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Preventing torture for people deprived of freedom: The Atlantic Hope and Black Swan Prison Model

Ernest N. Ogbozor, Mara L. Schoeny, Andrew E. Baer
2017 Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture  
The simulation entails comprehensive monitoring, assessment, visits and provision of services to prisoners from the point of arrest, during the transition to places of custody, and imprisonment.  ...  The Atlantic Hope simulation exercise on monitoring detainees and visits to the mock Black Swan prison represents a teaching model to enhance sustainable protection of detainees and POW during incarceration  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the many faculty, volunteers, and students who participated in the simulations.  ... 
doi:10.7146/torture.v27i1.26535 fatcat:nyj4dsucyjgw7h5n5iry5tid7e

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision-Detailed Assessment of Observance

International Monetary Fund
2014 IMF Staff Country Reports  
As far as AIs' use of models for calculating capital charges is concerned, the BSD collects from the relevant AIs their model output for review from time to time.  ...  from time to time.  ... 
doi:10.5089/9781498372176.002 fatcat:oq6icwt2ybfjbpxpogk5oatru4

Intelligence and Cognitive Control [chapter]

Adam Chuderski, Edward Nęcka
2010 Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition  
We suggest that a functional framework of this kind may benefit from the consideration of an additional "integration" function .  ...  We interpret the current findings on such limitations in terms of the cognitive exhaustion model (see Sedek et al., this volume).  ...  A retrieval-failure account of LI also gains support from animal experiments that have manipulated the time between the stage-2 acquisition and stage-3 test stages.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-1210-7_16 fatcat:itedvhvceratlgg74gnnweasbm

Objective automated analysis of natural language: The Fluency Profiling System as a measure of the efficiency of dynamic language networks

Dunn John
2012 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Topics are very diverse, ranging from studies of cognition and brain function, in health and disorder, using EEG, fMRI, TMS methods, to computational models in neuroscience, to pure psychophysics in vision  ...  sciences, to animal models in neuropsychiatry.  ...  task confronts the observer.  ... 
doi:10.3389/conf.fnhum.2012.208.00045 fatcat:aa5swb7j4zb5jppuyxs7qoc374

Effects of Type 1 Diabetes on Gray Matter Density as Measured by Voxel-Based Morphometry

G. Musen, I. K. Lyoo, C. R. Sparks, K. Weinger, J. Hwang, C. M. Ryan, D. C. Jimerson, J. Hennen, P. F. Renshaw, A. M. Jacobson
2006 Diabetes  
The effects of type 1 diabetes and key metabolic variables on brain structure are not well understood.  ...  Moreover, in the patient group, higher HbA 1c levels and severe hypoglycemic events were associated with lower density of gray matter in brain regions responsible for language processing and memory.  ...  We administered the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) (32) , four subtests in the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (33), two working memory tasks, the verbal paired associate task  ... 
doi:10.2337/diabetes.55.02.06.db05-0520 pmid:16443764 fatcat:succyczkubdrfjnmpv4do6bi4a

Quality and denoising in real‐time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback: A methods review

Stephan Heunis, Rolf Lamerichs, Svitlana Zinger, Cesar Caballero‐Gaudes, Jacobus F. A. Jansen, Bert Aldenkamp, Marcel Breeuwer
2020 Human Brain Mapping  
We found: (a) that less than a third of the studies reported implementing standard real-time fMRI denoising steps, (b) significant room for improvement with regards to methods reporting and (c) the need  ...  It has sparked increased interest as a promising non-invasive treatment option in neuropsychiatric and neurocognitive disorders, although its efficacy and clinical significance are yet to be determined  ...  signal in a task-unrelated ROI from the main ROI used for neurofeedback.  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.25010 pmid:32333624 pmcid:PMC7375116 fatcat:xddngwjzyvea3pobc5i6q6ddp4

Getting the word out: neural correlates of enthusiastic message propagation

Emily B. Falk, Matthew Brook O'Donnell, Matthew D. Lieberman
2012 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
We combined tools from natural language processing (NLP) with data gathered using fMRI to link the neurocognitive mechanisms that are set in motion during initial exposure to ideas and subsequent behaviors  ...  Participants' language from video-taped interviews collected post-scan was transcribed and given to an automated linguistic sentiment analysis (SA) classifier, which returned ratings for evaluative language  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors gratefully acknowledge Karl Dambacher, Sylvia Morelli, Locke Welborn, Sarah Paje, Chu Kim, Amber Haney, Danielle Whalen, Aliss Markosian, Heather Mak, Tomoyo Kuriyama, and Julia  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00313 pmid:23189049 pmcid:PMC3506032 fatcat:jjcfp5sujrfa3lmrfpwpm63en4

Abstracts Presented at the 2004 Annual Meeting of the Australian Society for the Brain Impairment (ASSBI) and the International Neuropsychological Society (INS), July 7–10, 2004, Brisbane, Australia

2004 Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society  
A model for emotion processing will be presented that considers different routes to perceptual categorization of input and the role of emotional responsivity.  ...  The extent to which each of these facets of emotional processing are intact in people with TBI and the extent to which these interact to aid emotion recognition will be discussed.  ...  We present papers that address the issue from a clinical perspective, from a rehabilitation perspective, and from a public policy perspective.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355617704040032 fatcat:vhwnpun3ijaythkza2x4s7es7i

