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Revealing interpretable object representations from human behavior [article]

Charles Y. Zheng, Francisco Pereira, Chris I. Baker, Martin N. Hebart
2019 arXiv   pre-print
To study how mental object representations are related to behavior, we estimated sparse, non-negative representations of objects using human behavioral judgments on images representative of 1,854 object  ...  reflect human conceptual representations of objects beyond the specific task.  ...  INTRODUCTION A central goal in understanding the human mind is to determine how object concepts are represented and how they relate to human behavior.  ... 
arXiv:1901.02915v1 fatcat:puckmesdefaubkfo7na5pqpk7u

Visual Representation in the Wild: How Rhesus Monkeys Parse Objects

Yuko Munakata, Laurie R. Santos, Elizabeth S. Spelke, Marc D. Hauser, Randall C. O'Reilly
2001 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
& Visual object representation was studied in free-ranging rhesus monkeys.  ...  These findings show both commonalities and contrasts with those obtained from human infants. We discuss their implications for the development and neural mechanisms of higher-level vision. &  ...  On this interpretation, the distinct features of the objects and the representation of object boundaries are irrelevant to monkeys' looking behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1162/089892901564162 pmid:11224908 fatcat:oijooo3mv5fadb7wxx6cwif4x4

Content-Based Approach in Exploring the Cognitive Structure of Values

Johanna Maksimainen
2012 Asian Social Science  
The information contents of mental representations play a decisive role in understanding human behavior.  ...  The model illustrates different information contents related to particular object.  ...  For understanding the effects of values on behavior, we must consider how people shift from the abstract representation of a value to specific behaviors.  ... 
doi:10.5539/ass.v8n6p26 fatcat:7k7b3zouo5dohjuv5xayndhdlu

Representational geometry: integrating cognition, computation, and the brain

Nikolaus Kriegeskorte, Rogier A. Kievit
2013 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
We interpret neuronal activity as serving the function of representing content, and of transforming representations of content, with the ultimate objective to produce successful behaviors.  ...  A visually perceived object, for example, will correspond to a point in the representational space of a given visual area.  ...  We interpret neuronal activity as serving the function of representing content, and of transforming representations of content, with the ultimate objective to produce successful behaviors.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2013.06.007 pmid:23876494 pmcid:PMC3730178 fatcat:c2swzal2pzhdljj2rliiqwzo2e

Cognitive Landscape Of Values – Understanding The Information Contents Of Mental Representations

J. Maksimainen
2012 Zenodo  
Such informational contents are in decisive role for understanding human behavior.  ...  In content-based approach human thinking in different contexts is set at the focal point. Differences in valuations can be explained through the information contents of mental representations.  ...  Values actualize from mental representations to particular behaviors.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1082318 fatcat:seufetpi5fdcbnbn6d7cypizyq

Allan Paivio's response to Delprato's review of Mind and its evolution: A dual-coding theoretical approach

Allan Paivio
2009 The Psychological Record  
Kantor and Skinner held similar positions on covert behaviors that are compatible up to a point with dual coding theory (Dct), particularly in that they reject explanations in terms of mystical processes  ...  Because of these agreements, my response to Delprato's review is more of an elaboration than a rejoinder to his interpretations of basic issues discussed in Mind. i address three issues in particular:  ...  Memory is interpreted as the overriding cognitive and behavioral adaptive mechanism that has enabled humans and other animals to survive and thrive throughout their evolutionary history.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf03395665 fatcat:ijc7lvs2b5dp7atcehi3xvjqx4

Relating population-code representations between man, monkey, and computational models

Nikolaus Kriegeskorte
2009 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Moreover, we can study how representations are transformed across stages of processing and how they relate to behavioral measures of object similarity.  ...  in animal models (including nonhuman primates) to human brain representations.  ...  object representations.  ... 
doi:10.3389/neuro.01.035.2009 pmid:20198153 pmcid:PMC2796920 fatcat:t2jwulnfarbdbiea2nkmwo2vcq

Robot Behavioral Mapping: A Representation that Consolidates the Human-robot Coexistence

