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Responsibility-Sensitive Safety: an Introduction with an Eye to Logical Foundations and Formalization [article]

Ichiro Hasuo
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Responsibility-sensitive safety (RSS) is an approach to the safety of automated driving systems (ADS).  ...  However, despite the emphasis on mathematical and logical guarantees, the logical foundations and formalization of RSS are largely an unexplored topic of study.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT Thanks are due to Clovis Eberhart, James Haydon, Jérémy Dubut, Rose Borher, Tsutomu Kobayashi, Sasinee Pruekprasert, Ahmet Cetinkaya, Xiaoyi Zhang, and Akihisa Yamada for discussions.  ... 
arXiv:2206.03418v1 fatcat:ptx5x7vjwvbg3mjglm3gviex3m

Vaccine safety [chapter]

Paul A. Offit, Frank DeStefano
2013 Vaccines  
Acknowledgments We are grateful to Robert Davis, Deborah Gust, Robert Chen, and Charles Hackett who contributed sections of this chapter in previous editions of this book and for the excellent assistance  ...  on this chapter rendered by the following persons: Dan Salmon, John Iskander, Susan Scheinman, Christine Korhonen, Allison Kennedy, Michele Russell, Tamara Murphy, Penina Haber, and Gina Mootrey.  ...  Prelicensure activities form the foundation of vaccine safety.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-1-4557-0090-5.00076-8 fatcat:ptjfserhm5gxznus3gzyj5uyo4

Issues in safety science

Andrew Hopkins
2014 Safety Science  
This paper deals with three issues. First, the question of the boundaries of safety science -what is in and what is out -is a practical question that journal editors and reviewers must respond to.  ...  The paradox is that the logic of accident causal analysis does not lead directly to recommendations for prevention.  ...  Introduction The call for papers provides me with an opportunity to reflect on the some of the issue that have been gnawing at me for years. These include: The boundaries of safety science.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2013.01.007 fatcat:dn2dh6fua5ghbecjkfcnfnrrze

IoT safety and security as shared responsibility

Vinton Cerf, Patrick Ryan, Max Senges, Richard Whitt
2016 Business Informatics  
The particular interest of this paper is how to address safety issues that become much more prominent with the spread of Internet-enabled physical environments.  ...  As the governance structure continues to develop, users' safety must be the fi rst priority for all hardware and software providers.  ...  As a result, in all the layers (except logical), the blend of private and public goods means that responsibility for safety issues remains with a mix of private and public actors.  ... 
doi:10.17323/1998-0663.2016.1.7.19 fatcat:xzxnnwhx5ncdtnnj46g6z32rge

Crime Prevention and Community Safety [chapter]

Adam Crawford, Karen Evans
2012 The Oxford Handbook of Criminology  
It explores the conceptualisation, take-up and advancement of a preventive mentality and practices in relation to situational, social and developmental crime prevention as well as community safety.  ...  This chapter traces and evaluates both the historic emergence of the modern 'preventive turn' as well as the elaboration and institutionalisation of crime prevention and community safety over the last  ...  Elsewhere preventive partnerships are most robust where they have a legal foundation and formal structure -such as safeguarding, youth offending, multi-agency public protection panels and local criminal  ... 
doi:10.1093/he/9780199590278.003.0026 fatcat:c7h6m54m25dd3fcqbkj2kxzk3u

Formal Methods and their Role in the Certification of Critical Systems [chapter]

John Rushby
1997 Safety and Reliability of Software Based Systems  
Its purpose is to outline the technical basis for formal methods in computer science, to explain the use of formal methods in the specification and verification of software and hardware requirements, designs  ...  , and implementations, to identify the benefits, weaknesses, and difficulties in applying these methods to digital systems used in critical applications, and to suggest factors for consideration when formal  ...  and argue their points of view with me.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-0921-1_1 fatcat:33n3af7ssbfkbiy6o6vj462idi

Institutions and institutional logics in construction safety management: the case of climatic heat stress

Andrea Yunyan Jia, Steve Rowlinson, Martin Loosemore, Mengnan Xu, Baizhan Li, Alistair Gibb
2017 Construction Management and Economics  
organisational responses to formal safety rules.  ...  The work was largely self-managed, and proportionally mixed with idling due to the lack of an efficient formal coordination system.  ...  Weather in the sea is hotter than a construction site but there has less heat stress, 6 because there you don't need to wear the safety boots and the reflective vest, and 7 there is wind in the sea.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01446193.2017.1296171 fatcat:qujizrfhpfcdvfxw5evhnixghm

