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Toward high efficiency and panel size 30×40 cm 2 Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 solar cell: Investigation of modified stacking sequences of metallic precursors and pre-annealing process without Se vapor at low temperature

Tsung-Ta Wu, Jyun-Hong Huang, Fan Hu, Chia-ho Chang, Wen-Long Liu, Tsang-Hsiu Wang, Chang-Hong Shen, Jia-Min Shieh, Yu-Lun Chueh
2014 Nano Energy  
Modified stacking sequence of precursors and pre-annealing process on Se vapor at low temperature were applied to Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 (CIGS) solar.  ...  vapor followed by a specific non-toxic hydrogen-assisted solid Se vapor selenization process.  ...  X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS, Thermo Fisher Scientific Theta Probe) was used to detect the compositional changes in the CIGS film.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.07.018 fatcat:wntbg23pkna6zlxiyffjntiwwu

ZnO/MoX2 (X = S, Se) composites used for visible light photocatalysis

Guangzhao Wang, Hongkuan Yuan, Junli Chang, Biao Wang, Anlong Kuang, Hong Chen
2018 RSC Advances  
The redox ability of two-dimensional ZnO/MoS 2 heterostructure may be inuenced by the valence and conduction band edge positions, which will change with the Fermi level change before and aer MoS 2 and  ...  However, the bandgaps of ZnO/MoSe 2 composites does not change with the rotation angle changes, which means that the rotational component has almost no affect on the electronic structures of ZnO/MoSe 2  ... 
doi:10.1039/c7ra10425a pmid:35541554 pmcid:PMC9078939 fatcat:nbyjp5ngwbac3mvdho33eg67ay

Adaptive functional change of the contralateral kidney after partial nephrectomy

Se Young Choi, Sangjun Yoo, Dalsan You, In Gab Jeong, Cheryn Song, Bumsik Hong, Jun Hyuk Hong, Hanjong Ahn, Choung-Soo Kim
2017 AJP - Renal Physiology  
The ipsilateral GFR changes at 4 yr after partial nephrectomy were Ϫ18.9, Ϫ3.6, and 3.9% in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively, whereas the contralateral GFR changes were 10.8, 25.7, and 38.8%.  ...  Partial nephrectomy aims to maintain renal function by nephron sparing; however, functional changes in the contralateral kidney remain unknown.  ...  We therefore tried to evaluate functional change in the contralateral kidney.  ... 
doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00058.2017 pmid:28404588 fatcat:va5mf7pbi5c2vhepafgizhozji

Atmospheric Pressure Pulsed Plasma Induces Cell Death in Photosynthetic Organs via Intracellularly Generated ROS

You-bin Seol, Jaewook Kim, Se-hong Park, Hong Young Chang
2017 Scientific Reports  
distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-017-00480-6 pmid:28373681 pmcid:PMC5428426 fatcat:eiywl7gvz5arrkzmkkox2lyqha

Deterministic Secure Quantum Communication on the BB84 System

Youn-Chang Jeong, Se-Wan Ji, Changho Hong, Hee Su Park, Jingak Jang
2020 Entropy  
Bob: The change of polarization in the fiber is compensated by the fiber polarization controller (FPC).  ...  Bob: The change of polarization in the fiber is compensated by the fiber polarization controller (FPC).  ... 
doi:10.3390/e22111268 pmid:33287036 fatcat:tklcu7kpsrfyfek4ewws26vkj4

Inflammation and Rho-Associated Protein Kinase-Induced Brain Changes in Vascular Dementia

