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A method to optimize evacuation instructions

Olga L. Huibregtse, Serge P. Hoogendoorn, Andreas Hegyi, Michiel C. J. Bliemer
2011 OR spectrum  
In this paper, an optimization method is presented for instructions to evacuate by car the population of a region threatened by a hazard.  ...  By giving the optimized instructions to the evacuees, traffic conditions and, therefore, the evacuation efficiency are optimized.  ...  However, these parameters influence the feasibility of the evacuation instructions and therefore appropriate values of these parameters depend on the desires of the authority (for example the maximum number  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00291-011-0245-4 fatcat:i4flk4bygbcknmruxlqunuxh3y

A review on travel behaviour modelling in dynamic traffic simulation models for evacuations

Adam J. Pel, Michiel C. J. Bliemer, Serge P. Hoogendoorn
2011 Transportation  
For the evacuation participation and departure time choice we argue in favour of the simultaneous approach to dynamic evacuation demand prediction using the repeated binary logit model.  ...  For the evacuation route choice we argue in favour of hybrid route choice models that enable both following instructed routes and en-route switches.  ...  The reason for this is that evacuation is a low-frequent exceptional event accompanied by an unusual travel demand pattern and unusual network capacity (due to the combination of different driving behaviour  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11116-011-9320-6 fatcat:anuiy54xcfhznkvafrsgquwb2y

Modeling a Risk-Based Dynamic Bus Schedule Problem under No-Notice Evacuation Incorporated with Dynamics of Disaster, Supply, and Demand Conditions

Menghui Li, Jinliang Xu, Leyu Wei, Xingli Jia, Chao Sun
2019 Journal of Advanced Transportation  
A quantified definition of evacuation risk for pick-up location with concerns of disaster dynamics and time-varying supply-demand conditions is proposed in this paper as a criterion for bus allocation,  ...  These constraints will distance their models from real-world situations, where evacuation horizon is various due to spatial distribution of pick-up locations and fleet size of bus available for allocation  ...  Acknowledgments The opportunity to explore this topic was made possible by funding provided by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant no. 2016YFC0802208), the National Natural  ... 
doi:10.1155/2019/9848603 fatcat:g2xhojehdfbpxkwk3ixlrq4gtq

CellEVAC: An adaptive guidance system for crowd evacuation through behavioral optimization [article]

Miguel A. Lopez-Carmona
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Here, we investigate how to favor a coordinated group dynamic through optimal exit-choice instructions using behavioral strategy optimization.  ...  Our system exhibited a better overall performance in terms of safety, evacuation time, and the number of revisions of exit-choice decisions.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness under Grant TIN2016-80622-P.  ... 
arXiv:2007.05963v1 fatcat:dr7jpse3kbctrhdg236phrsuyq

"Last-Mile" preparation for a potential disaster – Interdisciplinary approach towards tsunami early warning and an evacuation information system for the coastal city of Padang, Indonesia

H. Taubenböck, N. Goseberg, N. Setiadi, G. Lämmel, F. Moder, M. Oczipka, H. Klüpfel, R. Wahl, T. Schlurmann, G. Strunz, J. Birkmann, K. Nagel (+5 others)
2009 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
Taubenböck ( economic analysis of the population and evacuation modeling.  ...  The interdisciplinary results eventually lead to recommendations for mitigation strategies in the fields of spatial planning or coping capacity.  ...  We would also like to thank our partners from Andalas University as well as the provincial and city authorities in the city of Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia.  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-9-1509-2009 fatcat:3nztzq3enratvjhrn23tdp6vwy

How would citizens react to official advice in a nuclear emergency? Insights from research in three European countries

Catrinel Turcanu, Roser Sala, Tanja Perko, Bieke Abelshausen, Christian Oltra, Yevgeniya Tomkiv, Deborah Oughton, Astrid Liland, Nadja Zeleznik
2020 Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management  
the distribution of risks and benefits, disagreement between experts on what constitutes a safe level of radiation, differing appreciations of radiological risks by experts and affected populations and  ...  the potential for stigmatization of populations and goods in affected areas  ...  attribute is self-efficacy or coping appraisal, that is own capacity to cope with the hazard and reduce the risk.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1468-5973.12327 fatcat:wn6isygnnbd4ll2jijtvohwdna

Handbook of Disaster and Emergency Management [article]

Amir Khorram-Manesh, Krzysztof Goniewicz, Attila Hertelendy, Maxim Dulebenets
2021 Zenodo  
This is the second edition of the handbook in disaster and emergency management, which was published in 2017.  ...  The current updated handbook (second edition) is more complete and has several new chapters.  ...  Acknowledgement The editors would like to thank all authors who took part in the first edition of the handbook and whose support was the foundation for the second edition.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5553076 fatcat:5zebeprw6vb5joeu4oyd4rqccy

Weathering Adaptation: Grid Infrastructure Planning in a Changing Climate [article]

