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Volcanological Applications of Doppler Radars: A Review and Examples from a Transportable Pulse Radar in L-Band [chapter]

Franck Donnadieu
2012 Doppler Radar Observations - Weather Radar, Wind Profiler, Ionospheric Radar, and Other Advanced Applications  
Scollo et al. (2010) also showed the potential of Multiangle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) working in four wavelengths in visible and near-infrared bands, for the 3-D reconstruction of ash plume shape  ...  In this respect, essential input parameters such as plume height, mass flux, and particle concentration can be assessed quantitatively from radar data and directly contribute to improve ash dispersion  ...  Compact Doppler radars sounding the plume base at a high acquisition rate should help discriminate the mass eruption rate from the mass transport rate and link models of plume ascent to models of tephra  ... 
doi:10.5772/35940 fatcat:dkeja4o6rjamtfqmuhy7eb6h2y

Ash-plume dynamics and eruption source parameters by infrasound and thermal imagery: The 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption

M. Ripepe, C. Bonadonna, A. Folch, D. Delle Donne, G. Lacanna, E. Marchetti, A. Höskuldsson
2013 Earth and Planetary Science Letters  
Keywords: ash eruptions plume height mass eruption rate infrasound a b s t r a c t During operational ash-cloud forecasting, prediction of ash concentration and total erupted mass directly depends on the  ...  (54-142 m/s) based on the acoustic signal recorded during the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption from 4 to 21 May.  ...  Acknowledgments We want to thank Riccardo Genco, Marco Pistolesi, Raffaello Cioni, Antonella Bertagnini, and Martin Henshe for their help in the field during the Eyjafjallajökull eruption.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.02.005 fatcat:a7wkjx6ltrafxf7krbbafv7bm4

Remote Sensing of Volcanic Hazards and Their Precursors

Andrew Hooper, Fred Prata, Freysteinn Sigmundsson
2012 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Ash, tephra and gas ejected during explosive eruptions provides a major far-reaching threat to population, health and air traffic.  ...  The tracking of ash plumes during eruptions assists in the identification of areas that should be avoided by aircraft.  ...  ERS and Envisat data were provided by the European Space Agency (ESA). TerraSAR-X data were provided by the German Aerospace Centre (DLR).  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2012.2199269 fatcat:b5p5tfe5gfektkn4stsn2pzkxm

Aviation and volcanic ash hazards: A flipped classroom approach to study complex systems

Sebastiano Ettore Spoto, Alessandro Boncaldo, Andrea Capodivento, Michele Di Agosto, Domenico Maccarrone, Davide Scibilia
2021 Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti : Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali  
during the 2019-2020 academic year within the teaching activities of the Master of Science in "Geophysical Sciences for Seismic Risk" at the University of Messina.  ...  The particular subject being discussed in this paper presents the properties of complex systems due to the range of interdisciplinary scientific disciplines, ranging from various branches of physics to  ...  Also, the total size distribution and mass eruption rate are of primary interest.  ... 
doi:10.1478/aapp.99s1a36 doaj:c2d5b710ea1741909650f00e5207fd16 fatcat:e7dgsyuldfcbpg6dsgokyoglwa

Satellite detection, long-range transport, and air quality impacts of volcanic sulfur dioxide from the 2014-2015 flood lava eruption at Bárðarbunga (Iceland)

Anja Schmidt, Susan Leadbetter, Nicolas Theys, Elisa Carboni, Claire S. Witham, John A. Stevenson, Cathryn E. Birch, Thorvaldur Thordarson, Steven Turnock, Sara Barsotti, Lin Delaney, Wuhu Feng (+10 others)
2015 Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres  
Using retrievals from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI), we calculate an average daily SO 2 mass burden of 99 ± 49 kilotons (kt) of SO 2  ...  Over the course of the eruption, daily volcanic sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) emissions exceeded daily SO 2 emissions from all anthropogenic sources in Europe in 2010 by at least a factor of 3.  ...  The extent of the lava flow was digitized from a SENTINEL radar image produced by the University of Iceland.  ... 
doi:10.1002/2015jd023638 fatcat:b3osr6z6crhprpzoxubelwtycu

