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Robot companions: A legal and ethical analysis

Andrea Bertolini, Giuseppe Aiello
2018 The Information Society  
-You are not permitted to use a robot in any way that contravenes ethical or legal principles and standards.  ...  -You should ensure that a robot operates in a way that is in accordance with local, national and international ethical and legal principles.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01972243.2018.1444249 fatcat:dz66vanibfc4jgyuydc5xri6te

Robot Companions for Citizens

Paolo Dario, Paul F.M.J. Verschure, Tony Prescott, Gordon Cheng, Giulio Sandini, Roberto Cingolani, Rüdiger Dillmann, Dario Floreano, Christophe Leroux, Sheila MacNeil, Pieter Roelfsema, Xenophon Verykios (+3 others)
2011 Procedia Computer Science  
Robot Companions will be a new generation of machines that will primarily help and assist elderly people in activities of daily living in their workplace, home and in society.  ...  This paper describes the scientific vision and objectives of the FET Flagship candidate initiative Robot Companions for Citizens.  ...  Nicola Vitiello and Dr. Calogero Maria Oddo for meaningful discussion and contribution.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2011.12.017 fatcat:dirjy4fjkffype5lw6jdrsh4qy

Service robotics: do you know your new companion? Framing an interdisciplinary technology assessment

Michael Decker, Rüdiger Dillmann, Thomas Dreier, Martin Fischer, Mathias Gutmann, Ingrid Ott, Indra Spiecker genannt Döhmann
2011 Poiesis & Praxis  
, legal, philosophical/ethical, and psychological perspectives in order to design a thorough and comprehensive expert-based technology assessment.  ...  In some cases, the user/worker is the effective subject acting by means of and in cooperation with a service robot; in other cases, the user/worker might become a pure object of the respective robotic  ...  This is a psychological issue since questions concerning the ability to judge and mental capability play a role here; however, it also touches the ethical and legal dimensions of technology assessment.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10202-011-0098-6 pmid:22162963 pmcid:PMC3218273 fatcat:z7sebldtp5by5n7hb4e45wxhwu

Sexbots as Synthetic Companions: Comparing Attitudes of Official Sex Offenders and Non-Offenders

Georgia Zara, Sara Veggi, David P. Farrington
2021 International Journal of Social Robotics  
AbstractThis is the first Italian study to examine views on sexbots of adult male sex offenders and non-offenders, and their perceptions of sexbots as sexual partners, and sexbots as a means to prevent  ...  sexual relationship with a sexbot.  ...  and industries, and to become companions to talk to and interact with.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12369-021-00797-3 fatcat:e76ggh6iy5dzpewyjmhvygu5q4

Influence of Reaction Time in the Emotional Response of a Companion Robot to a Child's Aggressive Interaction

Ahmad Yaser Alhaddad, John-John Cabibihan, Andrea Bonarini
2020 International Journal of Social Robotics  
The quality of a companion robot's reaction is important to make it acceptable to the users and to sustain interactions.  ...  The results imply that the designers of companion robotic toys need to consider an appropriate timing and clear modality for their robots' responses.  ...  Due to safety and legal concerns, robot designs must account for such scenarios and adopt new methods and ways to mitigate any potential harm [4, 5, 18, 22, 58] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12369-020-00626-z fatcat:2fvmqoi4zvaangtz4m3csvlk5m

Requirements for Artificial Companions [chapter]

Aaron Sloman
2010 Close Engagements with Artificial Companions  
, and the problem-solving competences that a helpful domestic robot would need.  ...  In other words, even if the AC is not itself a robot and interacts with the user only via input devices such as camera, microphone, keyboard, mouse, touch-pad, and touch-screen, and output devices such  ...  form, enquiring about legal rights or a certain medical condition, for example.  ... 
doi:10.1075/nlp.8.24slo fatcat:nklky3vktvfrhbki722hmwaorq

Liability in Robotics: An International Perspective on Robots as Animals

Richard Kelley, Enrique Schaerer, Micaela Gomez, Monica Nicolescu
2010 Advanced Robotics  
and consumers of robot technology.  ...  Instead, new legal frameworks will have to be developed to address questions of liability in human-robot interaction.  ...  The Friendly Robot Companion We start with a simple example. Suppose that Owen owns a friendly robot companion, similar to the Paro robotic seal.  ... 
doi:10.1163/016918610x527194 fatcat:wervrgs2b5e2pp7dn4supfjv24

The Subjectivity for Companion Animals of Nursing Students

Sunyoung Jang
2018 The International Journal of Advanced Nursing Education and Research  
The Q methodology was applied. 25 students in the 3rd and 4th grade who were enrolled in A College of Nursing and conducted the training were asked to classify 46 statements about companion animals.  ...  As a result of this study, the nursing students' perception of companion animals was classified into three types.  ...  They think that it is important to ensure the welfare and rights of companion animals through taking legal measures for pet abuse and abandonment, which is a recent issue.  ... 
doi:10.21742/ijaner.2018.3.1.01 fatcat:cuddyrirw5e3vn473riylya7gy

