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Impatience, Anticipatory Feelings and Uncertainty: A Dynamic Experiment on Time Preferences

Marco Casari, Davide Dragone
2011 Social Science Research Network  
Moreover, choice reversal over time is common even if temptation plays no role. We propose and measure three distinct concepts of choice reversal over time to study time consistency.  ...  We study time preferences in a real-effort experiment with a one-month horizon. We report that two thirds of choices suggest negative time preferences.  ...  For instance, static choice reversal either comes with dynamic or calendar choice reversal but not with both.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1904880 fatcat:hj73xputcbcrtazux3qxbw6yly

Impatience, Anticipatory Feelings and Uncertainty: A Dynamic Experiment on Time Preferences

Marco Casari, Davide Dragone
2010 Social Science Research Network  
Moreover, choice reversal over time is common even if temptation plays no role. We propose and measure three distinct concepts of choice reversal over time to study time consistency.  ...  We study time preferences in a real-effort experiment with a one-month horizon. We report that two thirds of choices suggest negative time preferences.  ...  For instance, static choice reversal either comes with dynamic or calendar choice reversal but not with both.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1729635 fatcat:bivgfnkqqbe63mazzlosnoceqq

A novel multichoice touchscreen paradigm for assessing cognitive flexibility in mice

Patrick T. Piantadosi, Abby G. Lieberman, Charles L. Pickens, Hadley C. Bergstrom, Andrew Holmes
2018 Learning & memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.)  
However, with two-stimulus reversal, it is difficult to determine whether response errors are due excessive perseveration, deficient learning, or other problems with updating.  ...  To address this limitation, we developed a mouse three-choice touchscreen-based visual reversal task, in which the contingencies of two stimuli were switched on reversal but a third, simultaneously presented  ...  Red lines represent choice of the S1 − (discrimination sessions, left) or S new (reversal sessions, right), while green lines represent the S2 − (discrimination sessions, left) or S never (reversal sessions  ... 
doi:10.1101/lm.048264.118 pmid:30559117 pmcid:PMC6298539 fatcat:yaioo4i2j5fencetejj67vvvxm

Behavioral flexibility and response selection are impaired after limited exposure to oxycodone

Katharine M. Seip-Cammack, Matthew L. Shapiro
2014 Learning & memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.)  
We hypothesized that if oxycodone impaired behavioral flexibility, then drug-exposed rats should learn reversals more slowly than controls.  ...  Reversal learning was tested 36 h after the final drug exposure.  ...  Two-way ANOVAs were used to assess if performance during the reversal session (TtC) covaried with performance during the initial learning, retention, and reminder sessions.  ... 
doi:10.1101/lm.036251.114 pmid:25403457 pmcid:PMC4236414 fatcat:mxxtdyuz3jg2lnufyr4z7fejg4

Pre-commitment and flexibility in a time decision experiment

Marco Casari
2009 Journal of Risk and Uncertainty  
Through an experiment we compare preference-based vs. uncertainty-based explanations for choice reversal over time by eliciting choices for pre-commitment and flexibility.  ...  An agent with dynamically inconsistent preferences may deviate from her plan of action as the future draws near. An exponential discounter may do exactly the same when facing an uncertain future.  ...  This measurement of risk did not ultimately correlate with choice reversal, commitment, nor flexibility.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11166-009-9061-5 fatcat:j6zfinxqnzdzdeibyd2g6modom

Midsession reversal learning: why do pigeons anticipate and perseverate?

Jessica P. Stagner, Daniel M. Michler, Rebecca M. Rayburn-Reeves, Jennifer R. Laude, Thomas R. Zentall
2012 Learning & Behavior  
In Experiment 2, we attempted to make the point of reversal in the session more salient by inserting irrelevant trials with stimuli different from the original discriminative stimuli, and for a separate  ...  group, we added a 5-s time-out penalty following incorrect choices.  ...  The logic involved in the use of improvement in serial reversal learning with increasing reversals as a measure of behavioral flexibility is that it measures the improvement in reversal performance relative  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13420-012-0077-3 pmid:22696201 pmcid:PMC3524370 fatcat:ymohj266wbhnxeywxaf7r7kl6e

NMDA receptor deletion on dopamine neurons disrupts visual discrimination and reversal learning

Anna K. Radke, Larry S. Zweifel, Andrew Holmes
2019 Neuroscience Letters  
Results showed that these mutants were slower to attain a high level of choice accuracy on the discrimination task, but showed improved late reversal performance on sessions where correct choice was above  ...  discrimination and reversal learning paradigm.  ...  Dependent measures included sessions to criterion, total trials, percent correct responses (=100*(correct choices/total choice)), total errors, total correction trials (=corrections), and latency to choice  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2019.02.001 pmid:30726715 pmcid:PMC6534146 fatcat:m6kqih7khrcnrhsspxgweeeflu

Preferential Involvement by Nucleus Accumbens Shell in Mediating Probabilistic Learning and Reversal Shifts

G. L. Dalton, A. G. Phillips, S. B. Floresco
2014 Journal of Neuroscience  
Shell inactivation also impaired reversal performance on a similar task where correct/incorrect choices always/never delivered reward.  ...  Reinforcement contingencies were reversed repeatedly within a session. In well-trained rats, shell inactivation reduced the number of reversals completed and selectively reduced win-stay behavior.  ...  Daily sessions consisted of 200 discrete choice trials, with an intertrial interval of 15 s (50 min total).  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.5058-13.2014 pmid:24672007 pmcid:PMC6608131 fatcat:tsccqh2eangm3ljkkl2vhbrduy

