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Representing vision and blindness

Patrick L. Ray, Alexander P. Cox, Mark Jensen, Travis Allen, William Duncan, Alexander D. Diehl
2016 Journal of Biomedical Semantics  
Methods: We explore current attempts to represent vision or blindness, and show how these attempts fail at representing subtypes of blindness (viz., color blindness, flash blindness, and inattentional  ...  There have been relatively few attempts to represent vision or blindness ontologically.  ...  Many of the problems associated with representing blindness result from a conflation of closely associated concepts about the vision process and its absence.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13326-016-0058-0 pmid:27034769 pmcid:PMC4815270 fatcat:rfqii6m7krgcfo76liqeoe7ily

Page 133 of Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness Vol. 41, Issue 5 [page]

1947 Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness  
Columns F and F' represent 10 industrially blinded service men, F representing one eye and F' the other of the same individuals.  ...  Columns D and D' represent 22 indus¬ trially blinded service men, D representing one eye and D' the other of the same individ¬ uals.  ... 

Effect of vision loss on plasticity of the head and neck proprioception

Tian-Yu Jiang, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2nd Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China, Dong-Mei Wu, Lin Zhang, Chang-Shui Weng, Li-Hai Zhang, Weizikeng Clinic, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100101, China, Special Education College, Beijing Union University, Beijing 110106, China, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2nd Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China, Department of Orthopedics, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China
2021 International Journal of Ophthalmology  
Among the blind and low vision subjects, 21 cases had balanced binocular vision, 17 cases had strong vision in the left eye and 18 cases had strong vision in the right eye.  ...  Tukey-Kramer for one-way ANOVA was used for comparison of blind, low vision, and sighted subjects, as well as to compare subjects with balanced vision, strong vision in the left eye and strong vision in  ...  Lili Wang and my colleagues for scientific advice and data collection, thanks to professor Xiutang Cao for statistical analysis, thanks to Dr. Guy Simoneau for his scientific advice.  ... 
doi:10.18240/ijo.2021.07.15 fatcat:3wgr27rbzfgdpms4qctumpripe

Page 372 of Sociology of Education Vol. 17, Issue 6 [page]

1944 Sociology of Education  
Table II presents, besides the blind enrollment and the rate of blind enrollment per 100,000 general enrollment, the total number of cases for which amount of vision was reported and the number of pupils  ...  of schools and classes for the blind.  ... 

Page 814 of American Journal of Ophthalmology Vol. 2, Issue 11 [page]

1919 American Journal of Ophthalmology  
By reference to the recent reports it is found that we all agree that what we record as 20/40 vision does not represent one-half either of normal vision or total blind- ness.  ...  In the Milwaukee table 20/40 vision represents 94% of vision or a 6% loss of vision. Dr.  ... 

Prevalence and causes of vision loss in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2015: magnitude, temporal trends and projections

Janet L Leasher, Tasanee Braithwaite, João M Furtado, Seth R Flaxman, Van Charles Lansingh, Juan Carlos Silva, Serge Resnikoff, Hugh R Taylor, Rupert R A Bourne
2018 British Journal of Ophthalmology  
from a global systematic review of 283 cross-sectional, population-representative studies from published and unpublished sources from 1980 to 2014 in the Global Vision Database included 17 published and  ...  ObjectiveTo estimate the prevalence and causes of blindness and vision impairment for distance and near in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) in 2015 and to forecast trends to 2020.MethodsA meta-analysis  ...  representative surveys, in Latin America and the Caribbean region prior to 2010. 5, 13 The present report adds estimates for mild (visual acuity of <6/12 to ≥6/17) vision impairment and near vision  ... 
doi:10.1136/bjophthalmol-2017-311746 pmid:30209083 fatcat:gycfpkn4yvewtegymj2g2zvroy

Page 256 of Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness Vol. 44, Issue 9 [page]

1950 Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness  
The sample was representative of the total population in schools for the blind, in that thirty-six per cent of the children had no useful vision.  ...  Those with enough vision to see sidewalks and follow them easily were classified as partially seeing, whik children with no useful vision were listed as blind.  ... 

