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Assessing the impact of machine intelligence on human behaviour: an interdisciplinary endeavour [article]

Emilia Gómez, Carlos Castillo, Vicky Charisi, Verónica Dahl, Gustavo Deco, Blagoj Delipetrev, Nicole Dewandre, Miguel Ángel González-Ballester, Fabien Gouyon, José Hernández-Orallo, Perfecto Herrera, Anders Jonsson, Ansgar Koene (+11 others)
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The workshop was organized in the context of a new research programme at the Centre for Advanced Studies, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, which focuses on studying the potential impact  ...  In the conclusion section, we provide a list of emerging research topics and strategies to be addressed in the near future.  ...  Such investigations are critical when considering the use of AI and robots in educational (and health) environments.  ... 
arXiv:1806.03192v1 fatcat:jypjtwtgxbg5vbkigudnxtsp64

Persona Rights for User-Generated Content: A Normative Framework for Privacy and Intellectual Property Regulation

Tamara Shepherd
2012 tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique  
(UGC) – and in suggesting how policy might be written to account for user rights to the integrity of identity in commercial UGC platforms.  ...  As a normative framework, persona rights is shown to be useful in addressing the gaps in regulatory understandings of privacy and intellectual property – particularly in spaces for user-generated content  ...  On commercial UGC platforms driven by immanent commodification, users face the appropriation of their content and personal data in ways that are not always explicit in terms of how they breach privacy  ... 
doi:10.31269/vol10iss1pp100-113 fatcat:lztxdgkc7ndg5d3ag63spuxndu

Persona Rights for User-Generated Content: A Normative Framework for Privacy and Intellectual Property Regulation

Tamara Shepherd
2012 tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique  
(UGC) – and in suggesting how policy might be written to account for user rights to the integrity of identity in commercial UGC platforms.  ...  As a normative framework, persona rights is shown to be useful in addressing the gaps in regulatory understandings of privacy and intellectual property – particularly in spaces for user-generated content  ...  On commercial UGC platforms driven by immanent commodification, users face the appropriation of their content and personal data in ways that are not always explicit in terms of how they breach privacy  ... 
doi:10.31269/triplec.v10i1.305 fatcat:phdlyzhjdbglpothgy3i3filty

Rebuilding Trust: Queer in AI Approach to Artificial Intelligence Risk Management [article]

Ashwin, William Agnew, Umut Pajaro, Hetvi Jethwani, Arjun Subramonian
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We additionally explain the importance of considering aspects of trustworthiness beyond just transparency, fairness, and accountability, specifically, to consider justice and shifting power to the disempowered  ...  We additionally discuss how to regulate AI with this queer epistemology in vision, proposing frameworks for making policies related to AI & gender diversity and privacy & queer data protection.  ...  We additionally explain the importance of considering aspects of trustworthiness beyond just transparency, fairness, and accountability, specifically, to consider justice and shifting power to the people  ... 
arXiv:2110.09271v2 fatcat:65zb45rtuvee7iru45jweq5js4

Algorithmic business and EU law on fair trading

Federico Galli
2021
The third part assesses these socio-technical transformations in the context of EU fair trading law and of the broader policy debate concerning consumer protection in the algorithmic society.  ...  These developments do not take place in a legal vacuum but in the background of a system of norms and rules aimed at maintaining fairness and balance in market transactions.  ...  According to Frankfurt, a person can be said to have free will and make autonomous decisions not simply if this decision is in line with its "action-determining volitions", but also about if this volition  ... 
doi:10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9750 fatcat:rb4rikb24vgbpj3v6ps24b7ugq

Slave to the Algorithm? Why a Right to Explanationn is Probably Not the Remedy You are Looking for

Lilian Edwards, Michael Veale
2017 Social Science Research Network  
and hopefully heightened accountability.  ...  Based on our analysis, we fear that the search for a "right to an explanation" in the GDPR may be at best distracting, and at worst nurture a new kind of "transparency fallacy." But all is not lost.  ...  For a rejection of rights of transparency as the answer to algorithmic accountability, see Joshua Kroll et al., Accountable Algorithms, 165 U. PA. L.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2972855 fatcat:nqqo4xmminc4bkp76mwnrbhgeu

Introduction to Technology and Corporate Law [chapter]

Andrew Godwin, Pey Woan Lee, Rosemary Teele Langford
2021 Technology and Corporate Law  
But even assuming that the data were appropriate and bias-free, the backward-orientation of data dependency means that algorithms are unsuited for rendering decisions in novel settings.  ...  This theme is explored in this book by Koh Andrew To what extent can current liability regimes strike a fair balance between the need for accountability and the fostering of entrepreneurial endeavours  ... 
doi:10.4337/9781800377165.00007 fatcat:fmsqhikitzcrlfvmuzvsceho7y

Value-based Engineering for Ethics by Design [article]

