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Replies to Sell's Question, "How Far Left is the APA Going?"

Richard Centers, H. C. Gilhousen, G. A. Holland, J. C. Coleman, J. F. T. Bugental, F. Fearing, S. C. Fischer, J. P. Seward, J. G. Sheehan, M. A. Wenger
1951 American Psychologist  
C. Grtnovusen. G. A. How! J. C. Coreman, J. F. T. Bucentar, F. Fear S. C. Fiscner, J. P. Sewarp,. J. G SHEEHA and M. A.  ...  Frederick C. Frick is Chief of the Communicatioas Research Divi- sion. Lt. Colonel Fred E. Holdrege is research co- ordinator.  ... 
doi:10.1037/h0061019 fatcat:qrwucsqopzhvdfpcxylvojq3v4

Beyond fossil fuel–driven nitrogen transformations

Jingguang G. Chen, Richard M. Crooks, Lance C. Seefeldt, Kara L. Bren, R. Morris Bullock, Marcetta Y. Darensbourg, Patrick L. Holland, Brian Hoffman, Michael J. Janik, Anne K. Jones, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Paul King (+5 others)
2018 Science  
N 2(g) + O 2(g) ⇄ 2NO (g) The standard enthalpy of this reaction is 90.3 kJ/mol NO, and the entropy is 12.4 J/K per mol NO (14, 15) , indicating that equilibrium is unfavorable for NO production under  ...  N 2(g) + 2.5O 2(g) + H 2 O (liq) ⇄ 2H + (aq) + 2NO 3 − (aq) The equilibrium constant for this reaction is ∼2.7 × 10 −3 M 4 /bar 3.5 (standard Gibbs free energy DG 0 = 14.6 kJ/mol N 2 ) (14) (15) (16)  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.aar6611 pmid:29798857 fatcat:vcyjx2rkb5apphsszshzcdvp7q

The effects of technology use in feedlot production systems on feedlot performance and carcass characteristics

C. L. Maxwell, B. C. Bernhard, C. F. O'Neill, B. K. Wilson, C. G. Hixon, C. L. Haviland, A. N. Grimes, M. S. Calvo-Lorenzo, D. L. VanOverbeke, G. G. Mafi, C. J. Richards, D. L. Step (+2 others)
2015 Journal of Animal Science  
<0.01 d 0Z-20Z NE g , mcal/kg 1.09 a 1.19 a 1.58 b 0.08 <0.01 Overall NE g , mcal/kg 1.10 a 1.29 b 1.34 c 0.02 <0.01 a-c Within a row, means without a common superscript differ (P < 0.05  ...  The addition of technology improved calculated NE m and NE g of the diets fed ( a-c Within a row, means without a common superscript differ (P < 0.05). 1 Data were analyzed with mortalities (3 digestive  ... 
doi:10.2527/jas.2014-8127 pmid:26020911 fatcat:43ltobmxa5grhc25uy5gnereci

Reward-Respecting Subtasks for Model-Based Reinforcement Learning [article]

Richard S. Sutton and Marlos C. Machado and G. Zacharias Holland and David Szepesvari and Finbarr Timbers and Brian Tanner and Adam White
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Richard S. Sutton, Marlos C. Machado and Adam White are supported by a Canada CIFAR AI Chair.  ...  Given a GVF task c, z, the objective is to find an option that maximizes E C 1 +γC 2 +• • •+γ K−1 C K +γ K−1 z(S K ) for whatever state S 0 the option is started in.  ...  Instead of maximizing the sum of rewards R t , we maximize the sum of a cumulant C t . = c(S t ) for some function c : S → R.  ... 
arXiv:2202.03466v2 fatcat:vwilnxtbdfcgxmkzzz64hw7wd4