Eun Chae Lee, Dong-Yong Hong, Dong-Hun Lee, Sang-Won Park, Ji Young Lee, Ji Hun Jeong, Eun-Young Kim, Hyung-Min Chung, KI-Sung Hong, Se-Pill Park, Man Ryul Lee, Jae Sang Oh
2022 Biomedicines  
The mechanisms of and treatments for vascular dementia have been investigated in various animal models; however, the insufficient information on gene expression changes that define pathological conditions  ...  insufficiency, apoptosis, and structural changes in the cortex, corpus callosum, and hippocampus (Figure 11 ), and showed gene expression changes that reflected these events.  ...  insufficiency, apoptosis, and structural changes in the cortex, corpus callosum, and hippocampus (Figure 11 ), and showed gene expression changes that reflected these events.  ... 
doi:10.3390/biomedicines10020446 pmid:35203655 pmcid:PMC8962349 fatcat:h2ojbru7krcshltdorcghzvi7q

Influence of the Precipitation of Secondary Phase on the Thermal Diffusivity Change of Al-Mg2Si Alloys

Yu-Mi Kim, Se-Weon Choi, Young-Chan Kim, Chang-Seok Kang, Sung-kil Hong
2018 Applied Sciences  
In contrast, the stable Mg2Si phase was not affected by changes in thermal diffusivity at a high temperature.  ...  Al-Si-Mg alloys are investigated to determine the relationship between changes in the thermal diffusivity and precipitation behavior of the Mg2Si phase with various contents of Mg2Si and aging treatment  ...  However, in our study, the thermal diffusivity tendency of each specimen changed with temperature and content.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app8112039 fatcat:ajrc33plgjeptalsd6rrxxe4xm

Anti-tumor immunostimulatory effect of heat-killed tumor cells

Taek Joon Yoon, Ji Yeon Kim, Hyojeong Kim, Changwan Hong, Hyunji Lee, Chang-Kwon Lee, Kwang Ho Lee, Seokmann Hong, Se-Ho Park
2008 Experimental and Molecular Medicine  
Anti-tumor CTL activity is induced principally via the recognition of MHC-I presenting tumor antigen on APC, including dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages (Chang, 2006) .  ...  receptors, and tumor cells that have been genetically manipulated to improve cancer antigen presentation ability, is being conducted (Hirst et al., 1997; Witham et al., 2003; Gattinoni et al., 2006; Hong  ... 
doi:10.3858/emm.2008.40.1.130 pmid:18305406 pmcid:PMC2679326 fatcat:trdwvaf6p5b57h74ebywc2e3zy

Pathobiological and Genomic Characterization of a Cold-Adapted Infectious Bronchitis Virus (BP-caKII)

Seung-Min Hong, Se-Hee An, Chung-Young Lee, Chang-Seon Song, Kang-Seuk Choi, Jae-Hong Kim, Hyuk-Joon Kwon
2018 Viruses  
Furthermore, we determined the complete genomic sequence of BP-caKII to understand the genetic changes related to cold adaptation.  ...  Only one or two amino acids changed during E5-E20 passages, and most of the changes had already been acquired at the E5 passage.  ...  Only one or two amino acids changed during E5-E20 passages, and most of the changes had already been acquired at the E5 passage. Figure 3 .  ... 
doi:10.3390/v10110652 pmid:30463206 pmcid:PMC6266813 fatcat:lmrgu25cbvbsjdflzvqcge7jeq

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in cervical carcinoma during pregnancy: Case report

Se Hee Mun, Hee Sug Ryu, Hye Jin Chang, Ho Yeon Kim, Ki Hong Chang, Jung Pil Lee
2005 Korean Journal of Gynecologic Oncology  
doi:10.3802/kjgo.2005.16.3.268 fatcat:7ufgzawd5rbftjv4qwkcidbvsq

Phase Stability of the System Mg–Fe–O

Sun-Ho Kang, Se-Hong Chang, Han-Ill Yoo
2000 Journal of Solid State Chemistry  
The isotherms of both electrical properties underwent a conspicuous change in trend at the same, characteristic oxygen activities, which was ascribed to a O2 -induced phase transitions from rock-salt structure  ...  At the same characteristic oxygen activities as those on the conductivity isotherms, the thermopower isotherms also undergo conspicuous changes.  ...  From the phase diagrams of the "rst kind, changes of enthalpy and entropy for the phase boundary reaction, ? 4Fe O [in (Mg V Fe \V ) ! B O ]#O (g)" .  ... 
doi:10.1006/jssc.1999.8490 fatcat:7j3fnqp5mvgoldizge72vjmwxm

