multiparty spoken interactions with embodied  ...  This project explores a novel experimental setup towards building spoken, multi-modally rich, and human-like multiparty tutoring agent.  ...  Jekaterina Novikova is funded by the University of Bath and her participation was partly funded by the Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-55143-7_4 fatcat:ymj64ty6iveircsds7ucpw7wya

Guidelines for Designing Social Robots as Second Language Tutors

Tony Belpaeme, Paul Vogt, Rianne van den Berghe, Kirsten Bergmann, Tilbe Göksun, Mirjam de Haas, Junko Kanero, James Kennedy, Aylin C. Küntay, Ora Oudgenoeg-Paz, Fotios Papadopoulos, Thorsten Schodde (+12 others)
2018 International Journal of Social Robotics  
While robots have been shown to be effective in teaching knowledge and skill-based topics, we wish to explore how social robots can be used to tutor a second language to young children.  ...  social robots as second language tutors.  ...  He is the coordinator of the H2020 L2TOR project, a large-scale European project bringing 7 partners together to study how robots can be used to support the learning of a second language by children.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12369-018-0467-6 pmid:30996752 pmcid:PMC6438435 fatcat:xah6iul7pvatnpetwtecl5g26i

Why Robots Should Be Social: Enhancing Machine Learning through Social Human-Robot Interaction

Joachim de Greeff, Tony Belpaeme, Josh Bongard
2015 PLoS ONE  
We use a child-like social robot and a task in which the robot has to learn the meaning of words. For this a simple turn-based interaction is used, based on language games.  ...  Specifically, we study whether people are sensitive to social cues offered by a learning robot, in a similar way to children's social bids for tutoring.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors wish to thank Frédéric Delaunay for making the LightHead robot available and programming the facial animations, and James Kennedy, Paul Baxter and the anonymous reviewers for  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138061 pmid:26422143 pmcid:PMC4589374 fatcat:hbobbh3dxvg3vdo5ho5tqvuawm

Child-Robot Interaction: Perspectives and Challenges [chapter]

Tony Belpaeme, Paul Baxter, Joachim de Greeff, James Kennedy, Robin Read, Rosemarijn Looije, Mark Neerincx, Ilaria Baroni, Mattia Coti Zelati
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Child-Robot Interaction (cHRI) is a promising point of entry into the rich challenge that social HRI is.  ...  Starting from three years of experiences gained in a cHRI research project, this paper offers a view on the opportunities offered by letting robots interact with children rather than with adults and having  ...  lab and in the real world on a large scale.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-02675-6_45 fatcat:5njjahxtnrclxa44tha7y2vv7q

Measuring Human-Robots Interactions

Luca Brayda, Ryad Chellali
2012 International Journal of Social Robotics  
Humans use all available sensory and motoric modalities to communicate and establish social relations.  ...  The system formed by a human and a social robot is hybrid by nature. How should we consider its communication and interactions as compared with a human-human system?  ...  Acknowledgements We wish to express our gratitude to Shuzhi Sam Ge, who encouraged us to prepare this special issue, to Paul Milgram and the RBCS department of IIT for the preparation of the call for papers  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12369-012-0150-2 fatcat:djm4h4nt55fyhe63avj62a7fta

Who Can Benefit from Robots? Effects of Individual Differences in Robot-Assisted Language Learning

Junko Kanero, Idil Franko, Cansu Oranc, Orhun Ulusahin, Sumeyye Koskulu, Zeynep Adtguzel, Aylin C. Kuntay, Tilbe Goksun
2018 2018 Joint IEEE 8th International Conference on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics (ICDL-EpiRob)  
Using second language (L2) as an example, the present study examined how individual differences in attitudes toward robots and personality traits may be related to learning outcomes.  ...  , predicted how well adults learned L2 words from a social robot.  ...  By attitudes toward robots and personality traits, our study provides novel and unique insights on how robots can be used in humans learn a new language. TABLE I .  ... 
doi:10.1109/devlrn.2018.8761028 dblp:conf/icdl-epirob/KaneroFOUKAKG18 fatcat:2mpw7mftpvapfnmruixzewnpri

