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Sara Abdulla Does the past have a future? Hardly a week goes by without the discovery of some amazing fossil that will change the way we look at the history of life. ...doi:10.1038/35011527 fatcat:mvi7vnbtrfhrror6ohvgdnsoru
I Sara Abdulla is the senior science writer on the Nature News Service. The Idiot and Learning to Love the Grey are playing at the Pleasance in Edinburgh. Safe Delivery is running at Dynamic Earth. ... Debate, not didacticism Shining some scientific light through the anger and the acne at Edinburgh Sara Abdulla Amid the angry comedy, fire-eating mime and acne-encrusted Molière of this year's Edinburgh ...doi:10.1038/35021129 fatcat:r6dp6q4skbbdrlpm6cxw6gonsa
. ■ Sara Abdulla is Nature's chief commissioning editor. ... EXHIBITION A Wellcome addition The Wellcome Collection by the Wellcome Trust 183 Euston Road, London www.wellcomecollection.org Sara Abdulla A unique cultural venue opened in London this month. ...doi:10.1038/4471056a fatcat:rclxh2ausvgtxijx24aq4k724i
Candidates for positions on the HGC panel will be paid around £130 ($217) per day of service SARA ABDULLA, LONDON ...doi:10.1038/11278 fatcat:e6n2fwedfrakhnfhtdmtt4yuua
Primary adrenal lymphoma (PAL) is a type of extranodal lymphoma that is rarely encountered in clinical settings. It is regarded as a high-grade malignancy with a very poor prognosis. Most PALs are bilateral and hardly unilateral. Nevertheless, a rise in the number of cases of bilateral and unilateral PALs has been noted in the past few years, with a wide range of presenting symptoms from fatigue to adrenal insufficiency. Many were found incidentally via radiology imaging or on postmortemdoi:10.31487/j.ijscr.2020.01.09 fatcat:mhrk3ubjpnaixp43hvizozs5ti
more »... tions. This paper aims to report an unusual case of a unilateral primary adrenal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in a previously healthy 53-yearold Bahraini male, who presented with vague yet persistent right flank pain of a few months' duration. Imaging modalities revealed a large right adrenal mass measuring 11x10x9 cm which was initially thought to be an adenoma on CT scan, but post laparoscopic surgical excision was diagnosed histologically as Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL). Cycles of Rituximab-CHOP chemotherapy was given, and on regular follow up for two and a half years, the patient remains disease-free with no signs of recurrence.
ObjectivesDiabetes Intervention Accentuating Diet and Enhancing Metabolism-I (DIADEM-I) is the first randomised controlled trial (RCT) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region testing the effectiveness of an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) for weight loss and diabetes remission. We report on the recruitment process and baseline characteristics of the DIADEM-I cohort based on origin (Middle East vs North Africa), and waist circumference.DesignDIADEM-I is an open-label randomised,doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041386 pmid:33293319 fatcat:zmw23irrpvea5lvnblsp76pxoq
more »... controlled, parallel group RCT recruiting young individuals (18–50 years) with early type 2 diabetes (≤3 years since diagnosis) originating from MENA. Individuals from primary care were randomised to usual medical care or ILI (total dietary replacement phase using meal replacement products, followed by staged food reintroduction and physical activity support). The primary outcome is weight loss at 12 months. Other outcomes are glycaemic control and diabetes remission.SettingPrimary care, Qatar.Participants147 (73% men) randomised within DIADEM-I who were included in the final trial data analysis.Outcome measuresRecruitment metrics, and baseline clinical and metabolic characteristics.ResultsOf 1498 people prescreened, 267 (18%) were invited for screening and 209 (78%) consented. 173 (83%) were eligible. 15 (7%) withdrew before randomisation and the remaining 158 were randomised. Mean age was 42.1 (SD 5.6) years and mean body mass index was: 36.3 (5.5) kg/m2 (women) and 34.4 (5.4) kg/m2 (men). Mean diabetes duration was 1.8 (1.0) years and mean glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was 7.0% (1.30) (52.5 mmol/mol (SD 14.3)). Participants originated from 13 countries. Those from North Africa reported greater physical activity and had lower family history of diabetes. 90% of subjects were taking diabetes medications and 31% antihypertensives. Those with greater waist circumference had significantly higher insulin resistance and lower quality of life.ConclusionRecruitment of participants originating from the MENA region into the RCT was successful, and study participation was readily accepted. While DIADEM-I participants originated from 13 countries, there were few baseline differences amongst participants from Middle East versus North Africa, supporting generalisability of RCT results.Trial registration numberISRCTN20754766; NCT03225339
In line with the recent developments and innovations, standardization is a topic that is mainly focused on to ensure an easy flow of operations and reduction in complexity in many different fields. Given the diverse applications of which standardization can be applied to, this paper will focus specifically on the standardization of commissioning tests for protection relays as well as the process and the impact of the implementation of standardization in this particular field. Background : Thisdoi:10.36348/sjet.2020.v05i11.012 fatcat:5fw7x4jmzvf4hobfv56cwn22he
more »... aper's focus and origin is from the United Arab Emirates specifically in the electricity sector in Dubai's Water and Electricity Authority (DEWA); Transmission Power Division, Transmission Protection Department (TPD). Direct emphasis is on the commissioning section where various commissioning tests are carried out for many different protection relays in many different applications in Transmission Substations of Voltage Levels 400/132kV and 132/11kV. As of date, Transmission Power substations counts 330 numbers while more are yet to undergo or complete the engineering phase only to enter the commissioning phase and be tested and commissioned. Commissioning tests have been made easier and more efficient by introducing standardization in 2010, where procedures of various commissioning tests involving protection relays have been standardized and applied whenever a new substation comes to light.