A conceptual framework of organisational alignment to improve South African mining companies

F.J. Burger, T.G. Pelser
2018 African Journal of Business and Economic Research  
the discipline of strategy planning and execution in general and in particular to the subject area of organisational alignment.  ...  An online questionnaire-approach was followed to collect data from 286 managers from a selection of all the major South African mining commodity sectors on their perceptions of the degree of organisational  ...  and does not experience intrinsic satisfaction executing the task.  ... 
doi:10.31920/1750-4562/2018/v13n2a7 fatcat:3tev52zz6vhjto6zfiis7aaut4

Abstracts: 23rd Annual RIMS Conference 2018

2018 Multiple Sclerosis  
Conclusions: The smaller changes in speed and stride length found in pwMS with higher disability during the dual-task, seem to indicate that MS might induce a prioritization towards the motor task, probably  ...  A two-way RM-ANOVA was performed to investigate differences associated with the presence of the disease and the performed task.  ...  Acknowledgements The survey was supported by a RIMS grant 2012 and unrestricted educational grant from Novartis Pharma AG to RIMS, 260388/ SVV/2017 and Progres Q35.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1352458518771862 pmid:29790435 fatcat:kzlnivlhgrdfporx7bflirtclu

Children with dyslexia show cortical hyperactivation in response to increasing literacy processing demands

Frøydis Morken, Turid Helland, Kenneth Hugdahl, Karsten Specht
2014 Frontiers in Psychology  
Eleven children with and 18 without dyslexia were assessed using a reading paradigm based on different stages of literacy development.  ...  Overall, the dyslexia group showed cortical hyperactivation compared to the typical group. The difference between the groups tended to increase with increasing processing demands.  ...  Each block was modeled by its onset time and its duration of 24 s. The resulting onset vector was convolved with a hemodynamic response function (hrf), provided by SPM8.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01491 pmid:25566160 pmcid:PMC4273608 fatcat:zvy3mn445vdhlnnpgahmupn4yq

A physiological signature of sound meaning in dementia

Phillip D. Fletcher, Jennifer M. Nicholas, Laura E. Downey, Hannah L. Golden, Camilla N. Clark, Carolina Pires, Jennifer L. Agustus, Catherine J. Mummery, Jonathan M. Schott, Jonathan D. Rohrer, Sebastian J. Crutch, Jason D. Warren
2016 Cortex  
Nonverbal auditory semantic competence was assessed using a novel within-modality sound classification task and neuroanatomical associations of pupillary responses were assessed using voxel-based morphometry  ...  The bvFTD, SD and AD groups had a nonverbal auditory semantic deficit relative to healthy controls and nonverbal auditory semantic performance was inversely correlated with the magnitude of the enhanced  ...  ), and disease severity metrics (symptom duration and a nonverbal executive measure, reverse visual spatial span) were assessed using linear regression models.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2016.01.007 pmid:26889604 pmcid:PMC4819950 fatcat:u4aha3tzsjbztozxda524dt2ze

Artificial Intelligence: Research Impact on Key Industries; the Upper-Rhine Artificial Intelligence Symposium (UR-AI 2020) [article]

Andreas Christ, Franz Quint
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The alliance's common goal is to reinforce the transfer of knowledge, research, and technology, as well as the cross-border mobility of students.  ...  The TriRhenaTech alliance is a network of universities in the Upper-Rhine Trinational Metropolitan Region comprising of the German universities of applied sciences in Furtwangen, Kaiserslautern, Karlsruhe  ...  The author is responsible for the content of this publication. Acknowledgments Underlying projects to this article are funded by the WTD 81 of the German Federal Ministry of Defense.  ... 
arXiv:2010.16241v1 fatcat:y6lc2dmlyvh55bw2ytfbf7hwta

Cognitive control and right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex: reflexive reorienting, motor inhibition, and action updating

Benjamin J. Levy, Anthony D. Wagner
2011 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences  
Delineating the functional organization of the prefrontal cortex is central to advancing models of goal-directed cognition.  ...  Keywords response inhibition; reorienting; inferior frontal gyrus; fMRI In many situations, input from the environment is sufficient to drive cognition in a bottomup fashion resulting in the production  ...  Acknowledgments This work was funded by the NIMH (5R01-MH080309 and F32-079648).  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.05958.x pmid:21486295 pmcid:PMC3079823 fatcat:iwxysum4irfanflvpcxfdvtlna

The Neural Basis of Hyperlexic Reading

Peter E Turkeltaub, D.Lynn Flowers, Alyssa Verbalis, Martha Miranda, Lynn Gareau, Guinevere F Eden
2004 Neuron  
Cohen et al. (1997) struction (Sparks, 1995).  ...  Ethan weighed 10 lbs 2 oz at birth and lexic reading, neural models of hyperlexia have folmeasured 22 inches in length; height and weight relowed from neuropsychological findings.  ...  signal magnitude between Ethan and the covert reading during execution of the feature detection task.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0896-6273(03)00803-1 pmid:14715131 fatcat:mublv65hc5cwdawzdmw5cuiwge
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