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Sampling in Software Engineering Research: A Critical Review and Guidelines [article]

Sebastian Baltes, Paul Ralph
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This article therefore reports a critical review of the state of sampling in recent, high-quality software engineering research.  ...  in software engineering research.  ...  This project was supported by the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (Grant No. RGPIN-2020-05001)  ... 
arXiv:2002.07764v6 fatcat:fu5oi4gnnjarhh2s56453mdgtm

Investigating probabilistic sampling approaches for large-scale surveys in software engineering

Rafael Maiani de Mello, Pedro Corrêa da Silva, Guilherme Horta Travassos
2015 Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development  
Therefore, we believe the sharing of this experience, the instruments and plan can be helpful for those researchers and practitioners interested on executing large scale surveys in Software Engineering  ...  Establishing representative samples for Software Engineering surveys is still considered a challenge.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank all subjects that took part in the studies and have collborated with this research. CNPq has supported ESE group's researches.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40411-015-0023-0 fatcat:fgjmxvu2gvdxld2h5z7c4wxpqi

Worse Than Spam

Sebastian Baltes, Stephan Diehl
2016 Proceedings of the 10th ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Empirical Software Engineering and Measurement - ESEM '16  
We present one specific ethical guideline and point to debates in other research communities to start a discussion in the software engineering research community about which sampling strategies should  ...  Reaching out to professional software developers is a crucial part of empirical software engineering research. One important method to investigate the state of practice is survey research.  ...  As mentioned above, we do not want to judge existing research and sampling techniques, but we want to start a discussion that may lead to new ethical guidelines for software engineering researchers.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2961111.2962628 dblp:conf/esem/Baltes016 fatcat:5pfxpw27hbhf5f2kh46ru3orxa

Research Documentation Guidelines - Capturing knowledge, improving research

Andre Oboler, Ian Sommerville
2007 Fourth International Conference on Information Technology (ITNG'07)  
We introduce the guidelines and discuss their success and popularity as a tool for MSc students undertaking five month research projects.  ...  The guidelines lead to the use of comments combined with dOxygen as an agile approach to model both the software and the research ideas as they develop and change.  ...  Engineers perception From the Software Engineers perspective, the use of coding guidelines combined with dOxygen allowed a project to be reviewed in two hours with two hours spent in preparation by the  ... 
doi:10.1109/itng.2007.167 dblp:conf/itng/ObolerS07 fatcat:7uzdkr5swzc2dc7os4oumsxylu

Empirical Standards for Software Engineering Research [article]

Paul Ralph, Nauman bin Ali, Sebastian Baltes, Domenico Bianculli, Jessica Diaz, Yvonne Dittrich, Neil Ernst, Michael Felderer, Robert Feldt, Antonio Filieri, Breno Bernard Nicolau de França, Carlo Alberto Furia (+31 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The ACM SIGSOFT Paper and Peer Review Quality Initiative generated empirical standards for research methods commonly used in software engineering.  ...  These living documents, which should be continuously revised to reflect evolving consensus around research best practices, will improve research quality and make peer review more effective, reliable, transparent  ...  Gage and Julian C. Stanley. 1963 Acknowledgements The editor would like to acknowledge the assistance of ACM SIGSOFT, and president Thomas Zimmerman in particular, for kickstarting this initiative.  ... 
arXiv:2010.03525v2 fatcat:mieyckxox5f5dehnhvsgycrkfe

Preliminary guidelines for empirical research in software engineering

B.A. Kitchenham, S.L. Pfleeger, L.M. Pickard, P.W. Jones, D.C. Hoaglin, K. El Emam, J. Rosenberg
2002 IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering  
They are based on a review of research guidelines developed for medical researchers and on our own experience in doing and reviewing software engineering research.  ...  Empirical software engineering research needs research guidelines to improve the research and reporting processes.  ...  Acknowledgments This paper arose from the project " Methods for Valid Analysis of Software Datasets" funded by the United Kingdom Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (GR/L 28371).  ... 
doi:10.1109/tse.2002.1027796 fatcat:olchktk4uzglppzt3xr5yaxhzm

Qualitative software engineering research – reflections and guidelines [article]

Per Lenberg, Robert Feldt, Lucas Gren, Lars Göran Wallgren Tengberg, Inga Tidefors, Daniel Graziotin
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Our paper will help software engineering researchers better select and then guide the application of a broader set of qualitative research methods.  ...  With the support of an epistemological argument and a literature review, we suggest that future research would benefit from (1) utilizing a broader set of research methods, (2) more strongly emphasizing  ...  In the section that follows, we extract a representative sample of qualitative software engineering research and assess the quality (section 3).  ... 
arXiv:1712.08341v2 fatcat:grgm5qdnkjbbhiamvnphabj3he

