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Reward value is encoded in primary somatosensory cortex and can be decoded from neural activity during performance of a psychophysical task

David B. McNiel, John S. Choi, John P. Hessburg, Joseph T. Francis
2016 2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)  
Neural data was recorded from primary somatosensory cortex (S1) during these experiments and firing rate histograms were created following the appearance of the visual cue and used as input to a variety  ...  Reward valence was decoded with high levels of accuracy from S1 both in the post-cue and post-reward periods.  ...  Reward Valence Can be Decoded Following Delivery of Reward In the post-reward delivery period decoding accuracy was excellent in both cued and noncued tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1109/embc.2016.7591376 pmid:28268958 pmcid:PMC5453670 fatcat:7mjy6k5bb5glroyvlvixcbroea

From sensation to action

Ranulfo Romo, Adrián Hernández, Emilio Salinas, Carlos D Brody, Antonio Zainos, Luis Lemus, Victor de Lafuente, Rogelio Luna
2002 Behavioural Brain Research  
Finally, we review data that show the neuronal correlates of a decision during somatosensory perception. #  ...  Key to understanding somatosensation is the form of how the mechanical stimuli are represented in the evoked neuronal activity of the brain.  ...  Acknowledgements Research in R.R. laboratory was supported by an International Research Scholars award from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Millennium Science Initiative, CONACyT and DGAPA.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0166-4328(02)00161-4 pmid:12356440 fatcat:g4xkv5nbxjfhreivljmqawpdyq

Sensing with the Motor Cortex

Nicholas G. Hatsopoulos, Aaron J. Suminski
2011 Neuron  
The activity recorded by the neural interface is presumed to encode task-or goal-specific information that can be translated into behavior by a neural decoder.  ...  of primary somatosensory cortex.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2011.10.020 pmid:22078507 pmcid:PMC3263767 fatcat:6wslrrgwpvglreds6juf6jdxwe

Limb-State Information Encoded by Peripheral and Central Somatosensory Neurons: Implications for an Afferent Interface

Douglas J. Weber, Brian M. London, James A. Hokanson, Christopher A. Ayers, Robert A. Gaunt, Ricardo R. Torres, Boubker Zaaimi, Lee E. Miller
2011 IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering  
A major issue to be addressed in the development of neural interfaces for prosthetic control is the need for somatosensory feedback.  ...  Here, we investigate two possible strategies: electrical stimulation of either dorsal root ganglia (DRG) or primary somatosensory cortex (S1).  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by the NIH grants 1R01-EB007749 and 1R21-NS-056136 and TATRC grant W81XWH-07-1-0716 to DJW. Funding for LEM provided by NIH grant 1R01-NS048845.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tnsre.2011.2163145 pmid:21878419 pmcid:PMC3694199 fatcat:pirqt2jksbbyvbqttwcdriocmu

Transformation of acoustic information to sensory decision variables in the parietal cortex [article]

Justin D. Yao, Klavdia O. Zemlianova, David L. Hocker, Cristina Savin, Christine M. Constantinople, SueYeon Chung, Dan H. Sanes
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
Finally, using a clustering analysis, we found subpopulations of neurons that may reflect the encoding of separate segments during task performance: stimulus integration and motor preparation or execution  ...  Here, we address this issue by evaluating the neural representation of acoustic information in auditory cortex-recipient parietal cortex while gerbils either performed an auditory discrimination task or  ...  To dissociate encoding of stimuli from encoding of choice, we recorded neural activity from parietal cortex while gerbils performed an auditory discrimination task (Yao et al., 2020) , and again during  ... 
doi:10.1101/2022.07.05.498869 fatcat:wszpb3aeyrcjzinnbl7hisscrq

Rapid reformatting of the cortical code during active tactile discrimination [article]

Evan R Harrell, Anthony Renard, Brice Bathellier
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
For better decoding performance, the precise temporal sequence of population activity is necessary during grating exploration but becomes dispensable after decision.  ...  Multi-electrode recordings in barrel cortex during task performance reveal weak orientation tuning in the firing rate of single neurons during grating exploration despite high cortical firing rates.  ...  this task and the temporally dynamic encoding that is present in cortex during task 348 performance.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.07.28.225565 fatcat:yzvd27s6gvfita6bw3orfwuqeu

Fast cortical dynamics encode tactile grating orientation during active touch

Evan R. Harrell, Anthony Renard, Brice Bathellier
2021 Science Advances  
Ego-Stengel and I. Férézou for giving insightful advice and feedback, G. Hucher for performing the histology, and A. Daret for providing the animal care for the mice.  ...  Funding: This work was supported by the Paris-Saclay University (Lidex NeuroSaclay) and by the International Human Frontier Science Program Organization  ...  in this task and the temporally dynamic encoding that is present in the barrel cortex during task performance.  ... 
doi:10.1126/sciadv.abf7096 pmid:34516895 pmcid:PMC8442870 fatcat:mbpieoeeu5cinhhmsosetfxwdi

Decoding stimulus features in primate somatosensory cortex during perceptual categorization

Manuel Alvarez, Antonio Zainos, Ranulfo Romo
2015 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Neurons of the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) respond as functions of frequency or amplitude of a vibrotactile stimulus.  ...  Such experiments could provide meaningful information on the encoding capacities of S1 neurons during these tasks.  ...  Another question that can be addressed in this task is: What is the relationship between the stimulus feature encoding in S1 and the animal's categorization performance?  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1504723112 pmid:25825711 pmcid:PMC4403151 fatcat:qecqna3rl5cczjd25j3tqpozye