Ground-Based Measurements of the 2014–2015 Holuhraun Volcanic Cloud (Iceland)

Melissa Pfeffer, Baldur Bergsson, Sara Barsotti, Gerður Stefánsdóttir, Bo Galle, Santiago Arellano, Vladimir Conde, Amy Donovan, Evgenia Ilyinskaya, Mike Burton, Alessandro Aiuppa, Rachel Whitty (+21 others)
2018 Geosciences  
The 2014-2015 Bárðarbunga fissure eruption at Holuhraun in central Iceland was distinguished by the high emission of gases, in total 9.6 Mt SO 2 , with almost no tephra.  ...  Scientists on-site reported extremely minor tephra production during the eruption. OPC and filter packs showed low particle concentrations similar to non-eruption cloud conditions.  ...  Successful measurements have been made previously in Iceland during the 2010 eruption of Fimmvörðuháls [23] and the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull summit eruption [24] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/geosciences8010029 fatcat:rb7ochpwvrdtbj26rflsroyynq

The vertical distribution of volcanic SO2 plumes measured by IASI

E. Carboni, R. G. Grainger, T. A. Mather, D. M. Pyle, G. Thomas, R. Siddans, A. Smith, A. Dudhia, M. L. Koukouli, D. Balis
2015 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions  
&minus;1</sup> and from 1300 to 1410 (the 7.3 and 8.7 <abbr>μm</abbr> SO<sub>2</sub> bands).  ...  (ii) the SO<sub>2</sub> plumes heights, for the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull and 2011 Grimsvötn eruptions, have been compared with CALIPSO backscatter profiles.  ...  Iceland: Eyjafjallajökull and Grímsvötn Eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in April and May 2010 and Grímsvötn in May 2011 have been examined.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acpd-15-24643-2015 fatcat:cdnxwbpklvfj7itvguv5uzjbze

The vertical distribution of volcanic SO2 plumes measured by IASI

Elisa Carboni, Roy G. Grainger, Tamsin A. Mather, David M. Pyle, Gareth E. Thomas, Richard Siddans, Andrew J. A. Smith, Anu Dudhia, Mariliza E. Koukouli, Dimitrios Balis
2016 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
over Europe; (ii) the SO<sub>2</sub> plumes heights, for the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull and 2011 Grimsvötn eruptions, have been compared with CALIPSO backscatter profiles.  ...  Our observations also show a tendency for volcanic SO<sub>2</sub> to reach the level of the tropopause during many of the moderately explosive eruptions observed.  ...  Iceland: Eyjafjallajökull and Grímsvötn Eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in April and May 2010 and Grímsvötn in May 2011 have been examined.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-16-4343-2016 fatcat:rot27j4m5vd2bjjmb4foxhjr7e

A Multi-Sensor Approach for Volcanic Ash Cloud Retrieval and Eruption Characterization: The 23 November 2013 Etna Lava Fountain

Stefano Corradini, Mario Montopoli, Lorenzo Guerrieri, Matteo Ricci, Simona Scollo, Luca Merucci, Frank Marzano, Sergio Pugnaghi, Michele Prestifilippo, Lucy Ventress, Roy Grainger, Elisa Carboni (+2 others)
2016 Remote Sensing  
Moreover, the percentage of the airborne "fine" ash retrieved from the satellite is estimated to be about 1%-2% of the total ash emitted during the eruption.  ...  and particle number density in the thermal infrared) and better characterization of volcanic eruptions (plume altitude, total ash mass erupted and particle number density from thermal infrared to microwave  ...  The plume cloud top is also one of the most important source parameters required by volcanologists and modellers to characterize the source term by computing the necessary erupted mass flow rate so that  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs8010058 fatcat:drw4mkjj75g3hnxbjd7ueriyw4

