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Resolving Conflicting Arguments under Uncertainties [article]

Benson Hin Kwong Ng, Kam-Fai Wong, Boon-Toh Low
2013 arXiv   pre-print
Our framework extends definite argumentation theory to model uncertainty. It supports three views over conflicting and uncertain knowledge.  ...  No integrated frameworks are viable without an in-depth analysis of conflicts incurred by uncertainties.  ...  With an eye on this particular domain, we propose a framework to capture the notion of conflict and resolve it under uncertain ties.  ... 
arXiv:1301.7404v1 fatcat:ax2h43oklzfyvmykdtp7luishu

Managing social influences through argumentation-based negotiation

Nishan C. Karunatillake, Nicholas R. Jennings, Iyad Rahwan, Sarvapali D. Ramchurn
2006 Proceedings of the fifth international joint conference on Autonomous agents and multiagent systems - AAMAS '06  
To this end, we present an empirical study of an argumentation-based negotiation (ABN) approach that allows the agents to detect such conflicts, and then manage and resolve them through the use of argumentative  ...  Our results show that using an argumentation approach allows agents to both efficiently and effectively manage their social influences even under high degrees of incompleteness.  ...  conflicts under uncertainty.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1160633.1160710 dblp:conf/atal/KarunatillakeJRR06 fatcat:4uxr2govrjfsje62cu6qptdgle

Argumentation as a General Framework for Uncertain Reasoning [article]

John Fox, Paul J. Krause, Morten Elvang-Gøransson
2013 arXiv   pre-print
This approach appears to shed light on the common logical structure of a variety of quantitative, qualitative and defeasible uncertainty calculi.  ...  arguments.  ...  Acknowledgements Paul Krause is supported under the DTI/SERC project number 1822: a Formal Basis for Decision Support Sys tems.  ... 
arXiv:1303.1505v1 fatcat:d2rng2u76zhl7eqvvvewxdk5mm

Arguing to Defeat: Eristic Argumentation and Irrationality in Resolving Moral Concerns

Rasim Serdar Kurdoglu, Nüfer Yasin Ateş
2020 Journal of Business Ethics  
Eristic argumentation is also problematic for strategic and entrepreneurial decision-making because it impedes the search for the right heuristic under uncertainty as an ecologically rational choice.  ...  Expanding the concept of eristic argumentation based on reasoning motivations opens a new path for studying the psychology of reasoning in connection to morality and decision-making under uncertainty.  ...  Research can also reveal how eristic argumentation relates to entrepreneurial confidence and resilience under extreme uncertainty.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10551-020-04659-2 fatcat:zbmbtrdbsvcfrlh4ljanfpkjzu

Decision Control and the Pursuit of Binding Conflict Management

Stephen E. Gent, Megan Shannon
2011 Journal of Conflict Resolution  
However, binding third-party conflict management is rarely pursued to resolve interstate disputes over contentious issues like territorial or maritime control.  ...  International relations scholars have garnered a good deal of evidence indicating that binding arbitration and adjudication are highly effective means for brokering agreements and ending conflict.  ...  According to our argument, states are especially reluctant to give up decision control when there is a great deal of uncertainty about the outcome of arbitration or adjudication.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0022002711408012 fatcat:bjn4vbxi2jcynme55qlhj4remi

Resolving conflicts in knowledge for ambient intelligence

Martin Homola, Theodore Patkos, Giorgos Flouris, Ján Šefránek, Alexander Šimko, Jozef Frtús, Dimitra Zografistou, Martin Baláž
2015 Knowledge engineering review (Print)  
Conflicts may thus naturally arise, that need to be dealt with by the agents in an autonomous way.  ...  Our main goal is to describe the state of the art in these fields, and to draw attention of researchers to important theoretical issues and practical challenges that still need to be resolved, in order  ...  Acknowledgements This work resulted from the Slovak-Greek bilateral project "Multi-context Reasoning in Heterogeneous environments", registered on the Slovak side under no.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0269888915000132 fatcat:dsa3goyft5bfxezoaz7iwuuauu

Thinking Naturally about Uncertainty

Marvin S. Cohen, Jared T. Freeman
1996 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting  
A third approach, however, called the Recognition / Metacognition model, treats decision making under uncertainty as a problem-solving process that starts with the results of recognition, verifies them  ...  They handle missing or conflicting data by mathematical aggregation, while realworld decision makers regard gaps in knowledge and conflicting evidence as problems to be solved.  ...  The resulting arguments may then be found to conflict with other arguments. Such conflict may be resolved by evaluating the reliability of the assumptions in the conflicting arguments.  ... 
doi:10.1177/154193129604000408 fatcat:fe7vosf4bbefxbommnx35rbnpu