Behavioral assessment of sensitivity to intracortical microstimulation of primate somatosensory cortex

Sungshin Kim, Thierri Callier, Gregg A. Tabot, Robert A. Gaunt, Francesco V. Tenore, Sliman J. Bensmaia
2015 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Results We trained two monkeys to perform two variants of a twoalternative forced-choice (2AFC) task: a detection task and a discrimination task.  ...  In the present study, we sought to characterize the psychometric properties of ICMS delivered to primary somatosensory cortex (S1) across a wide range of stimulation regimes.  ...  We thank Mark Histed, John Maunsell, Joseph O'Doherty, and Jeffrey Yau for their helpful comments on a previous version of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1509265112 pmid:26504211 pmcid:PMC4679002 fatcat:zsbgktllmrejrbz5svxyd46wc4

The Spatial Structure of Neural Encoding in Mouse Posterior Cortex during Navigation

Matthias Minderer, Kristen D. Brown, Christopher D. Harvey
2019 Neuron  
We performed dense sampling of single-neuron activity across the mouse posterior cortex and developed unbiased methods to relate neural activity to behavior and anatomical space.  ...  Therefore, the posterior cortex could be divided into discriminable areas based solely on behaviorally relevant neural activity, revealing functional structure in association regions.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Mark Andermann, Jerry Chen, Jan Drugowitsch, Bernardo Sabatini and members of the Harvey lab for helpful discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2019.01.029 pmid:30772081 pmcid:PMC6642748 fatcat:rjzunm2kdjfrbhfk7pgxk3aoru

Mirror Neurons are Modulated by Reward Expectation and Grip Force in the Sensorimotor Cortices (S1, M1, PMd, PMv) [article]

Md Moin U Atique, Joseph T Francis
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Comparing changes in neural time lags between manual and observational tasks indicated that a subpopulation fit the standard MN definition of observational neural activity lagging the visual information  ...  Neural activity in (S1, M1, PMd, PMv) significantly represented force and reward expectation.  ...  Reward value is encoded in primary 842 somatosensory cortex and can be decoded from neural activity during performance of a 843 psychophysical task. in 3064-3067 (IEEE, 2016). 844 26. Atique, M.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.12.30.424850 fatcat:l2syivzwbnctfjvydw4vkqwypa

Sensation during Active Behaviors

Laura Busse, Jessica A. Cardin, M. Eugenia Chiappe, Michael M. Halassa, Matthew J. McGinley, Takayuki Yamashita, Aman B. Saleem
2017 Journal of Neuroscience  
Neural processing in sensory systems can be shaped by behavior in multiple ways ranging from a modulation of responsiveness or sharpening of tuning to a dynamic change of response properties or functional  ...  Here, we review recent findings on the modulation of sensory processing during active behaviors in different systems: insect vision, rodent thalamus, and rodent sensory cortices.  ...  When an animal is engaged in a navigational task, behavioral errors are correlated with the errors in decoding the animal's position from the visual cortex .  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1828-17.2017 pmid:29118211 pmcid:PMC5678015 fatcat:cyciazlzuvbljgc4diu5t33npm

Disentangling temporal and rate codes in primate somatosensory cortex [article]

Thierri Callier, Thomas Gitchell, Michael A Harvey, Sliman J Bensmaia
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
First, we showed that animals can discriminate frequency, but their performance is biased by vibratory amplitude.  ...  Millisecond-scale temporal spiking patterns encode sensory information in the early stages of processing along the neuraxis, but their role in cortex remains controversial.  ...  Standardizing neural responses in array recordings Multiunit activity varies widely from electrode to electrode, both at baseline when no stimulus is applied, and in response to a stimulus, as might be  ... 
doi:10.1101/2022.09.19.508566 fatcat:f64rc23tmjfl5ab7nwbqlwhiz4

Reinforcement-guided learning in frontal neocortex: emerging computational concepts

Abhishek Banerjee, Rajeev V Rikhye, Adam Marblestone
2021 Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences  
Here, we review recent experimental neurophysiological findings focusing on the orbitofrontal cortex, a key higher-order association cortex, and highlight emerging concepts that emphasize the role of the  ...  The classical concepts of reinforcement learning in the mammalian brain focus on dopamine release in the basal ganglia as the neural substrate of reward prediction errors, which drive plasticity in striatal  ...  Acknowledgements This work is supported by a Royal Society research grant (to A.B.). We thank A. Marques-Smith and Blake Richards for helpful discussions and D. Haydock in reading the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2021.02.019 fatcat:e23xwqtibzgidcuozvfdm47dzy

The sensory representation of causally controlled objects [article]

Kelly B. Clancy, Thomas D. Mrsic-Flogel
2019 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
Here we devised a brain machine interface (BMI) task that enabled mice to guide a visual cursor to a target location for reward, using activity in brain areas recorded with widefield calcium imaging.  ...  AbstractIntentional control over external objects is informed by our sensory experience of them, in a continuous dialogue between action and perception.  ...  Motor plans can be decoded from parietal activity, and its responses are task, expectation, and goal dependent, in humans, (Rushworth et al., 2001; Desmurget et al., 2009; Aflalo et al., 2015) , non-human  ... 
doi:10.1101/786467 fatcat:nh6cytw5nvcdrii32u6udsxt4m
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