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An experimental evaluation of task assignment in spatial crowdsourcing

Peng Cheng, Xun Jian, Lei Chen
2018 Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment  
In this paper, we present a comprehensive experimental comparison of most existing algorithms on task assignment in spatial crowdsourcing.  ...  Thus, it is hard to compare the performances of existing algorithms on task assignment in spatial crowdsourcing.  ...  of our experimental evaluation in Section 5.3.  ... 
doi:10.14778/3236187.3236196 fatcat:zxtrd7222nd55hwv73d2mb4pey

Advancing Task Elicitation Systems - An Experimental Evaluation of Design Principles

Hendrik Meth, Ye Li, Alexander Maedche, Benjamin Müller
2012 International Conference on Information Systems  
Following a design science approach, design principles for task elicitation systems are conceptualized and instantiated in an artifact.  ...  We evaluate our design principles in a laboratory experiment and examine its external validity in a field setting.  ...  The extracted lists were imported to the TES and an automatic task elicitation was run to generate semiautomatic task elements in the selected interview transcripts for the experimental task.  ... 
dblp:conf/icis/MethLMM12 fatcat:v75jaz4scrfolcbogz2fxyqojy

Ontological Clarity, Cognitive Engagement, and Conceptual Model Quality Evaluation: An Experimental Investigation

Simon Milton, Jayantha Rajapakse, Ron Weber
2012 Journal of the AIS  
We tested our theory using an experiment involving forty-eight expert data modeling practitioners. Their task was to find as many defects as possible in a conceptual model.  ...  In this light, we propose a theory in which two factors have a material impact on the effectiveness of conceptual model quality evaluation work: (a) the ontological clarity of the conceptual models prepared  ...  Acknowledgements An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 19th Annual Workshop on Information Technologies and Systems, Phoenix, Arizona, USA, 14-15 December 2009.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00307 fatcat:6aklvblfunfehozj2giwet5hbe

An Experimental Evaluation of the Effect of SOLID Principles to Microsoft VS Code Metrics

Osman Turan, Ömer Özgür TANRIÖVER
2018 AJIT-e Online Academic Journal of Information Technology  
Before doing an analysis, each sub-characteristics of maintainability part of ISO/IEC 9126 standard are mapped to five VS code metrics for measurement of characteristics.  ...  Software maintenance is necessary for reasons such as changes in user needs, changes in the operating conditions of the system due to changes in the infrastructure, the occurrence of unforeseen errors.  ...  An Experimental Evaluation of the Effect of SOLID Principles to Microsoft VS Code Metrics O. TURAN, Ö. Ö.  ... 
doi:10.5824/1309-1581.2018.4.001.x fatcat:mj2nimnokjernitbtogj47isje

Individuals vs. BARD: Experimental Evaluation of an Online System for Structured, Collaborative Bayesian Reasoning

Kevin B. Korb, Erik P. Nyberg, Abraham Oshni Alvandi, Shreshth Thakur, Mehmet Ozmen, Yang Li, Ross Pearson, Ann E. Nicholson
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
This experiment is the critical test of BARD as an integrated system and possible alternative to business-as-usual for intelligence analysis.  ...  US intelligence analysts must weigh up relevant evidence to assess the probability of their conclusions, and express this reasoning clearly in written reports for decision-makers.  ...  The QQ plot for K scores in Part 2 of Problem B was approximately normal, but revealed a single outlier individual performing well above the rest of K, and its temporary removal resulted in an acceptable  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01054 pmid:32625129 pmcid:PMC7314942 fatcat:lldanmjfb5bltidspp7ccdhwju

Humanoid Robot Instructors for Industrial Assembly Tasks

Thomas Quitter, Ahmed Mostafa, D'Arcy Norman, André Miede, Ehud Sharlin, Patrick Finn
2017 Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Human Agent Interaction - HAI '17  
In this paper, we propose the use of humanoid robots in teaching assembly tasks to workers while also providing a quality learning experience.  ...  We are interested in the interactive aspects of deploying humanoid robots as instructors for industrial assembly tasks.  ...  We conducted an evaluative study to verify whether it is possible to train an inexperienced person in a specific assembly task.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3125739.3125760 dblp:conf/hai/QuitterMNMSF17 fatcat:6p72st6kcveflcco4tlgqmr6pi

Language-related Episodes Patterns Engendered in L2 Classrooms: Pedagogical Translation Tasks Versus Monolingual Writing Tasks

Siowai Lo
2021 International Journal of Linguistics Literature & Translation  
Inductive thematic analysis shows that LREs produced in the concerned experimental tasks included 'concern-based LREs' and six different types of 'response-based LREs'.  ...  The present study was conducted in an authentic class environment and consisted of two experiments.  ...  The first finding reveals that discussions in the T-group were comprised of many more responses to concerns compared to the NT-group.  ... 
doi:10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.5.1 fatcat:ep43gbsh3jaxllvqscb5ua6otq

