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Removing Some 'A' from AI: Embodied Cultured Networks [chapter]

Douglas J. Bakkum, Alexander C. Shkolnik, Guy Ben-Ary, Phil Gamblen, Thomas B. DeMarse, Steve M. Potter
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We embodied networks of cultured biological neurons in simulation and in robotics.  ...  Neurobiology has given inspiration to AI since the advent of the perceptron and consequent artificial neural networks, developed using local properties of individual neurons.  ...  By using biology directly, we hope to remove some of the 'A' from AI.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-27833-7_10 fatcat:pkg2vcqwkfafdm6hshfkcfyeva

AI and Medicine [article]

Mihai Nadin
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Which part of medicine, if any, can and should be entrusted to AI, now or at some moment in the future? That both medicine and AI will continue to change goes without saying.  ...  Asma Naz was, as usual, prepared to help me make ideas in this text more accessible to a larger audience.  ...  No agreement was actually reached on any of the major value judgments made in this paper regarding the danger of a new theology of medicine.  ... 
arXiv:2001.00641v1 fatcat:jb7ou5b5nrh3fhjrgwzw7e5msi

What Is AI? [chapter]

Christoph Bartneck, Christoph Lütge, Alan Wagner, Sean Welsh
2020 SpringerBriefs in Ethics  
Sense-Plan-Act A robot's embodiment offers some advantages in that its experiences tend to be with real objects, but it also poses a number of challenges.  ...  Science and Fiction of AI Artificial Intelligence and robotics are frequent topics in popular culture.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-51110-4_2 fatcat:5ahig2u4kbhgtetn4o7bqa4txa

The Political Affinities of AI [chapter]

Dan McQuillan
2019 The Democratization of Artificial Intelligence  
Introduction We need a radical politics of AI, that is, a politics of artificial neural networks.  ...  Algorithmic judgements that affect important social and political decisions are thus removed from discourse.  ... 
doi:10.14361/9783839447192-010 fatcat:qu7ei6trwbddzgrj7i2xiny3su

AI Strict Liability Vis-À-Vis AI Monopolization

Anat Lior
2021 The Columbia Science and Technology Law Review (STLR)  
Some argue that applying a strict liability regime on AI-inflicted damages may allow well-financed big AI companies to monopolize the industry.  ...  Thus, some conclude that strict liability inherently stifles innovation and should not be applied to emerging technologies, such as AI.  ...  These include bodily and emotional harms caused to third-parties or other entities which are far removed from the policyholder.  ... 
doi:10.52214/stlr.v22i1.8055 fatcat:m7cgaysmjbhv5nodrsbsvv66f4

Applications-oriented AI Research: Medicine [chapter]

1982 The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence  
The separation of medical knowledge (encoded in the causal network) from reasoning strategies (embodied in the program) will make the expansion of the disease model, when new research discoveries are made  ...  MYC , IN collects some background data about the pati ent. you been able to obtain positive cultures from a site at which Fred Smith has an infection? Ak YES INFECTION-I 5 ) What is the infection?  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-86576-090-5.50008-2 fatcat:ybd366hrsfamfoxjctm4vbaezi

Brittle Opacity: Ambiguities of the Creative AI

Dejan Grba
2021 Zenodo  
With regards to the existing literature, which primarily addresses the creative AI issues from techno-scientific and historical perspectives, this study focuses on the ideas, methodologies, cultural contexts  ...  Through a combination of tendencies and circumstances, these misconceptions and fallacies both emerge from and exacerbate the current issues of AI, which calls for vigilance and critical consideration  ...  The Art of AI Its association with techniques and themes trending from AI science and technology exposes AI art to a critical consideration within the broader context of contemporary culture.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5831884 fatcat:qqdfj4pyqnaqhavfr5ns5tvfmi

The Two (Computational) Faces of AI [chapter]

David Davenport
2013 Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics  
There is no doubt that AI research has made significant progress, both in helping us understand how the human mind works and in constructing ever more sophisticated machines.  ...  This analysis allows a principled distinction to be drawn between the symbolic and connectionist paradigms, showing them to be genuine design alternatives.  ...  When it comes to actually describing a situation it is necessary to "extract" structure from the network to form verbal sentences.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-31674-6_4 dblp:series/sapere/Davenport13 fatcat:vidqipyvr5azlkjtlbalsggbjy