Abdulla for artwork. This work was supported by Qatar Biomedical Research Institute. ...doi:10.3389/fnmol.2019.00253 pmid:31680857 pmcid:PMC6808050 fatcat:q2u3djshujhrzdnug4b7au3aia
Formal analysis: Khadija Al Saif, Fatema Mohamed Abdulla, Anwaar Alrahim, Sara Abduljawad, Zainab Matrook, Jenan Jaafar Abdulla, Fatima Bughamar, Rana Taqi, Amna Almarzooq. ... Author Contributions Conceptualization: Khadija Al Saif, Fatema Mohamed Abdulla, Anwaar Alrahim, Sara Abduljawad, Zainab Matrook, Jenan Jaafar Abdulla, Fatima Bughamar, Fatema Alasfoor, Rana Taqi, Amna ...doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0266501 pmid:35390069 pmcid:PMC8989311 fatcat:xhsf3gyyffc4bpgiamhwqkhrl4
Germ cell tumors (GCTs) arise along the midline, in which 50-70% of extragonadal GCTs occur in the mediastinum. Malignant GCTs are more common in males, while benign GCTs occur equally in both males and females. This report presents a case of a giant primary mediastinal nonseminomatous GCT resected from a 35-year-old male who presented with dyspnoea and tightness in the chest. Thorough investigations including a chest MRI were done. It showed a 21×19×15 cm tumor. Thus, surgical resection of thedoi:10.1155/2019/7123241 pmid:31281707 pmcid:PMC6590609 fatcat:z7mu362dhvakxnm7u3s32pghyq
more »... tumor through a midline sternotomy was done. Histopathological analysis diagnosed the tumor as a primary mediastinal teratocarcinoma with a sarcomatous component. Eighteen-month follow-up showed no tumor recurrence. Mediastinal teratocarcinoma is a rare and life-threatening germ cell tumor. Studies recommend the use of chemotherapy prior to resection as an important step in its management. Close and regular follow-up postsurgical resection is advised.
Iron deficiency may be severe despite a normal hemoglobin and full blood count. Since iron losses not met iron intake, iron stores depleted and non-anemic iron deficiency (NAID), occurs preceding iron deficiency anemia (IDA). NAID is a diagnostic challenge. Ferritin concentration is the most sensitive and specific test used for identification of iron deficiency. The study designed to determine the prevalence of Non-anemic iron deficiency (NAID). In addition, the correlation between serumdoi:10.5281/zenodo.4277120 fatcat:assd6baxwnelthut6o5zqkpuv4
more »... n with iron and hemoglobin levels in NAID. The study included (35 males and 110 females) non-anemic patients, recruited from the Al Akeed laboratory after completed a questionnaire to obtain clinical information and analyzed through SPSS version 24. Blood samples collected and analyzed for iron variables (Serum iron, total iron binding capacity (TIBC), transferrin saturation, ferritin, and hemoglobin (Hb). Based on ferritin levels non-anemic patients divided into two groups, the proportion of Normo-ferritin was 47.6% with normal iron level (96.7±50.8), Hb (13.5±2.0) UIBC (250.4±103.3) and TIBC, (342.0±94.9). Hemoglobin had significant correlation with MCHC, MCH, and MCV in this group. Low-ferritin level were 11.8±7.1 ng/mL in 76 cases suggesting the prevalence of sub-clinical iron deficiency in 52.4% cases. The levels of iron, Hemoglobin were normal. Ferritin had positive correlation with iron levels, Hemoglobin and MCH, and a highly significant but negative correlation with UIBC and TIBC. The ferritin level can be helpful in early recognition and diagnosis of IDA with appropriate interpretation of IDA. A direct relationship of iron, ferritin and transferrin with hemoglobin in non-anemic. Iron deficiency.
Sara Abdulla be to ensure that brain simulations would be linked to behavioural outcomes, so they would always know whether any simulated activity was 'right or wrong'. ...doi:10.1038/d41586-020-03463-2 pmid:33293713 fatcat:nwsmd5daijfffehyjt7ve4wubu
El-Naas2, Mohamed Elkawafi2, Atya Kushan2 and Sara Arfan2 1. Al Fawyhat - Kairawan Street, Benghazi, Libya. 2. ... Asynchronous online learning, on the other hand, has no real-time interaction but it relies on students having open Corresponding Author:- Abdulla M. ...doi:10.5281/zenodo.5790706 fatcat:t5gcywn5yrc43a6foogajrwrt4
Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious respiratory disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that mainly affects the lungs. COVID-19 symptoms include the presence of fevers, dry coughs, fatigue, sore throat, headaches, diarrhea, and a loss of taste or smell. However, it is understood that SARS-CoV-2 is neurotoxic and neuro-invasive and could enter the central nervous system (CNS) via the hematogenous route or via the peripheral nerve route and causesdoi:10.3390/v13102091 pmid:34696521 pmcid:PMC8540806 fatcat:e5uyuhbcyzbond7dpevrovgrgy
more »... cephalitis, encephalopathy, and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) in COVID-19 patients. This review discusses the possibility of SARS-CoV-2-mediated Multiple Sclerosis (MS) development in the future, comparable to the surge in Parkinson's disease cases following the Spanish Flu in 1918. Moreover, the SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with a cytokine storm. This review highlights the impact of these modulated cytokines on glial cell interactions within the CNS and their role in potentially prompting MS development as a secondary disease by SARS-CoV-2. SARS-CoV-2 is neurotropic and could interfere with various functions of neurons leading to MS development. The influence of neuroinflammation, microglia phagocytotic capabilities, as well as hypoxia-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction and neurodegeneration, are mechanisms that may ultimately trigger MS development.
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