DengueInfo: A web portal to dengue information resources

Mark J. Schreiber, Swee Hoe Ong, Richard C.G. Holland, Martin L. Hibberd, Subhash G. Vasudevan, Wayne P. Mitchell, Edward C. Holmes
2007 Infection, Genetics and Evolution  
DengueInfo (http://www.dengueinfo.org) is a web portal and database that brings clarity to dengue research by integrating the growing number of complete genome sequences of dengue virus with relevant literature and curated epidemiological information. Additionally, it represents a repository of on-going prospective and retrospective studies of dengue disease severity. We intend the database to be a flagship resource for the dengue community, providing standardized and high quality information
more » ... d facilitating research into key aspects of dengue biology and assisting in its control. To aid this process we also introduce a standard nomenclature for dengue isolates inspired by globally accepted system used for influenza virus. #
doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2007.02.002 pmid:17350350 fatcat:yrccnpbwdjaa3iyeegvtzbkjpm

Gaia Early Data Release 3: Photometric content and validation [article]

M. Riello, F. De Angeli, D. W. Evans, P. Montegriffo, J. M. Carrasco, G. Busso, L. Palaversa, P. W. Burgess, C. Diener, M. Davidson, N. Rowell, C. Fabricius (+30 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
G=17, and 2.6 mmag at G=19.  ...  The median uncertainty in the G-band photometry, as measured from the standard deviation of the internally calibrated mean photometry for a given source, is 0.2 mmag at magnitude G=10 to 14, 0.8 mmag at  ...  The scatter was measured in bins of 0.01 mag and the resulting dataset was then fitted with a simple power law in G magnitude: σ C * (G) = c 0 + c 1 G m , (18) with c 0 = 0.0059898, c 1 = 8.817481 · 10  ... 
arXiv:2012.01916v1 fatcat:duh4dnlebrgohnmvmw5hbigpla

Distributed antenna-coupled transition edge sensors

Peter K. Day, Henry G. LeDuc, Richard A. M. Lee, C. Darren Dowell, Jonas Zmuidzinas, Jonas Zmuidzinas, Wayne S. Holland, Stafford Withington, William D. Duncan
2006 Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy III  
Holland, Stafford Withington, William D.  ...  Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6275 62751R-3 (a) (b) The thermal noise is NEP thermal = 4k B T 2 G, (1) where G is the combined thermal conductance between electrons and phonons for all of the microbolometers in a  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.672690 fatcat:u2fznf6oufeexorem5hmn2qc2y

Zur Untersuchung der Butter und des Butterfetts

L. Robin, Chr Bartel, Klas Sond�n, Shrewsbury, Knapp, R. Ross, J. Race, F. Maudsley, C. Revis, E. Richards Balton, E. Carlinfanti, F. Face (+33 others)
1921 Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry  
s b e d i n g u n g e n e r h a l t e n e N i e d e rs c h l a g 0~4g o d e r m e h r wiegt.  ...  E i n e n n e u e n B e i t r a g z u r B u t t e r u n t e r s u c h u n g ]iefern E. C a r l i n f a n t i und F. L a Faee~).  ...  E i n a b g ' e a n d e r t e s E s s i g s~t u r e r e a g e n s fffr d i e P r o b e n a c h V a l e n t~ gibt A. E. P a r k e s 1) an.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf01419125 fatcat:qpp3ehgzdbgfhjfpggm4k6zbeq

ZEUS: the redshift (z) and early universe spectrometer

Gordon J. Stacey, Steven Hailey-Dunsheath, Thomas Nikola, Stephen C. Parshley, Dominic J. Benford, S. H. Moseley, Jr., Johannes G. Staguhn, Richard A. Shafer, Jonas Zmuidzinas, Wayne S. Holland, Stafford Withington
2004 Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II  
0 , C + , O 0 , and the mid-J rotational lines of CO.  ...  The most efficient transitions lie in the far-infrared and submm bands where the effects of extinction by interstellar dust can largely be ignored, and include the ground state fine-structure lines of C  ...  Typical observed C 0 /CO abundances -C 0 /CO ~ 0.1 within the Galaxy, and C 0 /CO ~ 0.5 in starburst nuclei -are much larger than expected in standard oxygen rich chemical models 21 .  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.552013 fatcat:c2mlhoycunbendqydu5ivkgqaa

