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SCAN: Learning Hierarchical Compositional Visual Concepts [article]

Irina Higgins, Nicolas Sonnerat, Loic Matthey, Arka Pal, Christopher P Burgess, Matko Bosnjak, Murray Shanahan, Matthew Botvinick, Demis Hassabis, Alexander Lerchner
2018 arXiv   pre-print
This paper describes SCAN (Symbol-Concept Association Network), a new framework for learning such abstractions in the visual domain.  ...  If such representations are compositional and hierarchical, they can be recombined into an exponentially large set of new concepts.  ...  JMVAE is unable to learn a hierarchical compositional latent representation of concepts like SCAN does.  ... 
arXiv:1707.03389v3 fatcat:xzeglj2ylnerxmtxookl5sgvku

Semantic Analysis and Recognition of Raster-Scanned Color Cartographic Images [chapter]

Serguei Levachkine, Aurelio Velàzquez, Victor Alexandrov, Mikhail Kharinov
2002 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
a novel conception of composite image representation [7, 9] .  ...  Its visual improvement: right -by composite image technique; middle -by combining false color and composite image techniques Fig. 5b . 5b Cartographic pattern page-out from a composite image (extreme  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-45868-9_15 fatcat:y4eccdbtmnf5nc4bivdysl7x44

Scanning the Issue

Azim Eskandarian
2021 IEEE transactions on intelligent transportation systems (Print)  
Balasubramanian It presents a novel concept of 3D-based position detection scheme for mmWave beam alignment and selection.  ...  Hierarchical Bayesian Framework for Bus Dwell Time Prediction I. K. Isukapati, C. Igoe, E. Bronstein, V. Parimi, and S. F.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tits.2021.3073191 fatcat:t2v7w23rmjex7eluksr46yo4v4

Stage Conscious Attention Network (SCAN) : A Demonstration-Conditioned Policy for Few-Shot Imitation [article]

Jia-Fong Yeh, Chi-Ming Chung, Hung-Ting Su, Yi-Ting Chen, Winston H. Hsu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Experiment results show that SCAN can learn from different experts without fine-tuning and outperform baselines in complicated compound tasks with explainable visualization.  ...  SCAN uses an attention module to identify each stage in length-variant demonstrations.  ...  Moreover, the concept of ”demonstration condi- • Extensive experiment results express proposed SCAN is tioned” echoes our motivations.  ... 
arXiv:2112.02278v1 fatcat:i2scaw42qvfmfhlimnzow3465m

New Frontiers for Scan Statistics: Network, Trajectory, and Text Data [chapter]

Renato M. Assunção, Roberto C. S. N. P. Souza, Marcos O. Prates
2020 Handbook of Scan Statistics  
The job occupations are organized in a hierarchical tree.  ...  They are not static, and over time their structure, composition, and patterns of connection may change.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-8414-1_47-1 fatcat:i7mruwigejc4ti2kufrvbd5qwm

Automatic Interpretation of Melanocytic Images in Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy [chapter]

Marco Wiltgen, Marcus Bloice
2016 Microscopy and Analysis  
Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) enables the noninvasive examination of skin tissue.  ...  Readers will learn how to apply multiresolution analysis and modern deep learning neural network techniques to medical image analysis problems.  ...  Neural networks process an image by use of a hierarchical processing architecture which mimics the way the visual cortex processes visual stimuli from the primary cortex (V1) to different layers (V2-V8  ... 
doi:10.5772/63404 fatcat:b4thysdfm5eqxjkrud6iej7qam

Scan2Part: Fine-grained and Hierarchical Part-level Understanding of Real-World 3D Scans [article]

Alexandr Notchenko, Vladislav Ishimtsev, Alexey Artemov, Vadim Selyutin, Emil Bogomolov, Evgeny Burnaev
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We propose Scan2Part, a method to segment individual parts of objects in real-world, noisy indoor RGB-D scans.  ...  Specifically, we use a sparse U-Net-based architecture that captures the fine-scale detail of the underlying 3D scan geometry by leveraging a multi-scale feature hierarchy.  ...  The concept of "Recognition-by-components" is closely related to "analysis-by-synthesis" (Yuille and Kersten, 2006; Yildirim et al., 2015) approach in machine learning.  ... 
arXiv:2206.02366v1 fatcat:serua2wwfre2bd435j5lsin6c4

The ORNL Lectures on Scanning Probe Microscopy, Part 1: Piezoresponse Force Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Ferroelectrics, Energy Materials, and Biological Systems

Sergei V. Kalinin
2019 Microscopy Today  
Scanning probe microscopies (SPM) have opened the window into characterization of nanoscale functionalities of a broad panoply of materials and devices.  ...  Subsequently, the efforts of Binnig, Rohrer, and Quate have brought forward the concepts of scanning probe microscopy (SPM), including scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) [3] and atomic force microscopy  ...  The data analysis and visualization bottlenecks, which stymied the field as recently as two years ago, are now being circumvented via the adoption of big data and machine learning tools [27, 28] .  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1551929519000993 fatcat:ghhconlwbrdxvaeopttsw73iti

Evaluation of Yogurt Microstructure Using Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy and Image Analysis