Anna M. Brockway, Laurel N. Dunn
2019 arXiv   pre-print
that infrastructure planning decisions are robust to uncertainty and risks associated with evolving climate conditions.  ...  Evolving climate trends are, however, changing the energy use patterns and operating conditions of grid assets, thus altering the nature and severity of risks the system faces.  ...  However, similar considerations apply to other types of thermal power generation, including concentrating solar power plants and some biomass plants.  ... 
arXiv:1912.02920v1 fatcat:vg3pskcfzvgbliorh5el5uulkm

Risk perception in fire evacuation behavior revisited: definitions, related concepts, and empirical evidence

Max T Kinateder, Erica D Kuligowski, Paul A Reneke, Richard D Peacock
2015 Fire Science Reviews  
In the present review, RP is seen as the personalization of the risk related to a current event, such as an ongoing fire emergency; it is influenced by emotions and prone to cognitive biases.  ...  ., situation awareness) and introduce theoretical frameworks relevant to RP in fire evacuation (e.g., Protective Action Decision Model and Heuristic-Systematic approaches).  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Steve Gwynne, Anthony Hamins, Kathryn Butler and Jiann Yang for critically reviewing the manuscript and providing valuable insights.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40038-014-0005-z pmid:27656350 pmcid:PMC5012356 fatcat:iwklfssegfeglklgglsbiyoabe

Tackling Climate Change with Machine Learning [article]

David Rolnick, Priya L. Donti, Lynn H. Kaack, Kelly Kochanski, Alexandre Lacoste, Kris Sankaran, Andrew Slavin Ross, Nikola Milojevic-Dupont, Natasha Jaques, Anna Waldman-Brown, Alexandra Luccioni, Tegan Maharaj, Evan D. Sherwin, S. Karthik Mukkavilli (+6 others)
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity, and we, as machine learning experts, may wonder how we can help.  ...  Here we describe how machine learning can be a powerful tool in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and helping society adapt to a changing climate.  ...  Foundation and Carnegie Mellon University (SES-00949710), US Department of Energy contract DE-FG02-97ER25308, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, and the MIT Media Lab Consortium  ... 
arXiv:1906.05433v2 fatcat:ykmqsivkbfcazaz3wl5f7srula

Understanding risk: what makes a risk assessment successful?

Richard Murnane, Alanna Simpson, Brenden Jongman
2016 International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment  
and estimate the impacts of these hazards on the assets in a robust and quantitative manner.  ...  If a community seeks to understand the hazards it faces and to develop plans for evacuation, then mapping of exposure and natural hazards is a valid approach, but a different approach would be needed for  ...  When risks are quantified and the potential impacts of hazards are anticipated, governments, communities, and individuals are able to make more informed decisions.  ... 
doi:10.1108/ijdrbe-06-2015-0033 fatcat:v3qekkinbzfwhagau5bmars4fe

Formal Fire Safety Assessment of Passenger Ships

S. W. Kim, J. Wang, A. Wall, Y. S. Kwon
2005 The journal of the Safety and Reliability Society  
During the course of the research, it is with much gratitude and sincere respect that I acknowledge and thank my principal supervisor, Professor  ...  Generally speaking, the application of this methodology is demanding in terms of specific fire data of the involved materials and robust simulation models and tools.  ...  This involves the identification of optimal passenger flow (minimum total evacuation time) concerning choice of routes and procedures to achieving this.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09617353.2005.11690813 fatcat:mydhdfwuczefvdpvykiw4e5y4q

Table of Contents

2016 Australian Journal of Primary Health  
A robust optimization approach with controllable level of conservatism is applied in this study considering demand uncertainty.  ...  Robust optimization of reservoir operation, which considers different sources of uncertainty, is a recent improvement.  ... 
doi:10.1071/pyv22n4toc fatcat:hrwhnxdpjreslhuwi7y4edqmo4

Immersive virtual worlds: Multi-sensory virtual environments for health and safety training [article]

Glyn Lawson, Emily Shaw, Tessa Roper, Tommy Nilsson, Laura Bajorunaite, Ayesha Batool
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Virtual environments (VEs) offer potential benefits to health and safety training: exposure to dangerous (virtual) environments; the opportunity for experiential learning; and a high level of control over  ...  towards health and safety and desire to repeat.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH) for supporting this project through its Research and Development Fund.  ... 
arXiv:1910.04697v1 fatcat:d6so4s552fgdncewnqqhpe4hzu

Modelling Traveller Behaviour under Emergency Evacuation Conditions

Adam Pel, Michiel Bliemer, Serge Hoogendoorn
2011 EJTIR Issue   unpublished
This paper focuses on limitations in the modelling of travellers' behaviour with respect to traffic information and compliance to evacuation instructions.  ...  The results show the importance of capturing compliance and information levels in the traffic simulation model, as they have a large impact upon the evacuation efficiency.  ...  process and the design and evaluation of evacuation plans, including testing for robustness towards uncertainties in travellers' behaviour.  ... 
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