Desmoplastic Infantile Ganglioglioma/Astrocytoma (DIG/DIA) Are Distinct Entities with Frequent BRAFV600 Mutations

Anthony C. Wang, David T.W. Jones, Isaac Joshua Abecassis, Bonnie L. Cole, Sarah E.S. Leary, Christina M. Lockwood, Lukas Chavez, David Capper, Andrey Korshunov, Aria Fallah, Shelly Wang, Chibawanye Ene (+6 others)
2018 Molecular Cancer Research  
Acknowledgments This work was supported by grants from the Richard G. Ellenbogen Chair of Pediatric Neurological Surgery.  ...  Holland Writing, review, and/or revision of the manuscript: A.C. Wang, D.T.W. Jones, I.J. Abecassis, B.L. Cole, S.E.S. Leary, C.M. Lockwood, D. Capper, A. Fallah, S. Wang, C. Ene, R.G.  ...  C, Suprasellar DIA with leptomeningeal metastases. D, Suprasellar and cisternal DIA Figure 2 . 2 Figure 2.  ... 
doi:10.1158/1541-7786.mcr-17-0507 pmid:30006355 pmcid:PMC7269191 fatcat:kytxvyo7xrb4bbr67ywebau474

Gaia Data Release 3: Processing and validation of BP/RP low-resolution spectral data [article]

F. De Angeli, M. Weiler, P. Montegriffo, D. W. Evans, M. Riello, R. Andrae, J. M. Carrasco, G. Busso, P. W. Burgess, C. Cacciari, M. Davidson, D. L. Harrison (+42 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Most of these are brighter than G = 17.65 but some BP/RP spectra are published for sources down to G = 21.43.  ...  The top-quality BP/RP spectra are achieved for sources with magnitudes 9 < G < 12, having S/N reaching 1000 in the central part of the RP wavelength range.  ...  [4] C[7] • • • C[1432] 1 C[5] C[8] • • • C[1433] 1 C[9] • • • C[1434] 1 • • • . . . 1 C[1484] 1                               bp/rp_n_relevant_bases Number of coefficients  ... 
arXiv:2206.06143v1 fatcat:eefhg4lndrfcherfpfysukdmd4

Strict evolutionary conservation followed rapid gene loss on human and rhesus Y chromosomes

Jennifer F. Hughes, Helen Skaletsky, Laura G. Brown, Tatyana Pyntikova, Tina Graves, Robert S. Fulton, Shannon Dugan, Yan Ding, Christian J. Buhay, Colin Kremitzki, Qiaoyan Wang, Hua Shen (+15 others)
2012 Nature  
The human X and Y chromosomes evolved from an ordinary pair of autosomes during the past 200-300 million years 1-3 . Due to genetic decay, the human MSY (male-specific region of Y chromosome) retains only three percent of the ancestral autosomes' genes 4,5 . This evolutionary decay was driven by a series of five "stratification" events. Each event suppressed X-Y crossing over within a chromosome segment or "stratum", incorporated that segment into the MSY, and subjected its genes to the erosive
more » ... forces that attend the absence of crossing over 2,6 . The last of these events occurred 30 million years ago (mya), or 5 million years before the human and Old World monkey (OWM) lineages diverged. Although speculation abounds regarding ongoing decay and looming extinction of the human Y chromosome 7-10 , remarkably little is known about how many MSY genes were lost in the human lineage in the 25 million years that have followed its separation from the OWM lineage. To explore this question, we sequenced the MSY of the rhesus macaque, an OWM, and compared it to the human MSY. We discovered that, during the last 25 million years, MSY gene loss in the human lineage was limited to the youngest stratum (stratum 5), which comprises three percent of the human MSY. Within the older strata, which collectively comprise the bulk of the human MSY, gene loss evidently ceased more than 25 mya. Likewise, the rhesus MSY has not lost any older genes (from strata 1-4) during the past 25 million years, despite major structural differences from the human MSY. The rhesus MSY is simpler, with few amplified gene families or palindromes that might enable intrachromosomal recombination
doi:10.1038/nature10843 pmid:22367542 pmcid:PMC3292678 fatcat:tdorsvupo5eetptk5vptygw4ga