Jacob L. Skytte, Ovidiu Ghita, Paul F. Whelan, Ulf Andersen, Flemming Møller, Anders B. Dahl, Rasmus Larsen
2015 Journal of Food Science  
Practical Application: Confocal laser scanning microscopy images can be used to provide information on the protein microstructure in yogurt products.  ...  Imaging this protein network using confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM) has shown good results, and CSLM has become a standard measuring technique for fermented dairy products.  ...  The result is shown in Figure 8B , and comparing directly to Figure 1 there is a good visual correspondence between the images and the hierarchical representation.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1750-3841.12885 pmid:25959794 fatcat:eicpn532jjfsld7molp742tj7u

COGNITIVE STYLE AND PERSONALITY: SCANNING AND ORIENTATION TOWARD AFFECT1

Samuel Messick
1989 ETS Research Report Series  
the interpretation of the scanning cognitive style.  ...  The cognitive style dimension of scanning refers to consistent individual differences in the extensiveness and intensity of spontaneous attention deployment, leading to individual variations in vividness  ...  This dimension of differential attention to discrete signals as opposed to informational context is reminiscent of Pask's (1976) distinction between operation learning and comprehension learning, with  ... 
doi:10.1002/j.2330-8516.1989.tb00342.x fatcat:4cdtni2uyrco5ost5t4mykdq6i

An horizon scan of biogeography

Michael N Dawson, Adam C Algar, Alexandre Antonelli, Liliana M Dávalos, Edward Davis, Regan Early, Antoine Guisan, Roland Jansson, Jean-Philippe Lessard, Marske A. Katharine, Jenny McGuire, Alycia L Stigall (+3 others)
2013 Frontiers of Biogeography  
An horizon scan was suggested by Kathy Willis during the IBS Board Meeting at the Fairchild Botanical Gardens on 8 th January 2013.  ...  Equivalence in the strength of distance-decay in genetic similarity across hierarchical levels supports the general importance of neutral processes.  ...  Crucially, ecological function and interactions depend not on the rich-ness, but on the composition of species.  ... 
doi:10.21425/f5fbg18854 fatcat:felci27jovgcrolzq7blxkupbu

An horizon scan of biogeography

Michael N Dawson, Adam C Algar, Alexandre Antonelli, Liliana M Dávalos, Edward Davis, Regan Early, Antoine Guisan, Roland Jansson, Jean-Philippe Lessard, Katharine A Marske, Jenny L McGuire, Alycia L Stigall (+3 others)
2013 Frontiers of Biogeography  
An horizon scan was suggested by Kathy Willis during the IBS Board Meeting at the Fairchild Botanical Gardens on 8 th January 2013.  ...  horizon scan of biogeography see archive.sciencewatch.com/about/met/fielddef/ However, organizers of the 6th IBS meeting made a conscious effort to integrate posters by concepts and themes rather  ...  Equivalence in the strength of distance-decay in genetic similarity across hierarchical levels supports the general importance of neutral processes.  ... 
pmid:24707348 pmcid:PMC3972886 fatcat:caab3wcnhzbfjhslv2aqwyd4ja

An horizon scan of biogeography

Michael N Dawson, Adam C Algar, Alexandre Antonelli, Liliana M Dávalos, Edward Davis, Regan Early, Antoine Guisan, Roland Jansson, Jean-Philippe Lessard, Marske A. Katharine, Jenny McGuire, Alycia L Stigall (+3 others)
2013 Frontiers of Biogeography  
An horizon scan was suggested by Kathy Willis during the IBS Board Meeting at the Fairchild Botanical Gardens on 8 th January 2013.  ...  Equivalence in the strength of distance-decay in genetic similarity across hierarchical levels supports the general importance of neutral processes.  ...  Crucially, ecological function and interactions depend not on the rich-ness, but on the composition of species.  ... 
doi:10.21425/f55218854 fatcat:qvexrvsmcngivaeu72oxgzj62q

Dynamic In-Situ Observation on the Failure Mechanism of Flax Fiber through Scanning Electron Microscopy

2018 Fibers  
The analysis also enabled visualization of a few internal details of flax fiber such as the arrangement of meso-fibrils and micro-fibrils (nano-fibrils).  ...  For investigating the failure mechanism of individual and technical flax fibers, a tensile test bench was placed within a scanning electron microscope, and the entire process of fiber failure was investigated  ...  Acknowledgments: Funding received by NDSU for this study was provided by the Composites Innovation Center (CIC), Winnipeg, Canada, and the North Dakota Department of Commerce-Center for Biobased Materials  ... 
doi:10.3390/fib6010017 fatcat:v7pcifissvbsdcinfvmb3dz4xi

Big data and deep data in scanning and electron microscopies: deriving functionality from multidimensional data sets

Alex Belianinov, Rama Vasudevan, Evgheni Strelcov, Chad Steed, Sang Mo Yang, Alexander Tselev, Stephen Jesse, Michael Biegalski, Galen Shipman, Christopher Symons, Albina Borisevich, Rick Archibald (+1 others)
2015 Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging  
The development of electron and scanning probe microscopies in the second half of the twentieth century has produced spectacular images of the internal structure and composition of matter with nanometer  ...  Here, we review several recent applications of the big and deep data analysis methods to visualize, compress, and translate this multidimensional structural and functional data into physically and chemically  ...  Visual analytics is a modern take on the concept of exploratory data analysis (EDA) [110] .  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40679-015-0006-6 pmid:27547705 pmcid:PMC4977326 fatcat:7faeb4lt7jdopnrlsmy4deubqq
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