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### Modeling in OWL 2 without Restrictions [article]

Michael Schneider, Sebastian Rudolph, Geoff Sutcliffe
2013 arXiv   pre-print
Weidenbach, C., Fietzke, A., Kumar, R., Suda, M., Wischnewski, P., Dimova, D.: SPASS Version 3.5. In: Schmidt, R. (ed.)  ...  -SPASS---3.5 says Theorem -CPU = 0.03 08: % RESULT: SOT_UpcwQb -SPASS---3.5 says Theorem -CPU = 0.02 09: % RESULT: SOT_U6z2LZ -SPASS---3.5 says Theorem -CPU = 0.02 10: % RESULT: SOT_5KC2Z_ -SPASS---3.5  ...

### Update report: LEO-II version 1.5 [article]

Christoph Benzmüller, Nik Sultana
2013 arXiv   pre-print
Experiments comparing 30-second invocations of Leo-II on all THF problems, supported by provers E (version 1.6), SPASS (version 3.5) [17] and Vampire (version 2.6) [10] showed us that there were 37  ...  , 5 and 20 theorems that were proved exclusively by Leo-II(E), Leo-II(SPASS) and Leo-II(Vampire), respectively.  ...

### Superposition Modulo Linear Arithmetic SUP(LA) [chapter]

Ernst Althaus, Evgeny Kruglov, Christoph Weidenbach
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science
In particular, we develop new effective versions for the standard superposition redundancy criteria taking the linear arithmetic theory into account.  ...  The resulting calculus is implemented in SPASS(LA) and extends the state of the art in proving properties of first-order formulas over linear arithmetic.  ...  Both examples are contained in the experimental Spass(LA) version provided at http://spass-prover.org/prototypes/. 0 ≤ z ≤ 40 x i := z 0 ≤ z ≤ 40 x i := z S 1 S 3 S 4 S 2 x L ≥ 200 x L < 200 S 0 x L :=  ...

### Constraints on the spectral index of polarized synchrotron emission from WMAP and Faraday-corrected S-PASS data [article]

U. Fuskeland, K. J. Andersen, R. Aurlien, R. Banerji, M. Brilenkov, H. K. Eriksen, M. Galloway, E. Gjerløw, S. K. Næss, T. S. Svalheim, I. K. Wehus
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Three different versions of the S-PASS data are considered, corresponding to either no correction for Faraday rotation; Faraday correction based on the rotation measure model presented by the S-PASS team  ...  Statistically speaking, there is a 3-4σ discrepancy between the spectral indices observed at α = 10 • and 70 • , with values ranging between β = −3.1 and −3.5.  ...  Based on these models, we produce Faraday corrected versions of the S-PASS sky map by performing the following rotation pixel-by-pixel, Q U = cos 2φ RM sin 2φ RM − sin 2φ RM cos 2φ RM Q U . (2) Here (Q  ...

### Constraints on the spectral index of polarized synchrotron emission from WMAP and Faraday-corrected S-PASS data

U. Fuskeland, K. J. Andersen, R. Aurlien, R. Banerji, M. Brilenkov, H. K. Eriksen, M. Galloway, E. Gjerløw, S. K. Næss, T. L. Svalheim, I. K. Wehus
2020 Astronomy and Astrophysics
Three different versions of the S-PASS data are considered, corresponding to: no correction for Faraday rotation; Faraday correction based on the rotation measure model presented by the S-PASS team; or  ...  Statistically speaking, there is a 3-4σ discrepancy between the spectral indices observed at α = 10 • and 70 • , with values ranging between −3.1 and −3.5.  ...  Based on these models, we produced Faraday-corrected versions of the S-PASS sky map by performing the following rotation pixel-by-pixel, Q Û = cos 2φ RM sin 2φ RM − sin 2φ RM cos 2φ RM Q U . (2) Here (  ...

### AB0791 Madrid Sonographic Enthesis Index: useful outcome in the diagnosis of axial spondyloarthritis

C. S. Bellagha, M. Slouma, S. Ben Dhia, J. Ben Katib, L. Metoui, R. Dhahri, I. Gharsallah, B. Louzir
2022 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Statistics" software version 21.A Receiver Operator Curve (ROC) analysis was performed to determine the cutoff of MASEI able to discriminate G0 from G1.ResultsThe study included 29 men (78%) and 8 women  ...  following parameters: disease activity using Bath Ankylosing Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS-ESR).Statistical analysis was performed using "IBM SPASS  ...  Statistical analysis was performed using "IBM SPASS Statistics" software version 21.  ...

### Automatic Generation of Invariants for Circular Derivations in SUP(LA) [chapter]

Arnaud Fietzke, Evgeny Kruglov, Christoph Weidenbach
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science
We have implemented the rule in the SPASS(LA) theorem prover with promising results, showing that it can considerably speed up proof search and enable termination of saturation for practically relevant  ...  To find the transformation, the sequence of inferences is applied to a parameterized version of the initial clause, as shown in Figure 3 .1.  ...  SPASS(LA) terminates with the answer "completion found" 2 after deriving 23 clauses.  ...