Expressive AI: A Hybrid Art and Science Practice

Michael Mateas
2001 Leonardo: Journal of the International Society for the Arts, Sciences and Technology  
Expressive AI is a new interdiscipline of AI-based cultural production combining art practice and AI research practice.  ...  This paper explores the notion of expressive AI by comparing it with other AI discourses, describing how it borrows notions of interpretation and authorship from both art and AI research practice, and  ...  Expressive AI changes the focus from an AI system as a thing in itself (presumably demonstrating some essential feature of intelligence), to the communication between author and audience.  ... 
doi:10.1162/002409401750184717 fatcat:t5rccapjiralndfajwbzs7vl4e

Rewriting Marx to expose the data society and AI

Stefano Diana
2021 Cambio  
As I show with examples from the Grundrisse and the Capital, some fundamentals of Marx's critique of political economy can be rewritten with simple substitutions to yield surprisingly pertinent analyses  ...  AI is the main engine of this new dangerous cycle.  ...  They have a primary role in calculating the loss function used to update weights in the deep networks, thus driving the learning and improvement process up to an AI model deployment.  ... 
doi:10.36253/cambio-10637 doaj:ebe5959b767446d889d654289bf502fc fatcat:lhct7mddhrh47k7iyps6pe2sm4

The Best of AI in Japan — Prologue

Toyoaki Nishida
2012 The AI Magazine  
It then highlights some recent prominent results from the industry. Finally, a future perspective is given.  ...  As the first in the forthcoming series, this opening article features a historical background and the contemporary AI-research activities in Japan.  ...  identification and removal of radioactive materials from the living environment, to name some.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v33i2.2358 fatcat:u7k5g2xvlvhsbmp4weldymthma

Designing for Human Rights in AI [article]

Evgeni Aizenberg, Jeroen van den Hoven
2020 arXiv   pre-print
societal stakeholders to translate fundamental human rights into context-dependent design requirements through a structured, inclusive, and transparent process.  ...  AI systems can help us make evidence-driven, efficient decisions, but can also confront us with unjustified, discriminatory decisions wrongly assumed to be accurate because they are made automatically  ...  INTRODUCTION Predictive, classifying, and profiling algorithms of a wide range of complexity -from decision trees to deep neural networks -are increasingly impacting our lives as individuals and societies  ... 
arXiv:2005.04949v2 fatcat:sbx2pmqa5fcndl7i56qg5zbj2y

Designing for human rights in AI

Evgeni Aizenberg, Jeroen van den Hoven
2020 Big Data & Society  
societal stakeholders to translate fundamental human rights into context-dependent design requirements through a structured, inclusive, and transparent process.  ...  On the other hand, calls for more ethically and socially aware AI often fail to provide answers for how to proceed beyond stressing the importance of transparency, explainability, and fairness.  ...  Introduction Predictive, classifying, and profiling algorithms of a wide range of complexity-from decision trees to deep neural networks-are increasingly impacting our lives as individuals and societies  ... 
doi:10.1177/2053951720949566 fatcat:bmbewjvhd5fbrhsvpfn3y45yr4

A thousand brains: toward biologically constrained AI

Kjell Jørgen Hole, Subutai Ahmad
2021 SN Applied Sciences  
AbstractThis paper reviews the state of artificial intelligence (AI) and the quest to create general AI with human-like cognitive capabilities.  ...  This review argues that improvements in current AI using mathematical or logical techniques are unlikely to lead to general AI.  ...  (Here, we assume that the network has learned a consistent representation that removes noise and other ambiguities.)  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42452-021-04715-0 fatcat:3zmlzxcvvbf7tbpnjkuqz5okx4

Banking on AI: mandating a proactive approach to AI regulation in the financial sector

Jon Truby, Rafael Brown, Andrew Dahdal
2020 Law and Financial Markets Review  
have its culture of compliance eroded.  ...  The core principles of AI regulation embodied in OECD and EC documents represent as good a starting point as any.  ...  AI in preventing the system from optimal development based purely on its internal logicare not the benefits of AI essentially cancelled out?  ... 
doi:10.1080/17521440.2020.1760454 fatcat:vep55pcoofa5dgbfu7qtytycly
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