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Communicating Health Risks to the Public

James Leonhardt, Robin Keller, Ronald Lembke
2021 Przegląd Organizacji  
We discuss current limitations in our understanding of how the public perceives multiple risk options, and we highlight opportunities for future research.  ...  However, presenting risks in strictly numeric formats is problematic considering that the public often experiences difficulty in comprehending strictly numeric probabilities.  ...  In each of these contexts, policy makers and healthcare professionals face the problem of how to communicate health risks to the public.  ... 
doi:10.33141/po.2021.01.05 fatcat:xm234asnejh4zjrapi2ncds77e

Communicating risk to patients and the public

Gurudutt Naik, Haroon Ahmed, Adrian GK Edwards
2012 British Journal of General Practice  
reviews, 2,12-14 were included as part of the evidence base, as well as authoritative articles about the Communicating risk to patients and the public "Patients expect their doctor to be able to explain  ...  or what does the risk refer to?  ... 
doi:10.3399/bjgp12x636236 pmid:22520906 pmcid:PMC3310025 fatcat:tgnvvgr6wjfcnbay64pqakwypq

Communicating Risks to Patients and the Public

Norbert Leitgeb
2016 Universal Journal of Medical Science  
The most frequent mistake is underestimating the need for specific skills and ignoring the pitfalls and dos and don'ts of risk communication.  ...  However, it is an even greater challenge to communicate sensitive or controversial issues such as risks in particular in emotional situations.  ...  Communicating Risks to Patients and the Public Patient's abilities are limited such as with regard to literacy and numeracy.  ... 
doi:10.13189/ujmsj.2016.040103 fatcat:teu5mxvcgfc7dhze4wssn7gjhe

Risk communication and the social amplification of risk [chapter]

Ortwin Renn
1991 Communicating Risks to the Public  
pertaining to hazards interact with psychological, social, institutional, and cultural processes in ways that can heighten or attenuate public perceptions of risk and shape risk behavior.  ...  Th~ interest of public institutions and academia in risk communication has considerably grown during the last five years. Accordingly, risk communication has become a popular topic in the literature.  ...  Public pressure on risk-related topics is dependent on a small group of persons at high risk who take up the issue and use their ability to mobilize the public.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-009-1952-5_14 fatcat:rgy6x3xvezhmvgzc3bx3jsgdai

Credibility and trust in risk communication [chapter]

Ortwin Renn, Debra Levine
1991 Communicating Risks to the Public  
Acknowledgement The research described in this chapter was funded by a grant from the Program Group "Technology and Society" of the Research Center Jiilich. I would like to thank Professor H.  ...  Whereas experts usually give equal weight to probabilities and the corresponding magnitudes of a given risk, the intuitive risk perception places higherconcem for low-probability, high-<:onsequence risks  ...  The second reason is the novelty of stochastic reasoning in public and private policY making (Keeney and von Winterfeldt 1986) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-009-1952-5_10 fatcat:whraii7tnzfqpgrlcsi2mftfli

Risks to the public in computers and related systems

Peter G. Neumann
2003 Software engineering notes  
To economize on space despite the enormously increasing volume of cases and the shrinking page limits, we tersify most items and include online pointers to items in the online Risks Forum, where (R i j  ...  Chairman of the ACM Committee on Computers and Public Policy), plus personal contributions by others, as indicated.  ...  Please send RISKS-related items to risks@CSL.sri.com. Read RISKS as a newsgroup (comp.risks), or subscribe via the automated Majordomo list server at risks-request@CSL.sri.com.  ... 
doi:10.1145/966221.966661 fatcat:oplsekieszfhvhykkcxlsravna

Strategies of risk communication: Observations from two participatory experiments [chapter]

Ortwin Renn
1991 Communicating Risks to the Public  
The use of risk analyses for policy purposes requires efforts to communicate risk information to decision makers, stakeholders, and the general public.  ...  Linked to tbis goal is the need for risk managers to communicate the findings of risk studies for initiating individual actions to enhance personal protection, to alert people about hazardous situations  ...  I would like to thank Dr. B. Johnson from the NJ-Department of Environmentaal Protection for his helpful comments and Jeanne Kasperson for a thorough review of an earlier draft of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-009-1952-5_20 fatcat:zgmnaatapnfr5kbrcalrwea7hu

On the state of the art: risk communication to the public

V.M Bier
2001 Reliability Engineering & System Safety  
decisions to the general public.  ...  They also note that issues of concern to the public may not be limited to risk.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0951-8320(00)00090-9 fatcat:uszarqpbq5f2vcimn7ndow65ci

