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Measurement of Low Amounts of Precipitable Water Vapor Using Ground-Based Millimeterwave Radiometry

Paul E. Racette, Ed R. Westwater, Yong Han, Albin J. Gasiewski, Marian Klein, Domenico Cimini, David C. Jones, Will Manning, Edward J. Kim, James R. Wang, Vladimir Leuski, Peter Kiedron
2005 Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology  
(MMW) channels near the 183 GHz line, together with established microwave (MW) measurements at the 22.235 GHz water vapor line and -3 1 GHz atmospheric absorption window can be used to determine within  ...  To this end, the strong water vapor absorption line at 183.3 10 GHz provides a unique means of measuring low amounts of PWV.  ...  More recently, Siegenthaler et al. (2001) report on measurements of ground-based retrievals of water-vapor profiles using a 183 GHz spectrometer from the Jungfraujoch at an elevation of 3580 m in Switzerland  ... 
doi:10.1175/jtech1711.1 fatcat:r5cnj5zh5bhnvk5rciqm2eygia

The Atmospheric radiation measurement (ARM) program network of microwave radiometers: instrumentation, data, and retrievals

M. P. Cadeddu, J. C. Liljegren, D. D. Turner
2013 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques  
</strong> The Climate Research Facility of the US Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program operates a network of ground-based microwave radiometers.  ...  The network has been specifically designed to achieve increased accuracy in the retrieval of precipitable water vapor (PWV) and cloud liquid water path (LWP) with the long-term goal of providing the scientific  ...  Argonne, a US Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.  ... 
doi:10.5194/amt-6-2359-2013 fatcat:avf3qdzgxrfv7msbarkieuxnay

Page 751 of Journal of Climate Vol. 14, Issue 5 [page]

2001 Journal of Climate  
Wang, and R. K. Kakar, 1991: Retrieval of water vapor profiles from microwave radiometric measure- ments near 90 and 183 GHz. JEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 29, 602-609. Ma, C.-C., C. R.  ...  K., 1983: Retrieval of clear sky moisture profiles using the 183 GHz water vapor line. J. Climate Appl. Meteor., 22, 1282- 1289. Kornfield, J.. A. E Hasler, K. J. Hanson, and V. E.  ... 

Radiometric profiling of temperature, water vapor and cloud liquid water using various inversion methods

Fredrick Solheim, John R. Godwin, E. R. Westwater, Yong Han, Stephen J. Keihm, Kenneth Marsh, Randolph Ware
1998 Radio Science  
We have developed a tunable temperature profiler based on a highly stable synthesizer that can observe at multiple frequencies on the shoulder of the 60 GHz atmospheric oxygen feature.  ...  Various mathematical retrieval methods for temperature, water vapor, and cloud liquid water profiles were tested based on these radiometer designs.  ...  The water vapor line at 183 GHz is used for vapor profiling from satellites.  ... 
doi:10.1029/97rs03656 fatcat:c4tijjdq7rffrongcr6zgq7kva

Water Vapor Continuum Absorption in the Microwave

Vivienne H. Payne, Eli J. Mlawer, Karen E. Cady-Pereira, Jean-Luc Moncet
2011 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
The radiometers used were the Radiometrics 23.8/31.4-GHz microwave radiometers (MWRs), the Radiometer Physics GmbH 90/150-GHz MWR at high frequencies (MWRHF), and the Radiometrics 183 GHz G-band vapor  ...  Measurements at 23.8 GHz were used to correct for biases in the total precipitable water vapor (PWV) from the radiosondes.  ...  Meissner for providing information on the RSS work that went into the empirical adjustment of the Rosenkranz continuum for AMSR retrievals and S.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2010.2091416 fatcat:nwbhpuhbm5ctjog7xmkul6os2a

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program network of microwave radiometers: instrumentation, data, and retrievals

M. P. Cadeddu, J. C. Liljegren, D. D. Turner
2013 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions  
Argonne, a US Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.  ...  the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the Government.  ...  The Microwave Radiometer Profiler (MWRP) manufactured by Radiometrics Corp. has 12 calibrated channels of which five (22-30 GHz) are sensitive to water vapor and cloud liquid water and the remaining seven  ... 
doi:10.5194/amtd-6-3723-2013 fatcat:txw4qeyrrjbgvjqo5k5zp64ztu

Time Series Analysis of Ground-Based Microwave Measurements at K- and V-Bands to Detect Temporal Changes in Water Vapor and Temperature Profiles

Sibananda Panda, Swaroop Sahoo, G. Pandithurai
2016 Geoscientific Instrumentation Methods and Data Systems Discussions  
Ground-based microwave measurements performed at water vapor and oxygen absorption line frequencies are widely used for remote sensing of tropospheric water vapor density and temperature profiles, respectively  ...  In this study, time series of water vapor and temperature were retrieved using Bayesian optimal estimation method which uses Levenberg-Marquardt optimization technique.  ...  Authors would like to thank Earth System Research Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), for providing such an useful reanalysis data set, which helped in analyzing the error  ... 
doi:10.5194/gi-2016-16 fatcat:7bkp7wltrnfy3n4ojw5d6alkde

Time series analysis of ground-based microwave measurements at K- and V-bands to detect temporal changes in water vapor and temperature profiles

Sibananda Panda, Swaroop Sahoo, Govindan Pandithurai
2017 Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems  
</strong> Ground-based microwave measurements performed at water vapor and oxygen absorption line frequencies are widely used for remote sensing of tropospheric water vapor density and temperature profiles  ...  The measurements are used along with statistically significant but short background data sets to retrieve and sense temporal variations and gradients in water vapor and temperature profiles.  ...  Authors would like to thank Earth System Research Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), for providing such an useful reanalysis data set, which helped in analyzing the error  ... 
doi:10.5194/gi-6-15-2017 fatcat:lqyciojamjanzmyfc24urb47gi

