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Defending Tor from Network Adversaries: A Case Study of Network Path Prediction [article]

Joshua Juen, Aaron Johnson, Anupam Das, Nikita Borisov, Matthew Caesar
2015 arXiv   pre-print
We perform a measurement study by running traceroutes from Tor relays to destinations around the Internet.  ...  Considering only the top path, we see 11.6%, 11.6%, 12.1% and 21.6% AS compromise rates for the forward, reverse, Tor, and forward/reverse paths respectively.  ...  For the top path, the IX compromise rates were higher with 27.0%, 17.5%, 29.3% and 43.5% for the forward, reverse, Tor and forward/reverse paths respectively.  ... 
arXiv:1410.1823v4 fatcat:i3taxe5xsrer3ftm3qowvljwum

Traceroute-Based Route Gathering and Repairing Mechanism of Client-Independent IP Geolocation System

Yong Cai Tao, Wei Wei Jia, Lei Shi, Lin Wei, Yang Jie Cao
2013 Advanced Materials Research  
of route information; 3) a Reverse Route Delay Repairing algorithm (RRDR) is presented to solve the problem of route inflation, guaranteeing that the delay value of current router is smaller than that  ...  However, there are still some defects needed to be improved, including inaccurate landmark information, incomplete traceroute information and inaccurate traceroute repairing information.  ...  obtaining the minimum delay among multiple rounds of traceroute; Second, RRDR solves the route inflation using the reverse repairing mechanism.  ... 
doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/amr.756-759.3728 fatcat:2tpaw6z2cfc5hjk7rx4d32z6wi

Defending Tor from Network Adversaries: A Case Study of Network Path Prediction

Joshua Juen, Aaron Johnson, Anupam Das, Nikita Borisov, Matthew Caesar
2015 Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies  
We find that traceroutes present a very different picture, with the set of ASes seen in the traceroute path differing from the predicted path 80% of the time.  ...  We compare the collected traceroute paths to predicted paths using state-of-the-art path inference techniques.  ...  Considering only the top path, we see 11.6%, 11.6%, 12.1% and 21.6% AS compromise rates for the forward, reverse, Tor, and forward/reverse paths respectively.  ... 
doi:10.1515/popets-2015-0021 dblp:journals/popets/JuenJDBC15 fatcat:hu3cmm7y7jf2lliqejb4xo333y

rTraceroute: Réunion Traceroute Visualisation [article]

Xavier Nicolay, Réhan Noordally, Yassine Gangat
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Traceroute is the main tools to explore Internet path. It provides limited information about each node along the path.  ...  However, Traceroute cannot go further in statistics analysis, or Man-Machine Interface (MMI). Indeed, there are no graphical tool that is able to draw all paths used by IP routes.  ...  Like the original Traceroute, reverse-Traceroute can only generate Traceroute raw data but for the return way. Another method to obtain the reverse path is using a measurement platform. B.  ... 
arXiv:1703.05903v1 fatcat:p7krjj3w45a6joavav427jkocu

On the Analysis of Internet Paths with DisNETPerf, a Distributed Paths Performance Analyzer

Sarah Wassermann, Pedro Casas, Benoit Donnet, Guy Leduc, Marco Mellia
2016 2016 IEEE 41st Conference on Local Computer Networks Workshops (LCN Workshops)  
A major limitation of traceroute when the destination is not controllable by the user is its inability to measure reverse paths, i.e., the path from any given destination back to the source.  ...  While the problem of reverse traceroute has been addressed in the past, proposed techniques rely on IP address spoofing -which might lead to security concerns, and assume the availability of certain route-tracking  ...  This is exactly the problem we tackle in this paper: performing reverse traceroute measurements.  ... 
doi:10.1109/lcn.2016.031 dblp:conf/lcn/WassermannCDLM16 fatcat:h7ffckzxjzflbcrhjx7aks33ui

In and Out of Cuba

Zachary S. Bischof, John P. Rula, Fabián E. Bustamante
2015 Proceedings of the 2015 ACM Conference on Internet Measurement Conference - IMC '15  
Specifically, in our analysis we find that traffic going out of Cuba typically travels through the ALBA-1 cable, but, surprisingly, traffic on the reverse path often traverses high-latency satellite links  ...  forward and reverse paths.  ...  We then match traceroutes with opposite source and destination IP address to get the forward and reverse path and calculate the asymmetry of the path [10, 14] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2815675.2815718 dblp:conf/imc/BischofRB15 fatcat:5nu7xc26ore3bdvm7eri2egsay

Secure traceroute to detect faulty or malicious routing

Venkata N. Padmanabhan, Daniel R. Simon
2003 Computer communication review  
To this end, we propose a different approach, the central idea of which is a secure traceroute protocol that enables end hosts or routers to detect and locate the source of (arbitrarily severe) routing  ...  The reverse route consists of the sequence of intermediate routers along the path from R to D in reverse order.  ...  (Note that due to routing asymmetry, the reverse route may not be the same as the route from D to R.)  ... 
doi:10.1145/774763.774775 fatcat:4zbdjphiv5fpxj5kqrbeabmyy4

