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Cholecystolithiasis mimicking pyloric stenosis

Ramesh Y. Bhat, Sandesh Kini
2021 Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health  
doi:10.4038/sljch.v50i4.9901 fatcat:i3pqrbrgvvaadi3hl5atphg2oa

CYPUR-NN: Crop Yield Prediction Using Regression and Neural Networks [article]

Sandesh Ramesh, Anirudh Hebbar, Varun Yadav, Thulasiram Gunta, A Balachandra
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Our recent study using historic data of paddy yield and associated conditions include humidity, luminescence, and temperature. By incorporating regression models and neural networks (NN), one can produce highly satisfactory forecasting of paddy yield. Simulations indicate that our model can predict paddy yield with high accuracy while concurrently detecting diseases that may exist and are oblivious to the human eye. Crop Yield Prediction Using Regression and Neural Networks (CYPUR-NN) is
more » ... ed here as a system that will facilitate agriculturists and farmers to predict yield from a picture or by entering values via a web interface. CYPUR-NN has been tested on stock images and the experimental results are promising.
arXiv:2011.13265v1 fatcat:fuowqyky2zfxvgnjp47ixqnh5m

E-Pro: Euler Angle and Probabilistic Model for Face Detection and Recognition [article]

Sandesh Ramesh, Manoj Kumar M V, Sanjay H A
2020 arXiv   pre-print
It is human nature to give prime importance to facial appearances. Often, to look good is to feel good. Also, facial features are unique to every individual on this planet, which means it is a source of vital information. This work proposes a framework named E-Pro for the detection and recognition of faces by taking facial images as inputs. E-Pro has its potential application in various domains, namely attendance, surveillance, crowd monitoring, biometric-based authentication etc. E-Pro is
more » ... oped here as a mobile application that aims to aid lecturers to mark attendance in a classroom by detecting and recognizing the faces of students from a picture clicked through the app. E-Pro has been developed using Google Firebase Face Recognition APIs, which uses Euler Angles, and Probabilistic Model. E-Pro has been tested on stock images and the experimental results are promising.
arXiv:2011.14200v1 fatcat:x2k5araxivdz5amzhry3j6ld24

Utilization of mobile dental vans at post graduate dental institutions in India

Nagarajappa Sandesh, Ramesh Nagarajappa, Seema Abid Hussain, Gayathri Ramesh, Ashish Singla, K Prabhusankar
2014 Oral Health and Dental Management  
Mobile Dental Van (MDV) removes the barrier of accessibility and improves the care of underserved populations. Dental institutions across India, providing postgraduate training in dental public health organize and conduct MDV programs as part of their curriculum. To describe the structure, conduct and utilization of MDV programs in consideration to duration of use by the academic institutions for oral health care delivery in rural areas. Hundred postgraduates in Public Health Dentistry
more » ... ing 27 dental institutions of India completed a 40 item questionnaire on MDV program and utilization. Descriptive statistics and Fisher's exact test were used for statistical analysis. The mobile dental van programs were more curative with limited orientation towards preventive services. The institutionally sponsored programs with experience of more than 10 years had better organized setup and adequate emergency management system together with electricity, water and storage facilities. Chair side assistants were employed in 90 percent of newer programs compared to only 50 percent of older programs. Dental hygienists were helping the dentists in only 60 percent of programs. The utilization of MDV in treating rural underserved is indispensable, but revenue and high productivity is difficult to achieve as lower socioeconomic patients are predominantly served. MDV programs operational in postgraduate institutions have to improvise on correcting the shortcomings regarding the facilities and manpower to improve the utilization of the programs.
pmid:24603911 fatcat:oy5ajb35uvhmlhdlhdm2tupzm4

REaL: Real-time Face Detection and Recognition Using Euclidean Space and Likelihood Estimation [article]

Sandesh Ramesh, Manoj Kumar M V, K Aditya Shastry
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Detecting and recognizing faces accurately has always been a challenge. Differentiating facial features, training images, and producing quick results require a lot of computation. The REaL system we have proposed in this paper discusses its functioning and ways in which computations can be carried out in a short period. REaL experiments are carried out on live images and the recognition rates are promising. The system is also successful in removing non-human objects from its calculations. The
more » ... stem uses a local database to store captured images and feeds the neural network frequently. The captured images are cropped automatically to remove unwanted noise. The system calculates the Euler angles and the probability of whether the face is smiling, has its left eye, and right eyes open or not.
arXiv:2011.14603v1 fatcat:cb56fxixq5ghppwirhp2fl2qve

Maternal Syphilis

Aarti Kinikar, Nikhil Gupte, Jayalakshmi Bhat, Renu Bharadwaj, Vandana Kulkarni, Ramesh Bhosale, Katherine N McIntire, Vidya Mave, Nishi Suryavanshi, Sandesh Patil, Robert Bollinger, Amita Gupta
2017 Sexually Transmitted Diseases  
Syphilis is associated with increased human immunodeficiency virus acquisition and sexual transmission; we examined impact on human immunodeficiency virus mother-to-child transmission among mother-infant pairs enrolled in the India
doi:10.1097/olq.0000000000000622 pmid:28499289 pmcid:PMC5434955 fatcat:vk3tjmyjqfcfvdcp62iatfmuje

