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Expert Systems Research

R. Duda, E. Shortliffe
1983 Science  
to build an expert system in a new domain.  ...  ., all the rules, we were left with a set of programs that we call "Essential MYCIN" or EMYCIN.25 EMYCIN can in turn be used to build an expert system in a new domain so long as it is natural to structure  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.6340198 pmid:6340198 fatcat:dhadvxqwfzbrfmnfjgh3qzymoi

Identification of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus within the Nation's Veterans Affairs Medical Centers using natural language processing

Makoto Jones, Scott L DuVall, Joshua Spuhl, Matthew H Samore, Christopher Nielson, Michael Rubin
2012 BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making  
We then validated the extraction against independently derived electronic data and expert annotation.  ...  The dataset constructed and methods used for this investigation could contribute to a comprehensive infectious disease surveillance system or other pressing needs.  ...  Authors' contributions MJ was involved with data collection, acted as a domain consultant for organism extraction, developed the analysis, and drafted the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1472-6947-12-34 pmid:22533507 pmcid:PMC3394221 fatcat:ezdkun72mfdgbm7eqxdlptgq34

Expert Systems in Clinical Microbiology

T. Winstanley, P. Courvalin
2011 Clinical Microbiology Reviews  
them alarm rules for data validation by the ESMIS expert system.  ...  An expert system is a computer program designed to simulate the problem-solving behavior of a human who is an expert in a narrow task domain or discipline, and the terms expert system and knowledgebased  ...  Chemotherapy, and the EUCAST subgroup for Expert Rules in Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing.  ... 
doi:10.1128/cmr.00061-10 pmid:21734247 pmcid:PMC3131062 fatcat:h6gclb6btnehlllteyr3sfhgci

Public health surveillance in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: evaluation of the Praedico surveillance system

Cynthia Lucero-Obusan, Gina Oda, Anoshiravan Mostaghimi, Patricia Schirmer, Mark Holodniy
2022 BMC Public Health  
health surveillance for a variety of health issues and evaluated its performance compared to an enterprise data solution (VA Corporate Data Warehouse), legacy surveillance system (VA ESSENCE) and a national  ...  Methods Using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Guidelines for Evaluating Public Health Surveillance Systems, we assessed the ability of the Praedico Surveillance System to perform public  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Alfred Silva for his assistance with the stability assessments and Hemal Parekh for assistance with the technical review, timeliness, data quality and sensitivity assessments  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12889-022-12578-2 pmid:35144575 pmcid:PMC8830960 fatcat:rsvroylhtbhfrg7mhsmtzdgr44

Information technology aspects of large-scale implementation of automated surveillance of healthcare-associated infections

Michael Behnke, John Karlsson Valik, Sophie Gubbels, Daniel Teixeira, Brian Kristensen, Mohamed Abbas, Stephanie M. van Rooden, Petra Gastmeier, Maaike S.M. van Mourik, Maaike S.M. van Mourik, Stephanie M. van Rooden, Mohamed Abbas (+27 others)
2021 Clinical Microbiology and Infection  
This document was written by a task force formed in March 2019 within the PRAISE network (Providing a Roadmap for Automated Infection Surveillance in Europe), gathering experts in HAI surveillance from  ...  Finally, technical aspects and practical examples of accessing, storing and sharing healthcare data within a HAI surveillance network, as well as maintenance and quality control of such a system, are discussed  ...  Abbevik for her help in designing the graphical work. We are thankful for the valuable input of our external reviewers: K. Woeltje (USA), A. Harris (USA), A. Hajdu (Hungary), B.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cmi.2021.02.027 pmid:34217465 fatcat:ewok4xmyrzdnxpjr3yjh2o2ap4

A framework for infection control surveillance using association rules

Lili Ma, Fu-Chiang Tsui, William R Hogan, Michael M Wagner, Haobo Ma
2003 AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings  
We found that the new process and system are efficient and effective in identifying new, unexpected, and potentially interesting patterns in surveillance data.  ...  To build a framework, we preprocessed the data and added new templates to eliminate uninteresting patterns.  ...  Since rule templates contain domain knowledge, domain experts must handcraft them.  ... 
pmid:14728205 pmcid:PMC1480000 fatcat:ov34y7uebrdsvpsuhpujen4zzi

Competency in infection prevention: A conceptual approach to guide current and future practice

Denise M. Murphy, Marilyn Hanchett, Russell N. Olmsted, Michelle R. Farber, Terri B. Lee, Janet P. Haas, Stephen A. Streed
2012 American Journal of Infection Control  
As the demand for IP expertise continues to rapidly expand, the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc, made a strategic commitment to develop a conceptual model of IP  ...  Ideally, the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc, model will complement similar competency efforts undertaken in non-US countries and/or international organizations  ...  Acknowledgment In addition to the authors of this white paper, the APIC wishes to thank the members of 2010-2011 Infection Preventionist Competency Task  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ajic.2012.03.002 pmid:22541852 fatcat:47tluh7qo5gmfk4dgqrgs6wspy

A Practitioner-Driven Research Agenda for Syndromic Surveillance

Richard S. Hopkins, Catherine C. Tong, Howard S. Burkom, Judy E. Akkina, John Berezowski, Mika Shigematsu, Patrick D. Finley, Ian Painter, Roland Gamache, Victor J. Del Rio Vilas, Laura C. Streichert
2017 Public health reports (1974)  
A workgroup of syndromic surveillance subject matter experts was convened from February to June 2016 to review and categorize the proposed topics.  ...  The workgroup identified 12 topic areas in 4 syndromic surveillance categories: informatics, analytics, systems research, and communications.  ...  Gunn also served as guest editor for this special issue, "Syndromic Surveillance: The Value of Real-time Data for Public Health Action" in Public Health Reports.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0033354917709784 pmid:28692395 pmcid:PMC5676517 fatcat:ngxxnrpmpjhknoytzgcjarvkqm

