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Constant Rounds Almost Linear Complexity Multi-party Computation for Prefix Sum [chapter]

Kazuma Ohara, Kazuo Ohta, Koutarou Suzuki, Kazuki Yoneyama
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
One of research goals on multi-party computation (MPC) is to achieve both perfectly secure and efficient protocols for basic functions or operations (e.g., equality, comparison, bit decomposition, and  ...  Recently, for many basic operations, MPC protocols with constant rounds and linear communication cost (in the input size) are proposed.  ...  Introduction Multi-party computation (MPC) protocols for general circuits have been studied in many researches [13, 14, 7, 2, 5] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-06734-6_18 fatcat:2semie5mgbgs3dlqamwexcekly

Security against the business partner

Florian Kerschbaum, Rafael J. Deitos
2008 Proceedings of the 2008 ACM workshop on Secure web services - SWS '08  
With it a new threat is emerging: security against the business partner. A possible solution is secure multi-party computation (SMC) and we give examples of its usefulness.  ...  We give a detailed study and analysis of multi-party permutation and show the relations of the different theoretical complexities in this case.  ...  CONCLUSION We argued that there is a growing trend towards security against the business partner. So far, only secure multi-party computation, seems to provide security guarantees.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1456492.1456493 dblp:conf/sws/KerschbaumD08 fatcat:7c4t6atrzjgnfmryxo6sfchplu

How Fair is Your Protocol?

Juan Garay, Jonathan Katz, Björn Tackmann, Vassilis Zikas
2015 Proceedings of the 2015 ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing - PODC '15  
We also show optimal protocols with respect to our notion, in both the two-party and multiparty settings.  ...  Security of distributed cryptographic protocols usually requires privacy (inputs of the honest parties remain hidden), correctness (the adversary cannot improperly affect the outcome), and fairness (if  ...  Comparing 1/p-security with our notion.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2767386.2767431 dblp:conf/podc/GarayKTZ15 fatcat:okwufn66evasblgy7md2yitat4

Lightweight Self-Bootstrapping Multiparty Computations of Time-Series Data with Custom Collusion Tolerance [article]

Michael Clear and Constantinos Patsakis and Paul Laird
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Both protocols allow multiple rounds of aggregation from the same set of public keys generated by parties in an initial stage.  ...  We prove that both protocols remain secure with this technique, and evaluate its impact on collusion tolerance and the number of rounds supported.  ...  Since the latter might not be an acceptable option, given the sensitivity of the submitted information, there has been much research effort in the area of secure multi-party computation (MPC).  ... 
arXiv:1402.7118v1 fatcat:zahpok5iozhvfn6b5iypufza3y

Multi-valued Byzantine Broadcast: The t < n Case [chapter]

Martin Hirt, Pavel Raykov
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Examples of such applications are general purpose multi-party computation protocols and specific tasks like voting. Such a broadcast of long values is called multi-valued broadcast.  ...  In particular, we are interested in optimizing their communication complexity.  ...  Basically, this list can be continued with all protocols for secure multi-party computation as defined by Yao [Yao82, GMW87] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-45608-8_24 fatcat:54x33ihpo5dank62piq7rr5fdq

Behavioral Identification of Trusted Third Party in Secure Multiparty Computing Protocol

Zulfa Shaikh
2012 International Journal of Security Privacy and Trust Management  
Also, single and multi trusted third party model is compared and the probabilistic evidences for them have been analyzed with security analysis graphs.  ...  We present a solution for identification and reduction of malicious conduct by Trusted Third parties (TTPs) in Secure Multiparty Computing Protocol.  ...  Secure multi-party computation (SMC) problem [3] is the problem of n parties to compute a private function of their inputs.  ... 
doi:10.5121/ijsptm.2012.1306 fatcat:nn5o4qxyebdk3avqcdbybzuvxa

Multi-objective optimization based privacy preserving distributed data mining in Peer-to-Peer networks

Kamalika Das, Kanishka Bhaduri, Hillol Kargupta
2010 Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications  
Since distributed sum computation is a frequently used primitive, the proposed approach is likely to have significant impact on many data mining tasks such as multi-party privacy-preserving clustering,  ...  Unlike most multi-party privacy-preserving data mining algorithms, this approach works in an asynchronous manner through local interactions and it is highly scalable.  ...  Unlike most secure multi-party computation protocols, our algorithm does not assume semi-honest adversary [5] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12083-010-0075-1 fatcat:q5c7tpckxbc47kq4ixkglingg4

Efficient Secure Multi-party Computation [chapter]

Martin Hirt, Ueli Maurer, Bartosz Przydatek
2000 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Since the introduction of secure multi-party computation, all proposed protocols that provide security against cheating players suffer from very high communication complexities.  ...  Furthermore, we show that a sub-protocol proposed in [GRR98] for improving the efficiency of unconditionally secure multi-party computation is insecure.  ...  Introduction Secure Multi-party Computation The goal of secure multi-party computation, as introduced by Yao [Yao82] , is to enable a set of n players to compute an arbitrary agreed function of their  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-44448-3_12 fatcat:6cnw5u2bd5fhrg4v6wyicyy3u4