Recent Developments and Applications of Acoustic Infrasound to Monitor Volcanic Emissions

Silvio De Angelis, Alejandro Diaz-Moreno, Luciano Zuccarello
2019 Remote Sensing  
volume flow rates of erupted material.  ...  The rate at which material is ejected from volcanic vents during eruptions, is one of the main inputs into models of atmospheric ash transport used to dispatch aviation warnings during eruptive crises.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors thank D. Fee and A. Iezzi (Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska, USA), M. Ripepe and G.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11111302 fatcat:mkkm5l6gqvcdnixzcii6wuzaou

Remote Sensing of Volcanic Processes and Risk

Francesca Cigna, Deodato Tapete, Zhong Lu
2020 Remote Sensing  
, and Iceland.  ...  detect thermal features and anomalies, investigate lava and pyroclastic flows, predict the flow path of lahars, measure gas emissions and plumes, and estimate ground deformation.  ...  , time, and expertise to provide their feedback on the submitted manuscripts and help the authors enhance the scientific quality of their papers.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs12162567 fatcat:oe6uapqrgjh43osyh3w4v62qa4

2015 Index IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Vol. 53

2015 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
Prigent, C., +, TGRS March 2015 1364-1373 Marino, A., +, TGRS Aug. 2015 4578-4595 Ash Retrieval of Tephra Size Spectra and Mass Flow Rate From C-Band Radar During the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Eruption  ...  Rate From C-Band Radar During the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Eruption, Iceland.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2015.2513444 fatcat:zuklkpk4gjdxjegoym5oagotzq

Sediment waves and the gravitational stability of explosive eruption columns and ash clouds : towards a new classification of explosive eruptions

Johanand Gilchrist
2021
Applied to volcanic jets generally, and to data we recover from Doppler radar monitoring of two erupting volcanoes, we develop a new set of conceptual models for steady jets in the BP, TC and PC regimes  ...  (fountain) and upper buoyancy-driven (plume) regions of these flows.  ...  On May 25, 2018 the radar beam was aimed 100 m above the crater rim to retrieve the radar reflectivity factor Z and Doppler velocity v r of tephra transported by explosive eruptions through the radar beam  ... 
doi:10.14288/1.0402355 fatcat:civk6uucejflnhkmyajw5guhju

MED-SUV 2nd Year Meeting. Naples 6 | 9 July 2015

Giuseppe Puglisi, Letizia Spampinato, Reitano, D. (Eds.), Luigi Cucci
2015
of new tools and instrumentation for volcano monitoring, research experiments for better understanding of the volcanic feeding systems and eruptive activity, data analysis and modelling for volcanic hazard  ...  The other 6 WPs are involved in RTD activities, and in particular WP2 and WP3 are dedicated to the design and implementation of new instrumentation and of the project e-infrastructure, respectively.  ...  Then we focused on the largest eruption producing an ash plume in the last decade, the 2010 Eyjafjallajokull eruption in Iceland by using a selected set of data from the German Space Agency (DLR) TerraSAR  ... 
doi:10.13127/misc/28 fatcat:wgkknp2zpfcp3lla3lj3k2nf3u

DOAS spectroscopy onboard the CARIBIC passenger aircraft – trace gas concentration, and flux measurement of localized sources

David Josef Walter
2013
Using flux calculations, the emission of SO 2 from a nickel smelter in Norilsk (Siberia) and the NO 2 emission of the city of Paris are estimated.  ...  The results of these measurements are presented with focus on SO 2 and NO 2 , which were observed in the downwind plumes of large industrial plants and cities.  ...  The next sections shows results from special mission flights to investigate the plume of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano during its eruption in 2010.  ... 
doi:10.11588/heidok.00015440 fatcat:yxgz4dxotbcileelrur2sihdcu
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