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Repairing Inconsistent Taxonomies Using MAP Inference and Rules of Thumb

Elie Merhej, Steven Schockaert, Martine De Cock, Marjon Blondeel, Daniele Alfarone, Jesse Davis
2014 Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Web-scale Knowledge Representation Retrieval & Reasoning - Web-KR '14  
In this paper, we present MAP inference as a base method for this approach, and analyze how it can be improved by taking into account dependencies between the extracted facts.  ...  A standard approach to repairing such inconsistencies is to identify a minimally consistent subset of the extracted facts.  ...  EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS We use MAP inference with dependency rules to repair inconsistencies in three taxonomies extracted from Web corpora: an animal taxonomy, a vehicle taxonomy and a plant taxonomy.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2663792.2663804 dblp:conf/cikm/MerhejSCBAD14 fatcat:2peu4i4v7fg2dkeco3hme35f7i

Repairing inconsistent answer set programs using rules of thumb: A gene regulatory networks case study

Elie Merhej, Steven Schockaert, Martine De Cock
2017 International Journal of Approximate Reasoning  
In particular, we evaluate how frequently each given rule of thumb is violated in the sample of repairs, and use the Z-score of this distribution to set the weight of that rule.  ...  We describe the rules of thumb that express available expert knowledge from the biological literature and explain how they can be encoded while repairing inconsistencies.  ...  In Section 4, we define rules of thumb, and give a general description of the method of repairing inconsistencies using rules of thumb.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijar.2017.01.012 fatcat:qu2mxo4ohfdhxczzjcl6oo3yoq

Towards "On the Go" Matching of Linked Open Data Ontologies

Isabel F. Cruz, Matteo Palmonari, Federico Caimi, Cosmin Stroe
2011 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
The semantic extension is based on the adoption of the S-Match semantic matching tool and on the use of a specifically designed faceted ontology codifying domain specific knowledge.  ...  In this paper we summarize our experience in providing a semantic extension to the geo-catalogue of the Autonomous Province of Trento (PAT) in Italy.  ...  It uses logic-based rules to infer mappings whereas in this paper we determine the overlap between sets of concept descriptors. SCARLET has not been evaluated in the LOD domain.  ... 
dblp:conf/ijcai/CruzPCS11 fatcat:62apmemu2zgirduzh6zomuw7wi

Components of Expertise

Luc Steels
1990 The AI Magazine  
one rule or many or by other kinds of infer- that were used to arrive at a conclusion.  ...  Specifically, the generic task thumb that defy rational explanation. One of underlying the distributary fan rule is inter- the advantages of a knowledge level and pretation.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v11i2.831 dblp:journals/aim/Steels90 fatcat:5ztxckhponcxblzejthacjmpiu

Characterising bias in regulatory risk and decision analysis: An analysis of heuristics applied in health technology appraisal, chemicals regulation, and climate change governance

Brian H. MacGillivray
2017 Environment International  
empirical or theoretical justifications; using sensitivity analysis, simulations, multiple bias analysis, and deductive systems of inference (e.g. directed acyclic graphs) to characterise rule uncertainty  ...  This introduces an additional source of uncertainty beyond model and measurement erroruncertainty stemming from relying on inexact inference rules.  ...  Acknowledgments David Spiegelhalter and Crispin Cooper provided helpful guidance and critiques of previous drafts. Met Office scientists were generous with their time during informal discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.envint.2017.05.002 pmid:28499120 fatcat:ddjp4jt5ebcixjfnq6ivpnm4u4

SeqDeχ: A Sequence Deconvolution Tool for Genome Separation of Endosymbionts From Mixed Sequencing Samples

Alice Chiodi, Francesco Comandatore, Davide Sassera, Giulio Petroni, Claudio Bandi, Matteo Brilli
2019 Frontiers in Genetics  
The results point out the good performances of the presented tool that, in addition to the ease of use and customization potential, make SeqDex a useful tool for rapid identification of endosymbiont sequences  ...  In literature, there are few methods able to deconvolve host-symbiont datasets, and most of them heavily rely on user curation and are therefore time consuming.  ...  As a rule of thumb, we should restrict the counting to sequences that are at least 10 times the number of possible k-mers of a certain length; with 5-mers there are 1,024 possible words, and the minimum  ... 
doi:10.3389/fgene.2019.00853 pmid:31608107 pmcid:PMC6761303 fatcat:475upzzyczbovoaciapbm3ig4q

End-to-End Entity Resolution for Big Data: A Survey [article]

Vassilis Christophides, Vasilis Efthymiou, Themis Palpanas, George Papadakis, Kostas Stefanidis
2020 arXiv   pre-print
structuredness, extreme diversity, high speed and large scale of entity descriptions used by real-world applications.  ...  While previous works have studied specific aspects of ER (and mostly in traditional settings), in this survey, we provide for the first time an end-to-end view of modern ER workflows, and of the novel  ...  been able to discover blocking keys of entities and/or mapping rules between their types.  ... 
arXiv:1905.06397v3 fatcat:rs2qoolz2jcppklriew5pjfefq

