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A computer simulation of the argument from disagreement

Johan E. Gustafsson, Martin Peterson
2010 Synthese  
The simulation algorithm we use builds on the work of Hegselmann and Krause (In this paper we shed new light on the Argument from Disagreement by putting it to test in a computer simulation.  ...  According to this argument widespread and persistent disagreement on ethical issues indicates that our moral opinions are not influenced by any moral facts, either because no such facts exist or because  ...  Acknowledgements Early versions of this paper were presented to audiences at conferences and seminars at the University of Colorado at Boulder, Stockholm University, Uppsala University, Lund University  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-010-9822-3 fatcat:staeeq27y5ailh3uuk67hynwra

How to Build Consensus in a Health-Oriented Online Community: Modeling a "Pro-Ana" Forum

Antonio A. Casilli, Juliette Rouchier, Paola Tubaro
2014 Revue française de sociologie  
We then complexify the macrosetting, considering the effects of turnover (the possibility of exiting and/or entering the forum), and different rates of active participation of members to discussions.  ...  These results lead to policy recommendations to design successful health information campaigns, and advocate against access restrictions or filtering of these online communities.  ...  I somewhat fear of falling into the vicious circle, the circle "I posted a comment," then they will reply, and I have to re-reply … (Excerpt interviewee ID 83 FR).  ... 
doi:10.3917/rfs.554.0731 fatcat:cjlbcbrkh5av5ngllqnpdh5hie

Strategic Interaction in Humans and Other Animals

Simon M. Huttegger, Brian Skyrms
2013 Biological Theory  
The repli- cator equation can indeed be interpreted as some kind of social learning. This is a mathematical and not an empirical finding, however.  ...  Some of the topics that will be explored concern applications of game theory; others will be about its conceptual foundations when viewed in terms of evolutionary or learning processes.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13752-013-0128-9 fatcat:onxwlcn7xjcgjdob4jkgjuxtfm

Coevolutionary modeling in network formation

Ibrahim Al-Shyoukh, Georgios Chasparis, Jeff S. Shamma
2014 2014 IEEE Global Conference on Signal and Information Processing (GlobalSIP)  
Coevolutionary modeling offers the possibility to better understand how and why network structures emerge.  ...  establishment costs, and (iii) latent preferential attachment.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Research supported in part by AFOSR/MURI #FA9550-09-1-0538 and #FA9550-10-1-0573.  ... 
doi:10.1109/globalsip.2014.7032213 dblp:conf/globalsip/Al-ShyoukhCS14 fatcat:syppyslvwfhqjogihcw337gfjy

Thomas C. Schelling and James M. Sakoda: The Intellectual, Technical, and Social History of a Model

Rainer Hegselmann
2017 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
To date it is called the Schelling model -an eponym that affixes the inventor's name to the invention, one of the highest forms of scientific recognition.  ...  Technical and social factors play a decisive role. Some contrafactual historical reflection suggests that the final result was not inevitable.  ...  Reprint of Hegselmann 1996b, [Hegselmann, 1998] and [Hegselmann and Flache, 1998 ]. In the late 1990s, I obtained a xeroxed copy of Minidoka by Richard J. Gaylord.  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.3511 fatcat:l635af2osjeobkapbo6umpsosm

The Rationale of Rationality

Jeroen Weesie, Chris Snijders, Vincent Buskens
2009 Rationality and Society  
Buskens' contribution is part of the UU High-Potential program 'Dynamics of Cooperation, Networks and Institutions.'  ...  Acknowledgments Helpful suggestions from Andreas Diekmann, Norman Braun, Werner Raub, and two anonymous reviewers are gratefully acknowledged.  ...  Ego might be choosing PIR because he has no clue what Alter will do, or Ego might be playing a best reply against a best reply to PIR (which is PIR as well).  ... 
doi:10.1177/1043463109103901 fatcat:6nlnqr4kh5a4lkjukslhvuhv5y

Model Pluralism [article]

Walter Veit
2019 arXiv   pre-print
, their multiplicity of functions within science, and their scientific context and history and (ii) for almost any aspect x of phenomenon y, scientists require multiple models to achieve scientific goal  ...  Going against the tendency within the literature to generalize from single models, I explicate and defend the following two core theses: (i) any successful analysis of models must target sets of models  ...  Acknowledgments First of all, I would like to thank Rainer Hegselmann, Paul Teller, Cailin O'Connor, Robert Sugden, Caterina Marchionni, Donal Khosrowi, Lena Zuchowski, Joe Dewhurst, Shaun Stanley,  ... 
arXiv:1909.13653v1 fatcat:xuw4zbvi5zb3ri7lnrxxrmvufu

Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is: DIAL, A Dialogical Model for Opinion Dynamics

