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André Valente, Joost Breuker
1995 Proceedings of the fifth international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '95  
The knowledge representation of the legal information is used for both information retrieval and reasoning. information retrieval services.  ...  a representation of a broad range of types of legal knowledge integrated to the representation of the text, and in employing an ontology to drive legal information mod- elling.  ... 
doi:10.1145/222092.222265 dblp:conf/icail/ValenteB95 fatcat:mjdajh6aljevjaja2662r37k7e

Information extraction for legal knowledge representation – a review of approaches and trends

Denis Andrei De Araujo, Carolina Müller, Rove Chishman, Sandro José Rigo
2014 Revista Brasileira de Computação Aplicada  
Abstract: This work presents an introduction to Information Extraction systems and a survey of the known approaches of Information Extraction in the legal area.  ...  This work analyzes with particular attention the techniques that rely on the representation of legal knowledge as a means to achieve better performance, with emphasis on those techniques including ontologies  ...  of knowledge representation in the legal system.  ... 
doi:10.5335/rbca.2014.3542 fatcat:355kvibnm5autmp5n6jpfkges4

Representation of legal text for conceptual retrieval

Judith P. Dick
1991 Proceedings of the third international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '91  
In our present state of knowledge, a suitable knowledge representation to be used for information retrieval, must be coarse-grained.  ...  Overview We contend that the retrieval of conceptual information from legal text is dependent upon the construction of a viable knowledge representation.  ...  inducing a contract msy be so vague, or so clearly one of opinion, that the law refuses to give it any contractual effect." (Treitel 1979, p. 107) .  ... 
doi:10.1145/112646.112676 dblp:conf/icail/Dick91 fatcat:mvxkeh2ezjaldjhub7ivxpjyrm

Textual case-based reasoning

ROSINA O. WEBER, KEVIN D. ASHLEY, STEFANIE BRÜNINGHAUS
2005 Knowledge engineering review (Print)  
This commentary provides a definition of textual case-based reasoning (TCBR) and surveys research contributions according to four research questions.  ...  We also describe how TCBR can be distinguished from text mining and information retrieval. We conclude with potential directions for TCBR research.  ...  A human might use the system to index legal cases from a large full-text database for 256  .  .       . use in a CBR system.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0269888906000713 fatcat:ylclz6sbd5fdrp6zoo6adwkdpi

Page 21 of SRELS Journal of Information Management Vol. 29, Issue 4 [page]

1992 SRELS Journal of Information Management  
By better understanding of the legal language and its legal domain, proper representation of knowledge becomes easier. This concept, she stated could be used in ar- tificial intelligence systems.  ...  A definite thrust is re- quired for application of knowledge and skill in evaluation of. information.  ... 

The DataLex legal workstation

Graham Creenleaf, Andrew Mowbray, Alan Tyree
1991 Proceedings of the third international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '91  
Information representations Each 'engine' requires its own form of representation of the legal 'knowledge' and 'data' which it manipulates: a rule-base for the type of inference engine used in the Workstation  ...  The expression 'knowledge representation' is most often used in relation to expert systems, indicating that a knowledge-base involves more than mere data.  ... 
doi:10.1145/112646.112673 dblp:conf/icail/GreenleafMT91 fatcat:oep4eoy3avdf7dszpc5ghjqh2i

FLEXICON

Daphne Gelbart, J. C. Smith
1993 Proceedings of the fourth international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '93  
This pa er iscusses the structured knowledge 8 representation model designed for the FLEXIC N system serving both as an internal knowledge representation scheme, in conjunction with statistical ranking  ...  , and as an external representation used to summarize legal text for rapid evaluation of the search results.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was sup orted by the Law t Foundation of British Colum ia and the Social Sciences and Humanities  ... 
doi:10.1145/158976.158994 dblp:conf/icail/GelbartS93 fatcat:wyhieo432bfthed3cxj6utottu

Ontologies in the Legal Domain [chapter]

Laurens Mommers
2010 Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives  
In artificial intelligence, ontologies are primarily meant to provide a basic framework for knowledge representation: the entities and relations distinguished in an ontology provide a user with the means  ...  The general concepts and relations of a top-level ontology can rarely accommodate all the peculiarities of legal systems.  ...  Examples of applications of legal ontologies are: (a) Information retrieval.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-90-481-8845-1_12 fatcat:kk63erzdobavvedwmmadgi7oka

Special Issue of the journal Artificial Intelligence on "AI & Law"

