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Online Social Networks and Terrorism 2.0 in Developing Countries [article]

Fredrick Romanus Ishengoma
2014 arXiv   pre-print
The advancement in technology has brought a new era in terrorism where Online Social Networks have become a major platform of communication with wide range of usage from message channeling to propaganda  ...  This paper critically analyses the specific usage of social networks in the times of terrorism attacks in developing countries.  ...  Conclusion In this paper, we analyzed the usage of Online Social Networks (OSNs) in the event of a terrorist attack with a case study of a Westgate shopping mall attack in Nairobi, Kenya.  ... 
arXiv:1410.0531v1 fatcat:qtolp2ppdjgvdillq555cof3ky

TV, Twitter, and Telegram: Al-Shabaab's Attempts to Influence Mass Media

Robyn Kriel
2018 Defence Strategic Communications  
Using the group's activities between the years 2005 and 2017 as a case study, this paper asserts that al-Shabaab's attempts to influence the mass media for news coverage purposes, despite its own operational  ...  This research paper examines and assesses how members of the Somali jihadiinsurgent group al-Shabaab have attempted to influence the mass media for strategic communications purposes.  ...  the upscale Westgate Mall in Nairobi, Kenya, killing sixtyseven people, including more than a dozen foreigners.  ... 
doi:10.30966/2018.riga.4.1 fatcat:zwuck2rqqbcsdhm2devmbcgh3u

Tweeting Terror: An Analysis of the Norwegian Twitter-sphere during and in the Aftermath of the 22 July 2011 Terrorist Attack [chapter]

Steen Steensen
2018 Social Media Use in Crisis and Risk Communication  
awareness (SA) related to the emergency event, what role hashtags played in that process and who the dominant crisis communicators were.  ...  The full terms of this licence may be seen at http:// 15 research on SA and social media use in the context of emergency events.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The Research Council of Norway (Grant No. 233975/H20) and Oslo Metropolitan University have funded this research, for which we are grateful.  ... 
doi:10.1108/978-1-78756-269-120181006 fatcat:tkytpjt6vbhireikkoc2awxrsm

Effects of Media Reportage on Terrorist Activities in Mandera County, Kenya

Obwogi Cliff Ooga, Kennedy Onkware, Crispinous Iteyo
2020 The International Journal of Humanities & Social Studies  
'Inside Story: Wolves at Westgate', another documentary by a Kenyan journalist, that was aired on the KTN after the Westgate terror attack is another of those works of journalism that aid the Al-Shabaab  ...  an army officer from police fire, and that the military looted from the mall, the documentary painted a grim picture of counter-terrorism operations, especially Westgate and questioned ability of the  ... 
doi:10.24940/theijhss/2020/v8/i4/hs2003-042 fatcat:zzuhcvj56zh47eaqvq2qqid37q

Public Pressure, Temptation of Power and Unconstitutional Actions in the War Against Terrorism in Kenya: Suggesting a Link

Cecil Yongo
2016 Strathmore Law Review  
/ communication—an attempt to investigate the origin, results and wisdom of such an approach in the war against terror, its effect on the rule of law and minority rights in society; and propose why and  ...  In some cases, even in Kenya, States have taken, or have attempted to take, extra-Constitutional and unconstitutional actions.  ...  , in his address to the nation after the terror attack at the Westgate Mall, to set up a Commission of Inquiry.  ... 
doi:10.52907/slr.v1i1.84 fatcat:mmxiy6otefgmvmh2yllpcsrlp4

International News Coverage of Insecurity and Human Suffering in Africa's Great Lakes Region

Philip Onguny
2017 Journal of Media Critiques  
This article examines news coverage of insecurity and human suffering in Africa's Great Lakes region.  ...  The discussion is guided by the assumption that, "images are, on the one hand, reproductions, but they have a second meaning as well: a mental picture of something not real or present" (Gamson et al.,  ...  Mall attack in Nairobi, and the deadly massacre at Kenya's Garissa University in 2015.  ... 
doi:10.17349/jmc117407 fatcat:xum5lxjgvfeytkqz7icavnvhfy

Mediated Public Diplomacy of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria: The Synergistic Use of Terrorism, Social Media and Branding

Jad Melki, May Jabado
2016 Media and Communication  
It examines the mediated public diplomacy strategy of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and its ability to synchronize terrorism tactics with communication strategies to gain media access and  ...  exposure, push news frames that serve its interests, and target stakeholders with a dual message using sophisticated branding strategies that resonate with cultural values and help it ultimately recruit  ...  In some cases, such as al-Shabab-the terrorist organization that attacked Westgate Mall in Nairobi, Kenya, in September 2013, Twitter kept eliminating their accounts until al-Shabab eventually gave up  ... 
doi:10.17645/mac.v4i2.432 fatcat:74yvn366ifahncslh3q2tvys3m

Mediatizing security operations: An ethical and professional assessment of Media coverage of insecurity in Kenya

Amos Kibet
2015 Journal of Media and Communication Studies  
Kenya has continuously grappled with national security issues since the 1998 US embassy bomb attack. Terrorist attacks have become a frequent and major cause of insecurity.  ...  Notably, some of the insecurity situations in Kenya are a result of conflict situations.  ...  A case in point is during the Westgate mall attack where more than 60 people were killed. Objectives The monitoring aimed at: a).  ... 
doi:10.5897/jjmcs2014.0419 fatcat:xdaz7fczdfcafparpy4svtzmcu