Research Software Sustainability

2020 Zenodo  
a talk about software sustainability given as a guest lecture in LaTech CSC 532: Advanced Topics: Software Engineering  ...  NCSA, SDSC, TACC, give programmers a home & critical mass for career paths • Moore/Sloan Data Science program created new structure across universities • Research Software Engineers (No personal research  ...  : random sample 90 articles in biology literature -> 7 different types of software mentions Journal of Open Source Software (JOSS) • A developer friendly journal for research software packages •  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4058717 fatcat:lz3hpmjsffdqpadlbgm5bwow6a

Diversity in software engineering research

Meiyappan Nagappan, Thomas Zimmermann, Christian Bird
2013 Proceedings of the 2013 9th Joint Meeting on Foundations of Software Engineering - ESEC/FSE 2013  
One of the goals of software engineering research is to achieve generality: Are the phenomena found in a few projects reflective of others?  ...  Furthermore, we propose reporting guidelines for research: in addition to coverage scores, papers should discuss the target population of the research (universe) and dimensions that potentially can influence  ...  Reporting Guidelines There have been several studies in software engineering on guidelines for conducting and reporting empirical software engineering research. [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2491411.2491415 dblp:conf/sigsoft/NagappanZB13 fatcat:jkek7ne6snbt3cuuwx6ubtgicm

Worldviews, Research Methods, and their Relationship to Validity in Empirical Software Engineering Research

Kai Petersen, Cigdem Gencel
2013 2013 Joint Conference of the 23rd International Workshop on Software Measurement and the 8th International Conference on Software Process and Product Measurement  
ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work has been supported by ELLIIT, the Strategic Area for ICT research, funded by the Swedish Government.  ...  There defined a few guidelines in empirical software engineering to asses threats to validity of research results while using different methods. For example, Wohlin et al.  ...  software engineering research.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iwsm-mensura.2013.22 dblp:conf/iwsm/PetersenG13 fatcat:nwccvvmriff3vj4ks65r5mosy4

Challenges in Survey Research [article]

Stefan Wagner, Daniel Méndez Fernández, Michael Felderer, Daniel Graziotin, Marcos Kalinowski
2020 arXiv   pre-print
While being an important and often used research method, survey research has been less often discussed on a methodological level in empirical software engineering than other types of research.  ...  The chapter covers theory building, sampling, invitation and follow-up, statistical as well as qualitative analysis of survey data and the usage of psychometrics in software engineering surveys.  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to all collaborating researchers in the NaPiRE initiative. References AERA, APA, NCME (2014)  ... 
arXiv:1908.05899v4 fatcat:lz5yiii3xnfh7gg7cqjyuvosvi

Grounded theory in software engineering research

Klaas-Jan Stol, Paul Ralph, Brian Fitzgerald
2016 Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Software Engineering - ICSE '16  
The latter is an important extension since current GT guidelines in software engineering do not cover the reporting process, despite good reporting being necessary for evaluating a study and informing  ...  In this paper, we describe the variants of GT and identify the core set of GT practices. We then analyze the use of grounded theory in software engineering.  ...  ., Hall, W. and Kruchten, P. 2011. Using grounded theory to study the experience of software development. Empirical Software Engineering, 16, 4, 487-513.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2884781.2884833 dblp:conf/icse/StolRF16 fatcat:jr6iqegrlvdt7dnmw7xgmkt2eu

Reflection: Improving Research through Knowledge Transfer

Andre Oboler, Simon Lock, Ian Sommerville
2006 2006 International Conference on Software Engineering Advances (ICSEA'06)  
We conclude by introducing an approach to help manage and plan research projects. Process imrpovement, knowledge transfer, research environment, process modeling, software engineering education I.  ...  This paper presents the development and refinement of our model of the research process as we seek to understand and improvement the process through three generations of case studies.  ...  We do not suggest that our approach is perfect, but it does provide a framework for improving the computer science research experience and in particular the communication and reflection of researchers  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsea.2006.261326 dblp:conf/icsea/ObolerLS06 fatcat:kbjfth63tnhzrdaqbizrzkpmmq

Evolving an Experience Base for Software Process Research [chapter]

Zhihao Chen, Daniel Port, Yue Chen, Barry Boehm
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Through eBASE we have realized tangible benefits in automating, organizational learning, and strategic advantages for software engineering research.  ...  Since 1996 the USC Center for Software Engineering has been accumulating a large amount of software process experience through many realclient project software engineering practices.  ...  refined software process, and guidelines in software engineering practices.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11608035_35 fatcat:iveghy2sibbpdhfxj5o3odhvhy

Qualitative research in software engineering

Tore Dybå, Rafael Prikladnicki, Kari Rönkkö, Carolyn Seaman, Jonathan Sillito
2011 Empirical Software Engineering  
Many in the software industry recognize that software development also presents a number of unique management and organizational issues that need to be addressed and solved in order for the field to progress  ...  Qualitative research methods were developed in the social sciences to enable researchers to study social and cultural phenomena and are designed to help researchers understand people and the social and  ...  Qualitative research methods have been found, in many other fields, to be critical to grasping and understanding the phenomena in which humans play a role.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10664-011-9163-y fatcat:ialz3obicrg2nnnimvzq4uccu4
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