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Efficient Energy Management Strategy for Hybrid Electric Vehicles/Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Review and Recent Advances under Intelligent Transportation System

Chao Yang, Mingjun Zha, Weida Wang, Kaijia Liu, Changle Xiang
2020 IET Intelligent Transport Systems  
With the great progress of automobile technology, hybrid electric vehicle/plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (HEV/PHEV) has already become the main achievement of transportation electrification, due to its  ...  Efficient operation technique has always been one of the common goals for researches both in automobile industrial and academic areas.  ...  The authors also appreciate the support of the Beijing Institute of Technology Research Fund Program for Young Scholars. References  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-its.2019.0606 fatcat:z55katfpqfgs5jycyvmpw4usk4

Energy Optimization and Fuel Economy Investigation of a Series Hybrid Electric Vehicle Integrated with Diesel/RCCI Engines

Ali Solouk, Mahdi Shahbakhti
2016 Energies  
In addition, the MPC results show that sub-optimal fuel economy is achieved by predicting the vehicle speed profile for a time horizon of 70 s.  ...  RCCI mode for common driving cycles.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors acknowledge CLEERS team for providing the RCCI and CI engine maps via CLEERS on-line database.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en9121020 fatcat:g6mi5szcybcbfnduqeph3d4obu

Model predictive control-based energy management strategy for a series hybrid electric tracked vehicle

Hong Wang, Yanjun Huang, Amir Khajepour, Qiang Song
2016 Applied Energy  
The series hybrid electric tracked bulldozer 2 (HETB)'s fuel economy heavily depends on its energy 3 management strategy.  ...  The comparison results demonstrate that the 12 proposed approach has approximately a 6% improvement in 13 fuel economy over the rule-based one, and it can achieve over 14 98% of the fuel optimality of  ...  The MPC can achieve 98.6% fuel 62 optimality in relation to the optimal DP under a typical 63 driving scenario.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.08.085 fatcat:ncbot4a5yncwnixnrdynf2whru

Design of a Regenerative Auxiliary Power System for Service Vehicles

Yanjun Huang, Milad Khazeraee, Hong Wang, Soheil M. Fard, Tianjun Zhu, Amir Khajepour
2018 Automotive Innovation  
The potential fuel savings brought on by the electrification of these auxiliary systems are first quantitatively analyzed over a typical drive cycle for a delivery truck.  ...  By introducing the proposed RAPS into a conventional delivery truck with an internal combustion engine, the powertrain can be treated as a hybrid because of adding an extra battery.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge financial support from Automotive Partnership Canada (APC) and the Collaborative Innovation and Platform Environment Construction Project of Guangdong Province  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42154-018-0008-x fatcat:47jomdqhhrgkdj3nefkklpjxf4

Modelling and control of hybrid electric vehicles (A comprehensive review)

Wisdom Enang, Chris Bannister
2017 Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews  
Typical fuel efficiency increase for full HEVs are around 40 -45% for real-world driving compared to a non-hybrid. Examples of full HEVs on the road today are the  ...  Typical fuel efficiency increase for mild HEVs are around 20 -25% for real-world driving compared to a non-hybrid.  ...  the production of automobiles such as hybrid electric vehicles with improved fuel economy.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.01.075 fatcat:dpad3l3svvbpde4waugurx65jm

Real-time control algorithm for minimising energy consumption in parallel hybrid electric vehicles

Bo Zhang, Fuguo Xu, Jiangyan Zhang, Tielong Shen
2020 IET Electrical Systems in Transportation  
In this work, a real-time energy management problem for a parallel hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is proposed. The considered powertrain is built from a commercial HEV model.  ...  The designed controller aims to generate the optimal power split and gear ratio schedule with respect to minimise the energy consumption of fuel and electricity.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the Toyota Motor Corporation, Japan, for technical support.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-est.2020.0052 fatcat:3q4gxlwvo5brfosths5pgwi3hu

An adaptive stochastic model predictive control strategy for plug-in hybrid electric bus during vehicle-following scenario

Zesong Pu, Xiaohong Jiao, Chao Yang, Shengnan Fang
2020 IEEE Access  
For a plug-in hybrid electric bus (PHEB) running in a specific urban route, the challenge will become how to realize the optimal power split in hybrid powertrain under the premise of maintaining driving  ...  It is closer to the fuel consumption reduction of 16.77% and 13.11 optimized by DP-MPC.  ...  ., Company, for the data and parameters of PHEB and the National Key Laboratory of Vehicular Transmission, Beijing Institute of Technology, for the support.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2966531 fatcat:e3jbv7gf55d35anpvtonnkauvu

Effect of Gear Shift and Engine Start Losses on Control Strategies for Hybrid Electric Vehicles

V. Ngo, T. Hofman, M. Steinbuch, A. Serrarens
2012 World Electric Vehicle Journal  
The study also reveals a minimum prediction length of 4s required for the design of such a realtime implementable controller to get the possible maximum fuel economy level under the impact of the engine  ...  The optimal control algorithm for the start-stop, power split and gear shift problem based on Dynamic Programming-Pontryagin's Minimum Principle control approach is used to evaluate the effect of gear  ...  Acknowledgment This study is part of the project 'Euro Hybrid' which is a research project of company Drivetrain Innovations B.V., together with the Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.  ... 
doi:10.3390/wevj5010125 fatcat:rgkgs5mp7bb5bk7qb6bsc66bla

