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Scrutiny: A collaborative inspection and review system [chapter]

John Gintell, John Arnold, Michael Houde, Jacek Kruszelnicki, Roland McKenney, Gérard Memmi
1993 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper describes a Bull US Applied Research Laboratory project to build a collaborative inspection and review system called Scrutiny using ConversationBuilder from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign  ...  Described are the design of the current operational version of Scrutiny for inspection-only, the evolutionary design of Scrutiny to handle various forms of review, and some initial thoughts on integration  ...  Simon Kaplan's ConversationBuilder team and in particular, Doug Bogia and Bill Tolone have been invaluable.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-57209-0_24 fatcat:bxyhuhrop5bophuxgmfafhd3fm

Tiers of Scrutiny in Enumerated Powers Jurisprudence

Aziz Z. Huq
2013 Social Science Research Network  
This Article identifies and analyzes the recent emergence of a "tiers of scrutiny" system in Supreme Court jurisprudence respecting the boundaries of Congress's enumerated powers.  ...  By abandoning the emerging tiers of scrutiny and instead employing a lockstep approach to the review of enumerated powers, this Article suggests, federal courts would reduce opportunities for strategic  ...  Out of these methodological fractures has emerged a system of de facto "tiers of scrutiny" for the enumerated powers.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2284250 fatcat:gh7wleq3pzg6xeqv3ndkaxdsny

Scrutiny of Microorganisms in Fermented Milk Beverage and Water from Dairy under State Inspection

Kristy Ellen Oliveira Santos, Ludmilla Santana Soares e Barros
2021 Food and Nutrition Sciences  
The aim of the study was to examine microorganisms in samples of fermented milk beverage and water from dairy under state inspection.  ...  In a dairy located in the Recôncavo of Bahia, fifteen samples of fermented milk beverage were collected, corresponding to three different batches, and six water samples, two from each point of use in the  ...  The industry was part of the state inspection system, received milk from regional producers, pasteurized this raw material and then produced dairy products such as fermented milk drinks, yogurt and butter  ... 
doi:10.4236/fns.2021.1211074 fatcat:vy2dg5gmnjduhbmsc4c7yr4ana


Ika Riswanti Putranti
2018 Journal of Dinamika Hukum  
Trade facilitation services faces two major challenges which serves as a scrutiny and service.  ...  Erosion of scrutiny functions will pose a threat to national security, for instance food safety, goods forgery, fraud, and other form of transnational crimes.  ...  ; reviews that developing countries' governments need not hesitate to implement systems for the targeting of transactions for inspection for fear of losing revenue.  ... 
doi:10.20884/1.jdh.2018.18.3.2123 doaj:baa662741e4b411da9efaf3f515f8307 fatcat:jojeoxgoz5e6pewyg3oipb46x4

Impact of Supply Chain Transparency on Sustainability Under NGO Scrutiny

Shi Chen, Qinqin Zhang, Yong-Pin Zhou
2015 Social Science Research Network  
In this paper we build an analytical model to examine the impact of such NGO scrutiny on supply chain sustainability.  ...  We offer conditions and intuitive explanations for such findings.  ...  costly inspection effort to detect the defective products, while there is still a probability that a defective product passes the inspection and the customer charges a high penalty cost to the buyer (  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2590152 fatcat:cjjoeanxandpbnsyammgzzrwzi

Impact of Scientific Scrutiny after the 2016 Braunsbach Flash Flood on Flood-Risk Management in the State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Antje Witting, Frederik Brandenstein, Christiane Zarfl, Ana Lucía
2020 Water  
Using a network analysis and a focus-group discussion, we traced the flow of knowledge through the reported interactions between governmental, private, and academic actors in the two and a half years after  ...  Most importantly, we found conditions under which scientific scrutiny is not detached from but becomes integrated in a governance setting.  ...  This is a noteworthy point, since scientific scrutiny was not invited.  ... 
doi:10.3390/w12041165 fatcat:3u36o7wz2jfizbagmlsrnlq5ce

An experimental scrutiny of visual design modelling: VCL up against UML+OCL

Nuno Amálio, Lionel Briand, Pierre Kelsen
2019 Empirical Software Engineering  
of model defects and (iv) comprehension of a given model.  ...  The paper presents the results of a controlled experiment carried out four times in different academic settings and involving 43 participants, which compares VCL against UML and OCL and whose goal is to  ...  We thank the reviewers for their suggestions and the way they challenged the paper; this led to many improvements that resulted in a better article.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10664-019-09784-9 fatcat:uxbymvdjibc5fjxiedm3qvdix4

'From Defensive Paranoia to …Openness to Outside Scrutiny': Prison Medical Officers in England and Wales, 1979–86

