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Search bias quantification: investigating political bias in social media and web search

Juhi Kulshrestha, Motahhare Eslami, Johnnatan Messias, Muhammad Bilal Zafar, Saptarshi Ghosh, Krishna P. Gummadi, Karrie Karahalios
2018 Information retrieval (Boston)  
Users frequently use search systems on the Web as well as online social media to learn about ongoing events and public opinion on personalities.  ...  In case of polarizing topics like politics, where multiple competing perspectives exist, the political bias in the top search results can play a significant role in shaping public opinion towards (or away  ...  reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10791-018-9341-2 fatcat:st7rnexr3nby5jboqnry6xhxp4

Quantifying Search Bias: Investigating Sources of Bias for Political Searches in Social Media [article]

Juhi Kulshrestha, Motahhare Eslami, Johnnatan Messias, Muhammad Bilal Zafar, Saptarshi Ghosh, Krishna P. Gummadi, Karrie Karahalios
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We discuss the consequences of these biases and possible mechanisms to signal this bias in social media search systems' interfaces.  ...  Search systems in online social media sites are frequently used to find information about ongoing events and people.  ...  Several studies have explored political bias in Web search results and search queries.  ... 
arXiv:1704.01347v1 fatcat:f7oaysnuqjhxnnq67oczypwcd4

Guest editorial: social media for personalization and search

Ludovico Boratto, Andreas Kaltenbrunner, Giovanni Stilo
2019 Information retrieval (Boston)  
Publisher's Note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank all the authors for considering this special issue as an outlet to publish their research results in the area of social media for personalization and search.  ...  Finally, we express our gratitude to the Editors-in-Chief, for their kind support, advice, and encouragements throughout the preparation of this special issue.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10791-019-09352-1 fatcat:vxrqidy7x5fzhbcw6jfyxyqc24

The Quantification of Law: Counting, Predicting, and Valuating

Rafael Viana Ribeiro
2021 Law, Technology and Humans  
The development of initiatives in legal quantification is visible as public bodies craft their own tools for internal use and access by the public, and private companies create new ways to valorize the  ...  Developers in the market and public institutions in the legal system are making use of massive databases of court opinions and other legal communications to craft algorithms to assess the effectiveness  ...  "cognitive biases," such as hindsight bias, anchoring, or framing.  ... 
doi:10.5204/lthj.1603 fatcat:ekbgzsatb5bz7lnazycejatdmy

The reproducibility of biomedical research: Sleepers awake!

Stephen A. Bustin
2014 Biomolecular Detection and Quantification  
This article argues that an important reason for this is the inappropriate use of molecular techniques, particularly in the field of RNA biomarkers, coupled with a tendency to exaggerate the importance  ...  Finally, the editorial discusses the consistent and colossal failure of initially promising research findings to translate into improvements in health in light of the many, economic, political, social  ...  Table 1 A search was carried out on the Nature web site (www.nature.com) for the term "reverse transcription real time PCR" and ten papers published in the second half of 2014 were selected at random.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bdq.2015.01.002 pmid:27896142 pmcid:PMC5121206 fatcat:dtt6bkdqqvge3gsskzvvb6tnx4

The Quantification of Law: Counting, Predicting, and Valuating

Alice Granada Ribeiro
2021 Law, Technology and Humans  
The development of initiatives in legal quantification is visible as public bodies craft their own tools for internal use and access by the public, and private companies create new ways to valorize the  ...  Developers in the market and public institutions in the legal system are making use of massive databases of court opinions and other legal communications to craft algorithms to assess the effectiveness  ...  "cognitive biases," such as hindsight bias, anchoring, or framing.  ... 
doi:10.5204/lthj.1966 doaj:c9983d0eac094d108cfab652d58faf7f fatcat:rwo2ibm2xfhfjfjriawmetb37u

Where the Earth is flat and 9/11 is an inside job: A comparative algorithm audit of conspiratorial information in web search results [article]

Aleksandra Urman, Mykola Makhortykh, Roberto Ulloa, Juhi Kulshrestha
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Most conspiracy-promoting results came from social media and conspiracy-dedicated websites while conspiracy-debunking information was shared by scientific websites and, to a lesser extent, legacy media  ...  biases.  ...  Kulshrestha J, Eslami M, Messias J, et al. (2019) Search bias quantification: investigating political bias in social media and web search. Information Retrieval Journal 22(1): 188–227.  ... 
arXiv:2112.01278v2 fatcat:ofdfcdf56rbdtlqubzs7u4mpmm

