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Safety Challenges for Autonomous Vehicles in the Absence of Connectivity [article]

Akhil Shetty, Mengqiao Yu, Alex Kurzhanskiy, Offer Grembek, Hamidreza Tavafoghi, Pravin Varaiya
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Using prototypical examples motivated by the NHTSA pre-crash scenario typology, we show that fully autonomous vehicles cannot guarantee safety in the absence of connectivity.  ...  In particular, the absence of connectivity of an AV with its neighboring vehicles (V2V) and the infrastructure (I2V) leads to a lack of information that can induce such crashes.  ...  Kyungwon Kang for providing us with a processed version of the NGSIM US-101 dataset.  ... 
arXiv:2006.03987v2 fatcat:mci2uyovcfd65c2ux6tcks7xx4

Introductory Chapter: Roles of Path Planning in Providing Reliable Navigation and Control for Autonomous Vehicles and Robots [chapter]

Umar Zakir Abdul Hamid, Volkan Sezer, Bin Li, Yanjun Huang, Muhammad Aizzat Zakaria
2019 Path Planning for Autonomous Vehicles - Ensuring Reliable Driverless Navigation and Control Maneuver  
Acknowledgements The editors would like to thank all the reviewers and authors involved in the works.  ...  In the case of road navigation of an autonomous vehicle, the vehicle is typically expected to navigate independently during the entire Challenges and issues for path planning of autonomous vehicles [12  ...  Despite much of the works done in the PP fields for autonomous robots and vehicles, real-time implementation still possesses some challenges.  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.88634 fatcat:7sak5puwgravlmmatcz7w2dkvm

Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) Challenges with Nonmotorized Amenities Environments

Febronie Nambajemariya, Yongshun Wang, Twizerane Jean D'Amour, Kwizera Niyigena Vincent DePaul, Yao Hu
2021 Artificial Intelligence Advances  
With the deployment of Connected and Automated Vehicles in the coming decades, road transportation will experience a significant upheaval.  ...  CAVs (Connected and Autonomous Vehicles) have been a main emphasis of Transportation and the automotive sector, and the future of transportation system analysis is widely anticipated.  ...  Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) Issues CAVs have made significant advances in all areas over the last few decades. New challenges and problems have surfaced at the same time.  ... 
doi:10.30564/aia.v3i2.3651 fatcat:naddouktjjcpnn3x4icszvnjum

Critical features of autonomous road transport from the perspective of technological regulation and law

Cesare Bartolini, Tamás Tettamanti, István Varga
2017 Transportation Research Procedia  
Although the use of driverless cars raises considerable expectations of a general improvement in safety, new challenges concerning the safety aspects stem from the changing context.  ...  Although the use of driverless cars raises considerable expectations of a general improvement in safety, new challenges concerning the safety aspects stem from the changing context.  ...  Acknowledgements This paper was supported by the János Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and by the European COST Action TU1305 "Social networks and travel behavior".  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2017.12.002 fatcat:jhrzypkgpndsfmni6pptddewti

Automotive Intelligence Embedded in Electric Connected Autonomous and Shared Vehicles Technology for Sustainable Green Mobility

Ovidiu Vermesan, Reiner John, Patrick Pype, Gerardo Daalderop, Kai Kriegel, Gerhard Mitic, Vincent Lorentz, Roy Bahr, Hans Erik Sand, Steffen Bockrath, Stefan Waldhör
2021 Frontiers in Future Transportation  
The automotive sector digitalization accelerates the technology convergence of perception, computing processing, connectivity, propulsion, and data fusion for electric connected autonomous and shared (  ...  The safety and transparency of AI-based technology and the explainability of the purpose, use, benefits, and limitations of AI systems are critical for fulfilling trustworthiness requirements.  ...  The concept and evolution of ECAS vehicles are presented in Concept and Evolution of Electric Connected Autonomous and Shared Vehicles.  ... 
doi:10.3389/ffutr.2021.688482 fatcat:3yr2mvmoanadxpk6zcbgbtjiy4

Challenges in Architecting Fully Automated Driving; with an Emphasis on Heavy Commercial Vehicles [article]

Naveen Mohan, Martin Törngren, Viacheslav Izosimov, Viktor Kaznov, Per Roos, Johan Svahn, Joakim Gustavsson, Damir Nesic
2019 arXiv   pre-print
For all cases, the design and verification of the ADI will pose a grand challenge and relate to the evolution of the regulatory framework including safety standards.  ...  Fully automated vehicles will require new functionalities for perception, navigation and decision making -- an Autonomous Driving Intelligence (ADI).  ...  A series of workshops have been planned with the help of 'Innovative Center for Embedded Systems' (ICES) at KTH within the taskforce of 'Autonomous Systems Architectures and Platforms' (ASAP) industrial  ... 
arXiv:1912.02005v1 fatcat:6fxs6gylcjcc3e2txef5l4ulka

SafetyOps [article]

Umair Siddique
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Safety assurance is a paramount factor in the large-scale deployment of various autonomous systems (e.g., self-driving vehicles).  ...  In this position paper, we highlight some challenges of applying current safety processes to modern autonomous systems.  ...  SafetyOps can play a role in solving some crucial challenges related to the development of autonomous vehicles.  ... 
arXiv:2008.04461v1 fatcat:xog4ziojgbgt5ijri2cq7vzdfm

Future Trends in Connected and Autonomous Vehicles: Enabling Communications and Processing Technologies