Integrating traffic velocity data into predictive energy management of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles

Chao Sun, Fengchun Sun, Xiaosong Hu, J. Karl Hedrick, Scott Moura
2015 2015 American Control Conference (ACC)  
This paper proposes a supervised predictive energy management framework aiming to improve the fuel economy of a power-split plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) by incorporating dynamic traffic feedback  ...  A power balance PHEV model is developed for this upper level to rapidly generate optimal battery SOC trajectories, which are utilized as final state constraints in the MPC level.  ...  A real-world highway driving scenario is used for validation based on the traffic flow data from Mobile Century [5] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/acc.2015.7171836 dblp:conf/amcc/SunSHHM15 fatcat:7loqgnen3zg7rc6tb7ivez6ixy

A Survey on Through-the-Road Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Gianfranco Rizzo, Shayesteh Naghinajad, Francesco Antonio Tiano, Matteo Marino
2020 Electronics  
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) can be divided into three categories according to how the two propulsion systems (the thermal and the electric ones) supply the driving torque to the vehicle.  ...  When the torque is supplied only by an electric propulsion system, while the heat engine takes care of generating the electricity needed to operate the system, it is called a hybrid-series.  ...  However, the AP-MPC, which can be applied in real-time, results in a 16.9% improvement in fuel economy, which it is not far from the prescient MPC.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics9050879 fatcat:vawqxftphvhqrp7zlhibdqrp74

Energy Management Strategies for Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Review, Classification, Comparison, and Outlook

Fengqi Zhang, Lihua Wang, Serdar Coskun, Hui Pang, Yahui Cui, Junqiang Xi
2020 Energies  
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) have been proven to be a promising solution to environmental pollution and fuel savings.  ...  To this end, a significant number of EMSs have been proposed in the literature, which require a categorization method to better classify the design and control contributions, with an emphasis on fuel economy  ...  Simulation results for standard and real-world driving cycles show that learning-based SMPC improves the performance of classical MPC with the learned pattern of driver behavior.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en13133352 fatcat:gqcaecppvzhybcabwvjzn2gtau

An event-triggered intelligent energy management strategy for plug-in hybrid electric buses based on vehicle cloud optimization

Kaijia Liu, xiaohong jiao, Chao Yang, Weida Wang, Changle Xiang, Wei Wang
2020 IET Intelligent Transport Systems  
Energy management strategy (EMS) of plug-in hybrid electric buses (PHEBs) has a very important impact on the fuel economy.  ...  Finally, the proposed strategy is verified, and results show that the proposed strategy improves the fuel economy of the studied PHEB by 19% and 22% over that using the rule-based strategy, under the real-world  ...  Authors also appreciate the support of the Beijing Institute of Technology Research Fund Program for Young Scholars.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-its.2019.0690 fatcat:5uwiggqjhfbwhekfpzqqzzx4vm

Microsimulation of Energy and Flow Effects from Optimal Automated Driving in Mixed Traffic [article]

Tyler Ard, Robert Austin Dollar, Ardalan Vahidi, Yaozhong Zhang, Dominik Karbowski
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, we examine energy efficiencies of the fleet for conventional, electric, and hybrid vehicles.  ...  energy efficiency over human drivers when considering electric and hybrid powertrains.  ...  Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Office (Project DE-EE0008232).  ... 
arXiv:1911.06818v2 fatcat:yk4h7q7vf5bi7b77ysujxlsevy

MPC-based Energy Management Strategy for an Autonomous Hybrid Electric Vehicle

Saeed AmirfarhangiBonab, Ali Emadi
2020 IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications  
In this article, we present a novel approach for improving the fuel economy of an autonomous hybrid electric vehicle by taking advantage of this data.  ...  Specifically, we show how a more fuel-optimal energy management strategy (EMS) can be achieved for the power-split powertrain of an autonomous hybrid electric vehicle using the motion planning data.  ...  The next step would be implementing the presented approach on the supervisory control unit of a hybrid electric autonomous vehicle to test the performance on the real-world driving scenarios.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojia.2020.3029969 fatcat:7wvv72flhvdfbdgbkq3yyekkpq

Analyzing the Improvements of Energy Management Systems for Hybrid Electric Vehicles Using a Systematic Literature Review: How Far Are These Controls from Rule-Based Controls Used in Commercial Vehicles?

Juan P. Torreglosa, Pablo Garcia-Triviño, David Vera, Diego A. López-García
2020 Applied Sciences  
The review is carried out subject to the following idea: although the development of novel EMSs that seek the optimum performance of HEVs is booming, in the real world, HEVs continue to rely on well-known  ...  The hybridization of vehicles is a viable step toward overcoming the challenge of the reduction of emissions related to road transport all over the world.  ...  The casual EMSs are neither dependent on precalculated control policies nor on future knowledge of the real-world drive cycle.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app10238744 fatcat:jacrh6igaffm3etle65xbs6pnm
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