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Search improvement via automatic query reformulation

Susan Gauch, John B. Smith
1991 ACM Transactions on Information Systems  
This prototype augments the searching capabilities of novice users by providing automatic query reformulation to improve the search results, and automatic ranking of the retrieved passages to speed the  ...  User studies have indicated that searchers use vocabulary incorrectly and do not take full advantage of iteration to improve their queries.  ...  Eventually, automatic user assistance modules could be added and tested. 4 Search Strategies The automatic query reformulation incorporated in the systems described in the previous section are, in general  ... 
doi:10.1145/125187.125193 fatcat:ft7zm3z565dx5j2crm2rwnk3x4

Search improvement via automatic query reformulation

Susan Gauch, John Smith
1991
This prototype augments the searching capabilities of novice users by providing automatic query reformulation to improve the search results, and automatic ranking of the retrieved passages to speed the  ...  User studies have indicated that searchers use vocabulary incorrectly and do not take full advantage of iteration to improve their queries.  ...  Search Strategies The automatic query reformulation incorporated in the systems described in the previous section are, in general, very primitive.  ... 
doi:10.17615/yw4x-j548 fatcat:bab4uzzihbdy5c5kgbkkfernf4

Query Reformulation for Task-Oriented Web Searches

Nikos Kirtsis, Sofia Stamou
2011 2011 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conferences on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology  
the tasks they pursue via their searches.  ...  In this paper we propose a query reformulation method to empower task-oriented web searches.  ...  Among the benefits to understanding the tasks pursued via web searches is being able to automatically suggest query reformulations that encapsulate the query intentions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/wi-iat.2011.20 dblp:conf/iat/KirtsisS11 fatcat:ncqnky33arg6rpvcirrnk2nyay

Automatic Identification and Contextual Reformulation of Implicit System-Related Queries

Adam Fourney, Susan T. Dumais
2016 Proceedings of the 39th International ACM SIGIR conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval - SIGIR '16  
We show that such queries: (1) can be detected with high precision, (2) are common, and (3) can be automatically reformulated to substantially improve retrieval performance in these fall-through scenarios  ...  In this paper we analyze a 3 month log of web search queries posed via the Cortana virtual assistant.  ...  For implicit system queries, reformulation improved between 60% -65% of all individual queries (wins), and negatively impacted 25% -29% of queries (losses).  ... 
doi:10.1145/2911451.2914701 dblp:conf/sigir/FourneyD16 fatcat:xaysyhv22vhzzdzwemzrsikewy

Automatic query reformulation with syntactic operators to alleviate search difficulty

Huizhong Duan, Rui Li, ChengXiang Zhai
2011 Proceedings of the 20th ACM international conference on Information and knowledge management - CIKM '11  
As a negative feedback strategy, syntactic operator-based query reformulation also shows promising results in improving search results for difficult queries as compared with existing methods.  ...  In this paper, we propose to automatically reformulate queries that do not work well by selectively adding syntactic operators.  ...  Figure 1 . 1 Example of Using Syntactic Operators for Improving Search Result. Table 1 . 1 Automatic Syntactic Reformulation to Directly Refine Search Results for Long Queries (Description)Table 2.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2063576.2063884 dblp:conf/cikm/DuanLZ11 fatcat:mtkdtll3ondvhi7th5qbrnvj4a

PRESY: A Context Based Query Reformulation Tool for Information Retrieval on the Web

P.
2010 Journal of Computer Science  
So as we can see the reformulation of users' initial queries improves the pertinence of returned content.  ...  For that reason, we believe that a reformulation of the initial user's query can be a good alternative to improve the information selectivity.  ...  of all semantic vocabulary used in the enrichment of query relations provided by ontology Our approach Based on static and dynamic context Uses the context via the user's profile to reformulate automatically  ... 
doi:10.3844/jcssp.2010.470.477 fatcat:ofllqm4zhjcdvaeomz5r47q64y

Interactive Search Support for Difficult Web Queries [chapter]

Abdigani Diriye, Giridhar Kumaran, Jeff Huang
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Extending previous solutions that automatically shorten queries, we introduce searchAssist: a novel search interface that provides interactive support for difficult web queries.  ...  The results also highlight the importance of term dropping for long queries, and the improvements obtained in topical relevance when our searchers used searchAssist.  ...  Over the 10 days, our 90 unique users formulated 848 queries of which 559 where manually formulated via the search box, and 289 queries were generated via searchAssist's query reformulation features.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-28997-2_4 fatcat:mftvme5hxbavpcadtchpm7jbqy

Analyzing Temporal Query for Improving Web Search

Rim Faiz
2012 Journal of Emerging Technologies in Web Intelligence  
Processing based on statistics is no longer enough to handle (i.e. to search, translate, summarize...) relevant information from texts.  ...  The problem is how to extract knowledge taking into account document contents as well as the context of the query.  ...  In the case of an automatic reformulation, the system will build the new query. However, the method of automatic reformulation, generally, does not take into account the context of the query.  ... 
doi:10.4304/jetwi.4.3.234-239 fatcat:pnipnnay5bh57jncwftbfiokwi