How to improve Iranians' vision health: on the national policy of preventing Iranians' blindness

2019 International Journal of Ophthalmology  
Through these achievements, it seemed that the pattern of causes of blindness and low vision was similar to that of the developed countries.  ...  However, the review of Iranians' vision health indicators showed that a considerable percent of the blindness and low vision was avoidable through a national program demanding 3 types of interventions  ...  In 2010, 82% of the blind and 65% of patients with moderate or severe vision disorders were over 50 years old. Vision disorders and blindness are more prevalent among the poor and women.  ... 
doi:10.18240/ijo.2019.01.18 pmid:30662850 pmcid:PMC6326938 fatcat:vrlhy25ujvcvngtizqczv7n3uy

A Graphical User Interface for the Visually Impaired – an evaluation

David Veal, S. P. Maj
2010 Modern Applied Science  
The majority of visually impaired blind and deafblind people retain some degree of residual vision.  ...  Software called Dynamic Pattern System (DPS) was developed to utilize this residual vision by generating a range of different patterns, colors and shapes unique to each individual's residual vision -called  ...  Each unique pattern, matched to the residual vision of the blind person, is used to represent an alphanumeric character, word or a sign.  ... 
doi:10.5539/mas.v4n12p83 fatcat:6qtgesemhnf75kithmvaqqcb3a

VISION 2020: the meaning and the spirit of the right to sight initiative

Murthy VS Gudlavalleti
2010 Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology  
The laudable effort of the global alliance between the countries of the world (represented by the WHO) and the international eye NGOs (represented by IAPB) to use VISION 2020 as the plank to 'demystify  ...  There is nothing like a 'blind' eye as blindness only refers to presenting vision in the better eye and therefore connotes person vision.  ... 
doi:10.3126/nepjoph.v1i2.3679 fatcat:apsuppa4sjh43mr5ohcnb3ngg4

Examining Explanations for Differences in Two-Dimensional Graphic Spatial Representation of Cubes Among Totally Blind Subjects

Bin I, Chuen-Jiang Shiu
2010 Visual Arts Research : Education, Historical, Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives  
Nine totally blind participants, ages between 17 and 21, represent five visual conditions.  ...  Only one among them, a subject who lost his vision at 9 years of age and who loved to draw prior to loosing his vision, adopted the final stage of graphic development, the oblique projection system.  ...  and represent it two-dimensionally.  ... 
doi:10.1353/var.2010.0007 fatcat:cgroduc3mbh3rkyctuobn25hji

Page 69 of Exceptional Children Vol. 17, Issue 3 [page]

1950 Exceptional Children  
The sample was representative of the total population in schools for the blind, in that 36 per cent of the children had no useful vision.  ...  Those with enough vision to see sidewalks and fol- low them easily were classified as par- tially seeing, while children with no useful vision were listed as blind.  ... 

Construction as basic translation unit: A case of referring to blind people in English and Ukrainian

Iryna Danylchenko, Yana Zhovinsky, T. Andrienko, S. Potapenko, L. Slavova
2021 SHS Web of Conferences  
High degree of equivalence with the immediate blindness-constructions is explained by their fixed form: they include combinations of words with the nouns impairment, sight / vision and the adjective blind  ...  These constructions are made up of two immediate or modified ones and represent the generalized models of situations where translators, forced by the non-existence of identical patterns, have to resort  ...  actions and experiences, and external representing the relations between different participants of events including blind persons, partially-sighted and people with normal vision.  ... 
doi:10.1051/shsconf/202110503003 fatcat:apyq3rfr2vhf7eoceli633p2ea

Page 198 of Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness Vol. 37, Issue 7 [page]

1943 Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness  
world by duly authorized representatives of the United States and the British Empire.  ...  (The re¬ sulting diminution of vision depends upon the location and density of the opacity; surgi¬ cal removal commonly restores sight.) color blindness: a lack of color perception, usually congenital,  ... 

Page 20 of Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness Vol. 30, Issue 1 [page]

1936 Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness  
di¬ rectly and indirectly in the field of preven¬ tion of blindness and conservation of vision.  ...  Reference is made by this Committee to a standard list representing the more essential information, and to classi¬ fication by degree of remaining vision.  ... 
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