Nicholas Duvall
2017 Medical history  
This article examines how a branch of medicine based within the criminal justice system responded to a society which by the 1970s and 1980s was increasingly critical of the prison system and medical authority  ...  Giving evidence to a House of Commons committee, prison doctors displayed a much greater willingness to discuss how the prison system made their work more difficult, and expressed a pronounced desire to  ...  Changes in the attitudes of prison doctors towards external collaboration and scrutiny in this period should be viewed in the wider context of the growing importance of audit 92 Social Services Committee  ... 
doi:10.1017/mdh.2017.77 pmid:29199926 pmcid:PMC5729872 fatcat:tfge7yj3ljey5pi2wvjk43gjuq

Practical Aspects of the Use of Healthcare Failure Mode and Effects Analysis Tool in The Risk Management of Pediatric Emergency Department: The Scrutiny in Iran

Yasamin Molavi-Taleghani, Asma Abdollhayar, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam, Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri
2018 Journal of Pediatric Research  
Materials and Methods: A mixed method was used to analyze failure modes and their effects with HFMEA. Five high-risk processes of the Pediatric Emergency were identified and analyzed.  ...  To classify failure modes, nursing errors in clinical management model; for classifying factors affecting error, the approved model by the United Kingdom National Health System; and for determining solutions  ...  Peer-review: External and internal peer-reviewed. Authorship Contributions Surgical Financial Disclosure: The authors declared that this study received no financial support.  ... 
doi:10.4274/jpr.78300 fatcat:5ef7zi347vez7hhqhwhznzk6by

Jurisdictional Determinations and Judicial Scrutiny

Michael Riggins
Riverside Bayview Homes and followed by the Court's gradual heightening of scrutiny through Solid Waste Agency, Rapanos v. United States, and Hawkes v. Army Corps of Engineers.  ...  From Solid Waste Agency onwards, however, the Court has continuously raised the level of scrutiny applied to the Corps' jurisdictional rules under section 404.  ...  Finally, heightened judicial scrutiny fails to account for the dynamic and changeable nature of hydraulic systems.  ... 
doi:10.15779/z384f1mj8p fatcat:tr6imm4yxrerbftqwyfqpvdwsm

Automating the software inspection process

Fraser Macdonald, James Miller, Andrew Brooks, Marc Roper, Murray Wood
1996 Automated Software Engineering : An International Journal  
This is followed by a fuller discussion of the features which could be provided by computer support for inspection and the gains that may be achieved by using such support.  ...  We then describe five tools which have been developed to support the inspection process and compare the capabilities of these tools.  ...  Acknowledgements We are extremely grateful to those who provided us with versions of their inspection support tools, in particular Gérard Memmi of Bull HN Information Systems, Inc.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00132566 fatcat:gamijqkltndalg2ka4cybpneki

A case study of distributed, asynchronous software inspection

Michael Stein, John Riedl, Sören J. Harner, Vahid Mashayekhi
1997 Proceedings of the 19th international conference on Software engineering - ICSE '97  
Our experience suggests that distributed, asynchronous software inspection is feasible, and is a costeffective means of collaboration for geographically distributed work groups.  ...  Distributed, asynchronous inspection allows participants to conduct meetings independently of time and space, making inspection more convenient.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Science Foundation (grant numbers iVSF/IRI -9208546 and NSF/IRI -9410857), ICEM Systems, Inc., and the research funds of the Graduate  ... 
doi:10.1145/253228.253250 dblp:conf/icse/SteinRHM97 fatcat:b3klj5dfrrcrvejjdyku36laby

Toward a model of school inspections in a polycentric system

Frans J.G. Janssens, Melanie C.M. Ehren
2016 Evaluation and Program Planning  
Many education systems are developing towards more lateral structures where schools collaborate in networks to improve and provide (inclusive) education.  ...  A range of suitable evaluation models are presented in this paper, as well as a tentative school inspection framework which is inspired by these models.  ...  Scotland: system dynamics in Place-based Scrutiny -East Perthshire A second example is the use of system dynamics in 'place-based scrutiny' in East Pertshire in Scotland.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2016.03.012 pmid:27065046 fatcat:2c6pyzuhprexrmcxn3qbfguy2i

Canada's eight-step vaccine safety program: Vaccine literacy

N MacDonald, L Pickering
2009 Paediatrics & child health  
Manufacturing, testing and plant inspection histories also are reviewed by government regulators.  ...  Government inspectors may test lots when conducting an inspection Independent expert review of national vaccine recommendations A committee of independent experts reviews all safety and efficacy data  ... 
doi:10.1093/pch/14.9.605 pmid:21037837 pmcid:PMC2806080 fatcat:7jgnquu765fuzotpropipwsove

Taking forward the Marine Bill: The Government response to pre-legislative scrutiny and public consultation Taking forward the Marine Bill: The Government response to pre-legislative scrutiny and public consultation Cm 7422 £17.50

Hilary Benn, Jonathan Shaw
2008 unpublished
Such a review is a principle of sound management within Government and Natural England. We will include a provision in the Bill requiring Natural England to conduct a review.  ...  The new licensing system is built on the existing system, but offers a more streamlined approach.  ...  'Higher rights' -Defra and Natural England's approach to 'higher rights' is a sensible one. The focus of the proposal is for access on foot.  ... 
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