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Scientific Computing Meets Big Data Technology: An Astronomy Use Case [article]

Zhao Zhang, Kyle Barbary, Frank Austin Nothaft, Evan Sparks, Oliver Zahn, Michael J. Franklin, David A. Patterson, Saul Perlmutter
2016 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we investigate an alternate approach that uses Apache Spark -- a modern big data platform -- to parallelize many-task applications.  ...  Our experience with Kira indicates that emerging Big Data platforms such as Apache Spark are a performant alternative for many-task scientific applications.  ...  With this system, we will try to determine which data intensive scientific applications execute most efficiently using "big data" software architectures on commodity clusters rather than using HPC software  ... 
arXiv:1507.03325v2 fatcat:ssldp2tk6natbej43qy5ptaphm

Astronomical technology - the past and the future

I. Appenzeller
2016 Astronomical Notes - Astronomische Nachrichten  
The past fifty years have been an epoch of impressive progress in the field of astronomical technology.  ...  Practically all the technical tools, which we use today, have been developed during that time span.  ...  The 1960s: Big discoveries, small technical advances Scientifically the period 1960-1969 was an exceptionally exciting time.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asna.201612360 fatcat:sjwbqtlktnbdze3dah4zd75lfi

Information technology astronomical data in Brazil: Perspectives and proposals

Ulisses Barres de Almeida, Alberto Krone-Martins, Marcos Diaz, José Dias do Nascimento, Wagner V. Léo, Reinaldo R. Rosa, Roberto K. Saito
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The Commission on Science and Information Technology (CTCI) of the Brazilian Astronomical Society (SAB) is tasked with assisting the Society on issues of astronomical data management, from its handling  ...  and the management of data centres and networks, to technical aspects of the archiving, storage and dissemination of data.  ...  This paper is the result of the work of the Commission on Science and Information Technology (CTCI) of the Brazilian Astronomical Society (SAB) and presents the results of a survey conducted within the  ... 
arXiv:2006.08703v1 fatcat:i6y7hi34kvfbrlyqzpczo2xyca

"Beautiful and cantankerous instruments": telescopes, technology, and astronomy's changing practice

W. Patrick McCray
2009 Experimental astronomy (Print)  
This entailed a re-casting of the telescope by astronomers and science managers as a factory of scientific data.  ...  The importance of this is deceptively simple: in astronomy, technological innovations have often led to new discoveries.  ...  This essay considers how technological changes since 1945-specifically, the adoption of computers and other electronic devices-have altered the nature of what it means to do astronomy and to be an astronomer  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10686-009-9138-9 fatcat:4tbm3hbberau5fipexdejnkb4u

Integrating Digital Technologies and Public Health to Fight Covid-19 Pandemic: Key Technologies, Applications, Challenges and Outlook of Digital Healthcare

Qiang Wang, Min Su, Min Zhang, Rongrong Li
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Among these digital technologies, big data, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, 5G are most effective weapons to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.  ...  Applications cases show that these technologies play an irreplaceable role in controlling the spread of the COVID-19.  ...  Data Availability Statement: Not applicable. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph18116053 fatcat:pa23aay2sneznddobzqrxyudea

Big Data: Survey, Technologies, Opportunities, and Challenges

Nawsher Khan, Ibrar Yaqoob, Ibrahim Abaker Targio Hashem, Zakira Inayat, Waleed Kamaleldin Mahmoud Ali, Muhammad Alam, Muhammad Shiraz, Abdullah Gani
2014 The Scientific World Journal  
This study also proposes a data life cycle that uses the technologies and terminologies of Big Data.  ...  Big Data has gained much attention from the academia and the IT industry. In the digital and computing world, information is generated and collected at a rate that rapidly exceeds the boundary range.  ...  Furthermore, Big Data cannot be processed using existing technologies and methods [7] .  ... 
doi:10.1155/2014/712826 pmid:25136682 pmcid:PMC4127205 fatcat:o3qiqux7mjfxbkgxyrmoc2dana

Using technology to support science inquiry learning

P John Williams, Nhung Nguyen, Jenny Mangan
2017 Journal of Technology and Science Education  
His focus was on using a range of information technologies to support student inquiry learning.  ...  The case also indicated that a range of technologies can be effective in supporting student inquiry learning.  ...  Inquiry Activity 4: "Introduction to astronomy" The class began with an introduction to astronomy through a discussion of theory and some of the basis of astronomical theories (e.g., the big bang).  ... 
doi:10.3926/jotse.234 fatcat:a7octcst4nezlfsdbg7q4qyd6e

Let's Not Talk About Science: The Normalization of Big Science and the Moral Economy of Modern Astronomy