Intracranial Extraskeletal Myxoid Chondrosarcoma in Fourth Ventricle

Yun Gi Hong, Jihwan Yoo, Se Hoon Kim, Jong Hee Chang
2021 Brain Tumor Research and Treatment  
Considering the patient' s medical history, the lesion could be a metastatic adenocarcinoma with myxoid stromal change [19] or a metastatic mucinous breast lesion mimicking myxoid stroma [20] .  ... 
doi:10.14791/btrt.2021.9.e10 pmid:34725988 pmcid:PMC8561226 fatcat:gr4tw3rxgfflnihxz44kvezaiu

A theoretical forecast of the hydrogen bond changes in the electronic excited state for BN and its derivatives

Dandan Wang, Ce Hao, Se Wang, Hong Dong, Jieshan Qiu
2012 Open Physics  
The deduction we used to depict the trend of the hydrogen bond changes in excited states could help others understand hydrogen-bonding dynamics more effectively.  ...  A fairly accurate forecast of the hydrogen bond changes in lowlying electronically excited states were presented in light of a very thorough consideration of their related electronic spectra.  ...  Dandan Wang, Ce Hao, Se Wang, Hong Dong, Jieshan Qiu  ... 
doi:10.2478/s11534-011-0073-9 fatcat:xurow35hmrd53esgjwl45iid3y

Evaluation of Stiffness Changes in a High-Rise Building by Measurements of Lateral Displacements Using GPS Technology

Se Choi, Ill Kim, Jae Park, Yousok Kim, Hong Sohn, Hyo Park
2013 Sensors  
In this paper, stiffness changes of a high-rise building due to installation of outrigger trusses have been evaluated by measuring lateral displacements using a global positioning system (GPS).  ...  The stiffness improvement of the building before and after the installation is confirmed through the changes of the natural frequencies and the ratios of the base shear forces to the roof displacements  ...  To evaluate the stiffness changes quantitatively, the ratios of the base shear forces to the roof displacements were used, as shown in Table 3 .  ... 
doi:10.3390/s131115489 pmid:24233025 pmcid:PMC3871128 fatcat:ou5y37tdgbcezovdnqhag57le4

Effect of Sulfurization Temperature on the Properties of Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4Thin Films
황화 열처리 온도에 따른 Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4박막의 합성 및 특성 평가

Yeong Yung Yoo, Chang Woo Hong, Myeng Gil Gang, Seung Wook Shin, Young Baek Kim, Jong-Ha Moon, Yong Jeong Lee, Jin Hyoek Kim
2013 Korean Journal of Materials Research  
Cu 2 ZnSn(S x ,Se 1-x ) 4 (CZTSSe) thin films were prepared by sulfurization of evaporated precursor thin films. Precursor was prepared using evaporation method at room temperature.  ...  From the FE-SEM and TEM results, the Mo(S x ,Se 1-x ) 2 (MoSSe) interfacial layers of the sulfurized CZTS thin films were observed and their thickness was seen to increase with increasing sulfurization  ...  소에 나노 크기의 Cu-(S x ,Se 1-x ), Zn-(S x ,Se 1-x ), Sn-(S x ,Se 14 )Fig. 1 . 141 Bi-model은 Raman의 A l mode 피크가 S/Se의 비율에 따라 서 S기반이나 Se 기반 화합물의 중간값으로 나타나는 현 상이다.  ... 
doi:10.3740/mrsk.2013.23.11.613 fatcat:7ztg4rq675d5zjac77z7rkgy6i
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