Issam W. Damaj, Jibran K. Yousafzai, Hussein T. Mouftah
2022 IEEE Access  
With significant advancements in information and communication technologies, connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) can provide improved transportation services.  ...  To that end, we propose the design of a future generic OBCU architecture that can be customized with appealing features and used in CAVs.  ...  KEY COMMUNICATIONS AND PROCESSING ASPECTS OF CAVS In this section, key aspects of in-vehicle and V2X communication technologies, and the computational challenges of autonomous driving are briefly examined  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3168320 fatcat:6vwqm7zbefhmvfozt5y64erfyu

Analysis of Autonomous Mobile Collectives in Complex Physical Environments (Dagstuhl Seminar 19432)

Mario Gleirscher, Anne E. Haxthausen, Martin Leucker, Sven Linker, Michael Wagner
2020 Dagstuhl Reports  
This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 19432 "Analysis of Autonomous Mobile Collectives in Complex Physical Environments".  ...  Our working hypothesis for this seminar was that for systems of such complexity and criticality, the trustworthy certification and the successful operation in society will strongly benefit from the coordinated  ...  /implemented techniques and policies for safety enforcement of autonomous railway vehicles, with the aim to derive a more general conceptual model encompassing the principles upon which safety of autonomous  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.9.10.95 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/GleirscherHLL19 fatcat:ut2tli44vrbplhpfjb42w7jpja

Systems for Safety and Autonomous Behavior in Cars: The DARPA Grand Challenge Experience

U. Ozguner, C. Stiller, K. Redmill
2007 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Overall, the intent of the paper is to evaluate approaches and technologies used in the two Grand Challenges as they contribute to the needs of autonomous cars on the road.  ...  | In this paper, we review technologies for autonomous ground vehicles and their present capabilities in research and in the automotive market.  ...  .: Systems for Safety and Autonomous Behavior in Cars: The DARPA Grand Challenge Experience Ö zgü ner et al.: Systems for Safety and Autonomous Behavior in Cars: The DARPA Grand Challenge Experience  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2006.888394 fatcat:3dank4mrhvhjxb5xrz2c2rhgvm

Autonomous Vehicles And Automated Driving: Status, Perspectives And Societal Impact

Schoitsch Erwin
2016 Zenodo  
fleets, new chances for transport optimization and reduction of resource usage, but also severe threats expected from the safety, cyber-security and privacy side of such highly automated, connected systems  ...  Autonomous systems, automated vehicles in general and particularly the most popular concept of Automated Driving are not just a vision of a remote future – rather closed systems like metros and similar  ...  /funding authorities (in Austria FFG (Austrian Research Promotion Agency) on behalf of BMVIT, The Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology) and (grant agreements n° 332987 (ARROWHEAD) and  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.180258 fatcat:b46v6au4gzdejadvzlvwgm3ia4

Policy challenges of increasing automation in driving

Ata M. Khan, Ataur Bacchus, Stephen Erwin
2012 IATSS Research  
Although autonomous vehicles have been developed for research purposes and are being tested in controlled driving missions, the autonomous driving case is only a long term (level III 2025 +) scenario.  ...  (level II 2010-2025) are expected to exhibit connected cognitive vehicle features and encompass increasing degree of automation in the form of advanced driver assistance systems.  ...  Acknowledgments The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of our employers.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.iatssr.2012.02.002 fatcat:gkyybh5vejakfi2v7gowmcwv6i

Autonomous Road Vehicles: Challenges for Urban Planning in European Cities

Nikolaos Gavanas
2019 Urban Science  
In this context, the present paper focuses on the challenges from the implementation of autonomous road vehicles for passenger transport in European cities.  ...  Nowadays, there is not enough data for a real-life assessment of this impact. Experts estimate that autonomous vehicles will be available for uptake in the next decade.  ...  The technology of the fully autonomous vehicle (AV) is aligned with these megatrends, especially in the case of connected and autonomous vehicles (CAV), which allow for the communication between vehicles  ... 
doi:10.3390/urbansci3020061 fatcat:p5e6sstbmzcbvdnoaqgdqndvbe

LIABILITY OF A MANUFACTURER OF FULLY AUTONOMOUS AND CONNECTED VEHICLES UNDER THE PRODUCT LIABILITY DIRECTIVE

Taivo Liivak
2018 International Comparative Jurisprudence  
It presents the Directive's prerequisites for manufacturer liability and examines legal gaps arising from the definition of 'product' in the light of the characteristics of fully autonomous and connected  ...  Fully autonomous and connected vehicles are products combining hardware, software and services. The main advantage of such vehicles is arguably their safety owing to the elimination of human error.  ...  Conclusions The fitness of the Product Liability Directive for responding to challenges posed by fully autonomous and connected vehicles appears to be questionable at least in one aspect.  ... 
doi:10.13165/j.icj.2018.12.008 doaj:48a6dae01c3246d89a8c928cc8721ac7 fatcat:5msqftdepfhaphy2dr4jtuzvti

Towards Safe and Secure Autonomous and Cooperative Vehicle Ecosystems

Antonio Lima, Francisco Rocha, Marcus Völp, Paulo Esteves-Veríssimo
2016 Proceedings of the 2nd ACM Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems Security and Privacy - CPS-SPC '16  
a holistic analysis, under the perspective of fully-fledged ecosystems of autonomous and cooperative vehicles.  ...  This evolution coexists with a progressive connectivity and cooperation, creating important safety and security challenges, the latter ranging from casual hackers to highly-skilled attackers, requiring  ...  So, in what concerns autonomous and connected or cooperative vehicles, we argue for a change in the mindset behind threat models and safety cases, when malicious adversaries are part of the equation: security  ... 
doi:10.1145/2994487.2994489 dblp:conf/ccs/LimaRVV16 fatcat:kcpquhekv5a55dfscuusxh433y
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