Characterizing and Predicting Voice Query Reformulation

Ahmed Hassan Awadallah, Ranjitha Gurunath Kulkarni, Umut Ozertem, Rosie Jones
2015 Proceedings of the 24th ACM International on Conference on Information and Knowledge Management - CIKM '15  
Voice interactions are becoming more prevalent as the usage of voice search and intelligent assistants gains more popularity.  ...  Many of the characteristics studied in the context of text query reformulation are potentially useful for voice query reformulation.  ...  When searchers experience difficulty in finding information, their struggle may be evident in their search behavior via different indicators such as query reformulation.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2806416.2806491 dblp:conf/cikm/AwadallahKOJ15 fatcat:clxhk66gpjcy5n6uccdyw2gbzy

Assisting code search with automatic Query Reformulation for bug localization

Bunyamin Sisman, Avinash C. Kak
2013 2013 10th Working Conference on Mining Software Repositories (MSR)  
This paper demonstrates how the difficulty of designing a proper query can be alleviated through automatic Query Reformulation (QR)an under-the-hood operation for reformulating a user's query with no additional  ...  The proposed QR framework works by enriching a user's search query with certain specific additional terms drawn from the highest-ranked artifacts retrieved in response to the initial query.  ...  However, the improvements obtained via ROCC are not significant on the Chrome project.  ... 
doi:10.1109/msr.2013.6624044 dblp:conf/msr/SismanK13 fatcat:ta3urbmejfhlne4ds3jzlv7x5i

Query expansion via WordNet for effective code search

Meili Lu, Xiaobing Sun, Shaowei Wang, David Lo, Yucong Duan
2015 2015 IEEE 22nd International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering (SANER)  
Our approach also improves the precision and recall of Conquer, a state-of-the-art query expansion/reformulation technique, by 5% and 8% respectively. 978-1-4799-8469-5/15/$31.00 c 2015 IEEE SANER 2015  ...  When a query performs poorly, it has to be reformulated.  ...  In this paper, to improve existing query reformulation techniques, we introduce a novel approach to reformulate a query.  ... 
doi:10.1109/saner.2015.7081874 dblp:conf/wcre/LuSWLD15 fatcat:vzplsxupa5furnkatswv7dor44

Survey on Query Facets Mining Approaches

2017 International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)  
Previously there has been lot of work done for retrieving more relevant data to users in order to meet their information needs thus improving performance of search engines.  ...  Query facets represents interesting facets of a query using groups of semantically related terms extracted from search results.  ...  Query reformulation is the process of iteratively modifying a query to improve the quality of a search engine results.  ... 
doi:10.21275/art20164225 fatcat:zrfcrqzlcja4hphg7ejj3gehpy

How Ontology Can be Used to Improve Semantic Information Retrieval: The AnimSe Finder Tool

Abdelkrim Bouramoul, Med-Khireddine Kholladi, Bich-Lien Doan
2011 International Journal of Computer Applications  
Then, during the semantics queries reformulation; in this stage we exploit the semantic links between concepts to expand the initial query.  ...  The obtained scores show that the semantic indexing and the queries reformulation have generated a gain of 13.06 in terms of recall and 16.13 in terms of precision, which significantly reduces the documentary  ...  When we proposed a system for taking into account the user context via their profile for the query reformulation.  ... 
doi:10.5120/2536-3461 fatcat:fgax3scjuvbptccqzzmlhaiw6e

CODEC: Complex Document and Entity Collection

Iain Mackie, Paul Owoicho, Carlos Gemmell, Sophie Fischer, Sean MacAvaney, Jeffrey Dalton
2022 Proceedings of the 45th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval  
The manual runs include 387 query reformulations, providing data for query performance prediction and automatic rewriting evaluation.  ...  We also show that the manual query reformulations significantly improve document ranking and entity ranking performance.  ...  CODEC provides over 387 manual query reformulations to support research in this space, i.e. query performance prediction and automatic query reformulation. Liu et al.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3477495.3531712 fatcat:eb7beokm4vc3ncydc6uhfi36da

CODEC: Complex Document and Entity Collection [article]

Iain Mackie, Paul Owoicho, Carlos Gemmell, Sophie Fischer, Sean MacAvaney, Jeffrey Dalton
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The manual runs include 387 query reformulations, providing data for query performance prediction and automatic rewriting evaluation.  ...  We also show that the manual query reformulations significantly improve document ranking and entity ranking performance.  ...  CODEC provides over 387 manual query reformulations to support research in this space, i.e. query performance prediction and automatic query reformulation. Liu et al.  ... 
arXiv:2205.04546v2 fatcat:jqt5iaxwnnd4lbkv2aotvpd4py
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