Parallelizing secure linear programming

Rafael Deitos, Florian Kerschbaum
2009 Concurrency and Computation  
Hence, from a business perspective there is a special need for privacy when solving such optimization problems. Secure multi-party computation (SMC) [14, 33] can help.  ...  Secure multi-party computation can help by realizing protocols with guaranteed security. However, efficiency is a major concern.  ...  The BSP-model is suitable for general secure multi-party computation (details on how to apply this model to SMC are described on Section 3.2).  ... 
doi:10.1002/cpe.1424 fatcat:xaf2wzc2vngc7jzbhx5xir3khe

Multi Decryption Key Agreement in Dynamic Peer Group

Jian ZHOU, Li-yan SUN
2017 DEStech Transactions on Computer Science and Engineering  
Two novel and practical protocols are put forwards and are compared with the exiting protocols, the proposed protocols are optimal with respect to protocol security and efficiency.  ...  In this paper, we consider a class of protocols that we call natural extensions of multi decryption key to the n-party case for distributed networks.  ...  The 2-party multi encryption key is extended to n parties.  ... 
doi:10.12783/dtcse/cnsce2017/8881 fatcat:6vujrvs42bf7ddtbdhwn7xunuy

Round-Optimal Secure Multiparty Computation with Honest Majority [chapter]

Prabhanjan Ananth, Arka Rai Choudhuri, Aarushi Goel, Abhishek Jain
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We study the exact round complexity of secure multiparty computation (MPC) in the honest majority setting. We construct several round-optimal n-party protocols, tolerating any t < n 2 corruptions. 1.  ...  In three rounds, however, we can achieve security assuming only one-way functions.  ...  Since a multi-party OT can be represented as a degree 2 polynomial computation, a two-round multi-party OT protocol achieving this weaker security notion can be obtained from [26] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-96881-0_14 fatcat:6onhsimquzggniastap5bnweiq

CrypTen: Secure Multi-Party Computation Meets Machine Learning [article]

Brian Knott and Shobha Venkataraman and Awni Hannun and Shubho Sengupta and Mark Ibrahim and Laurens van der Maaten
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Secure multi-party computation (MPC) allows parties to perform computations on data while keeping that data private.  ...  For example, two parties using CrypTen can securely predict phonemes in speech recordings using Wav2Letter faster than real-time.  ...  Note that each party involved in the multi-party computation executes the same code.  ... 
arXiv:2109.00984v1 fatcat:vozpjrqnknanjnevo2tkxsttni

Multi party computations

Shafi Goldwasser
1997 Proceedings of the sixteenth annual ACM symposium on Principles of distributed computing - PODC '97  
Yung, "How to withstand mobile virus attacks", Proceedings of the 101h Annual ACM Sgmposium on Principles oj Distributed Computing, 1991, pp 51-59.  ...  Most importantly, se- cret sharing and computing with shares of a se- cret is fundamental to achieving secure multi- party computation.  ...  multi-party protocol for j, as long as the number of total users n, and users in a faulty colition obey n z ct + 1 for optimal values of c z 2.  ... 
doi:10.1145/259380.259405 dblp:conf/podc/Goldwasser97 fatcat:kwtjmcxirvaepeco4qxjrtq66e

Design and implementation of privacy-preserving reconciliation protocols

Georg Neugebauer, Lucas Brutschy, Ulrike Meyer, Susanne Wetzel
2013 Proceedings of the Joint EDBT/ICDT 2013 Workshops on - EDBT '13  
Privacy-preserving reconciliation protocols on ordered sets are protocols that solve a particular subproblem of secure multiparty computation.  ...  We implement and evaluate our protocols as well as two previously published multi-party reconciliation protocols.  ...  In each round, the parties have to compute an element reduction and a set intersection.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2457317.2457339 dblp:conf/edbt/NeugebauerBMW13 fatcat:olcpz3kf2vg4jh6vwuhwu4sv3i

PICCO

Yihua Zhang, Aaron Steele, Marina Blanton
2013 Proceedings of the 2013 ACM SIGSAC conference on Computer & communications security - CCS '13  
Secure computation on private data has been an active area of research for many years and has received a renewed interest with the emergence of cloud computing.  ...  The available tools, however, lacked a convenient mechanism for implementing a general-purpose program in a secure computation framework suitable for execution in not fully trusted environments.  ...  In the multi-party setting, the results are available for 3 computational parties on a LAN.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2508859.2516752 dblp:conf/ccs/ZhangSB13 fatcat:3ejptqtoajcmdlzqgga3gpamk4
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