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Beam-based Mobility Management in 5G Millimetre Wave V2X Communications: A Survey and Outlook

Abdulkadir Kose, Haeyoung Lee, Chuan Heng Foh, Mehrdad Dianati
2021 IEEE Open Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems  
In such systems, enabling vehicular communication, where the nodes are highly mobile, requires robust mobility management techniques to minimise signalling cost and interruptions during frequent handovers  ...  In this paper, we provide an overview of recent progresses in the development of handover and beam management techniques in 5G communication systems.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the 5GIC/6GIC members for this work.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojits.2021.3112533 fatcat:zh7wg6nmajbsjltl2kjki76cpe

Throughput and Robustness Guaranteed Beam Tracking for mmWave Wireless Networks [article]

Pei Zhou, Xuming Fang, Yan Long
2017 arXiv   pre-print
This paper proposes a throughput and robustness guaranteed beam tracking mechanism for mobile mmWave communication systems which takes account of both system throughput and handoff probability.  ...  However, the existing beam tracking mechanisms concentrate on system throughput maximization without considering beam handoff and link robustness.  ...  In [9] , Oh et al. proposed an enhanced inter-beam handoff scheme for mmWave mobile communication systems, but fail to consider multi-user scenarios.  ... 
arXiv:1704.03975v3 fatcat:uxmtl2r6yzhxdkqbu7miyxmds4

MAC Aspects of Millimeter-Wave Cellular Networks [chapter]

Hossein S. Ghadikolaei
2019 Wireless Mesh Networks - Security, Architectures and Protocols [Working Title]  
This book chapter discusses key MAC layer issues at the initial access and mobility management (e.g., synchronization, random access, and handover) as well as resource allocation (interference management  ...  The current demands for extremely high data rate wireless services and the spectrum scarcity at the sub-6 GHz bands are forcefully motivating the use of the millimeter-wave (mmWave) frequencies.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported in part by the Swedish Research Council project 2018-00820. [16] Li  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.89075 fatcat:krv7bps3wrgyfa5knawl34xknq

Mobility Support for Millimeter Wave Communications: Opportunities and Challenges [article]

Jing Li, Yong Niu, Hao Wu, Bo Ai, Sheng Chen, Zhiyong Feng, Zhangdui Zhong, Ning Wang
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Then, to address users' mobility impact on the system performance in different application scenarios, we introduce several representative mobility models in mmWave systems, including human mobility, vehicular  ...  In particular, we highlight future heterogeneous mobile networks, dynamic resource management, artificial intelligence (AI) for mobility and integration of geographical information, deployment of large  ...  This is a critical issue for mmWave, THz and free-space optical (FSO) communications that use directional communications with sharp beams, but only for mmWave systems the hardware components and beam management  ... 
arXiv:2205.09214v1 fatcat:l7ekb4a3pnabxmnlr7wirpm55q

Deep Learning for Beam-Management: State-of-the-Art, Opportunities and Challenges [article]

Ke Ma, Zhaocheng Wang, Wenqiang Tian, Sheng Chen, Lajos Hanzo
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To compensate for the high pathloss of mmWave signals, large-scale antenna arrays are required both at the base stations and user equipment to establish directional beamforming, where beam-management is  ...  As a remedy, deep learning (DL) may be harnessed for beam-management. First, the current state-of-the-art is reviewed, followed by the associated challenges and future research opportunities.  ...  Another challenge in beam-management arises from the UE's mobility. Consider a line-of-sight (LOS) mobile scenario shown in Fig. 1 .  ... 
arXiv:2111.11177v2 fatcat:u2quxlc67vfmxfxefvd5lkynku

An Efficient Uplink Multi-Connectivity Scheme for 5G mmWave Control Plane Applications [article]

Marco Giordani, Marco Mezzavilla, Sundeep Rangan, Michele Zorzi
2017 arXiv   pre-print
The millimeter wave (mmWave) frequencies offer the potential of orders of magnitude increases in capacity for next-generation cellular systems.  ...  Connectivity to multiple cells - at mmWave and/or traditional frequencies - is considered essential for robust communication.  ...  Mobility Model One of the key challenges for cellular systems in the mmWave bands is the rapid channel dynamics.  ... 
arXiv:1610.04836v2 fatcat:3pntaovmpvftfp6hatzta67q4q

Feasibility Validation of a 5G-Enabled mmWave Vehicular Communication System on a Highway

Gosan Noh, Junhyeong Kim, Seungnam Choi, Namsuk Lee, Heesang Chung, Ilgyu Kim
2021 IEEE Access  
and robust handover procedure with a two-step timing advance (TA) update, and mobile relaying for providing better quality-of-service (QoS) to in-vehicle UEs.  ...  We then investigate key technologies to overcome the performance degradation of the mmWave-based system due to high mobility: a user equipment (UE)-oriented beam switching-based beamforming scheme, a fast  ...  KEY TECHNOLOGIES FOR MMWAVE HIGH MOBILITY SUPPORT This section discusses the key technologies essential for overcoming the performance degradation due to high mobility in a mmWave system, which include  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3062907 fatcat:ibg5fevkffe5rbuskf3zdnprwq

Beam Training and Tracking in MmWave Communication: A Survey [article]

Yi Wang, Zhiqing Wei, Zhiyong Feng
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This article provides an overview of the beam training and tracking technologies on mmWave bands and reveals the insights for future research in the 6th Generation (6G) mobile network.  ...  We hope that this survey provides guidelines for the researchers in the area of mmWave communications.  ...  For mmWave cellular networks, Giordani et al. presented an overview of the measurement collection framework and mobility management [31] .  ... 
arXiv:2205.10169v1 fatcat:filmycb7jzhtljxcz2bqaxnshm