Dopamine D 3 Receptor Availability Is Associated with Inflexible Decision Making

Stephanie M. Groman, Nathaniel J. Smith, J. Ryan Petrullli, Bart Massi, Lihui Chen, Jim Ropchan, Yiyun Huang, Daeyeol Lee, Evan D. Morris, Jane R. Taylor
2016 Journal of Neuroscience  
By combining PET imaging with the D 3 -preferring radioligand [ 11 C]-(ϩ)-PHNO, pharmacology, a novel three-choice probabilistic discrimination and reversal task and computational modeling of behavior  ...  Computational modeling of choice behavior in the reversal phase indicated that [ 11 C]-(ϩ)-PHNO binding in the midbrain was related to the learning rate and sensitivity to positive, but not negative, feedback  ...  Discussion By combining PET neuroimaging and D 3 receptor pharmacology with a novel within-session three-choice probabilistic acquisition and reversal-learning task in rats, the current study provides  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.3253-15.2016 pmid:27335404 pmcid:PMC4916249 fatcat:4f4rnswvbrh4nbhkk6yfh55bly

Serial reversal learning and the evolution of behavioral flexibility in three species of North American corvids (Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus, Nucifraga columbiana, Aphelocoma californica)

Alan B. Bond, Alan C. Kamil, Russell P. Balda
2007 Journal of Comparative Psychology  
The results are consistent with an evolutionary association between behavioral flexibility and social complexity.  ...  The effect was most apparent in the 1st session following each reversal and did not reflect species differences in the rate of initial discrimination learning.  ...  Error rates over five blocks of four successive reversals of a two-choice color discrimination task.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0735-7036.121.4.372 pmid:18085920 fatcat:3wicexpravg2jnpt7s7i7hkd7q

Pigeons' use of cues in a repeated five-trial-sequence, single-reversal task

Rebecca M. Rayburn-Reeves, Thomas R. Zentall
2012 Learning & Behavior  
We studied behavioral flexibility, or the ability to modify one's behavior in accordance with the changing environment, in pigeons using a reversal-learning paradigm.  ...  The ideal strategy would be to start each sequence with a choice of S1 (the first correct stimulus) until it was no longer correct, and then to switch to S2 (the second correct stimulus), thus utilizing  ...  With 16 fivetrial sequences per session, and with one reversal per sequence, it was possible to increase the number of reversal events while still keeping the number of trials per session at 80.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13420-012-0091-5 pmid:22983775 pmcid:PMC3632638 fatcat:si2hrop23jfivcbr4mtb5k6wki

Mice engineered to mimic a common Val66Met polymorphism in the BDNF gene show greater sensitivity to reversal in environmental contingencies

Angela Vandenberg, Wan Chen Lin, Lung-Hao Tai, Dorit Ron, Linda Wilbrecht
2018 Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience  
Here, we examined multiple aspects of learning and cognitive flexibility in a relatively new BDNF Val66Met mouse model (BDNF Val68Met, Warnault et al., 2016), including multiple choice discrimination and  ...  We found that mice homozygous for the Met allele show more efficient reversal learning in two different paradigms, but learn at rates comparable to Val homozygotes on the multiple choice discrimination  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Karen Berger, Jegath Athlingam, Hannah Peckler and Claudia Wu for help with experiments, Carolyn Johnson, Sam Sakhai, Anna Fiorenza, Sophie Laguesse and members of the Wilbrecht  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2018.05.009 pmid:29909248 fatcat:suebic5aarae3ds2cyvnef7i64

Control of adaptive action selection by secondary motor cortex during flexible visual categorization [article]

Tian-Yi Wang, Jing Liu, Haishan Yao
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Thus, M2 causally contributes to flexible action selection during stimulus categorization, with the representations of upcoming choice and sensory history regulated by the demand to remap stimulus-action  ...  Adaptive action selection during stimulus categorization is an important feature of flexible behavior.  ...  choice for the 518 reversing stimulus.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2019.12.16.877381 fatcat:hgfuj6w4dfew5an22yfgskxawu

Age and sex differences in behavioral flexibility, sensitivity to reward value, and risky decision-making

Sara R. Westbrook, Emily R. Hankosky, Megan R. Dwyer, Joshua M. Gulley
2018 Behavioral Neuroscience  
Here, we used adolescent and adult Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes to study instrumental behavior tasks that assess behavioral flexibility (strategy shifting and reversal learning; Exp. 1), sensitivity  ...  In Exp. 1, we found that adolescents were faster to acquire reversal learning than adults but there were no differences in strategy shifting.  ...  The session started with the original response strategy reinforced until rats had eight consecutive correct lever choices.  ... 
doi:10.1037/bne0000235 pmid:29481101 pmcid:PMC5908747 fatcat:fvm33giimbf2xflxhi6hqdbude

Pigeons show near-optimal win-stay/lose-shift performance on a simultaneous-discrimination, midsession reversal task with short intertrial intervals

Rebecca M. Rayburn-Reeves, Jennifer R. Laude, Thomas R. Zentall
2013 Behavioural Processes  
After many sessions of training with this task, pigeons show a curious pattern of choices.  ...  Discrimination reversal tasks have been used as a measure of species flexibility in dealing with changes in reinforcement contingency.  ...  Behavioral flexibility studied with this paradigm allows for the assessment of strategies that animals can use to maximize reinforcement.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2012.10.011 pmid:23123672 pmcid:PMC3601908 fatcat:ofljljlycfhyznqhj6jgh3nimi
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