Modeling, Quantifying and Visualizing Media Bias on Twitter

Anam Zahid, Maham Nasir Khan, Ahmer Latif Khan, Faisal Kamiran, Bilal Nasir
2020 IEEE Access  
The identification and quantification of media bias is one of the most important metrics in reference to bias assessment in media and general public.  ...  INDEX TERMS Bias analysis, information retrieval, media bias, social media. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.  ...  Discussion of general and social aspects of media bias includes factors influencing media bias, people's perspective of bias in media, and influence of news media in elections [9] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2990800 fatcat:b665uk4v6zbajkn5gplrhcmsmm

A Taxonomy to Support the Statistical Study of Funding-induced Biases in Science

David Wojick, Patrick Michaels
2015 F1000Research  
The biomedical community is a leader in research on bias in science, including funding-induced bias.  ...  We describe each type of bias, as well as giving a snapshot of existing research and briefly discussing the potential for various forms of statistical analysis.  ...  Quite commonly, differences in effects are found because the size of the dataset will reduce bias found in smaller samples.  ... 
doi:10.12688/f1000research.7094.1 fatcat:nhgjw3w2azagpkrf25tomiumwm

A tool for collecting provenance data in social media

Pritam Gundecha, Suhas Ranganath, Zhuo Feng, Huan Liu
2013 Proceedings of the 19th ACM SIGKDD international conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining - KDD '13  
Personal attributes of a user, including name, location, education, ethnicity, gender, and political and religious affiliations, can be found in social media sites.  ...  In this paper, we present a novel web-based tool for collecting the attributes of interest associated with a particular social media user related to the received information.  ...  political statements to better judge any latent motivations for propagating a statement in social media.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2487575.2487713 dblp:conf/kdd/GundechaRFL13 fatcat:etc4l5kz45hunaaqp7hj3odcqq

Tool to Retrieve Less-Filtered Information from the Internet

Yuta Nemoto, Vitaly Klyuev
2021 Information  
While users benefit greatly from the latest communication technology, with popular platforms such as social networking services including Facebook or search engines such as Google, scientists warn of the  ...  This application helps users play a main role in choosing the information they consume.  ...  The Pew Research Center [1] summarizes in an investigation of the use of social media news in 2019 as follows: "More than half of U.S. adults get news from social media often or sometimes (55%), up from  ... 
doi:10.3390/info12020065 fatcat:hw7zsv6p2nghdalcntidu4mqga

SEO and Crisis of Information Retrieval Discourse in Web 2.0: Rethinking ICT Algorithms on the Cusp of Search Links and Page Quality

Alfred Ndi
2020 Zenodo  
, ranking, keywords in web pages, indexing, visibility, trust and lists.  ...  Using insights from postcolonial theory's social narratives as public 'writings' and from post-structuralism to investigate the postmodernist moments of SEO, this paper came to the major finding that SEO  ...  "Through the Google goggles: Sociopolitical bias in search engine design." Web search.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3685170 fatcat:ldaqkuv5enbibdlgwpklvwmjla

Toward User-Driven Algorithm Auditing: Investigating users' strategies for uncovering harmful algorithmic behavior

Alicia DeVos, Aditi Dhabalia, Hong Shen, Kenneth Holstein, Motahhare Eslami
2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems  
CCS CONCEPTS • Human-centered computing → Empirical studies in collaborative and social computing; Computer supported cooperative work; Empirical studies in HCI; • Information systems → Web searching and  ...  We find that 1) users' search strategies and interpretations are heavily guided by their personal experiences with and exposures to societal bias; and 2) collective sensemaking amongst multiple users is  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) program on Fairness in AI in collaboration with Amazon under Award No.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3491102.3517441 fatcat:obypclcgqzfwjjnst5rwgs24z4

Misinformation in and about science

Jevin D West, Carl T Bergstrom
2021 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Most analyses of misinformation focus on popular and social media, but the scientific enterprise faces a parallel set of problems-from hype and hyperbole to publication bias and citation misdirection,  ...  In this perspective, we highlight these parallels and discuss future research directions and interventions.  ...  Now, we mostly find articles using search engines or sometimes through social media.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1912444117 pmid:33837146 pmcid:PMC8054004 fatcat:6sd3fih3rvftldevwq34ibvjqm

A Survey on Computational Politics [article]

Ehsan ul Haq, Tristan Braud, Young D. Kwon, Pan Hui
2020 arXiv   pre-print
platforms. e.g., online social networks, online forums, and political debates.  ...  In this survey, we attempt to categorize main areas in computational politics and summarize the prominent studies in one place to better understand computational politics across different and multidimensional  ...  To study the effect of bias in social media and polls in election prediction, Anuta et al. [6] use a sentiment analysis approach where bias can be either in favor of or against the candidate.  ... 
arXiv:1908.06069v2 fatcat:pddftf5k25errpzrpgavkbs32m
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