Demystifying theory and its use in improvement

Frank Davidoff, Mary Dixon-Woods, Laura Leviton, Susan Michie
2015 BMJ Quality and Safety  
In an effort to demystify theory we make the point in this paper that, far from being discretionary or superfluous, theory ('reason-giving'), both informal and formal, is intimately woven into virtually  ...  theory; examine some emerging criteria of 'good' theory; and emphasise the value, as well as the challenge, of combining informal experience-based theory with formal, publicly developed theory.  ...  INTRODUCTION Initiatives to improve quality and safety in healthcare all too frequently result in limited changes for the better or no meaningful changes at all, and the few that are successful are often  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2014-003627 pmid:25616279 pmcid:PMC4345989 fatcat:mmyhyy2hhzdvnfosb633x5uxcq

"Role drift" to unlicensed assistants: risks to quality and safety

H P McKenna
2004 BMJ Quality & Safety  
Failure to understand clinical practice in organisational terms can slow the introduction of new treatments as well as stall efforts to improve the quality and safety of care.  ...  ,'' to name but a few disciplines that provide the foundation for effective citizenship in improvement.  ... 
doi:10.1136/qshc.2004.012757 pmid:15576697 pmcid:PMC1743920 fatcat:flb7thjtevbvtnuxt7b5ppi4oy

Governance of Occupational Safety and Health and Environmental Risks [chapter]

Siegfried Radandt, Jorma Rantanen, Ortwin Renn
2008 Topics In Safety, Risk, Reliability And Quality  
; (in the case of dissent all relevant camps have the right to be represented); • to interpret factual evidence in accordance with the laws of formal logic and analytical reasoning; • to disclose their  ...  The safety measures are then incorporated into the logic trees and the residual risks are analyzed via an acceptability table defined by consensus.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8289-4_4 fatcat:ll5pbdrok5c2vdipyj77rfhfba

The problem with root cause analysis

Mohammad Farhad Peerally, Susan Carr, Justin Waring, Mary Dixon-Woods
2016 BMJ Quality and Safety  
INTRODUCTION Attempts to learn from high-risk industries such as aviation and nuclear power have been a prominent feature of the patient safety movement since the late 1990s.  ...  Rather, it describes a range of approaches and tools drawn from fields including human factors and safety science 4 5 that are used to establish how and why an incident occurred in an attempt to identify  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2016-005511 pmid:27340202 pmcid:PMC5530340 fatcat:7bm33kzmxbh2xarpe7m6skh3zi

Managing evidence in food safety and nutrition

Ermanno Cavalli, Mary Gilsenan, Jane Van Doren, Danica Grahek‐Ogden, Jane Richardson, Fabrizio Abbinante, Claudia Cascio, Paul Devalier, Nikolai Brun, Igor Linkov, Kathleen Marchal, Bette Meek (+8 others)
2019 EFSA Journal  
to food safety risk assessment, accounting for the increased volume of evidence available as well as the increased IT capabilities to access and analyse it.  ...  and management of evidence to support future food safety risk assessments will be a dominant feature of EFSA's future strategy.  ...  Acknowledgements: The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and authors wish to thank the  ... 
doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2019.e170704 pmid:32626441 pmcid:PMC7015488 fatcat:66yx7jv5fzfnjoy4glajzsxjbi

Tear gas safety and usage practices

Jennifer L. Brown, Carey E. Lyons, Carlee Toddes, Timothy Monko, Roman Tyshynsky
2021 Journal of Science Policy & Governance  
Furthermore, the scientific evidence supporting the safety of tear gas is lacking due to both the misinterpretation of public health studies and the paucity of controlled experiments.  ...  The history of tear gas utilization by law enforcement in the U.S. is rife with corruption and racist intent.  ...  We would also like to extend our gratitude to Wilella Burgess and Barbara Toddes for their editorial assistance.  ... 
doi:10.38126/jspg180104 fatcat:3njelwwzabgrjp4ky3eoneys5q

What Does Creativity Mean in Safety-Critical Environments?

Samira Bourgeois-Bougrine
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
Safety in high-risk and time-pressured situations relies on people's ability to generate new and appropriate solutions to solve unforeseen problems for which no procedures or rules are available.  ...  Building on the research on the psychology and the neuropsychology of creativity, this paper will (1) address the question of what creativity means and what are its ties with problem solving and decision-making  ...  It just seemed the logical thing to do.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.565884 pmid:33117233 pmcid:PMC7550865 fatcat:uchfwwgtljhunifccov7wygrym

A pilot study in ophthalmology of inter-rater reliability in classifying diagnostic errors: an underinvestigated area of medical error

C E Margo
2003 BMJ Quality & Safety  
Misdiagnosis is a professional and public healthcare challenge that will require novel strategies to enable it to be successfully studied.  ...  The origins of misdiagnosis are complex, often multifactorial, and more difficult to categorize than other types of medical error.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Drs D S Bartenstein, M W Wilson, and Z A Kargioglu generously gave their time to participate in this study.  ... 
doi:10.1136/qhc.12.6.416 pmid:14645756 pmcid:PMC1758028 fatcat:bm7zbbmtdvbchbkdu3wfdzmqhm
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