Testing Two Explanations of the Liberal Peace

Nam Kyu Kim
2013 Journal of Conflict Resolution  
Under the incomplete information assumption, I derive different observable implications of the competing arguments regarding how target states respond when challenged.  ...  Considerable evidence suggests that economic interdependence and integration reduce the likelihood of militarized conflict.  ...  The signaling argument emphasizes that economic interdependence and integration allow states to more credibly reveal their intentions and resolve, thereby reducing uncertainty and the likelihood of conflict  ... 
doi:10.1177/0022002713484280 fatcat:yuxqdllo75ddni6ekuczjgxkfq

Does gravity induce wavefunction collapse? An examination of Penrose's conjecture

Shan Gao
2013 Studies in history and philosophy of modern physics  
has been resolved, the wavefunction collapse will lose its physical basis relating to the conflict.  ...  First of all, it is still a controversial issue what the exact nature of the conflict is and how to resolve it.  ...  The key is to realize that the conflict also needs to be resolved before the wavefunction collapse finishes, and when the conflict has been resolved, the wavefunction collapse will lose its physical basis  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.shpsb.2013.03.001 fatcat:q3nbzzprxndkrifk2mvvm7vcnq

Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Conflict Resolution

Reyhan Aydoğan, Tim Baarslag, Enrico Gerding
2021 Group Decision and Negotiation  
To bring together the different research strands and disciplines in conflict resolution, the Workshop on Conflict Resolution in Decision Making (COREDEMA) was organized.  ...  have, in turn, been inspired by theories and techniques from these disciplines, which has led to a variety of computational models and approaches, such as automated negotiation, group decision making, argumentation  ...  There are a variety of challenges in resolving conflicts between (human or software) agents such as uncertainty about other parties, fairness of the outcomes, involvement of self-interested parties, complex  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10726-021-09738-x fatcat:orsot2avz5h2xdu62kkce7lpuq

An Imprecise Probability Approach for Abstract Argumentation Based on Credal Sets [chapter]

Mariela Morveli-Espinoza, Juan Carlos Nieves, Cesar Augusto Tacla
2019 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
(AAF) under a semantics.  ...  Some abstract argumentation approaches consider that arguments have a degree of uncertainty, which impacts on the degree of uncertainty of the extensions obtained from a abstract argumentation framework  ...  Regarding the second question, we base on the credal sets of the arguments to calculate the uncertainty values of extensions obtained under a given semantics.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-29765-7_4 fatcat:ykuavd2f55axxav4foj4r4hbaa

Hemispheric Specialization in Human Prefrontal Cortex for Resolving Certain and Uncertain Inferences

Vinod Goel, Michael Tierney, Laura Sheesley, Angela Bartolo, Oshin Vartanian, Jordan Grafman
2006 Cerebral Cortex  
Although it has been suggested that the right prefrontal cortex (PFC) has a special role to play in decision making under uncertainty, there is very little hard data to support this hypothesis.  ...  Uncertainty is a fact of life that must be accommodated in real-world decision making.  ...  Conflict of Interest: None declared. Address correspondence to email: vgoel@yorku.ca.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhl132 pmid:17158186 fatcat:dtzr6zwsn5dllduw6uiwmwrlfu

Page 394 of Computational Linguistics Vol. 24, Issue 3 [page]

1998 Computational Linguistics  
is detected in a proposal from the user, how should the system go about resolving the conflict.  ...  Our information-sharing mechanism allows the system to focus on those beliefs that it believes will most effectively resolve its uncertainty about the proposal and to select an appropriate information-sharing  ... 

Stakeholder and Public Involvement in Risk Governance

Ortwin Renn
2015 International Journal of Disaster Risk Science  
The article provides insights into how to structure and organize stakeholder participation and how to cope with the challenges of complexity, uncertainty, and ambiguity.  ...  The most frequently used formats for resolving conflicts about complex relationships are described in the following sections.  ...  Hearings do not provide consensus and may not resolve any conflict (Hadden 1989 ). However, they may clarify the basis of the conflict or the different points of view in a contested risk issue.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13753-015-0037-6 fatcat:z6gdib6fr5darkyhvkgr2pbgwy

Dealing with Incompatibilities among Procedural Goals under Uncertainty

Mariela Morveli Espinoza, Juan Carlos Nieves, Ayslan Possebom, Cesar Augusto Tacla
2019 Inteligencia Artificial  
We represent the agent's plans by means of structured arguments whose premises are pervaded with uncertainty.  ...  Considering our novel approach for measuring the strength of structured arguments, we propose a semantics for the selection of plans and goals that is based on Dung's abstract argumentation theory.  ...  OUTPUT is its set of justified conclusions, and E 1 , ..., E n its conflict-free extensions under the conflict-free semantics.  ... 
doi:10.4114/intartif.vol22iss64pp47-62 fatcat:vvlemwx7ebas3kt4z7vvl37y4e
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