The Importance of Enterprise Risk Management to Public Sector Organisations in Nigeria

2019 Public Policy and Administration Research  
The paper dealt with the importance of enterprise risk management to public sector organisations in Nigeria.  ...  The paper found that the practice of enterprise risk management is an evolving practice among public sector organisations globally.  ...  According to McPhee (2014) , this underscored the role of the Government in encouraging risk management in the public sector.  ... 
doi:10.7176/ppar/9-3-17 fatcat:ivpkqf5amnegpbho33s3gnb7ri

Challenges to the notion of publics in public relations: implications of the risk society for the discipline

Richard Jones
2002 Public Relations Review  
Focusing on the role of the public for the firm, this paper argues that the emergence of the powerful consumer and the critical public is not coincidental but a symptom of the emergence of the risk society  ...  The notion risk society offers a conceptual framework for understanding the emergence of new communicatively powerful publics.  ...  This paper presents the notion of risk society as a basis for building up a framework for reconceptualising our approach to publics.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0363-8111(02)00110-8 fatcat:lvmstkrgbzbivbqzzhbbbbf2rm

Risk-based regulation and reforms to fitness to practise tribunals in the United Kingdom: Serving the public interest?

John Martyn Chamberlain
2016 Health, Risk and Society  
, to a proactive risk-adverse overseer of professional standards designed to secure public safety (Waring and Dixon-8 Woods 2010).  ...  it, alongside what can and should be done to punish individuals who fail to effectively manage the risk of harm to others, requires the broadening of current conceptions surrounding public involvement  ... 
doi:10.1080/13698575.2016.1232374 fatcat:zscnvia2sfa3leunhhntfxfnke

Informing and Educating the Public About Risk [chapter]

P. Slovic
1987 Insuring and Managing Hazardous Risks: From Seveso to Bhopal and Beyond  
The objective of informing and educaiing the public about risk issues seems easy to attain in principle, but, in practice, may be difficult to accomplish.  ...  To be effective, risk communicators must recognize and overcome a number of obstacles that have their roots in the limitations of scientific risk assessment and the idiosyncracies of the human mind.  ...  (7) Are all data and processes of the risk analysis open to public scrutiny?  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-83074-7_11 fatcat:t4n6uczt3nbu3e6f3p2qp62lpu

Simulating the Risks from Aircraft Debris to the Public on the Ground

Arnaud Prouzeau, Chris W. Johnson
2015 Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Application and Theory of Automation in Command and Control Systems - ATACCS '15  
This paper presents a system that was developed to simulate the risks from aircraft debris on ground-based infrastructures.  ...  Airprox investigations and similar studies into near-miss incidents focus on the risk to passengers and crew. They do not consider the impact of debris.  ...  In order to prove this hypothesis, it is necessary to disprove the alternate hypothesis: H1: Using the system will affect the user's risk perception of a mid-air collision impacting the public.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2899361.2899372 dblp:conf/atacss/ProuzeauJ15 fatcat:oq2y2xsuzvdjji2xlstgiushvi

Relative risk rather than absolute risk reduction should be preferred to sensitise the public to preventive actions

Nicolas Chapelle, Myriam Martel, Alan N Barkun, Marc Bardou
2021 Gut  
to driving public adherence to vaccination. 7 It may have been much less the case had the absolute risk reduction been discussed, which was around 1% (confirmed COVID-19 cases 1.21% and 0.07% in the  ...  relation to the perception of risk by the public, for a disease whose overall case fatality is in the 2%-4% range 3 -exactly the same magnitude as that of colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence (2%) reported  ... 
doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2021-324689 pmid:33811040 fatcat:jb6j74bm7fb75dvl3aswn6lv7i

Public health concern behind the exposure to persistent organic pollutants and the risk of metabolic diseases

Jérôme Ruzzin
2012 BMC Public Health  
Based on this novel knowledge, this article aims at stimulating discussion and evaluating the effectiveness of current POP legislation to protect humans against the risk of metabolic diseases.  ...  This situation should attract the greatest attention from the public health and governmental authorities.  ...  Recently, part his work was presented at the High Level Consultative Conference of the Environment and Public Health Community in Europe, Berlin-Potsdam, Germany.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-298 pmid:22520265 pmcid:PMC3408385 fatcat:dgwggjakt5hlncq3zu5ss7rgam
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