David Baneke
2019 Science, Technology and Human Values  
Their discussion demonstrates how big science projects are an integral part of the moral and institutional economy of modern astronomy.  ...  Large telescopes are unique but not exceptional: big science has become part of "normal science," both scientifically and institutionally.  ...  The project would certainly be unique, and it would make use of Dutch technological and scientific expertise in radio astronomy.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0162243919846600 fatcat:e3lc2qjfdrexpd5mirg275xgfa

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER:Japanese Faculty Show Signs of Catching Start-Up Fever

D. Normile
1999 Science  
-COVERT SCHILLING Covert Schilling is an astronomy writer in Utrecht, the Netherlands. match the entrepreneurial vigor of U.S. researchers.  ...  Their attempts to exploit advances in computer technology and inject more natural behavior into gaming have given birth to a whole new form of interactive entertainment: physicsdriven computer games.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.286.5439.397 fatcat:hqpw2wser5hrjnavl72dzzgeka

Construction and Management of Astronomical Big Data Analysis and Multi-dimensional Information Visualization Platform

Yang Zherui, Gao Na, Liu Liang
2020 American Journal of Information Science and Technology  
The development of modern astronomy is rapidly and astronomical data increases exponentially. The HPC architecture based on GPU provides an efficient way of astronomic big data computing.  ...  Based on secure Ipv6 network environment, PMO has constructed the Big Data Analysis and Multi-dimensional Information Visualization Platform, which can reach the peak computing speed of 352Tflops and the  ...  Acknowledgements This project was supported by Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China and Computer Network Information Center, CAS.  ... 
doi:10.11648/j.ajist.20200402.12 fatcat:kqbxb6uchjcjfad7ihozz4xzmq

Data-intensive applications, challenges, techniques and technologies: A survey on Big Data

C.L. Philip Chen, Chun-Yang Zhang
2014 Information Sciences  
A new scientific paradigm is born as dataintensive scientific discovery (DISD), also known as Big Data problems.  ...  On the one hand, Big Data is extremely valuable to produce productivity in businesses and evolutionary breakthroughs in scientific disciplines, which give us a lot of opportunities to make great progresses  ...  For instance, astronomy, meteorology, social computing [187] , bioinformatics [100] and computational biology [117] are greatly based on data-intensive scientific discovery as large volume of data  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ins.2014.01.015 fatcat:mdnyfqqnh5citdt4moyfcggpfi

Advanced Technology Solar Telescope

Stephen L. Keil, Thomas R. Rimmele, Jeremy Wagner
2008 Earth, moon, and planets  
It will host an array of instruments -many using technologies still in the laboratory-and incorporate a world-class solar physics institute.  ...  Getting the fi ne structures to see the big picture: Where modern telescopes can resolve features the size of the state of Texas, ATST -using adaptive optics -will be able to resolve features as small  ...  At the same time, using advances in computer science and technology, scientists have developed intriguing new theories about those small-scale processes, but without real-world observational data to verify  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11038-008-9258-7 fatcat:g5c66gp37rcvdom4rib2natdxq

Labor Out of Place: On the Varieties and Valences of (In)visible Labor in Data-Intensive Science

Michael J. Scroggins, Irene V. Pasquetto
2020 Engaging Science, Technology, and Society  
We conceptualize data-intensive science as an evolving field and set of practices and highlight parallels between the labor literature and Science and Technology Studies.  ...  Drawing on a fifteen-year corpus of research into multiple domains of data-intensive science, we use a series of ethnographic vignettes to offer a snapshot of the varieties and valences of labor in data-intensive  ...  We write in the midst of a transition from an era of industrial organization and Big Science to an era of data-driven science and Big Data.  ... 
doi:10.17351/ests2020.341 fatcat:k7xoue2sangtlbbxtvdn3yat7e


Yadigar Imamverdiyev
2016 Problems of Information Society  
Big Data covers technologies and tools for collecting, processing, analyzing and extracting useful knowledge from structured and unstructured data of large volumes generated at high speed by different  ...  Recently, scientific and popular literature promotes Big Data as technology, which opens new perspectives and revolutionary changes in e-government, business, health, science, industry and other fields  ...  Social networks, log-files of web sites, and scientific data (in astronomy, physics, human genome, meteorology, biochemistry, biology) are well-known Big Data sources. 15-20% of data is generated by the  ... 
doi:10.25045/jpis.v07.i1.03 fatcat:mcecbsnqfva6tkizpfgs6aiyim

2008 Joint Conference on Digital Libraries Spans Culture and Technology

Carol Minton Morris
2008 D-Lib Magazine  
Scientific data doubles every year, which has fundamentally changed the nature of scientific computing.  ...  He noted that 20% of the world's servers are feeding information to big data centers Google, MSN, Yahoo, Amazon, and Ebay so it's not only just about scientific data.  ... 
doi:10.1045/july2008-morris fatcat:a2p3rgqtyzcvbj7punpmrwrj4q
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