Edwina L. Rissland, Kevin D. Ashley, R.Prescott Loui
2001 Artificial Intelligence  
Recent work has tackled the problem of making retrieval of legal information more intelligent by combining AI techniques with those from information retrieval.  ...  Authors are invited to submit papers on topics including but not restricted to: • computational models of legal reasoning and argumentation; • legal knowledge-based systems; • case-based legal reasoning  ...  ; • representation of legal and common sense knowledge; • representation of other norm-governed systems (e.g., professional ethics, institutional policies, or rules of order); • applications of machine  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(01)00081-9 fatcat:gudo4ljwrvbwjajob64mpwsmby

Special Issue of the journal Artificial Intelligence on "AI & Law"

Edwina L. Rissland, Kevin D. Ashley, R.Prescott Loui
2001 Artificial Intelligence  
Recent work has tackled the problem of making retrieval of legal information more intelligent by combining AI techniques with those from information retrieval.  ...  Authors are invited to submit papers on topics including but not restricted to: • computational models of legal reasoning and argumentation; • legal knowledge-based systems; • case-based legal reasoning  ...  ; • representation of legal and common sense knowledge; • representation of other norm-governed systems (e.g., professional ethics, institutional policies, or rules of order); • applications of machine  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(01)00087-x fatcat:efpivdcdzbfqfoyuz7thx4u53q

Special Issue of the journal Artificial Intelligence on "AI & Law"

Edwina L. Rissland, Kevin D. Ashley, R.Prescott Loui
2001 Artificial Intelligence  
Recent work has tackled the problem of making retrieval of legal information more intelligent by combining AI techniques with those from information retrieval.  ...  Authors are invited to submit papers on topics including but not restricted to: • computational models of legal reasoning and argumentation; • legal knowledge-based systems; • case-based legal reasoning  ...  ; • representation of legal and common sense knowledge; • representation of other norm-governed systems (e.g., professional ethics, institutional policies, or rules of order); • applications of machine  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(01)00067-4 fatcat:j7laa2hdzfbddhvxd5lbfoldce

Special Issue of the journal Artificial Intelligence on "AI & Law"

Edwina L. Rissland, Kevin D. Ashley, R.Prescott Loui
2001 Artificial Intelligence  
Recent work has tackled the problem of making retrieval of legal information more intelligent by combining AI techniques with those from information retrieval.  ...  Authors are invited to submit papers on topics including but not restricted to: • computational models of legal reasoning and argumentation; • legal knowledge-based systems; • case-based legal reasoning  ...  ; • representation of legal and common sense knowledge; • representation of other norm-governed systems (e.g., professional ethics, institutional policies, or rules of order); • applications of machine  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(01)00117-5 fatcat:cbj2v5vquzdjpl7uzpjgv5jyru

The integration of retrieval, reasoning and drafting for refugee law

John Yearwood, Andrew Stranieri
1999 Proceedings of the seventh international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '99  
In conceptualising this system we have found it useful to propose a classification of knowledge based systems in law.  ...  However, these arguments may not encompass all arguments used in any particular case. The construction of non-generic arguments involves the integration of information retrieval within reasoning.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to acknowledge the generous assistance of John Vrachnas from the Melbourne branch of the Refugee Review Tribunal of Australia and Domenico Calabro from Victoria Legal Aid  ... 
doi:10.1145/323706.323724 fatcat:3sr7lpev25h5jcoki4uz7qr3i4

Ontology-based legal information retrieval to improve the information access in e-government

Asunción Gómez-Pérez, Fernando Ortiz-Rodriguez, Boris Villazón-Terrazas
2006 Proceedings of the 15th international conference on World Wide Web - WWW '06  
In this paper, we present EgoIR, an approach for retrieving legal information based on ontologies; this approach has been developed with Legal Ontologies to be deployed within the egovernment context.  ...  This project is partially funded by a scholarship granted through the Program of Teaching Staff Improvement (PROMEP) at the Tamaulipas University.  ...  RELATED WORK There are many systems developed for managing legal information, but only a few deals with legal knowledge. In this section we describe briefly some legal IR systems.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1135777.1135988 dblp:conf/www/Gomez-PerezOV06 fatcat:dnnw6cvkvfgonh2fw4x7rj4pga

Cross-lingual legal information retrieval using a WordNet architecture

Luca Dini, Wim Peters, Doris Liebwald, Erich Schweighofer, Laurens Mommers, Wim Voermans
2005 Proceedings of the 10th international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '05  
In this article, we set out how a hybrid approach, featuring lexically and legally grounded conceptual representations, can fit the cross-lingual information retrieval needs of both legal professionals  ...  The LOIS project encompasses the construction of a large, multilingual WordNet for cross-lingual information retrieval in the legal domain.  ...  The LOIS project is funded through the eContent-programme of the European Commission. Please refer to www.loisproject.org for more information.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1165485.1165510 dblp:conf/icail/DiniLMPPV05 fatcat:at7hcnilrfegpflqde26lwlqyu
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