### Large Formal Wikis: Issues and Solutions [chapter]

Jesse Alama, Kasper Brink, Lionel Mamane, Josef Urban
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science
SPASS went from a custom license allowing only non-commercial use (SPASS 1.0) to GPL2 (SPASS 2.0) to FreeBSD license (SPASS 3.5).  ...  /current/doc/Mizar_FLA.pdf http://mizar.org/version/current/doc/FAQ http://mizar.org/version/current/doc/COPYING.interpretation http://mizar.org/version/current/doc/COPYING.GPL http://mizar.org/version  ...

### Prover-independent Axiom Selection for Automated Theorem Proving in Ontohub

Eugen Kuksa, Till Mossakowski
2016 Conference on Automated Deduction
As a side note, the E Theorem Prover performs better than SPASS, even when comparing the E Theorem Prover without preselecting axioms against the best result with the selection for SPASS.  ...  . • Logical theories (and all other files) are versioned. The underlying git 1 [27] version control system is an integral part of Ontohub.  ...

### Locally covariant quantum field theory and the problem of formulating the same physics in all space–times: Figure 1

Christopher J. Fewster
2015 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Note that the SPASs property is intended as a necessary criterion for T to be a satisfactory notion of SPASs.  ...  The relative Cauchy evolution of A induced by (h, j) ∈ H(M, J) is defined as the automorphism rce (M,J) [h, j] := A (i + ) • A (j − ) −1 • A (j + ) • A (i + ) −1 (3.5) of A (M, J).  ...

### Dynamical Locality and Covariance: What Makes a Physical Theory the Same in all Spacetimes?

Christopher J. Fewster, Rainer Verch
2012 Annales de l'Institute Henri Poincare. Physique theorique
As there may be many answers to this question, we isolate a necessary condition, the SPASs property, that should be satisfied by any reasonable notion of SPASs.  ...  By explicit constructions, the full class of locally covariant theories is shown not to satisfy the SPASs property, establishing that there is no notion of SPASs encompassing all such theories.  ...  To give a simple outline of one version of our construction, suppose that Phys is the category of * -algebras and suppose that A is a well-behaved theory.  ...

### Clinical aspects of palmoplantar dermatoses in patients attending tertiary health care centre

Yashodha Hassan Vasanthkumar, Mangala Hedne Chandrasekhar, Shamnur Basavrajappa Murugesh
2020 International Journal of Research in Dermatology
Statistical analysis was performed with the SPSS (statistical package for social sciences) version 16. [IBM SPASS statistics (IBM corp. Armonk, NY, USA released 2011)].  ...  (8.5%), hyperkeratotic eczema (7.5%), keratolysis exfoliative (7%), contact dermatitis (5%), hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) (6%), palmoplantar hyperhidrosis (4.5%), verruca vulgaris (4%), callus (3.5%  ...

### The SMT Competition 2015–2018

Tjark Weber, Sylvain Conchon, David Déharbe, Matthias Heizmann, Aina Niemetz, Giles Reger, Martina Seidl, Luca Pulina
2019 Journal on Satisfiability, Boolean Modeling and Computation
Interestingly, it decreased from 2015 to 2016 by 3.5 %.  ...  This has more than doubled, from 3.5 years in 2015 to 7.6 years in 2018.  ...

### Sozialtraining in der Gruppe für Kinder und Jugendliche im Autismus-Spektrum. Auswertung eines Trainings

Barbara Kipfer, Jana Baumgartner Schreckenbach, Andreas Eckert
2021 Zenodo
Zudem sind Rückfragen bei Unklarheiten durch die schriftliche Version erschwert.  ...  Segmentmatrix zu Spass, Spass am Spiel und Spass in Gemeinschaft Spass: Unter dieser Kategorie werden Aussagen aufgeführt, die Spass in Zusammenhang mit dem Sozialtraining nennen, dies aber nicht mit  ...

### A Datalog Hammer for Supervisor Verification Conditions Modulo Simple Linear Arithmetic [article]

Martin Bromberger
2021 arXiv   pre-print
A toolchain from the BS(LRA) prover SPASS-SPL to the Datalog reasoner VLog establishes an effective way of deciding verification conditions in the Horn fragment.  ...  For the experiments, we used a Debian Linux server with 32 Intel Xeon Gold 6144 (3.5 GHz) processors and 754 GB RAM.  ...  Lemma 14. ∧∃¯.¬ (¯) is equisatisfiable to its hammered version = tren ( ) ∪ tfacts( , ) ∪{ }. is equisatisfiable to its hammered version tren ( ) ∪tfacts( , ). Proof.  ...
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