Ioannis Kostavelis
2017 Robotics & Automation Engineering Journal  
The paper at hand aims to introduce for the first time the concept of robot behavioral mapping, which is an amalgamated environment and human representation suitable for long term navigation planning,  ...  which, robot companions should shape behavioral conformation for living with people.  ...  Specifically, behavioral maps are information reach representation that can be used from artificial agents: a.  ... 
doi:10.19080/raej.2017.01.555557 fatcat:p5hsfpxum5dydioit5c7zuvnmm

Eighteen- and 24-month-old infants correct others in anticipation of action mistakes

Birgit Knudsen, Ulf Liszkowski
2011 Developmental Science  
Humans frequently use predictions about others' action mistakes to correct others and spare them mistakes. Such anticipatory correcting reveals a social motivation for unsolicited helping.  ...  Much of human communication and collaboration is predicated on making predictions about others' actions.  ...  The current study employed an elicitation-free actionbased task and reveals that infants also spontaneously prevent others from committing a mistake, even before the respective object-oriented action is  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-7687.2011.01098.x pmid:22251297 fatcat:ersxn3juvzfdbirkyxsrtlwgse

Page 343 of Behavior Research Methods Vol. 35, Issue 2 [page]

2003 Behavior Research Methods  
Behavior Research Methods.  ...  Furthermore, recognizing objects from pictures may involve interpretive or other processes in ad¬ dition to those used in real-world object recognition, and such processes may vary with evolution, development  ... 

The 'like me' framework for recognizing and becoming an intentional agent

Andrew N. Meltzoff
2007 Acta Psychologica  
Infant imitation demonstrates that the perception and production of human action are closely linked by a 'supramodal' representation of action.  ...  It allows infants to see the behaviors of others as commensurate with their own-as 'like me.' Based on the 'like me' perception of others, social encounters are interpretable and informative.  ...  Acknowledgements Research support from the National Institute for Human Development is gratefully acknowledged (HD-22514). I thank R. Brooks, P. Kuhl, R. Williamson, P. Hauf, and M.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2006.09.005 pmid:17081488 pmcid:PMC1852490 fatcat:xbadx6ebofhx7lkbcjxouxriqm

Morality, Maximization, and Economic Behavior

Alan G. Isaac
1997 Southern Economic Journal  
of interpretation in the economic modeling of human behavior.  ...  in behavior due to a lack of coherence in the goals or the rules that govern behavior, and economists may "observe" inconsistencies due to interpretational inadequacies of their paradigm.  ...  Not only is utility maximization not a testable theory about human behavior, it is not even a guide to the interpretation of human behavior until it is supplemented with particular interpretational constraints  ... 
doi:10.2307/1061094 fatcat:iamjx7iqgbfi7gq6ryr62rjuda

Recent advances in understanding object recognition in the human brain: deep neural networks, temporal dynamics, and context

Susan G. Wardle, Chris Baker
2020 F1000Research  
In this review, we discuss recent advances in understanding the neural representations underlying object recognition in the human brain.  ...  Firstly, we consider the influence of deep neural networks both as potential models of object vision and in how their representations relate to those in the human brain.  ...  Here we focus on recent work that has revealed the temporal dynamics of object representations in the human brain.  ... 
doi:10.12688/f1000research.22296.1 pmid:32566136 pmcid:PMC7291077 fatcat:yzgqguvr5bd2diobkzgvdqjniq

Giving and taking: Representational building blocks of active resource-transfer events in human infants

Denis Tatone, Alessandra Geraci, Gergely Csibra
2015 Cognition  
Active resource transfer is a pervasive and distinctive feature of human sociality.  ...  Despite the surface similarity between these two actions, only giving was represented as an object-mediated social interaction.  ...  This research was partly supported by an Advanced Investigator Grant (OSTREFCOM) from the European Research Council. ! 49  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2014.12.007 pmid:25614012 pmcid:PMC4641319 fatcat:tgsparnt6va6nhkqr2ebbpwcea

A Phenomenological Turn in Archaeological Explanation: is it Possible?

Tsoni Tsonev
2021 Open Access Journal of Archaeology & Anthropology  
Archaeology borrows some ideas from semiotics which, in its reductionist variant, tends to see symbolic features as passive signs that only through the acts of human mind can acquire social value.  ...  A question arises as to whether these dichotomies can describe objectively human and social behavior in the past?  ...  of past human and social behavior.  ... 
doi:10.33552/oajaa.2020.03.000552 fatcat:3ykitpfq55anvau2ngr74srxa4
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