Ground-Based Millimeter- and Submillimeter-Wave Observations of Low Vapor and Liquid Water Contents

Domenico Cimini, Ed R. Westwater, Albin J. Gasiewski, Marian Klein, Vladimir Ye Leuski, James C. Liljegren
2007 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
Ground-based observations at millimeter (mm) and submillimeter (submm) wavelengths were collected at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program site at Barrow, AK, during the Arctic winter by a new  ...  A weighting function analysis is presented to demonstrate the enhanced sensitivity of mm-and submm-wave (50-400 GHz) radiometers to low vapor and liquid water contents with respect to conventional instruments  ...  Due to the nonlinear response of some of the GSR channels to atmospheric water vapor and liquid water, an appropriate retrieval technique that fully exploits the potential of such measurements should be  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2007.897450 fatcat:fv2onm65dfcohobl32v6wfjj3y

A physical model to determine snowfall over land by microwave radiometry

G.M. Skofronick-Jackson, Min-Jeong Kim, J.A. Weinman, Dong-Eon Chang
2004 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
However, the scattering effect of snowfall in the atmosphere at those higher frequencies is also impacted by water vapor in the upper atmosphere.  ...  These problems are mitigated at high frequencies ( 100 GHz) where water vapor screens the surface emission, and sensitivity to frozen hydrometeors is significant.  ...  Ferraro and H. Meng (NOAA) for providing NOAA 15 AMSU data, R. Houze (University of Washington) for insights regarding cloud physics, and D.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2004.825585 fatcat:vf3akkckvzfiti2d5jtzboehly

The Active Temperature, Ozone and Moisture Microwave Spectrometer (ATOMMS) [chapter]

E.R. Kursinski, D. Ward, A. Otarola, R. Frehlich, C. Groppi, S. Albanna, M. Shein, W. Bertiger, H. Pickett, M. Ross
2009 New Horizons in Occultation Research  
the impact of turbulence and its mitigation and a new approach to deriving atmospheric profiles in the presence of inhomogeneous liquid water clouds.  ...  It extends and overcomes several limitations of the GPS radio occultation capabilities by simultaneously measuring atmospheric bending and absorption at frequencies approximately 10 and 100 times higher  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by NSF ATM grants, 0139511, 0551448, 0723239, and 0739506.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-00321-9_24 fatcat:wnsvgw3ovbavvevtp63im2wcsa

Modeling of Submillimeter Passive Remote Sensing of Cirrus Clouds

K. Franklin Evans, Steven J. Walter, Andrew J. Heymsfield, Merritt N. Deeter
1998 Journal of applied meteorology (1988)  
The effects of a range of size distributions, eight ice particle shapes, and different atmospheric profiles are modeled.  ...  This study lays a theoretical foundation for using radiometric measurements to investigate and monitor cirrus properties from high-flying aircraft or satellite.  ...  The authors wish to thank Graeme Stephens for his support for this submillimeter radiometric technique (to the point of including it in a satellite mission proposal).  ... 
doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1998)037<0184:mosprs>2.0.co;2 fatcat:yval6trofvgh7bi5x74fb4ywhm

Microwave Radiometric Remote Sensing of Volcanic Ash Clouds From Space: Model and Data Analysis

Mario Montopoli, Domenico Cimini, Mirko Lamantea, Michael Herzog, Hans Friedrich Graf, Frank Silvio Marzano
2013 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
The larger sensitivity of the brightness temperature at 183 ± 1 GHz to the columnar content, with respect to other channels, allowed us to consider this channel as the basis for a model-based polynomial  ...  The tests are based on the variation of environmental conditions like the terrain emissivity, water vapor, and ice in the volcanic plume.  ...  Pagliara and G. Vulpiani of the Italian Department of Civil Protection and S. Karlsdóttir and B.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2013.2260343 fatcat:xxajzlxuwjh4jbjsdau6twpux4

Development of a Machine Learning-Based Radiometric Bias Correction for NOAA's Microwave Integrated Retrieval System (MiRS)

Yan Zhou, Christopher Grassotti
2020 Remote Sensing  
Furthermore, retrieval impact experiments on independent data show that, compared with the baseline static bias correction, using the dynamic bias correction can improve temperature and water vapor profile  ...  Ocean surface emissivity retrievals are also improved, for example at 23.8 GHz, showing an increase in correlation from 0.59 to 0.67 and a reduction of standard deviation from 0.035 to 0.026.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs12193160 fatcat:oywbf5dqzvapdn6vp2q6hx6y4a

HAMSTRAD-Tropo, A 183-GHz Radiometer Dedicated to Sound Tropospheric Water Vapor Over Concordia Station, Antarctica

P. Ricaud, B. Gabard, S. Derrien, J.-P. Chaboureau, T. Rose, A. Mombauer, H. Czekala
2010 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
By using state-of-the-art technology, the HAMSTRAD-Tropo radiometer uses spectral information in the domains 51-59 GHz (oxygen line) and 169-197 GHz (water vapor line) to derive accurate tropospheric profiles  ...  of temperature (with accuracy ranging from 1 to 2 K) and low absolute humidity (with accuracy ranging from 0.02 to 0.05 g · m −3 ), together with integrated water vapor (with accuracy of about 0.008 kg  ...  Lacaze, and S. Rigobert at the Laboratoire d'Aérologie, together with the technical staff at PdM) for their helpful support at different stages of the HAMSTRAD Programme.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2009.2029345 fatcat:r3wyqt65nzhtrjbxadjay76atq
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