Attitudes, Prior Interaction, and Petitioner Credibility Predict Support for Considering the Rights of Robots

Patric R. Spence, Autumn Edwards, Chad Edwards
2018 Companion of the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction - HRI '18  
Gender of the participant and whether the petitioner was a human being or Pepper robot did not significantly predict willingness to sign the petition.  ...  Findings demonstrated that negative attitudes toward robots, perceived credibility of the petitioner, and prior interaction with robots were significant predictors of individuals agreeing to sign a petition  ...  INTRODUCTION Although rights for robots have been discussed for quite some time in academic circles, mainstream public conversations on the topic of robots' legal and moral patiency are newly emergent.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3173386.3177071 dblp:conf/hri/SpenceEE18 fatcat:k5ctyvwpojbjrochd4q5bkgaf4

RoboDoc: Critical ethical issues to consider for the design and development of a robotic doctor experience

Evan C. Edmond, Edmond Prakash, Fiona Carroll
2020 Journal of Future Robot Life  
To make sense of the robotic revolution quietly occurring in the health sector -particularly, the potential of the robot as a doctor -we need the mechanisms in place to enable us to reflect on the ethical  ...  It will highlight some of the main ethical considerations involved in the design and development of this medical robotic experience.  ...  Robot as companions have a body and the 'potential' senses to interact with the environment and people around them.  ... 
doi:10.3233/frl-200002 fatcat:y3uehw6kkbht3f5xhl2ctfs3fu

Responsible domestic robotics: exploring ethical implications of robots in the home

Lachlan Urquhart, Dominic Reedman-Flint, Natalie Leesakul
2019 Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society  
The paper provides these findings, married with literature analysis from across technology law, computer ethics and computer science.  ...  The paper then explores the role of values in design, aligning with human computer interaction and considers the importance of the home as a deployment setting for robots.  ...  author and source are credited.  ... 
doi:10.1108/jices-12-2018-0096 fatcat:6gafppvrjzfzhhyj3afjxamk2q

Extending Legal Rights to Social Robots

Kate Darling
2012 Social Science Research Network  
Technological progress continues to introduce more and more robotic toys, household robots, and personal-care robots that interact with us on a social level and generate stronger psychological attachments  ...  This Article explores whether projecting emotions onto objects could lead to an extension of limited legal rights to robotic companions, analogous to animal abuse laws. common.  ...  INTRODUCTION At first glance, it seems hard to justify differentiating between the legal treatment of a social robot, 1 such as a Pleo dinosaur toy, 2 and a household appliance, such as a toaster.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2044797 fatcat:oj2bnrebqreobnminzfbmo6k6m

Robotics Development Roadmaps

Alexander Lopota, Boris Spassky
2021 Robotics and Technical Cybernetics  
The article discusses Russian legislative acts in the field of robotics and justifies the necessity to create a domestic roadmap for the robotics development.  ...  The article discusses government development programs for robotics and autonomous systems in the countries with the highest level of robots' production and implementation, considers general trends and  ...  Also, robotic co-workers must be designed eThICal, legal, and sOCIeTal Issues LegaL ISSueS Legal issues in robotics will mainly be related to questions of liability and responsibility.  ... 
doi:10.31776/rtcj.9101 fatcat:ufo72tvw5zf2tjmbil3ntvzmti

Can Social Robots Qualify for Moral Consideration? Reframing the Question about Robot Rights

Herman Tavani
2018 Information  
A controversial question that has been hotly debated in the emerging field of robot ethics is whether robots should be granted rights.  ...  One aim of this paper is to show how the current debate about whether to grant rights to robots would benefit from an analysis and clarification of some key concepts and assumptions underlying that question  ...  and apply Jonas's ethical framework.  ... 
doi:10.3390/info9040073 fatcat:4wiwo6ewe5emtlbvnutvpu5sai

Human–Robot Interactions and Affective Computing: The Ethical Implications [chapter]

Laurence Devillers
2021 Robotics, AI, and Humanity  
Treatment can be accorded around the clock and with a level of patience rarely found among human healthcare workers. Several elements are requisite for the effective deployment of companion robots.  ...  AbstractThe field of social robotics is fast developing and will have wide implications especially within health care, where much progress has been made towards the development of "companion robots."  ...  The ability to learn alone constitutes a technological and legal breakthrough and raises many ethical questions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-54173-6_17 fatcat:c6dt4ttuozggdn34osrb7ih7ta
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