Sarah Spiekermann, Till Winkler
2020 arXiv   pre-print
It discusses key challenges and measures involved in eliciting, conceptualizing, prioritizing and respecting values in system design.  ...  , fearless integration of external stakeholders and the difficulty in measuring the ethicality of a system.  ...  We want to thank the CEO of TM for the opportunity to do the case study. Finally, we are grateful to our colleague Kathrin Bednar for supporting us in the academic analysis of the TM case study.  ... 
arXiv:2004.13676v2 fatcat:xilecoc6cjbknchmy3qi3grgpe

Artificial Intelligence (AI): Multidisciplinary perspectives on emerging challenges, opportunities, and agenda for research, practice and policy

Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Laurie Hughes, Elvira Ismagilova, Gert Aarts, Crispin Coombs, Tom Crick, Yanqing Duan, Rohita Dwivedi, John Edwards, Aled Eirug, Vassilis Galanos, P. Vigneswara Ilavarasan (+23 others)
2019 International Journal of Information Management  
-Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in  ...  panellists from industry and public sector organisations for enriching our understanding of this emerging area by providing their valuable perspectives that have informed the views presented in this article  ...  We are also very grateful to our Senior PVC -Professor Hilary Lappin-Scott, the keynote speaker -Mr Lee Waters AM, Deputy Minister for Economy and Transport, National Assembly for Wales and the following  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2019.08.002 fatcat:f2bggou4unhgjoiei2hzimigmu

Doing social network ethics: a critical, interdisciplinary approach

Simon Jones
2017 Information Technology and People  
Findings The evaluation of ethical issues can be enriched by broader, holistic approaches that take account of the socio-economic, technical and legal contexts in which SNS technologies are designed, deployed  ...  This paper focuses on some, but not all, ethically problematic aspects of SNS, particularly privacy and transparency.  ...  Where algorithms hold power over people, they should be open, public and audited for fairness.  ... 
doi:10.1108/itp-04-2016-0093 fatcat:pyey5bcksvdnvdkl4oq3t4qlwq

Legal Design Perspectives. Theoretical and Practical Insights from the Field [article]

Rossana Ducato, Alain Strowel
2021 Zenodo  
The potential of design in the legal domain has been investigated and experimented in various sectors such as access to justice, dispute resolution, privacy indicators, policy prototyping, contractual  ...  This book intends to contribute to the study and advancement of Legal Design by presenting different voices and perspectives from scholars and practitioners active in this field.  ...  USER RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES IN LEGAL DESIGN PROJECTS: LESSONS FROM PRACTICE Joaquin Santuber and Lina Krawietz  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5710845 fatcat:7lylx2dv6zh4hpw2gmpjowo37q

Deliverable D3.7 Consolidated Projects Summary Report

Alasdair Reid, Matias Barberis Rami
2021 Zenodo  
Furthermore, it will describe how the calls were thematically organised and how the projects advanced in the state-of-the-art of the proposed themes as well as in maturity level.  ...  The NGI Trust project aims to support the development of a human- centric Internet, by developing a stronger European ecosystem of researchers, innovators and technology developers in the field of privacy  ...  The validation activities in the frame of TRUSTRULES focused on the themes of Privacy, AI Accountability under the light of GDPR.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5767430 fatcat:w2lxzgxktretjcv7h4xotz7xaq

Gender Bias in Machine Translation

Beatrice Savoldi, Marco Gaido, Luisa Bentivogli, Matteo Negri, Marco Turchi
2021 Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics  
iii) discuss the mitigating strategies proposed so far, and iv) point toward potential directions for future work.  ...  Machine translation (MT) technology has facilitated our daily tasks by providing accessible shortcuts for gathering, processing, and communicating information.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the TACL Action Editors. Their insightful comments helped us improve on the current version of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1162/tacl_a_00401 fatcat:dgbgttj3kvc3nkoubkdrajhexa

Big Data & Issues & Opportunities [article]

Van Asbroeck Benoit, Debussche Julien, Cesar Jasmien, De Moortel Isis, Mortier Simon
2020 Zenodo  
Privacy and data protection: The second article focuses on some of the key privacy and data protection aspects in a big data context, showing how certain principles and requirements can be difficult to  ...  Through the numerous questions raised and addressed throughout the series, various legal, ethical and social issues and opportunities were identified in relation to big data.  ...  logic used in algorithms to determine assumptions and predictions about them." 23 22 Pursuant to Article 6 GDPR, these principles relate to: (i) lawfulness, fairness and transparency; (ii) purpose  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4139824 fatcat:7tbrme7kd5fsrksqdbrkahufua

Voter Privacy in the Age of Big Data

Ira Rubinstein
2014 Social Science Research Network  
For a definition of commercial data brokers, see FED. TRADE COMM'N, DATA BROKERS: A CALL FOR TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY 3 (2014), available at 7.  ...  Over time, data-driven campaigns will become more transparent about their collection and transfer of voter data and use of microtargeting techniques, and they will adopt best practices for protecting voter  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2447956 fatcat:4zhelkmvwbemze75e3sxc42lgu
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