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Remote Photoplethysmography Correspondence Feature for 3D Mask Face Presentation Attack Detection [chapter]

Si-Qi Liu, Xiangyuan Lan, Pong C. Yuen
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
3D mask face presentation attack, as a new challenge in face recognition, has been attracting increasing attention.  ...  Recently, remote Photoplethysmography (rPPG) is employed as an intrinsic liveness cue which is independent of the mask appearance.  ...  Three typical rPPG signal patterns in 3D mask presentation attack detection (PAD). Ideally, the difference of rPPG signals from genuine face and masked face is significant.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-01270-0_34 fatcat:66fhfmrx6fc3ti2cb4obrmyhva

Time Analysis of Pulse-Based Face Anti-Spoofing in Visible and NIR

Javier Hernandez-Ortega, Julian Fierrez, Aythami Morales, Pedro Tome
2018 2018 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW)  
In this paper we study Presentation Attack Detection (PAD) in face recognition systems against realistic artifacts such as 3D masks or good quality of photo attacks.  ...  In recent works, pulse detection based on remote photoplethysmography (rPPG) has shown to be a effective countermeasure in concrete setups, but still there is a need for a deeper understanding of when  ...  In this scenario, detecting pulse from face videos using remote photoplethysmography (rPPG) has proved to be an effective countermeasure against 3D mask attacks [18] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/cvprw.2018.00096 dblp:conf/cvpr/Hernandez-Ortega18 fatcat:fzlm6xdnrndxrnjodwkezbpzee

Temporal Similarity Analysis of Remote Photoplethysmography for Fast 3D Mask Face Presentation Attack Detection

Si-Qi Liu, Xiangyuan Lan, Pong C. Yuen
2020 2020 IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)  
To tackle the 3D mask face presentation attack, remote Photoplethysmography (rPPG), a biomedical technique that can detect heartbeat signal remotely, is employed as an intrinsic liveness cue.  ...  To shorten the observation time (within 1-second) while keeping the performance, we propose a fast rPPG-based 3D mask presentation attack detection (PAD) method by analyzing the similarity of local facial  ...  Recently, a new liveness cue based on remote photoplethysmography (rPPG) is proposed to tackle the 3D mask attack challenge [18, 16] . rPPG is a new technique that can extract the heartbeat signal through  ... 
doi:10.1109/wacv45572.2020.9093337 dblp:conf/wacv/LiuLY20 fatcat:bd5ynqdxhzalfe6iqn27iunoku

Face Liveness Detection by rPPG Features and Contextual Patch-Based CNN

Bofan Lin, Xiaobai Li, Zitong Yu, Guoying Zhao
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 3rd International Conference on Biometric Engineering and Applications - ICBEA 2019  
Previous studies showed that live faces and presentation attacks have significant differences in both remote photoplethysmography (rPPG) and texture information, we propose a generalized method exploiting  ...  Finally, weight summation strategy is employed for decision level fusion, which helps to generalize the method for not only print attack and replay attack but also mask attack.  ...  Mask attack: an attacker wears a 3D face mask to cheat the system. Mask attack is the most difficult attack to be detected because the high-quality mask is quite similar to the real face.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3345336.3345345 dblp:conf/icbea/LinLYZ19 fatcat:mxvtphraurgwrg3w3fwkpve7a4

Local Remote Photoplethysmography Signal Analysis for Application in Presentation Attack Detection

Benjamin Kossack, Eric L. Wisotzky, Anna Hilsmann, Peter Eisert
2019 International Symposium on Vision, Modeling, and Visualization  
All tested masks can be detected and identified as presentation attacks.  ...  We then calculate for an image sequence, a local remote photoplethysmography (rPPG) signal that is presented by a chrominancebased signal.  ...  It is challenging to detect mask attacks because they imitate entire 3D structures and facial colors.  ... 
doi:10.2312/vmv.20191327 dblp:conf/vmv/KossackWHE19 fatcat:lv33eep6hveszdryf3v2dtamxm

The Effectiveness of Depth Data in Liveness Face Authentication Using 3D Sensor Cameras

Ghazel Albakri, Sharifa Alghowinem
2019 Sensors  
Therefore, this technique of employing 3D cameras for liveness of face authentication is underexplored for its vulnerabilities to spoofing attacks.  ...  This research reviews the literature on this aspect and then evaluates the liveness detection to suggest solutions that account for the weaknesses found in detecting spoofing attacks.  ...  Heart rate could be estimated remotely from face videos using the photoplethysmography (PPG) technique [8, 9] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19081928 fatcat:nwvshuksxfgf7ee7gdzonu3zhi

What You Can't See Can Help You - Extended-Range Imaging for 3D-Mask Presentation Attack Detection

Sushil Bhattacharjee, Sebastien Marcel
2017 2017 International Conference of the Biometrics Special Interest Group (BIOSIG)  
Research in face presentation-attack detection (PAD) in general, and also specifically for 3D-mask based attacks, has mostly concentrated on imagery in the visible-light range of wavelengths (RGB).  ...  We look beyond imagery in the visible-light spectrum to find potentially easier solutions for the challenge of face presentation-attack detection (PAD).  ...  Guillaume Clivaz, who implemented the image-capture applications for the two cameras used in this work.  ... 
doi:10.23919/biosig.2017.8053524 dblp:conf/biosig/BhattacharjeeM17 fatcat:p3od3ddgszchdm46n5mhhrcdki