Bioterrorism preparedness and response: use of information technologies and decision support systems

D M Bravata, K McDonald, D K Owens, D Buckeridge, C Haberland, C Rydzak, M Schleinitz, W M Smith, H Szeto, D Wilkening, M Musen, B W Duncan (+6 others)
2002 Evidence report/technology assessment (Summary)  
Syndromal surveillance systems collecting a variety of surveillance data have been deployed for both event-based and continuous bioterrorism surveillance, and evaluations are ongoing.  ...  This report may be used, in whole or in part, as the basis for development of clinical practice guidelines and other quality enhancement tools, or as a basis for reimbursement and coverage policies.  ...  Alphabetical List of Expert Advisors  ... 
pmid:12154489 pmcid:PMC4781373 fatcat:l7cnskmpmrg7xnytncvrsn3tli

European Monitoring Systems and Data for Assessing Environmental and Climate Impacts on Human Infectious Diseases

Gordon Nichols, Yvonne Andersson, Elisabet Lindgren, Isabelle Devaux, Jan Semenza
2014 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
The growing concern over climate and other drivers that may increase infectious disease threats to future generations has stimulated a review of the surveillance systems and environmental data sources  ...  We describe the surveillance systems, tracking tools, communication channels, information exchange and outputs in light of environmental and climatic drivers of infectious diseases.  ...  Acknowledgments This paper reflects the opinion of the authors and not necessarily that of ECDC. The authors wish to express their thanks to all the experts consulted through composing this report.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph110403894 pmid:24722542 pmcid:PMC4025019 fatcat:clbdlycvbnaipkqlwl3el3lw6m

D2.5- Report on the experts meeting

2021 Zenodo  
Report on the experts meeting  ...  Expected results Building of an integrated European -broad surveillance -response program, based on a MedVet EJP network, to detect, control and prevent emerging diseases appearing in Europe or potentially  ...  To carry out an inventory of the current practice with regard to data collection and methods for interpretation of surveillance data (including epidemiological and microbiological data; also sequence data  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5012707 fatcat:5hrvo6qekffmhkyiwo4dwwgz3e

Development of a Clinical Data Warehouse for Hospital Infection Control

Mary F. Wisniewski, Piotr Kieszkowski, Brandon M. Zagorski, William E. Trick, Michael Sommers, Robert A. Weinstein
2003 JAMIA Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association  
Accessing, organizing, and using these data to support research and quality improvement projects are evolving challenges for hospital systems.  ...  A b s t r a c t Existing data stored in a hospital's transactional servers have enormous potential to improve performance measurement and health care quality.  ...  A final check on validating our abstraction and data management for any new report was to compare patientspecific data from three systems, our data warehouse, the hospital information system vendor's application  ... 
doi:10.1197/jamia.m1299 pmid:12807807 pmcid:PMC212782 fatcat:4atflh6kgfdyfnz3wys67k7t5e

Implementing a Quality Management System in the Medical Microbiology Laboratory

Roberta B. Carey, Sanjib Bhattacharyya, Sue C. Kehl, Larissa M. Matukas, Michael A. Pentella, Max Salfinger, Audrey N. Schuetz
2018 Clinical Microbiology Reviews  
Examples and forms are included to assist in the real-world implementation of this system and to allow the adaptation of the system for each laboratory's unique environment.  ...  The roles and responsibilities to establish and sustain a QMS are outlined for microbiology laboratory staff, laboratory management personnel, and the institution's leadership.  ...  Any deviation from the manufacturer's guidelines for a FDA-cleared or -approved test requires a validation of the test performance beyond the simpler comparison to the manufacturer's data in a verification  ... 
doi:10.1128/cmr.00062-17 pmid:29720490 fatcat:qoy4o6ntprairm5oc2kiu7dvdy

Health—exploring complexity: an interdisciplinary systems approach HEC2016

Eva Grill, Martin Müller, Ulrich Mansmann
2016 European Journal of Epidemiology  
In this paper, we are estimating the difficulty of this task for a domain expert by counting possible choices for a pattern-based insertion.  ...  Based on these findings, a general information system architecture and implementation for the examination of medical data by medical experts is presented in the context of health studies.  ...  In this context, a focused crawler uses techniques from the field of machine learning to estimate the relevance of a webpage for the domain of interest [5,6].  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10654-016-0183-1 pmid:27522353 fatcat:dcl3nbpygvh5fg7keri74h55ie

Association Rules and Data Mining in Hospital Infection Control and Public Health Surveillance

S. E. Brossette, A. P. Sprague, J. M. Hardin, K. B. Waites, W. T. Jones, S. A. Moser
1998 JAMIA Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association  
data analysis process and system based on association rules to address this problem.  ...  Next, they define association rules, explain how those rules can be used in surveillance, and present a novel process and systemthe Data Mining Surveillance System (DMSS) -that utilize association rules  ...  The authors thank Alan Stamm, MD, Director of the UAB Hospital Infection Control Committee, for his support and helpful suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1136/jamia.1998.0050373 pmid:9670134 pmcid:PMC61314 fatcat:r7b7kykvbzalhi5dcft6bmrume
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