5G radio access above 6 GHz

Mehrdad Shariat, David M. Gutierrez-Estevez, Arnesh Vijay, Krystian Safjan, Patrik Rugeland, Icaro da Silva, Javier Lorca, Joerg Widmer, Maria Fresia, Yilin Li, Isabelle Siaud
2016 Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies  
Designing and developing a millimetre-wave(mmWave) based mobile Radio Access Technology (RAT) in the 6-100 GHz frequency range is a fundamental component in the standardization of the new 5G radio interface  ...  more functional elements of initial access, mobility, radio resource management (RRM) and self-backhauling.  ...  Mobility management Efficient mobility management in the mmWave RAT is required for a seamless service experience for users on the move.  ... 
doi:10.1002/ett.3076 fatcat:rerfzvm2hfdp5bbmgpfwggmwbm

A Survey of Millimeter Wave (mmWave) Communications for 5G: Opportunities and Challenges [article]

Yong Niu, Yong Li, Depeng Jin, Li Su, Athanasios V. Vasilakos
2015 arXiv   pre-print
These characteristics of mmWave communications pose several challenges to fully exploit the potential of mmWave communications, including integrated circuits and system design, interference management,  ...  With the explosive growth of mobile data demand, the fifth generation (5G) mobile network would exploit the enormous amount of spectrum in the millimeter wave (mmWave) bands to greatly increase communication  ...  Dynamics due to User Mobility User mobility poses several challenges in the mmWave communication system. First, user mobility will incur significant changes of the channel state.  ... 
arXiv:1502.07228v1 fatcat:ijpuq4rzh5dfnfeblsf7a3wk5q

A Comprehensive Survey on Mobility Management in 5G Heterogeneous Networks: Architectures, Challenges and Solutions

Emre Gures, Ibraheem Shayea, Abdulraqeb Alhammadi, Mustafa Ergen, Hafizal Mohamad
2020 IEEE Access  
network, the paging procedure that provides the location of the UE within the network, connected mode mobility management schemes and beam level mobility and beam management.  ...  Besides, this paper addresses the challenges and suggest possible solutions for the 5G mobility management.  ...  The advantages of using mmWave systems in 5G HetNets were mentioned and how these systems will be integrated, the management of beam level mobility and the measurement parameters used for this purpose  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3030762 fatcat:72pl4aunwjbsrpojd62fox74na

Adaptive Beam-Frequency Allocation Algorithm with Position Uncertainty for Millimeter-Wave MIMO Systems [article]

Rafail Ismayilov, Megumi Kaneko, Takefumi Hiraguri, Kentaro Nishimori
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Although pencil beams with accurate beamtracking may boost the throughput of mmWave systems, this poses great challenges in the design of radio resource allocation for highly mobile users.  ...  The rationale of our scheme is to adapt the beamwidth such that the best trade-off among system performance (narrower beam) and robustness to uncertainty (wider beam) is achieved.  ...  However, effective radio In [4] , an RRA method for a multi-beam multi-user mmWave system was proposed.  ... 
arXiv:1711.01800v2 fatcat:kdxh7idhgrfixbyonkbkbmtdam

Beam-centric Handover Decision in Dense 5G-mmWave Networks

Abdulkadir Kose, Chuan Heng Foh, Haeyoung Lee, Mehrdad Dianati
2020 2020 IEEE 31st Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications  
Dense deployment of mmWave small cells using narrow directional beams will escalate the cell and beam related handovers for high mobility of vehicles, which may in turn limits the performance gain promised  ...  Index Terms-Beam Handover, mmWave Networks, 5G.  ...  In contrast, users often suffer from high propagation loss at higher frequencies. As a remedy, directional transmission is adopted in mmWave but it incurs new challenges in mobility management.  ... 
doi:10.1109/pimrc48278.2020.9217360 dblp:conf/pimrc/KoseFLD20 fatcat:k2ew2ojw35ggnk6ksqs4eoro2q

A Tutorial on Beam Management for 3GPP NR at mmWave Frequencies [article]

Marco Giordani, Michele Polese, Arnab Roy, Douglas Castor, Michele Zorzi
2018 arXiv   pre-print
This tutorial provides an overview of recently proposed measurement techniques for beam and mobility management in mmWave cellular networks, and gives insights into the design of accurate, reactive and  ...  robust control schemes suitable for a 3GPP NR cellular network.  ...  The issue of designing efficient beam management solutions for mmWave networks is addressed in [32] , in which the author designs a mobility-aware user association strategy to overcome the limitations  ... 
arXiv:1804.01908v1 fatcat:d25mrcghrrcvxauzey2pplz5um

60 GHz MAC standardization: Progress and way forward

Kishor Chandra, Arjan Doff, Zizheng Cao, R. Venkatesha Prasad, Ignas Niemegeers
2015 2015 12th Annual IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC)  
Communication at mmWave frequencies has been the focus in the recent years. In this paper, we discuss standardization efforts in 60 GHz short range communication and the progress therein.  ...  Further, we discuss the role of mmWave bands in 5G communication scenarios and highlight the further efforts required in terms of research and standardization.  ...  In addition, mmWave communication is seen as a potential candidate for 5G mobile communication systems.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ccnc.2015.7157974 dblp:conf/ccnc/ChandraDCPN15 fatcat:etznz3zjkrbcjg3stg2sw2ov5m
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