News and notes

1986 Machine Learning  
The study of regression operators and their relationship to other logical and algebraic rules of inference is an important area for future research.  ...  Other programs might consist of general rules that cover all of the data. Still other programs will use a combination of a general rule and a table of exceptions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00114118 fatcat:cbdnvs7qzfd7njsygwmngyi6ve

Pre-patterns for designing embodied interactions in handheld augmented reality games

Yan Xu, Evan Barba, Iulian Radu, Maribeth Gandy, Richard Shemaka, Brian Schrank, Blair MacIntyre, Tony Tseng
2011 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality - Arts, Media, and Humanities  
In this paper, we analyze and generate design lessons from dozens of HAR games, drawn from academic and commercial AR games, and also our years of experience designing and teaching HAR game design.  ...  We summarize our experience in this new field into a set of design "pre-patterns" as a means of formalizing significant design lessons derived from these existing practices into repeatable principles and  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We are grateful to Qualcomm for funding this research, and to all the students in the Qualcomm AR Game Studio at Georgia Tech.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ismar-amh.2011.6093652 dblp:conf/ismar/XuBRGSSMT11 fatcat:3pekek5odncczboyznjfb55wzm

On Interface Requirements for Expert Systems

Richard L. Wexelblat
1989 The AI Magazine  
systems al’s behavior patterns; note changes; and by and knowledge acquisition (Boose 1985; using the stored taxonomy of models, change Zissos  ...  Without going into detail, it is appropriate to note one of the basic rules for the design of systems of any sort: Ease of learning is not the same as ease of use.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v10i3.757 dblp:journals/aim/Wexelblat89 fatcat:ctu6o5vgfbgtlmtt2q7rvqkwny

Categorization Errors for Data Entry in Maintenance Work-Orders

Thurston Sexton, Melinda Hodkiewicz, Michael P. Brundage
2019 Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management Society, PHM  
In manufacturing, there is a significant push toward the digitizationof processes and decision making, by increasing thelevel of automation and networking via cyber-physical systems,and machine learning  ...  While onemight enforce data-entry into pre-specified functional categories(generally using some form of controlled vocabulary),cognitive models, along with consistent reports from industry,indicate that  ...  the application of a heuristic or rule-of-thumb that cannot be applied here (i.e., rules-based error).  ... 
doi:10.36001/phmconf.2019.v11i1.790 fatcat:pntmj3efdfgrjfynual7zlvr2q

Universal vs. particular reasoning: a study with neuroimaging techniques

V. M. Abrusci, C. Casadio, M. T. Medaglia, C. Porcaro
2013 Logic Journal of the IGPL  
fields of neuroscience and brain knowledge.  ...  and negative polarity of logical operators (connectives and quantifiers).  ...  More complex models involving stories, multiple algorithms, rules of thumb, questions, ambiguity we shall refer to as "compressions." Both compressions and representations are reductions.  ... 
doi:10.1093/jigpal/jzt008 fatcat:in3heigktvba3p6rt33jnbplgq

Active Inference in Modeling Conflict [article]

Scott David, Richard J. Cordes, Daniel A. Friedman
2021 Zenodo  
This formalization, the Active Inference Conflict (AIC) model, situates conflict in terms of a multiscale process of communication, trust, and relationship management enacted by interacting entities.  ...  or consistent analysis using traditional models of human conflict.  ...  axioms, idioms, recipes, rules, principles, and patterns - rules of thumb, based on insights drawn from the experiences of the offeror.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5759800 fatcat:pmo7isoig5a3joav2z2ydyh3v4

Architectures and applications of intelligent agents: A survey

1999 Knowledge engineering review (Print)  
We characterise the most important domains to which the dierent approaches described in the ®rst part have been applied, propose an applicationrelated taxonomy of agents, and give a set of guidelines to  ...  The architecture of an agent describes its modules and capabilities, and how these operate together.  ...  Of course, I am fully responsible for any remaining¯aws.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0269888998004020 fatcat:pztdx2ip4vckfidstw65mvga7q

Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

H J Levesque
1986 Annual Review of Computer Science  
These early chapters introduce the notation of first-order logic, show how it can be used to represent commonsense worlds, and cover the key reasoning technique of Resolution theorem-proving.  ...  Chapters 2 through 5 are concerned with the basic techniques of Knowledge Representation using first-order logic in a direct way.  ...  Present such a rule of inference and show that it properly handles the above example.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.cs.01.060186.001351 fatcat:zouzny4pgfgdjopiqsr6e3grcq
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