Social Robots for Language Learning: A Review

Rianne van den Berghe, Josje Verhagen, Ora Oudgenoeg-Paz, Sanne van der Ven, Paul Leseman
2018 Review of Educational Research  
In recent years, robots have increasingly been implemented as tutors in both first-and second-language education. The field of robot-assisted language learning (RALL) is developing rapidly.  ...  This review concludes with directions for future research on the use of social robots in language education.  ...  Finally, we discuss the meaning of these findings and offer directions for future research on the use of social robots for first-and second-language learning.  ... 
doi:10.3102/0034654318821286 fatcat:jdg3dbprgbaltcvytnzswrkxmy

Robots are Good for Profit: A Business Perspective on Robots in Education

Michael Goudzwaard, Matthijs Smakman, Elly A. Konijn
2019 2019 Joint IEEE 9th International Conference on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics (ICDL-EpiRob)  
This paper aims to chart the (moral) values from a robotic industry's perspective regarding the introduction of robots in education.  ...  To our knowledge, no studies thus far have addressed this perspective in considering the moral values within this robotic domain.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We would like to thank the companies and participants in this study. They each added their knowledge and time to contribute to increase our insights in this new field.  ... 
doi:10.1109/devlrn.2019.8850726 dblp:conf/icdl-epirob/GoudzwaardSK19 fatcat:qb45dcah4jgd3l27j5gbbcf56e

Social robot tutoring for child second language learning

James Kennedy, Paul Baxter, Emmanuel Senft, Tony Belpaeme
2016 2016 11th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)  
This paper presents a study with 67 children to explore how social aspects of a tutor robot's speech influences their perception of the robot and their language learning in an interaction.  ...  An increasing amount of research is being conducted to determine how a robot tutor should behave socially in educational interactions with children.  ...  Caroline Floccia who provided valuable feedback on the study design.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hri.2016.7451757 dblp:conf/hri/KennedyBSB16 fatcat:rn4whddanje3bhymj4xxqqbyfa

From Babies to Robots: The Contribution of Developmental Robotics to Developmental Psychology

Angelo Cangelosi, Matthew Schlesinger
2018 Child Development Perspectives  
model of perceptual, social and language development.  ...  We illustrate the benefits of this approach by presenting a detailed baby robot case study of the role of embodiment during early word learning, as well as an overview of several developmental robotics  ...  Even in classical connectionist models of language learning, such as the well known past tense simulations (11) , or more recent large scale neural models of language learning (e.g. 12) the modeler has  ... 
doi:10.1111/cdep.12282 fatcat:m53ecxmrx5cgjeushvsseevqhy

Robots Show Us How to Teach Them: Feedback from Robots Shapes Tutoring Behavior during Action Learning

Anna-Lisa Vollmer, Manuel Mühlig, Jochen J. Steil, Karola Pitsch, Jannik Fritsch, Katharina J. Rohlfing, Britta Wrede, Stephen C. Pratt
2014 PLoS ONE  
Current approaches implicitly assume a unidirectional transfer of knowledge from tutor to learner.  ...  The presented work challenges this predominant assumption based on an extensive user study with an autonomously interacting robot.  ...  Grü nberg, A. Grimminger and R. Gehle for their contributions to this research. We thank M. Götting, S. Krüger, O. Lieske and S. Gieselmann for their technical support. We thank J. Kopp and T.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091349 pmid:24646510 pmcid:PMC3960110 fatcat:ws62bndlp5h4dldxz6knpq2lke

Social Moments: A Perspective on Interaction for Social Robotics

Gautier Durantin, Scott Heath, Janet Wiles
2017 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
through social moments-is a key challenge for the field of human robot interaction (HRI) to enable effective social interactions and social robots.  ...  Practically, the implementation of these social micro-abilities presents engineering challenges for the fields of HRI and social robotics, including performing processing of sensors and using actuators  ...  Using neuromorphic processing of visual inputs, studies have achieved categorization of objects in less than 160 ms (Wang et al., 2017) or triggered robot responses in 4 cycles of a periodic event (  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2017.00024 fatcat:ph6j7wtvgjfiplaq5aozxajgcu
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