A Comparison of the Effectiveness of a Closed Task and an Open Task

Rintaro SATO
2005 The Bulletin of the Kanto-koshin-etsu English Language Education Society  
As a closed task, play-acting was chosen, As an open task, a skeleton dialogue and interview were chosen, In the play-acting task, students memorized a model dialogue to have a conversation.  ...  conversation, The results showed that both types oftask were efTective for gramrriar acquisition, and it was revealed that the closed task was more effective than the open tasks.  ...  Closed task According to Ellis (2003) , open tasks are those which do not have a predeterrnined solution and are open in nature because learners have the freedorn to decide on the solntion.  ... 
doi:10.20806/katejo.19.0_23 fatcat:evao4e675vfuvjixg54g3th2yi

Machine versus Human Attention in Deep Reinforcement Learning Tasks [article]

Sihang Guo, Ruohan Zhang, Bo Liu, Yifeng Zhu, Mary Hayhoe, Dana Ballard, Peter Stone
2021 arXiv   pre-print
and, 2) How do similarities and differences in these learned representations explain RL agents' performance on these tasks?  ...  In this paper, we shed light on the inner workings of such trained models by analyzing the pixels that they attend to during task execution, and comparing them with the pixels attended to by humans executing  ...  The second one concerns explainability: How do similarities and differences in the learned representations explain DNNs' performance on their tasks?  ... 
arXiv:2010.15942v3 fatcat:6zt43cylbje4bmzjdbz3a7i32e

Overestimation and Underestimation in a Configural Response Learning Task

Kanji TANAKA, Katsumi WATANABE
2012 Kansei Engineering International Journal  
It was found that participants tended to overestimate both predictions and evaluations of performance on the Partially reversed task.  ...  similar task with the same rules but in response to English letters and they were randomly assigned to one of three tasks with different button configurations: Sequential, Reversed, and Partially reversed  ...  However, participants in the Reversed condition could evaluate their performance correctly (unaccustomed ordinal mapping).  ... 
doi:10.5057/kei.11.171 fatcat:5qxp345jabcm3nsnfjqj5gonbe

On the minimization of task switch costs following long-term training

M. E. Berryhill, H. C. Hughes
2009 Attention, Perception & Psychophysics  
This also permitted an evaluation of whether transfer is superior when using an external or internal coordinate system. Fi-and speed. Subjects performed experimental sessions of 200 trials.  ...  Phase 6: Task Transfer In order to evaluate the dominant coordinate system of task transfer, we evaluated performance on internal and external transfer tasks.  ... 
doi:10.3758/app.71.3.503 pmid:19304641 fatcat:qixeq75awjbl7ps6qcy5ulrk7u

Modeling User Behaviors in Machine Operation Tasks for Adaptive Guidance [article]

Chen Long-fei, Yuichi Nakamura, Kazuaki Kondo
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The experimental results showed that several features could serve as appropriate indices for user skill evaluation, as well as providing valuable clues for revealing personal behavioral characteristics  ...  In the present paper, we introduced a novel method for modeling operational tasks, aiming to integrate visual operation records provided by users with diverse experience levels and personal characteristics  ...  However, the velocity of gaze movements did not represent an obvious trend concerning both tasks, while its variance decreased rapidly.  ... 
arXiv:2003.03025v5 fatcat:tn2y2n3t5rhktephvwqnjlo3ze

Individual Learning: Theory Formation, and Feedback in a Complex Task

Alessandro Lanteri, Marco Novarese
2007 Social Science Research Network  
We present an experiment for the study of learning in a complex task which requires both memorisation and the ability to process several pieces of information.  ...  Subjects develop some theories of the experimental world, which result in the stable repetition of some actions in response to certain conditions.  ...  These results suggest that the rate of confirmation of mistakes increases when the players presumably base their decisions on a broader theoretical model of the experimental world, in an attempt at building  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1024147 fatcat:xwq3oco2xfbmrm2eawp4rinzty

Software Analytics to Support Students in Object-Oriented Programming Tasks: an Empirical Study

Pasquale Ardimento, Mario Luca Bernardi, Marta Cimitile
2020 IEEE Access  
This paper proposes and evaluates an approach allowing to analyze student's source code and to automatically generate feedback about the more common violations of the produced code.  ...  The paper reports the results of a quasi-experiment performed in a class of a CS1 course to investigate the effects of the provided reports in terms of coding ability (concerning the correctness and the  ...  Concerning the representativeness of the materials used, all the experimental materials were academic exams.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3010172 fatcat:z4scbbiyh5hs3hegfbahehmg44

Task-Driven Camera Operations for Robotic Exploration

S.B. Hughes, M. Lewis
2005 IEEE transactions on systems, man and cybernetics. Part A. Systems and humans  
Human judgment is an integral part of the teleoperation process that is often heavily influenced by a single video feed returned from the remote environment.  ...  Poor camera placement, narrow field of view, and other camera properties can significantly impair the operator's perceptual link to the environment, inviting cognitive mistakes and general disorientation  ...  Inspecting an object is much more difficult. Consider the task of looking at an object from all sides.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tsmca.2005.850602 fatcat:rymbr7inrndyjgczvit2kvhez4
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