Piter Dykstra, Corinna Elsenbroich, Wander Jager, Gerard Renardel de Lavalette, Rineke Verbrugge
2013 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
reply-attacks ; select one of the attacks for a reply if size > 1 [ let pr filter [[size] of first ?  ...  In future work we will investigate an agent model with an acceptance-rejection strategy for utterances based on (Huet et al. 2008; Hegselmann & Krause 2002) . 6.4 In DIAL the development of extremization  ...  pprops ] ; Rounding off: forget announcements, answer some questions which were put ; in this cycle and reply some attacks made by other agents in this cycle. ; These three actions are different from the  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.2178 fatcat:j3vf3m74ujan5p6yktvri2ok4a

Interaction Network, State Space and Control in Social Dynamics [article]

Aylin Aydogdu, Marco Caponigro, Sean McQuade, Benedetto Piccoli, Nastassia Pouradier Duteil, Francesco Rossi, Emmanuel Trélat
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Meanwhile, convergence to specific equilibria depends on the connectivity of the interaction network and on the interaction potential.  ...  When the system does not satisfy the necessary conditions for convergence to the desired equilibrium, control can be exerted, both on finite-dimensional systems and on their mean-field limit.  ...  Hegselmann and Krause have for instance looked at (one-dimensional) asymmetric confidence: [45] .  ... 
arXiv:1607.00397v2 fatcat:nukdb53jhjajjmexuj24qbefsu

Introduction and Overview

Theo Kuipers, Gerhard Schurz
2011 Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy  
He is able to prove that the so defined basic revision of T by R/S will never decrease the theory's verisimilitude, and in the long run it will increase it.  ...  all members of the collective will converge to the truth s.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10670-011-9288-9 fatcat:dw2kagwpovbcxltveg6hirsiaa

Authoritarianism vs. democracy: Simulating responses to disease outbreaks [article]

A.E. Biondo, G. Brosio, A. Pluchino, R. Zanola
2020 arXiv   pre-print
To this aim we develop and test a modified version of the Hegselmann and Krause (2002) model to capture these two characteristics of the decisional process in different institutional contexts.  ...  The aim of the paper is to investigate the trade-off between pluralism of preferences and the time required to approach a decision.  ...  To this aim, we develop and test a modified version of the Hegselmann and Krause (2002) , the hk-Politics, hk-p henceforth.  ... 
arXiv:2009.08394v1 fatcat:wj364x4fgzdonknxz5pyq5ho4m

On Simulating the Propagation and Countermeasures of Hate Speech in Social Networks

Maite Lopez-Sanchez, Arthur Müller
2021 Applied Sciences  
We reuse insights from the research literature to construct and validate a baseline model for the propagation of hate speech.  ...  From this, three countermeasures are modelled and simulated to investigate their effectiveness in containing the spread of hatred: Education, deferring hateful content, and cyber activism.  ...  Conversely, a hateful user will prefer to attach to haters.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app112412003 fatcat:j3visvyqhjgbbmlw4sgo5gjqim

The dynamics of continuous cultural traits in social networks

Berno Buechel, Tim Hellmann, Michael M. Pichler
2014 Journal of Economic Theory  
The model is akin to the classical DeGroot model of opinion formation which we generalize by allowing for strategic interaction.  ...  We provide conditions on the network structure that are sufficient for long-run convergence to a society with homogeneous subgroups.  ...  Other studies on convergence of opinion dynamics include that of Krause (2000) , Hegselmann and Krause (2002) , Weisbuch et al. (2002) , and Golub and Jackson (2010) . 8 Both our evolving cultural  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jet.2014.09.008 fatcat:wmupi4iwifc4nl4fd5f2vhse2y

Samir Okasha's Philosophy

Walter Veit
2021 Lato Sensu Revue de la Société de philosophie des sciences  
This essay offers some reflections on Samir Okasha's new monograph Agents and Goals in Evolution, his style of doing philosophy, and the broader philosophy of nature project of trying to make sense of  ...  agency and rationality as natural phenomena.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would very much like to thank Samir Okasha, Ken Binmore, Heather Browning, Alex Rosenberg, Don Ross, David Spurrett, Adrian Stencel, and an anonymous reviewer for taking the time to  ... 
doi:10.20416/lsrsps.v8i3.1 fatcat:wcet2guhtngzteigkovot2c6wi

Does My Rebuttal Matter? Insights from a Major NLP Conference [article]

Yang Gao, Steffen Eger, Ilia Kuznetsov, Iryna Gurevych, Yusuke Miyao
2019 arXiv   pre-print
determined by her initial score and the distance to the other reviewers' initial scores.  ...  We hope our analyses will help better assess the usefulness of the rebuttal phase in NLP conferences.  ...  Acknowledgement The authors thank the anonymous reviewers and Dan Jurafsky for constructive comments and helpful remarks.  ... 
arXiv:1903.11367v2 fatcat:lqbbqmadkbckxmcaxbrmlmlc2y
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