Hypothyroidism Causing Precocious Puberty and Ovarian Torsion

Sandesh Kini, Ramesh Bhat Y, Phalguna Kousika, Chennakeshava Thunga, Koushik Handattu, Lakshmikanth Halegubbi Karegowda
2019 Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society  
Hypothyroidism in children causes delayed puberty. However longstanding untreated hypothyroidism can lead to precocious puberty which may be secondary to hyperprolactinemia or increased levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), enhancing the sensitivity of ovaries to circulating gonadotropins. Here we report a seven and half years old girl with hypothyroidism presenting with precocious puberty and multicystic ovaries which responded well to thyroid hormone supplementation but subsequently
more » ... eloped left ovarian torsion requiring surgical intervention.
doi:10.3126/jnps.v39i3.23815 fatcat:xbfxj7xx2jgtvomyno5kemafqu

Clonidine Toxicity: One or More Tablets can be Dangerous in Toddlers

Sandesh Kini, Ramesh Bhat Y, Phalguna Kousika, Chennakeshava Thunga
2019 Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society  
Clonidine was a popular anti-hypertensive drug during the 1970s but is less commonly used now. In children clonidine is used to treat attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD). We report a toddler who accidentally ingested 0.3 mg of clonidine and developed respiratory failure with hypotension requiring ventilatory support and inotropes but recovered completely within one week. In any case scenario, when a previously healthy child presents with sudden onset respiratory failure, we should
more » ... a high index of suspicion of clonidine use by anyone at home and its easy accessibility to the child.
doi:10.3126/jnps.v39i1.23669 fatcat:7fxyopyv6fbzdpjboetnieic54

Clinical and Immunological Spectrum of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in Children

Sandesh Kini, Ramesh Bhat Y, Chennakeshava Thunga, Sowmya Shashidhara, Akshatha Anand
2020 Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society  
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an auto immune disorder affecting mainly adolescent females and young women of reproductive age. The disease is characterised by widespread inflammation of blood vessels and connective tissues due to the presence of anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA). There are limited number of studies from South India on paediatric lupus. Our objectives were to study the clinical and immunological features of childhood SLE along with treatment modalities and its outcome at the
more » ... end of one year follow up. The correlation between various auto-antibodies and systemic involvement was also assessed. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study carried out in paediatric unit at a tertiary care centre in South India. Data was obtained through patient's medical records. From April 2003 to April 2019, 32 children were diagnosed to have SLE as per the American college of Rheumatology 1997 criteria. Results: The study population included 32 children fulfilling the criteria. Female to male ratio was 4.3:1. The mean age at diagnosis was 11.52 years. The most common clinical manifestations were renal (87.5%) followed by haematological (81.3%), musculoskeletal (59.4%), mucocutaneous (53.1%) and nervous system (31.3%) involvement. All patients were positive for anti-nuclear antibodies. Anti-double stranded DNA (78.1%) was the most common auto-antibody profile followed by anti-ribosomal p protein (37.5%) and anti-nucleosome antibody (37.5%). During the follow up, 13 (40.6%) children attained complete remission, 10 (31.2%) went into partial remission and nine (28.1%) had persisting active disease. Conclusion: The clinical spectrum and outcome of paediatric SLE depends upon the age of presentation and number of organ systems involved at the time of diagnosis. Our study throws light on various aspects of SLE in children from developing countries like India.
doi:10.3126/jnps.v40i1.28460 fatcat:oyjk25w64fhpvfxujpjlwzilia

Spectrum of Influenza B Viral Infection in Indian Children: A Tertiary Centre Experience

Sandesh Kini, Ramesh Bhat Y, Koushik Handattu, Phalguna Kousika, Chennakeshava Thunga
2018 Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society  
Influenza viral infection in children can range from subclinical illness to multi system involvement. The morbidity associated with influenza B viral infection is often overlooked. India being the second most populous country, accounts for 20% of global childhood deaths from respiratory infections. There is paucity of data on the clinical features and complications of influenza B viral infections in children from the Indian subcontinent. Our objective was to study the clinical profile,
more » ... ty, complications and outcome associated with Influenza B viral infection in children < 18 years of age. Material and Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in South India. Children less than 18 years of age admitted to our paediatric unit were included in the study. We reviewed the case sheets of 56 patients who tested positive for influenza B virus during the study period and recorded their clinical and laboratory data. Throat swab obtained from cases were tested by RT-PCR. The illness was classified as upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia and severe pneumonia. Outcome measures analysed were- mortality, need for oxygen supplementation or assisted ventilation, duration of oxygen support, duration of ICU/ hospital stay and time for defervescence following initiation of oseltamivir therapy. Results: The mean age of the study population was 6.98 years. Majority of the affected children were > 5 years of age in the school going category with a male to female ratio of 3:2. The diagnosis based on clinical and radiological findings included upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) in 44 (78.5%) cases followed by pneumonia in 11(19.6%) and severe pneumonia in one (1.7%) child. The peak incidence was in the month of March. Malnutrition was the most common risk factor affecting 22 (39.3%) cases followed by history of asthma in eight (14.3%). Three children required oxygen supplementation at admission. The median duration of hospital stay was seven days. The median duration for defervescence following initiation of oseltamivir therapy was 24 hours. Mortality was recorded in one infant who died of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Conclusions: Influenza B virus should be screened in all children having underlying high risk medical condition, presenting with pneumonia or upper respiratory tract infection. Oseltamivir therapy should be initiated early in the management of influenza B viral infections to prevent complications.
doi:10.3126/jnps.v38i3.23119 fatcat:njv7jkmwzje2horngpyo7d3u5q

