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An argumentation based framework for defeasible and qualitative reasoning [chapter]

Nikos I. Karacapilidis, Dimitris Papadias, Thomas F. Gordon
1996 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we present an argumentation-based framework that supports defeasible and qualitative reasoning in such environments.  ...  An interval-based qualitative value logic is applied, together with an inference mechanism in order to refine agents' knowledge, check consistency and, eventually, conclude the issue.  ...  The key difference between strong and weak preference is that in the former case the existing argumentation allows us to draw a distinction considering the entire support bases of the arguments under consideration  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-61859-7_1 fatcat:jcsmnt2qozfcdnztrkvrb5dzzu

Toward a triarchic theory of human intelligence

Robert J. Sternberg
1984 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The contextual subtheory defines intelligent behavior in terms of purposive adaptation to, shaping of, and selection of real-world environments relevant to one's life.  ...  occur earlier in one's experience with new tasks and situations.  ...  In the case of inductive reasoning, for example, one would probably wish to separate out the reasoning components (inference, mapping, application, justification) from the others.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00044629 fatcat:wqmwlxqn25hzbkgyehulpxs424

Mental speed and levels of analysis

Arthur R. Jensen
1984 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The contextual subtheory defines intelligent behavior in terms of purposive adaptation to, shaping of, and selection of real-world environments relevant to one's life.  ...  occur earlier in one's experience with new tasks and situations.  ...  In the case of inductive reasoning, for example, one would probably wish to separate out the reasoning components (inference, mapping, application, justification) from the others.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00044733 fatcat:zlgc3x32ura4bghqf3hsy57tpm

A Labelling Framework for Probabilistic Argumentation [article]

Regis Riveret, Pietro Baroni, Yang Gao, Guido Governatori, Antonino Rotolo, Giovanni Sartor
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Our framework provides a systematic treatment of various kinds of uncertainty and of their relationships and allows us to back or question assertions from the literature.  ...  Towards a general framework for probabilistic argumentation, we investigate a labelling-oriented framework encompassing a basic setting for rule-based argumentation and its (semi-) abstract account, along  ...  In particular, in the rule-based context we proposed for PTFs, a probability assignment over the subtheories of a theory T is used as a starting point.  ... 
arXiv:1708.00109v2 fatcat:6dgiyxu3mvbrji3k5iw3molf5a

The Role of Insight in Intellectual Giftedness

Janet E. Davidson, Robert J. Sternberg
1984 The gifted child quarterly  
Motivation for the Subtheory Why use the study of insight skills as a preferred entree for studying intellectual giftedness? We believe at least two bases exist for this preference.  ...  The detective may recall a previous case in which the clues fit into a similar pattern, and use this case as a basis for solving the newly committed crime.  ... 
doi:10.1177/001698628402800203 fatcat:rkk6agms6jakng365bteqwcyum

Page 1831 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 94d [page]

1994 Mathematical Reviews  
Wiktor Marek [Wiktor Marek] and Mirostaw Truszczynski, Normal form results for default logic (270-283); Michael Mehl, Retrieval in case-based reasoning using preferred subtheories (284-297); Yuji Takada  ...  The paper will be useful for anyone who is interested in the history of logic.  ... 

Knowledge, causality, and temporal representation

ALEX LASCARIDES
1992 Linguistics  
In this paper, a formal semantic account of the simple past tense in text is offered.  ...  This feature of the theory gives rise to solutions to several puzzles concerning the relation between the descriptive order of events in text and their temporal relations in interpretation. (3) The council  ...  Each subtheory τ,· is associated with a base set A { .  ... 
doi:10.1515/ling.1992.30.5.941 fatcat:o2tv6522fvbijb3lvllco6ix6y

Is the Theoretical Unity of the Fallacies Possible?