GaiaData Release 1

F. van Leeuwen, D. W. Evans, F. De Angeli, C. Jordi, G. Busso, C. Cacciari, M. Riello, E. Pancino, G. Altavilla, A. G. A. Brown, P. Burgess, J. M. Carrasco (+82 others)
2017 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
G − V 0.02266 -0.27125 -0.11207 0.028 −0.25 < V − I < 3.25 (Bessell & Murphy 2012) (g − i) (g − i) 2 (g − i) 3 σ SDSS Gg -0. 098958 -0.6758 -0.043274 0.0039908 0.028 −0.4 < g − i < 3.0 (Ahn et al.  ...  Finally, some residual effects of linking inaccuracies can be seen at G ∼ 13 and G ∼ 16.  ... 
doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201630064 fatcat:yws27w36xjd67c2sqblg2j23u4

Genetically predicted complement component 4A expression: effects on memory function and middle temporal lobe activation

G. Donohoe, J. Holland, D. Mothersill, S. McCarthy-Jones, D. Cosgrove, D. Harold, A. Richards, K. Mantripragada, M. J. Owen, M. C. O'Donovan, M. Gill, A. Corvin (+1 others)
2018 Psychological Medicine  
Wechsler D (1997 )ha g C, L Q, Fa W, Ta g W, Yi ) . I flue e of CFH gene on symptom severity of schizophrenia. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 13, 697-706. .  ...  Psychological Corporation: San Antonio, TX.Yang Y, Chung EK, Zhou B, Blanchong CA, Yu CY, Füst G, Kovacs M, Vatay A, Szalai C, Karadi I, Varga L (2003).  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0033291717002987 pmid:29310738 fatcat:dwzg5yu4nfcsxblfzwhhnankwe

EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF TWO OR MORE DEXAMETHASONE INTRAVITREAL IMPLANT INJECTIONS FOR TREATMENT OF MACULAR EDEMA RELATED TO RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION (SHASTA STUDY)

Antonio Capone, Michael A. Singer, David G. Dodwell, Richard F. Dreyer, Kean T. Oh, Daniel B. Roth, John G. Walt, Lanita C. Scott, David A. Hollander
2014 Retina  
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and reinjection interval of dexamethasone intravitreal implant (DEX implant) in branch retinal vein occlusion and central retinal vein occlusion patients receiving $2 DEX implant treatments. Methods: Multicenter (26-site), retrospective chart review study. Data were collected from baseline (at first DEX implant) through 3 months to 6 months after last DEX implant. Results: Patients (n = 289) received 2 to 9 (mean, 3.2) DEX implants as monotherapy
more » ... of patients) or with adjunctive treatments/procedures. Mean duration of macular edema before first DEX implant was 18.4 months. Mean reinjection interval was 5.6 months. Mean peak change in best-corrected visual acuity from baseline through 4 weeks to 20 weeks after final DEX implant was +1.0 line (P , 0.001). Best-corrected visual acuity and central retinal thickness improved significantly from baseline after each of the first 6 DEX implant injections (P # 0.037); 59.7% of branch retinal vein occlusion and 66.7% of central retinal vein occlusion patients achieved $2-line best-corrected visual acuity improvement. Intraocular pressure increase ($10 mmHg) occurred in 32.6% of patients; 29.1% used intraocular pressure-lowering medication to treat increases associated with DEX implant. Only 1.7% of patients required incisional glaucoma surgery. Conclusion: Retinal vein occlusion patients treated with multiple DEX implant injections, either alone or combined with other therapies, had improved central retinal thickness and visual acuity with each subsequent injection. No new safety concerns developed with multiple implants. RETINA
doi:10.1097/iae.0b013e318297f842 pmid:23846381 fatcat:rsyjrfhaxrenzlfh23b2ltmgcm
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