On routing asymmetry in the Internet

Yihua He, M. Faloutsos, S. Krishnamurthy, B. Huffaker
2005 GLOBECOM '05. IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, 2005.  
Our quantitative evaluations provide a measure of the difference between the forward and reverse paths between two end points.  ...  Our quantitative evaluations provide a measure of the difference between the forward and reverse paths between two end points.  ...  A more detailed discussion can be found in [16] . indicated by the traceroute on the reverse path (although the path might be identical).  ... 
doi:10.1109/glocom.2005.1577769 dblp:conf/globecom/HeFKH05 fatcat:nrboczni4bdolo63kljatq4zca

LIFEGUARD

Ethan Katz-Bassett, Colin Scott, David R. Choffnes, Ítalo Cunha, Vytautas Valancius, Nick Feamster, Harsha V. Madhyastha, Thomas Anderson, Arvind Krishnamurthy
2012 Proceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM 2012 conference on Applications, technologies, architectures, and protocols for computer communication - SIGCOMM '12  
For all hops still pingable from S, LIFEGUARD measures a reverse traceroute to S.  ...  Because many failures are unidirectional [20] , it adapts techniques from reverse traceroute [19] to provide reverse path visibility.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2342356.2342435 dblp:conf/sigcomm/Katz-BassettSCCVFMAK12 fatcat:woyef2psifhxxfjqhuiyszsr4e

Issues with inferring Internet topological attributes

Lisa Amini, Anees Shaikh, Henning Schulzrinne
2004 Computer Communications  
A number of recent studies are based on data collected from routing tables of inter-domain routers utilizing Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) and tools, such as traceroute, to probe end-to-end paths.  ...  Additionally, measurements that met any of the criteria listed in Table 2 , or for which we were unable to capture a forward and reverse BGP path, as well as a forward and reverse traceroute in the same  ...  Additionally, the number of traceroute paths that exhibited 2 or more nodes not in the corresponding BGP path was similar to the number of BGP paths exhibiting the reverse.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.comcom.2003.08.021 fatcat:wn4mjmeilfdi5cnz6vqfkh535m

Issues with inferring Internet topological attributes

Lisa D. Amini, Anees Shaikh, Henning G. Schulzrinne, Robert D. van der Mei, Frank Huebner
2002 Internet Performance and Control of Network Systems III  
A number of recent studies are based on data collected from routing tables of inter-domain routers utilizing Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) and tools, such as traceroute, to probe end-to-end paths.  ...  Additionally, measurements that met any of the criteria listed in Table 2 , or for which we were unable to capture a forward and reverse BGP path, as well as a forward and reverse traceroute in the same  ...  Additionally, the number of traceroute paths that exhibited 2 or more nodes not in the corresponding BGP path was similar to the number of BGP paths exhibiting the reverse.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.473379 fatcat:iq6elsb35na3riuczjjfranx7a

The record route option is an option!

Brian J Goodchild, Yi-Ching Chiu, Rob Hansen, Haonan Lua, Matt Calder, Matthew Luckie, Wyatt Lloyd, David Choffnes, Ethan Katz-Bassett
2017 Proceedings of the 2017 Internet Measurement Conference on - IMC '17  
This mechanism forms the basis of our reverse traceroute system that can measure the reverse path back to any local host from a destination within range of at least one local host [11] .  ...  Our Reverse Traceroute system, which was well-received at the time of publication in 2010 [11] , has been using RR for daily operation and related studies consistently over the past nine years.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3131365.3131392 dblp:conf/imc/GoodchildCHLCLL17 fatcat:kyaiuqco35h5jhzjsgz6jdvlei

Network maps beyond connectivity

Zhiheng Wang, Cheng Jin, S. Jamin
2005 GLOBECOM '05. IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, 2005.  
In this paper, we combine connectivity, latency, and routing information all into an interface-level network map based on Internet traceroute data.  ...  This paper describes the first study in incorporating connectivity, latency, and routing information all into a network map based on a large set of traceroute data.  ...  For clarity, we only indicate reverse paths in the figure. In Figure 3 , the reverse path R 2 -S has a larger latency (represented by the longer arch) than that of R 1 -S.  ... 
doi:10.1109/glocom.2005.1577668 dblp:conf/globecom/WangJJ05 fatcat:rys5c6uf45h3rcoygnu5edjnwy

A structural approach to latency prediction

Harsha V. Madhyastha, Thomas Anderson, Arvind Krishnamurthy, Neil Spring, Arun Venkataramani
2006 Proceedings of the 6th ACM SIGCOMM on Internet measurement - IMC '06  
The number of measurements used in our approach is comparable with that required by black box techniques, but using traceroutes instead of pings.  ...  These do not necessarily represent the true latencies of segments (S → I) and (I → D) since the reverse path back from any hop observed on a traceroute could be asymmetric.  ...  We similarly estimate the reverse path latency. The estimated round trip time is the sum of the estimated latencies for the forward and reverse paths.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1177080.1177092 dblp:conf/imc/MadhyasthaAKSV06 fatcat:grnshz6gtrhdffrq334ps5pddq

Distributed Internet Paths Performance Analysis Through Machine Learning

Sarah Wassermann, Pedro Casas
2018 2018 Network Traffic Measurement and Analysis Conference (TMA)  
REVERSE TRACEROUTE WITH DISNETPERF The primary goal of DisNETPerf is to compute and monitor the path from a given content server to a specific user.  ...  DisNETPerf is a distributed platform capable of doing reverse traceroute measurements, collecting path measurements from any source to any destination, even when the source is not under the control of  ... 
doi:10.23919/tma.2018.8506572 dblp:conf/tma/WassermannC18 fatcat:fbri6tuopjhglcxzn5obrqmaxu
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