Youth Evaluations of CVE/PVE Programming in Kenya in Context

Melissa Finn, Bessma Momani, Michael Opatowski, Michael Opondo
2016 Journal for Deradicalization  
To date, there is a dearth of studies asking what Kenyan youth leaders think about CVE policies especially in light of the fact that they are often the main targets of al-Shabaab attacks.  ...  security in inter-agency cooperation; bottom-up CVE evaluations placing primacy on the voices of Muslim community elders, such as imams, social workers, parents, and community leaders for interventions  ...  Prior to that, al-Shabaab militants attacked the Westgate Mall in September 2013 causing 67 deaths and nearly 200 casualties.  ... 
doaj:7ccce472bedc48ec9717c2a4d125cf3f fatcat:dbw2qj53kzhcrmi5xowk7iq2ai

A Linguistic Analysis Of form and Content of Al-Shabaab's Press Statements on the Recent Kenyan Terror Attacks

Deborah Oyioka, Damaris Nyakoe, David Ongarora
2017 Multilingual Academic Journal of Education and Social Sciences  
The study explores the linguistic form and function in statement releases of the Al-Shabaab and their relation to the communicative purposes.  ...  This paper examines the form that is structure as well as the content of the statements and press releases of Al-Shabaab at different times with the hope of establishing a pattern of phraseology and consistent  ...  In a section directed at the Kenyan public, Al Shabaab said that Kenya had not learnt any lesson from the attacks at Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, Mpeketoni, Gamba and Mandera for which the group  ... 
doi:10.6007/majess/v5-i1/3016 fatcat:66ckkysqlfgqxiupfs3mmcrerm

Aspects of Counterterrorism: New Approaches to Countering Terrorism: Designing and Evaluating Counter-Radicalization and De-Radicalization Programs; Hacking ISIS: How to Destroy the Cyber Jihad; Inside Al-Shabaab: The Secret History of Al-Qaeda's Most Powerful Ally

2020 International Dialogue  
Terrorism and the term 'jihadism' have become a global phenomenon, a product of modernity and globalization which shows no sign of abating.  ...  In the 20 years since the largely driven U.S. counter-terrorism efforts began in response, jihadism in force and numbers has risen at least by fourfold in terms of the numbers of Sunni jihadist fighters  ...  Several years later they attacked Westgate Mall in Nairobi (September 21, 2013) and held siege for 4 days killing 168 and wounding 175.  ... 
doi:10.32873/ fatcat:xi7qyqmllfarhpo3ffesb3zg74

How do you fear? Examining expatriates' perception of danger and its consequences

Pia Charlotte Faeth, Markus G. Kittler
2017 Journal of Global Mobility:The Home of Expatriate Management Research  
The terror organisation al-Shabaab has perpetrated several attacks in Kenya, such as the 2013 invasion of the Westgate Shopping Mall in Nairobi and the massacre at the Garissa University in 2015 (Institute  ...  For instance, in the terror-endangered Nairobi trainings could focus more on how to behave or evacuate oneself in a critical situation such as a terrorist attack in a shopping mall.  ... 
doi:10.1108/jgm-11-2016-0063 fatcat:i43lmzto3vfrbaufmbgces5ksm

Terrorism and its Negative Effects on Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Al-Shabaab

Frederick Appiah Afriyie
2019 European Scientific Journal  
In contemporary times, the most pressing issues threatening the tranquility and global stability, particularly in Africa, are the heinous activities of terrorist groups.  ...  The word "terrorism" caught the world's attention through the 9/11 incident, although it has been in existence for centuries.  ...  Mall in Nairobi, by the Al-Shabaab militant group mainly targeting and damaging Kenya's tourism and transportation system.  ... 
doi:10.19044/esj.2019.v15n11p63 fatcat:46oiukxtzbeshkcqbk4usy46qi

A Tutorial on Event Detection using Social Media Data Analysis: Applications, Challenges, and Open Problems [article]

Mohammadsepehr Karimiziarani
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In recent years, social media has become one of the most popular platforms for communication.  ...  A social event is a real-world incident that is documented on social media. Social gatherings could contain vital documentation of crisis scenarios.  ...  The 2013 terrorist attack at the Westgate Mall in Nairobi, Kenya is one event used as a case study to see how information can be effectively disseminated in the midst of an attack.  ... 
arXiv:2207.03997v2 fatcat:nzymdx4l7veofdq33u7ugmnjfq

Effectiveness of Border Surveillance Strategies in the Management of Transnational Terrorism in Kenya and Somalia

2016 International Journal of Political Science  
While the role of military as (a security-based diplomacy approach) has emerged in supporting foreign policy to promote security and deter transnational terrorism, there seems to be a discernable gap between  ...  The objective of this study was to Evaluate the effectiveness of border surveillance strategies in the management of transnational terrorism in Kenya and Somalia.  ...  The September 2013 al-Shabaab attack on Nairobi"s Westgate Shopping Mall (and the recent attacks in Lamu and Mandera) have focused the world"s attention on Kenya and counterterrorism efforts.  ... 
doi:10.20431/2454-9452.0202004 fatcat:ag7jdzjx7narxbefnc4yk6iaqy
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