Impact of fixed orthodontic appliances on quality of life among adolescents in India

R Nagarajappa, G Ramesh, N Sandesh, RT Lingesha, MA. Hussain
2014 Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry  
Malocclusion can seriously impair quality of life and they may affect various aspects of life, including function, appearance, interpersonal relationships and even career opportunities. To assess and determine various factors that may influence the impact of orthodontic treatment on the quality of life of adolescents. Cross sectional study in adolescents of Moradabad was conducted on 109 males and 113 females (n=222) adolescents having a fixed orthodontic appliance, aged 13 to 22 years (mean
more » ... 5±1.5). A pre-structured questionnaire designed by Mandall et al, with nine conceptual impact sub-scales to highlight the problem faced by the patient in daily life after wearing the appliance was used to collect the data. Unpaired t-test was used to determine the statistical significance and the influence of variables were analysed using multiple linear regression analysis. Factors which demonstrated high impact were oral hygiene (Mean=3.42; SD=0.78) followed by time constraints (Mean=3.23; SD=0.72) and physical impact (Mean=3.00; SD=0.61). Gender difference showed statistical significance in social impact (p=0.009), time constraints (p=0.001) and travel or cost implications (p=0.009). Internal reliability of the questionnaire ranged from low to good (Cronbach's alpha 0.29-0.81). Test-retest reliability ranged from an intra-class correlation coefficient 0.09-0.42. Patients who had been comprehensively informed about their treatment had greatest levels of satisfaction and compliance with treatment. Younger patients showed an earlier adaptation to treatment with fixed appliances which influenced the treatment to be started at the earliest possible age. Key words:Impact, malocclusion, quality of life.
doi:10.4317/jced.51651 pmid:25593662 pmcid:PMC4282907 fatcat:ioy4sm2g2vdgfcrydfdjmjdnri

Clinical profile and outcome of Wilson disease in Indian children: A single centre study

Sandesh Kini, Koushik Handattu, Kalyan Chakravarthy Konda, Ramesh Bhat Y
2019 Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health  
Wilson disease is an inherited disorder of copper metabolism characterised by cirrhosis of the liver, bilateral degeneration of basal ganglia and pigmented rings in the periphery of cornea. The clinical features vary considerably. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment favours good prognosis. Objectives: To study the clinical and biochemical features of children with Wilson disease and the outcome after therapy at one year follow up.
doi:10.4038/sljch.v48i2.8706 fatcat:czy45lwnnzglfndnrte2byjgxy

Four cases of branding in children: A harmful traditional practice in rural India

Sandesh Kini, Ramesh Bhat Y, Koushik Handattu, Kalyan Chakravarthi Konda
2020 Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health  
doi:10.4038/sljch.v49i3.9155 fatcat:xff4qjgh7bgntcnurhqjmcrkhq

Spectrum of H1N1 influenza infection in Indian children: A tertiary centre experience

Kalyan Chakravarthy Konda, Koushik Handattu, Ramesh Bhat Y, Sandesh B. Kini, Siva G. V. Krishnakanth
2019 Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health  
Objective: To study the clinical profile, severity, outcome and risk factors for H1N1 influenza infection in children <18 years.
doi:10.4038/sljch.v48i2.8704 fatcat:anreo7aunbabrojycyvbx4a4d4

Impact of maternal human immunodeficiency virus infection on pregnancy and birth outcomes in Pune, India

Sandesh Patil, Ramesh Bhosale, Pradeep Sambarey, Nikhil Gupte, Nishi Suryavanshi, Jayagowri Sastry, Robert C. Bollinger, Amita Gupta, Anita Shankar
2011 AIDS Care  
AIDS Care he Setetye Vol. 23, No. 12, December 2011, 1562—1569 Impact of maternal human immunodeficiency virus infection on pregnancy and birth outcomes in Pune, India Sandesh Patil", Ramesh Bhosale”,  ... 
doi:10.1080/09540121.2011.579948 pmid:21711178 fatcat:cxdwjsa3mbdubmjqla5d6m7qxq
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