John Woods
1994 Informal Logic  
This paper will deal directly with the criticism of that work which has been advanced by van Eemeren and Grootendorst, particularly the complaints found in their writings of 1992, concerning the disunification  ...  unification of the theories of Woods and Walton with that of van Eemeren and Grootendorst, and suggests that such a unification could be advantageous to both theories, and highly interesting for fallacy theory in  ...  So let us say, to begin with, that (I) R is a representation relation between a theory T and a theory T* just in case there is a truth preserving interpretation of a nonempty subtheory of T in a nonempty  ... 
doi:10.22329/il.v16i2.2442 fatcat:4iogpqyihbarfaohx3wtcfpob4

On the Graded Acceptability of Arguments in Abstract and Instantiated Argumentation [article]

Davide Grossi, Sanjay Modgil
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, the theory is compared in detail with existing approaches.  ...  Second, the paper shows how graded semantics readily provide an approach to argument rankings, offering a novel contribution to the recently growing research programme on ranking-based semantics.  ...  The former case thus provides for characterisations of more human-orientated uses of argument in reasoning, while in the latter case, the claims of the justified arguments identify the non-monotonic inferences  ... 
arXiv:1811.03355v1 fatcat:jvymis4ftbgf7anmseqpcatpji

A modal logic framework for multi-agent belief fusion

Churn-Jung Liau
2005 ACM Transactions on Computational Logic  
This paper provides a modal logic framework for reasoning about multi-agent belief and its fusion.  ...  The fusion is cautious in the sense that if an agent's belief is in conflict with those of higher priorities, then his belief is completely discarded from the merged result.  ...  theories in [Baral et al. 1992] can be considered a special case of reasoning with a preferred subtheory.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1042038.1042043 fatcat:q6fvbkgj7zhnnlc5wod5l6zbde

Reconstructing quantum theory from diagrammatic postulates [article]

John H. Selby, Carlo Maria Scandolo, Bob Coecke
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Again equivalently, they are stated in process-theoretic terms, establishing that the conceptual backbone of quantum theory concerns the manner in which systems and processes compose.  ...  Interestingly, these turn out to be equivalent in any process theory with cups & caps.  ...  The authors would also like to thank Jon Barrett, Matty Hoban, David Jennings, Ciarán Lee, Kenji Nakahira, Miguel Navascués, Rob Spekkens, and Sean Tull for useful comments and suggestions.  ... 
arXiv:1802.00367v3 fatcat:2nr45u6xgjaufegrhiyws272xe

Using creativity to reduce ethnic bias in college admissions

James C. Kaufman
2010 Review of General Psychology  
The current model, based in large part on factor analytic studies by Carroll (1993) and others, includes originality/creativity as a component of long-term storage and retrieval (G lr ).  ...  These terms will not be used interchangeably, but research on ability tests will be used to discuss standardized college admissions tests for this reason.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0020133 fatcat:b4ve5biwindqriai5oijlunlfu

The KBMS Project and Beyond [chapter]

Vinay K. Chaudhri, Igor Jurisica, Manolis Koubarakis, Dimitris Plexousakis, Thodoros Topaloglou
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In Telos, time is modeled using intervals that can be related using the relations in Allen's Interval Algebra [12] .  ...  The combination of constraint-based temporal representations and nontemporal ones was fully explored in the Ph.D. thesis of Koubarakis [4].  ...  Case retrieval and adaptation uses the priorities of job and both static and dynamic machine characteristics.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-02463-4_24 fatcat:6wrere4quvgcdafnpoh5c7broy

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Alfredo Ardila
2012 Neuropsychology Review  
The value of intelligence tests in predicting school performance is also criticized.  ...  This paper proposes that current psychometric intelligence tests are limited in evaluating cognitive activity.  ...  It does not seem reasonable to assume that some brain areas are specialized in reading or writing, just as it does not seem reasonable to suppose that some brain areas are specialized in using computers  ... 
doi:10.1023/a:1021674303922 fatcat:37m7pva4q5aexcqnzujbgxgg3a

A new approach for preference-based argumentation frameworks

Leila Amgoud, Srdjan Vesic
2011 Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence  
Finally, we show that an instance of the proposed framework retrieves the preferred sub-theories which were proposed in the context of handling inconsistency in weighted knowledge bases.  ...  In case preferences are not available or do not conflict with the attacks, the extensions of the new semantics coincide with those of the basic ones.  ...  The idea is to retrieve those semantics in case preferences do not conflict with the attacks.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10472-011-9271-9 fatcat:opvzbu3xtbd4njra6isskzokhq
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