Digital and Physical-World Attacks on Remote Pulse Detection [article]

Jeremy Speth, Nathan Vance, Patrick Flynn, Kevin W. Bowyer, Adam Czajka
2021 arXiv   pre-print
face presentation attack detection (PAD).  ...  We also show that our attacks extend beyond medical applications, since the method can effectively generate a strong periodic pulse on 3D-printed face masks, which presents difficulties for pulse-based  ...  In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by Securiport LLC, nor does it imply that the equipment identified is necessarily the best available for this purpose.  ... 
arXiv:2110.11525v1 fatcat:q7cmpuasijho3padq6tfn4ekry

Access Control in Smart Homes by Android-Based Liveness Detection

Susanna Spinsante, Laura Montanini, Veronica Bartolucci, Manola Ricciuti, Danny Pigini, Ennio Gambi
2017 EAI Endorsed Transactions on Ambient Systems  
them to discriminate a true 3D and live face, from a fake or printed 2D one.  ...  The liveness detection based on such a discrimination provides antispoofing capabilities to secure access control based on face recognition.  ...  Instead, Liu et al. propose to use remote Photoplethysmography (rPPG) as an intrinsic liveness cue for 3D mask face anti-spoofing [31] .  ... 
doi:10.4108/eai.17-5-2017.152546 fatcat:rfcvzgqcijblrjrbrkabq22vg4

Presentation attack detection for face recognition using remote photoplethysmography and cascaded fusion

2021 Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences  
3D mask.  ...  Remote (non-contact) 5 photoplethysmography (rPPG) is useful for liveness detection using a facial video by estimating the heart-rate of the 6 subject.  ...  based features are useful for discriminating flat patterns such as the surface of the masks used in 3D 16 mask attacks.  ... 
doi:10.3906/elk-2010-93 fatcat:ykpatrcgnrf4jelfm7o6v6xrt4

A Survey on Anti-Spoofing Methods for Facial Recognition with RGB Cameras of Generic Consumer Devices

Zuheng Ming, Muriel Visani, Muhammad Muzzamil Luqman, Jean-Christophe Burie
2020 Journal of Imaging  
The widespread deployment of facial recognition-based biometric systems has made facial presentation attack detection (face anti-spoofing) an increasingly critical issue.  ...  This survey thoroughly investigates facial Presentation Attack Detection (PAD) methods that only require RGB cameras of generic consumer devices over the past two decades.  ...  Such methods can effectively in detecting static photo attacks but not video replay with motion/liveness cues and 3D mask attacks; • Remote PhotoPlethysmoGraphy (rPPG) is the most widely used technique  ... 
doi:10.3390/jimaging6120139 pmid:34460536 pmcid:PMC8321190 fatcat:it24rmdhpjgcjdtou4jlhnv6d4

Biometric Face Presentation Attack Detection with Multi-Channel Convolutional Neural Network

Anjith George, Zohreh Mostaani, David Geissenbuhler, Olegs Nikisins, Andre Anjos, Sebastien Marcel
2019 IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security  
We also introduce the new Wide Multi-Channel presentation Attack (WMCA) database for face PAD which contains a wide variety of 2D and 3D presentation attacks for both impersonation and obfuscation attacks  ...  Even though there are many methods available for tackling presentation attacks (PA), most of them fail to detect sophisticated attacks such as silicone masks.  ...  Heusch and Marcel [25] , [11] recently proposed a method for using features derived from remote photoplethysmography (rPPG).  ... 
doi:10.1109/tifs.2019.2916652 fatcat:s7ykireul5harmgrspvz76nsgi

A Study on Presentation Attack Detection in Thermal Infrared

Marcin Kowalski
2020 Sensors  
Finally, a two-step deep learning-based method for the detection of presentation attacks is presented.  ...  A thorough analysis of presentation attacks using printed and displayed facial photographs, 3D-printed, custom flexible 3D-latex and silicone masks is provided.  ...  Ethical Statements: All subjects gave their informed consent for inclusion before they participated in the study.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20143988 pmid:32709065 fatcat:vssrmupn7vbwpbvdlmzjpcdldm

A Survey on Face Anti-Spoofing Algorithms

Meigui Zhang, Kehui Zeng, Jinwei Wang
2020 Journal of Information Hiding and Privacy Protection  
This paper introduces the research progress of face anti-spoofing algorithm, and divides the existing face anti-spoofing methods into two categories: methods based on manual feature expression and methods  ...  The development of artificial intelligence makes the application of face recognition more and more extensive, which also leads to the security of face recognition technology increasingly prominent.  ...  This method is relatively simple, but sensitive to light, and has poor detection effect on video attack and 3D mask attack.  ... 
doi:10.32604/jihpp.2020.010467 fatcat:5otomm6a3jcuxbhyorqq3ofgxi

A 3D Mask Presentation Attack Detection Method Based on Polarization Medium Wave Infrared Imaging

Pengcheng Sun, Dan Zeng, Xiaoyan Li, Lin Yang, Liyuan Li, Zhouxia Chen, Fansheng Chen
2020 Symmetry  
3D silicone mask presentation attack.  ...  Facial recognition systems are often spoofed by presentation attack instruments (PAI), especially by the use of three-dimensional (3D) face masks.  ...  providing the experimental equipment and sites for this research.  ... 
doi:10.3390/sym12030376 fatcat:7xai6bvltzbovi2voame3n6llu
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